平成15年度鉱工業プロジェクトフォローアップ調査

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1

2 JICA i -

3 IETC No I-1 No I-14 No I-26 No I-46 No I-59 No I-69 No I-78 No I-92 No I-104 No I-120 No I-135 No I-144 No I ii -

4 / / DIP iii -

5 iv -

6 ABBREVIATION BOI GDMCA HPC MHI MLI MOC MOF MOI MPI SCCI SPC VCCI Board of Investment General Department for Management of State Capital and Assets for State Enterprises Hanoi People's Committee Ministry of Heavy Industry Ministry of Light Industry Ministry of Construction Ministry of Finance Ministry of Industry Ministry of Planning and Investment State Committee for Cooperation and Investment State Planning Committee Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry BOI BSID DEP DIP EDP EEl EPZ FTI IEAT IFCT IRP ISMED ITB MIDI MOI NESDB OSMEP SICGC SIFC TAI Board of Investment Bureau of Supporting Industries Development Department of Export Promotion Department of Industrial Promotion Entrepreneurship Development Program Electrical and Electronics Institute Export Processing Zone Federation of Thai Industries Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand Industrial Finance Corporation of Thailand Industrial! Restructuring Plan Institute of SMES Development Invigorating Thai Business Metal Working and Machinery Industries Development Institute Ministry of Industry National Economic and Social Development Board Office of SMEs Promotion Small Industrial Credit Guarantee Corporation Small Industrial Finance Corporation Thailand Automotive Institute 1/3

7 ABBREVIATION GAIKINDO IDKM IETC ITPC IGDS MIDC MOIT MTAP NAFED Gabungan Agen Tunggal dan Industri Kendaraan Bermotor Indonesia Directorate General of Small and Medium Scale Industry and Trade Indonesian Export Training Center Indonesian Trade Promotion Center Indonesia Good Design Selection Metal Industry Development Center Ministry of Industry and Trade Medium Term Action Plan National Agency for Export Development EPU FTZ HICOM IMP MEXPO HIDA MITI PIA PROTON SIRIM Economic Planning Unit Free Trade Zone Heavy Industries Corporation of Malaysia Industrial Master Plan Malaysian Export Trade Center Malaysia Industrial Development Authority Ministry of International Trade and Industry (Malaysia) Promotion of Investment Act Perusahaan Otomobile Nasional (National Automobile Industry) Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia BETP BOI BPS BSMBD CFIP CITEM DOST DTI MIAP PCS PTTC Bureau of Export Trade Movement Board of Investments Bureau of Product Standard Bureau of Small and Medium Business Development Chamber of Furniture Industries of the Philippines Center for International Trade Expositions & Missions Department of Science and Technology Department of Trade and Industry Metalworking Industries Association of the Philippines Philippine Computer Society Philippine Trade Training Center 2/3

8 ABBREVIATION ADB AFTA ASEAN GDP IE ISO JBIC JICA JODC OECF PDM SCM SMEs SMIs USAID WTO Asian Development Bank ASEAN Free Trade Area Association of South East Asian Nations Gross Domestic Product Industrial Estates International Organization of Standardization Japan Bank for International Cooperation Japan international Cooperation Agency Japan Overseas Development Corporation Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund Project Design Matrix Supply Chain Management Small and Medium-sized Enterprise(s) Small and Medium-sized Industry(s) US Agency for International Development World Trade Organization 3/3

9 1

10 1 調査概要 1.1 調査の背景と目的 JICA JICA (1) 1) ) 1-1

11 1.2 調査の範囲及び実施概要 調査対象の範囲と区分 (1) (2)

12 (3) (4) * / * 1-3

13 表 1-1 対象案件調査実施時期一覧 AFTA No ( )

14 2

15 2 対象案件実施時期の背景と日本の技術協力方針 JICA 2.1 対象国の工業開発動向 NICs 2 ASEAN ASEAN ASEAN ASEAN ASEAN 1 NICs Newly Industrializing Countries 2.1-1

16

17 表 2-1 アジア 6 ヶ国 地域 工業振興策の経緯 NEDO 50 BOI IFCT SIFO RUP Induks BOI NEP IEAT BPFN BKPM SMIDEC ILP/VDP

18 2.1.1 タイの工業開発 (1) * NEDO NESDB BOI IEAT GDP GDP *

19 (2) BOI

20 JICA

21 表 2-2 対象調査案件と国家開発計画 ( タイ ) AFTA NESDB 2000 IRP (3) 2001 BOI 2001 DIP *4 OIE Industrial Economics Study Div. 1 & 2 DIP 1980 Policy Division 1988 DIP 1991 Policy Division Policy & Planning Division 1996 Bureau of Industrial Promotion Policy and Planning BIPPP * 4 Office of Industrial Economics 2.1-7

22 DIP Bureau of Industrial Sector Development BCHID BCHID OIE DIP IEAT DIP 3 DIP DIP DIP JICA *5 DIP JICA 2001 DIP BIPPP Office of SMEs Promotion OSMEP 2001 BIPPP OSMEP 1999 OIE OSMEP DIP OIE DIP 2-1 * 5 DIP 2.1-8

23 図 2-1 タイ工業省 DIP 組織図の変遷 1997 Director-General Deputy Director-General Internal Auditors Office of the Secretary Bureau of Industrial Promotion Policy and Planning Bureau of Industrial Promotion Administration Bureau of Industrial Enterprise Development Bureau of Supporting Industries Development Bureau of Industrial Sectors Development Bureau of Cottage and Handicraft Industries Development Industrial Promotion Center Region 1-11 Director-General Deputy Director-General Internal Audit Unit Office of the Secretary Information Technology Unit Administration System Development Unit Bureau of Entrepreneur and Enterprise Development Bureau of Supporting Industries Development Bureau of Industrial Sectors Development Bureau of Cottage and Handicraft Industries Development Bureau of Promotion Center Region Bureau インドネシアの工業開発 (1) RUP RUP Induks

24 IMF Repelita IRepelita I BPEN Repelita I Repelita IV GDP Repelita GDP GDP 1991 (2) Repelita III GDP

25 Repelita IV Repelita V 25 PJP-I 6 a) b) c) d) e) 4 Repelita V Repelita V ASEAN

26 Repelita VI Repelita V Repelita VI P3-21 過去の主なインドネシア中小企業育成政策 5 Repelita I Repelita II KIK KMKP 1974 BIPIK Bimbingan dan Pengmenbangan Industri Kecil Kredit Mini 1978 Repelita III *1* KK Kredit Kelayakan 1979 LIKUPT 1980 Kredit Midi Repelita IV SEMRA SENTRA Industri Kecil Perusahaan Bapak Angkat *3 Repelita IV

27 5 Repelita V SENTRA* % 1990 KIK KMKP *1 *2 145 *3 4 5 *4 SENTRA SENTRA KOPINKRA Koperasi Industri Kecil Kearjinan KOPINKRA JICA a) 1997 b) DSR c) 1997 d)

28 IMF ADB I

29 表 2-3 対象調査案件と国家開発計画 ( インドネシア ) AFTA ( ) Repelita RJP (3) Repelita I 1969 PERINGKRA 1973 MOI DJIK Directorate General 2 AgencyDJIK BAPIKBPPI Directorate UPT 1995 Directorate General of Small and Medium Scale Industry and Trade: IDKM IDKM

30 Repelita IV V SENTRA KOPINKRA Repelita JICA

31

32 図 2-2 インドネシア工業省組織図 (1994 年時点 ) Ministry of Industry Special Assistants to the Minister of Industry Inspectorate General Secretariat General Inspectorate of Development and Environmental Impact Inspectorate of Personnel Affairs and Human Resources Inspectorate of Finance and Inventory Bureau for Planning Bureau for Personnel Affairs Bureau for Finance Bureau for Legal Affairs & Organization Bureau for Public Relations & Promotion Bureau for General Affairs Bureau for Administration of State Owned Enterprises Directorate General of Agrobased Industries Directorate General of Multifarious Industries Directorate General of Chemical Industries Directorate General of Metal, Machinery & Electronic Industries Agency for Industrial Research and Development Agent for Development of Smalescale Industries Directorate of Program Development Directorate of Program Development Directorate of program Development Directorate of Program Development Center for Research & Development of Industrial Climate & Industrial Economic Facilities Center for Research & Development of Climate for Small-scale Industries Directorate of Food Crops Products Industries Directorate of Textile & Textile Products Industries Directorate of Basic Chemical Industries Directorate of Metal Industries Center for Research for Science Technology & Socioculture of Industries Center for Research & Science, Technology & Socioculture of Small-scale Industries Directorate of Livestock & Fishery Products Industries Directorate of Beverages & Tobacco Industries Directorate of Leather & Leather Products Industries Directorate of Wood and Rattan Industries Directorate of Chemical products, Rubber & Plastic Industries Directorate of Non Metalic Material Industries Directorate of Machine Equipment & Engineering Industries Directorate of Electrical Apparatus Electronic and Telecommunication Industries Center for Research & Development of Resourced based Infrastructure & Regional Industries Center for Industrial Standardization Center for Research & Development of Small-scale Resource based Infrastructure & Environment Industries Directorate of Plantation Products Industries Dir. of Education Equipment, Sport & Multifarious Ind. Directorate of Pulp, Paper & Paper Products Industries Directorate of Transportation Equipment Industry Center for Development of International Industrial Relations Center for Marketing Development for Smallscale Industries Directorate of Small-Scale Agrobased Industries Directorate of Small-scale Multifarious Industries Directorate of Small-scale Chemical Industries Directorate of Small-scale Metal Machinery & Electronic Industries Center for Industrial Display & Visualization Delegation of Province (Regional Vertical Office) Foreign Attache Center for Data & Information Service Center for Industrial Skil & Vocational Training Development Center for Personnel Education & Training

33 図 2-3 インドネシア工業商業省組織図 ( 現在 ) Minister of Industry and Trade Special Assistance to the Minister Secretariat General General Inspectorate Bureau of Planning Bureau of Personnel Affairs Bureau of Finance and Equipment Bureau of Legal Affairs and Organization Bureau of General Affairs and Public Relations Secretariat Inspectorate I Inspectorate II Inspectorate III Inspectorate IV Directorate General of Chemical, Agriculture and Forestry Based Industries Directorate General of Metal, Machinery, Electronics and Multifarious Industries Directorate General of Small and Medium Scale Industry and Trade (IDKM) Directorate General of Domestic Trade Directorate General of International Trade Directorate General of Industry and trades International Cooperation Commodity Futures Trading Supervisory Agency Agency for Research and Development of Industry and Trade (BPPIP) National Agency for Export Development (NAFED) Secretariat Secretariat Secretariat Secretariat Secretariat Secretariat Secretariat Secretariat Secretariat Directorate of Upstream Chemical Industries Directorate of Metal, Machinery and Marine Industries Directorate of Food Directorate of Market Development for Consumer Product and Services Affaires Directorate of Export of Agriculture and Mining Product Directorate of Multilateral Cooperation Bureau for Legal Affairs Center for R & D of Domestic Center for Information and Export Training Directorate of Downstream Chemical Industries Directorate of Land Transportation and Aerospace Affairs Directorate of Small Metal, Machinery and Electronic Industries Directorate of Metrology Directorate of Export Industry Product Directorate of Regional Cooperation Bureau of Trade Center for R & D of International Trade Center for Market Development of America, Australia and New Zealand Directorate of Agro Industries Directorate of Information Technology and Electronic Industries Directorate of Handicraft Industry Directorate of Domestic Market Development and Distribution Directorate of Import Directorate of Bilateral Cooperation I Bureau of Market Analysis Center for R & D of Industry and Trade Business Climate Center for Market Development of Europe Directorate of Forestry and Cellulose Industries Directorate of Textile and Textile Product Directorate of Clothing Industry Directorate of Domestic Business Development and Enterprise Registration Directorate of Export and Import Facilities Directorate of Bilateral Cooperation II Center for R & D of Industrial and Trade Technology Center for Market Development of Asia Directorate of Agricultural Product Chemical Industries Directorate of Multifarious Industries Directorate of Small Trade Business Industry Directorate of Consumer Protection Directorate of Export in Controlling & Quality Control Directorate of Trades Security Center for R & D of Resources Industrial Zone and Environment Center for Market Development of Africa & Middle East Center for Industry and trade Education and Training (PUSDIKLAT-INDAG) Center for Data and Information Center for Standardization

34 2.1.3 マレイシアの工業開発 (1) OPP1 Outline Perspective Plan New Economic Policy FTZ (2) FTZ FTZ PERNAS SEDC

35 HICOM GDP UNIDO IMP IMP 10 IMP 3 (1) outward-looking industrialization (2) (3) IMP IMP JICA OPP2:

36 investment-drivenproductivity-driven OPP2 6 表 2-4 対象調査案件と国家開発計画 ( マレイシア ) AFTA MP 5 MP 6 MP 7 MP OPP OPP 1 2 COPP2 IMP 1 IMP1 IMP2 (3) MITI MITI MIDA

37 Economic Planning Unit EPUEPU ODA 2 EPU MIDA MITI 2 EPU MIDA EPU EPU Repelita VII ILP Small and Medium Industries Development Corporation: SMIDEC Ministry of Entrepreneur Development: MED Ministry of Finance: MOF Ministry of Human Resources: MHR Ministry of Science, Technology & Environment SMIDEC SMIDEC

38 2.1.4 フィリピンの工業開発 (1) New and Necessary Industries Act Basic Industries Act Investment Incentives Act Export Incentives Act

39 1970 1) 2) 3) 4) PCMC NEDA (2) IMF 3 Omnibus Investment Code

40

41 対象調査案件と国家開発計画 ( フィリピン ) AFTA (3) Department of Trade and Industry DTI DTI Board of Investment BOI DTI 1) DTI a) Bureau of Export Trade Promotion b) Bureau of Small and Medium Business Development c) Bureau of Product Standards d) Philippine Trade Training Center PTTC e) Cottage Industry Technology Center 2) Department of Science and Technology DOST a) Metal Industries Research and Development Center MIRDC b) Industrial Technologies Development Institute ITDI 3) Department of Environment and Natural Resources DENR 4) Department of Labor and Employment DOLETechnical Education and Skills Development Authority TESDA

42 1995 Philippine Economic Zone Authority PEZA Economic Processing Zone Authority EPZA PEZA PEZA Bases Conversion Development Authority BCDA 1992 BCDA 1) BOI 2) PEZA PEZA ECOZONE PEZA ECOZONE PEZA 3) BCDA BCDA 4) BOI EPZA PEZA

43 産業貿易省組織図 Secretary It, Policy, Planning & Communications Group (PPSCG) Support Service Group (SSG) Office of the Operational Planning (OOP) Financial Management Service (FMS) Office of Policy Research (OPR) General Administrative Service (GAS) Office of Special Concerns (OSC) Human Resource Development Service (HRDS) Public Relations Office (PRO) Management Information Service (MIS) Trade and Industry Information Center (TIIC) International Trade Group (ITG) Industry & Investment Group (IIG) Consumer Welfare & Trade Regulation Group (CWTRG) Regional Operation Group (ROG) Bureau of Export Trade Promotion (BETP) Bonded Export Marketing Board (BEMB) Bureau of Domestic Trade (BDT) Regional/Provincial Offices Bureau of International Trade Relations (BITR) Board of Investments (BOI) Bureau of Import Services (BIS) Cottage Industry Technology Center (CITC) Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM) Bureau of Small and Medium Enterprise Development (BSMED) Bureau of Product Standards (BPS) Construction Manpower Development Foundation (CMDF) Foreign Trade Service Corps (FTSC) Center for International Competitiveness (CIC) Bureau of Trade Regulation and Consumer Protection (BTRCP) CARP National Program Office Honorary Investment & Trade Representatives (HITR) Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines (CIAP) International Coffee Organization Certification Agency (ICO-CA) Philippine Shippers Bureau (PSB) Product Development and Design Center of the Philippines (PDDCP) Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) Philippine Trade Training Center (PTTC)

44 2.2 対アセアン諸国への JICA 工業開発調査 JICA 7 JICA 日本の産業動向と対アセアンへの支援 * *8 JETRO P

45 1980 * 9 (1) G NICs NICs * 10 * *

46 表 2-5 円相場の推移と海外立地 % / JICA 2.2-3

47 4 JETRO 表 2-6 ニューエイドプラン調査の対象業種 CRT IC JETRO

48 (2) ASEAN ASEAN ASEAN JICA JODC

49 表 2-7 裾野産業振興調査の対象業種 援助対象国側での開発調査の位置付け 工業分野開発調査の位置付け JICA

50 JICA (1) /IMF ADB 1980 UNIDO IMF IMF ADB 4 JICA 1993 IMF ADB JICA JICA 2) JICA ASEAN 4 * 11 *

51 1980 C/P (3) I 15 JICA 2.2-8

52 裾野産業振興計画調査の位置付け (1) JICA (2) (3) 2.2-9

53 JICA 投資誘致開発計画の位置付け (1) 2 JICA (2) JICA JICA