地域共同体を基盤とした渇水管理システムの持続可能性

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1 I ,176 1, , p.21; 1999 Kazuki Kagohashi / drought water bank Kondo spring / No.403

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16 CPRs 2 CPRs 3 CPRs CPRs CPRs Dasgupta, P., Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment, Oxford University Press. Kondo, M., Australia s Water Markets: An evaluation of Australia's water market as a new global standard for managing water resources, Si d H a r t a Publishers. Ostrom, E., Governing the Commons, Cambridge University Press. Ostrom, E., Understanding Institutional Diversity, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press , ,. 2011, 33(2), pp : 1994( 6), 12(3), pp , , pp a, 39(9), pp , pp b,., (1996) 6. pp , pp , 38(A), pp < > < >,. 151

17 Institutional Analysis of the Sustainability of a Community-based Drought Management System The Case of the Sanuki Plain in the 1994 Drought Kazuki Kagohashi This paper focuses on the institutional changes made in drought management in the Sanuki Plain that were triggered by the serious drought of 1994, and uses this to evaluate the sustainability of community-based drought management. I adopt Elinor Ostrom s design principles (DPs) as a framework to assess the sustainability of the drought management system in the Sanuki Plain. These DPs have come to be accepted as institutional conditions for achieving autonomous and sustainable common-pool resources (CPRs) management. The results show that the drought management in the Sanuki Plain can be judged as sustainable, for it has been confirmed that six out of eight principles were matched, namely, clear group boundaries were defined; those affected by the rules had an opportunity to participate in modifying the rules; rule-making rights of community members were respected by outside authorities; community members monitored the members behavior; members had access to dispute resolution; and CPRs were governed in multiple layers of nested enterprises. This paper also examines some theoretical issues involved in applying the DPs to the case of Sanuki plain. These are the following. Firstly, maintaining the community members well-being should be an important focus in assessing the sustainability of drought management. Secondly, attention should also be paid to the institutional conditions that ensure the sustainability of local knowledge or customs that enable people to adapt to unpredictable disasters such as the 1994 drought. Thirdly, in implementing the DPs, importance should be placed on the younger generations who will learn and take over the practical knowledge of governing CPRs. To assure sustainable drought management in the Sanuki Plain, there needs to be more discussion on how to hand over the traditions, culture and technologies related to drought management to younger generations. 152 THE HIKONE RONSO 2015 spring / No.403

18 Institutional Analysis of the Sustainability of a Community-based Drought Management System Kazuki Kagohashi 153

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