インドシナ地域電力セクター域内協力に係るプロジェクト研究

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1 No JICA JR

2

3 i

4 ODA (2020 ) ii

5 iii

6 ACSR ADB AH AIMS AMB,AMBDC AMEICC ASEAN ATSOI BOO BOOT BOT BTL CA CB CIF CNPA CPI CSG CT DC DOE DOE DS EC EDC EDL, EdL EIA EIRR EGAT EPPO ERGEG ERO Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced Asian Development Bank Asian Highway ASEAN Interconnection Master plan Study ASEAN Mekong Basin Development Cooperation AEM-MITI Economic and Industrial Cooperation Committee Association of South East Asian Countries the Association of Transmission System Operators in Ireland Build, Own and Operate Build, Own, Operate and Transfer Build, Operate and Transfer Build, Transfer and Lease Concession Agreement Circuit Breaker Cost, Insurance, and Freight Cambodia National Petroleum Authority Consumer Price Index China Southern Grid Current Transformer Domestic Currency Department of Electricity in MEM Department of Energy Disconnecting Switch European Commission Electricité du Cambodia Electricité du Laos Environment Impact Assessment Economic Internal Rate of Return Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand Energy Policy and Planning Office; European Regulators Group fro Electricity and Gas Electric Reliability Organization iv

7 ESCJ ETSO EU EVN FC FCDI FIMC FIRR FOB FOR F/S FERC GDP GMS GNP GoL GSA HAPUA HI-FI HV IAI ICB ICD IE IPP IRR ISO Lao PDR LNGC LHSE LOLE LOLP LRMC MIH MEM MEP MEPE MOU M/P Electric power System Council of Japan European Transmission System Operators European Union Electricity of Vietnam Foreign Currency Forum for Comprehensive Development in Indochina Foreign Investment Management Committee Financial Internal Rate of Return Free on Board Forced Outage Rate Feasibility Study Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Gross Domestic Product Greater Mekong Sub-Region Gross National Product Government of Lao PDR General Social Assessment Heads of ASEAN Power Utilities/Authorities HI-FI Plan for Private Sector Development in the Greater Mekong Subregion High Voltage Initiative for ASEAN Integration International Competitive Bidding International Cooperation Department Institute of Energy Independent Power Producer Internal Rate of Return Independent System Operator Lao People s Democratic Republic Laos National Grid Company Lao Holding State Enterprise Loss-of- Load Expectation Loss-of-Load Probability Long Run Marginal Cost Ministry of Industry and Handicraft (Lao PDR) Ministry of Energy and Mines (Lao PDR) Ministry of Electric Power Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise Memorandum of Understanding Master Plan v

8 MIME NBCA NEAP NERC NESDB NPV O & M OPGW PDPAT PPA RETICS RPTCC PDP PPS RPTCC RRC RTO SAF SPP S/S TEN-E TA TEPCO TL UCTE UKTSOA UNDP UXO WACC WB Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy National Bio-diversity and Conservation Area National Environmental Action Plan North American Electricity Reliability Corporation National Economic and Social Development Board Net Present Value Operation & Maintenance Optical fiber Ground-wire Power Development Planning Assist Tool Power Purchase Agreement Reliability Evaluation Tool for Inter-Connected System Regional Power Trade Coordinating Committee Power Development Plan Power Producer and Supplier Regional Power Trader Coordination Committee Regional Reliability Council Regional Transmission Organization System Adequacy Forecast Small Power Plant Sub Station Trans-European Energy Network Technical Assistance Tokyo Electric Power Company Transmission Line Union for the Co-ordination of Transmission of Electricity United Kingdom Transmission System Operators Association United Nations Development Program Unexploded Ordnance Weighted Average Cost of Capital World Bank vi

9 mm : Millimeters cm : Centimeters (10.0 mm ) m : Meters (100.0 cm) km : Kilometers (1,000.0 m) mm2 : Square-millimeters (1.0 mm x 1.0 mm) cm2 : Square-centimeters (1.0 cm x 1.0 cm) m2 : Square-meters (1.0 m x 1.0 m) km2 : Square-kilometers (1.0 km x 1.0 km) ha : Hectares (10,000 m 2 ) cm3 : Cubic-centimeters (1.0 cm x 1.0 cm x 1.0 cm) m3 : Cubic-meters (1.0 m x 1.0 m x 1.0 m) cf : Cubic-feet ( m x m x m) g : grams kg : kilograms (1,000 g) t : Metric ton (1,000 kg) sec. min. hr. : Seconds : Minutes (60 sec.) : Hours (60 min.) USD : United State Dollars : Japanese Yen ECU : Euro Currency Unit V : Volts (Joule/coulomb) kv : Kilo volts (1,000 V) A : Amperes (Coulomb/second) ka : Kilo amperes (1,000 A) W : Watts (active power) (J/s: Joule/second) kw : Kilo watts (10 3 W) MW : Mega watts (10 6 W) GW : Giga watts (10 9 W) Wh : Watt-hours (watt x hour) kwh : Kilo watt-hours (10 3 Wh) MWh : Mega watt-hours (10 6 Wh) GWh : Giga watt-hours (10 9 Wh) TWh : Tera watt-hours (10 12 Wh) VA : Volt-amperes (apparent power) kva : Kilo volt-amperes (10 3 VA) MVA : Mega volt-amperes (10 6 Wh) var : Volt-ampere reactive (reactive power) kvar : Kilo volt-ampere reactive (10 3 var) Mvar : Mega volt-ampere reactive (10 6 var) vii

10 10% 90% () JICA JICA () () 1

11 ( ) 2

12 3

13 ETSO UCTE,TSOI,UKTSOA,NORDEL SIGRE IEEE ADB GMS ADB

14 JICA

15

16 Annex

17 MIMEEDC MEMEDL MOE MOEEGAT MOIEVN ADBSIDA GMS

18 ASEAN ASEAN CLMV 5 CLMV ADB GMS CLV 1 () 9

19 4 CLMV 1980 CLMV CLMV UNTAC 1980 CLMV ASEAN ASEAN CLMV ASEAN CLMV ASEAN ASEAN 4 CLMV 1990 CLMV 2 10

20 -: 18.1 k -: 1,380 ( 05) ( ) () (UNTAC) ( ) - - () ASEAN -( ) - ( ) - ( ) - () -UNDP, ADB, : 23.7 k -: ( 05) () () ( ) - - ( ) IMF ASEAN -( ) - () - () - ( ) - () -UNDP, ADB, - -: 67.7 k -: 5,322 ( 04) ( ) () ( NLD ) (SPDC) ASEAN BHN - 1 () - 2 () -( ) - () - () - - -: 51.4 k -:6,242 ( 05) (5 ) () () ( ) - - ( ) ASEAN ODA -( ) - () - () - () - 8 ( ) - () -PEA () - 230kV () - UNDP, USAID ADB Key Indicators, ODA -: 32.9 k -: 8,411 ( 06) () () ( ) () ASEAN ( ) - () - () - () -( ) - () -( ) - () - () - () - () - () -() - () - ADB, - 11

21 % CLV GDP , GDP/ , % 7.2% 9.4% 4.5% 8.4% /GDP 59.2% 103.3% 0.5%* (2004 ) 30.3% 37.7% ADB Key Indicators 2007, ASEAN GDP % ADB Key Indicators ODA FDI ODA FDI ODA FDI ODA FDI ODA 2, ,895 6,235 7,315 1,377 6,103 2,521 3, , ,959 1,949-3,888 1,718-2,435 4,527-1,399 FDI OD A 2, , ,671 1,484 1,412 1,290 1,298 1,519 1,300 1,501 1,400 1,169 1,450 2,022 1,610 2,006 1,954 2,009 ADB Key Indicators

22 5 2.2 GDP ADB 5 57% GDP % ADB Developing the Greater Mekong Sub-region Energy Strategy (Interim Report) GDP 2 WTO WTO ADB Asian Development Outlook 2007 Update 10.8% 9.2% 8.0% 7.3% 6.8% 6.5% % 4.0% 5.0% 8.2% 8.3% 8.5% 13

23 GDP % ADB Key Indicators NSDP, (NGPES, (2006 ) 5 ( ) (2002 ) ) 2.0% 2.1% 2.0% 0.8% 1.4% ( 01-06) HDI ( 04) ( 05) ( 04) 36.0% 32.7% 22.9% 9.8% 28.9% ( 04) N.A ADB Key Indicators 2007, UNDP,, () MW 318MW 1,140MW 20,538MW 9,255MW 753GWh 1,011GWh 4,353GWh 120,032GWh 44,921GWh 55kWh/ 180kWh/ 82kWh/ 1,923kWh 534kWh/ 17% 48.3% 10% 84.7% 90.0%

24 ,600MW 18,000MW 39,600MW (15,606MW)* 17,700MW cf cf 34 cf 8.3 cf 39,600MW cf Myanmar Yunnan + Guangxi (PRC) Thailand Lao PDR Cambodia Vietnam 17,700MW cf 8,600MW cf 15

25 F X, X X X, X X 10% 5 (200MW) 12% GDP X ( ) 1014% 68% GDP High 1.6Base 1.3Low 0.9 X GDP Base Low High 需要 [MW] 年度

26 電力量需要 [GWh] Base Low High 年度 MW Low Base High , , , , , , , , GWh Low Base High , , , , , , , , , , , ,

27 GDP 伸び率 [%] 年度 GDP GDP 弾性値 Base Low High 年度 GDP 18

28 PDP JICA 2002 EDL X, X X X X, X X 需要 [MW] Base Low 年度 PDP 電力量需要 [GWh] Low Base 年度 PDP

29 MW Low Base , , , , GWh Low Base , , , , , , % % (Base ) MW DOE IPP (Low ) 4% GDP %(X X) GDP ( )2009 GDP

30 GDP 伸び率 [%] 年度 GDP Base Low GDP 弾性値 年度 GDP 21

31 Base ( 7.7%)2020 Yeywa F/S (9.2%) (High ) X XX X X X, X X 需要 [MW] 4,500 4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1, 実績 Base High 年度 ,000 25,000 電力量需要 [GWh] 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 実績 Base High 年度 22

32 Base High ,183 1, ,144 2, ,110 3,980 MW Base High ,686 9, ,388 18, ,998 28,555 GWh GDP X XIMF % GDP 伸び率 [%] 年度 (: IMF World Economic Outlook 2007) GDP GDP GDP 1 GDP

33 2.5 2 GDP 弾性値 GDP Base High 年度 X X, X X, X X, X XGDP LowBaseHigh 56% 2004 PDP ,558MW(2004 ), 37,382MW(2007 ) 15% 需要 [MW] Base Low High 年度 24

34 電力量需要 [GWh] Base Low High 年度 PDP Low Base High ,311 22,513 22, ,430 35,251 36, ,031 48,958 52,823 MW Low Base High , , , , , , , , ,682 GWh GDP NESDB X X 25

35 8 7 GDP 伸び率 [%] Base 1 Low High 年度 PDP GDP GDP 弾性値 年度 GDP GDP X X GDP GDP % % % GDP

36 GDP 5% JICA X X,X X X XX X Base High Base High Base %, % High %, %, %2025 Base High 13.4 High Base 需要 [MW] Base High 年度

37 電力量需要 [GWh] Base High 年度 MW Base High ,322 12, ,590 55, , , , , GWh Base High ,574 71, , , , , ,466 1,045,947 GDP X X GDP % 8% 28

38 9 8 7 GDP 伸び率 [%] 年度 ( ) GDP GDP X X2010 GDP GDP High Base GDP 弾性値 年度 GDP 29

39 CLV 5 ADB GMS Nam Theun Hinboun Theun Hinboun Nam Theun 210(MW) US$EdL 60%MDX Lao Company 20%Hydropower AB 20%Theun Hinboun 230(kV) 2 Houay - Ho Houay - Ho (MW) 243 US$ 30

40 Daewoo 2002 EdL 20%Suez Energy International 60%Houay Ho Thai 20% 98% 230(kV) 2% Nam Theun 2 ADB JVEDFEGCO LHSE IPP kv 230 kv 220kV 200MW 110 kv X X kv - Lao Cai Hekou 40MW Lai Chau Hekou Mon Cai Donghung 40 MW Ha Giang Bang Tuong 70 MW kV 22kV MW kv Moc Chou Xam Neua 35/22kV Vietnam- Saravan 35/22kV Vietnam - Savanhaket (Dansavan) 7 35kV 7 /kwh 220kV ADB WB 80MW 200MW 31

41 - Houay Ho Theun Hin Beun 2 230kV 115kV 22 kv 230kV IPP kV (Nam Ngum1, Nam Leuk, Nan Mang3) Watthana Nakhon Battanbang 115 kv Strung Treng 115kV FS 32

42 ODA ECAFE ESCAP UNDP MRC 33

43 ADB GMS 2001 ASEAN FTA GMS

44 GMS GMS a=b=c=d=e=f=g= h==i=k=l= T=V=L=CM=PRC= HAPUA ASEAN ASEAN 2003 ASEAN ASEAN Interconnection Master Plan Study; AIMS2015 ASEASN HAPUA AIMS

45 ODA 5 5 1, CLV CLV CLV 3 15 CLV 2007 CLV 3 ODA OECD/DAC,, JETRO, ASEAN 36

46

47 GMS GMS ADB ADB ADB Greater Mekong SubregionGMS GMS GMS ADB EnergyTransportEnvironmentTourism Trade Facilitation GMS 2012 GMS ; ADB ADB Japan Special Fund ,

48 GMS k GMS 5 GMS 6 ADB 1) 2) 3) 4) 1995 EPF: GMS Electric Power Forum 1998 EGP: Experts Group on Power Interconnection and Trade GMS Policy Statement on Regional Power Trade in Greater Mekong Sub-region IGA: Inter-Governmental Agreement on Power Trade in the GMS 2002 RPTCC: Regional Power Trade Coordination Committee ADB 1995 EPF: GMS Electric Power Forum 1998 EGP: Experts Group on Power Interconnection and Trade GMS Policy Statement on Regional Power Trade in Greater Mekong Sub-region 2002 IGA: Inter-Governmental Agreement on Power Trade in the GMS RPTCC: Regional Power Trade Coordination Committee RPTCC

49 RPTCC 2 FG: Focal GroupPWG: Planning Working Group GMS GMS GMS indicative Master Plan 2008 GMS Performance Standard 2010 Transmission Regulations 2010 Metering arrangements and power trade rules 2010 Identifying regulatory barriers GMS Grid Code/Operational Procedure 2012 Payment agreements/tariffs for third party use, Dispute resolution mechanism 2012 ADB Draft Road Map for Implementing the GMS Cross Border Power Trading 2007 GMS GMS 2005 GMS TA IGAInter Governmental AgreementIGA RPTCC RPTCC ADB TA 2005 Focal Group Planning Working Group Performance Standard ADB TA GMS 2003 GMS ADB TA Indicative master plan on Power interconnectionnam TheunNam 40

50 Ngum2,3 FS ADB Ha Thin Nam Thuen2 - Roi Et IPP Nam Thuen2 Power Company PPA ADB 500kV Na bong Udon3 500kV Nam Theun2 Savananchet FS 500kV HVDC Yunnan Laos Thailand 500kV Hong Sa Mae Moh 500kV Ubon3 Ban Sock Pleiku ADB GMS MP 500kV (JBIC ) 41

51 GMS MW ADB 52 GMS 2003 ADB MW ADB (BOT ,070MW ADB 1, GMS GMS MW

52 1999 MRC EIA MRC MRC 2007 IPP FS EIA MRC MRC Xiaowan 4,200MW ,230MW 2007 MOU Manwan 1,500MW ,410MW 2007 MOU Dachaoshan 1,350MW 2003 ) 1,262MW 2007 MOU () 980MW FS 1,320MW 2007 MOU 4673,300MW FS Mekong River Committee, (2002), Power Development Plan 2007 (Lao PDR), Ministry of Mines, Industry and Energy (Cambodia), Ministry of Industry and Trade (Vietnam)

53 1997 ASEAN CLMV 5 ASEAN ASEAN FTA IPP 3 IPP 7,000MW600MW NA ASEAN Statistical Pocketbook

54 , , , , , WB Private Participation in Infrastructures Database EPA11 ASEAN AJCEP EPA11 ASEAN AJCEP EPAFTA EPA 45

55 CDCCIB 70 ASEAN ASEAN ODA ODA FDI ODA ADB Key Indicators FIMC

56 LDCODA ODA ODA FDI ODA ADB Key Indicators MIC

57 ODA FDI ODA ADB Key Indicators BOI 30% 7% 0537 (IEAT) ODA FDI ODA 2, ,895 6,235 7,315 1,377 6,103 2,521 3, , ,959 1,949-3,888 1,718-2,435 4,527-1,399 ADB Key Indicators MPIFIA

58 // 2007 WTO EPA ODA FDI 2,395 2,220 1,671 1,412 1,298 1,300 1,400 1,450 1,610 1,954 ODA ,484 1,290 1,519 1,501 1,169 2,022 2,006 2,009 ADB Key Indicators

59 Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy (MIME) - to set and administer policies, strategies and planning in the power sector (Art. 3) - to decide on investment in power sector and other policy issues (Art. 4) - to issue standards on technical operation, safety and environment (Art. 5) Electricity Authority of Cambodia (EAC) - to issue rules and regulations - to issue licenses - to approve tariff rates and charges - to enforce rules, regulations and standards to licensees - to approve and enforce performance standards for licensees - to resolve complaints and disputes - to impose penalty and to revoke licenses (Art. 7) Administer Protect consumer, Grievance redress, Enforce rules Electric Power Service Providers (Licensees) Service Tariff Electric Power Customers MIME EAC 50

60 Banteay MeanchaeySiem Reap Battambang

61 X X 52

62 Prek Liang II Prek Liang I Prek Liang IA Ban Hat 20MW Lower Se San III 20MW - 60MW (2012) Poipet B.Meanchey Preah Vihear Russia World Bank Se Kong Vietnam (BOT) Simreap Stung Treng Lower Sre Pok II & Lower Se San Malaysia (BOT) St Sen Battambang India Lower Sre Pak III KOREA Sre Pak IV Pailin China (BOT) St Battambang 1 China (BOT,1012) Kampong Thom St Battambang II St Pursat I Pursat China (BOT,1012) Kara Tie Prek Ter II Prek Ter III Prek Por I St Metoek I St Pursat II Kampong Chnang KOREA Prek Chhlong II St Metoek II China (BOT,1012) Skun St Metoek III Upper St. R.Chrum Malaysia (BOT,1012) Kampong Cham Suong World Bank Snuol Middle St.Russey Chrum St. Tatay Ponhea Lueu Kraek G1 St.Kep2 St. Chhay Areng Kirirom WP G3 G2 Prey Veng Koh Kong China (BOT,1013) ADB (2008) Ta Khumau China Lorn or BOT Neak Loeang 20MW Svey Ring Sihanoukville ADB-JBIC(2010) Veal Rinh Bokor Plateau Kamchai KFW (2010) Takeo 80MW ADB (2008) Chao Duc Kampot 53

63 No Plant Name Plant Type Year in Service Investment Type Project Scale (MW) R 1 Power plant C3 DG 1996 WB loan Power plant C6 DG 1996 ADB loan CUPL DG 1997 IPP Power plant 5 Phase-1 DG 1998 Japan grant Power plant 5 Phase-2 DG 1998 Japan grant Kirirom 1 HP 2001 IPP KEP phase 1 DG 2005 IPP CITY POWER phase 1 DG 2005 IPP CITY POWER phase 2 DG 2006 IPP CEP DG 2006 IPP KEP phase 2 DG 2006 IPP COLBEN SYSTEM DG 2006 IPP Notes DG: HP: 1) Report on Power Sector of the Kingdom of Cambodia for the Year 2006, EAC, July ) Statistical Handbook , EdC, February

64 No Plant Name Plant Type Year in Service Investment Type Project Scale (MW) 1 Siem Reap DG 1998 Japan grant Shihanouk Ville DG 1999 ADB loan Takeo DG 2006 ADB loan Kampot DG 2006 ADB loan Banteay Meanchay DG 2006 ADB loan Preyveng DG 2006 ADB loan Steung Treng DG 2006 ADB loan Colben in Shihanouk DG 2006 IPP GTS in Kampongcham DG 2006 IPP Notes DG: Report on Power Sector of the Kingdom of Cambodia for the Year 2006, EAC, July Power Development Master Plan, WB/KEPCO, Dec

65 EdC EdC EdC 6 56

66 KEPCUPLKirirom 3 UHF Kompong Speu Kirirom West Phnom Penh

67 EdC IPP 79% 58

68 1200 Energy Sales from 2001 to 2006 Energy Sales, GWh EdC Break Down of PHN Generation, Energy Billed & System Losses Energy, GWh Production, GWh Billed, GWh Auxiliary Us e, GWh Losses, GWh X X 59

69 System Losses in PHN from (%) 16% 14% 14.70% 13.10% 12.70% 13.00% Losses, % 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 11.35% 10.64% 0% Year MW Time

70 MW Time

71 62

72 No Plant Name Plant Type Year in Service FY Investment Type Project Scale (MW) 1 Power plant C3 DG 1996 WB loan Power plant C6 DG 1996 ADB loan CUPL DG 1997 IPP Power plant 5 Phase-1 DG 1998 Japan grant Power plant 5 Phase-2 DG 1998 Japan grant Kirirom 1 HP 2001 IPP KEP phase 1 DG 2005 IPP CITY POWER phase 1 DG 2005 IPP CITY POWER phase 2 DG 2006 IPP CEP DG 2006 IPP KEP phase 2 DG 2006 IPP COLBEN SYSTEM DG 2006 IPP Siem Reap DG 1998 Japan grant Shihanouk Ville DG 1999 ADB loan Takeo DG 2006 ADB loan Kampot DG 2006 ADB loan Banteay Meanchay DG 2006 ADB loan Preyveng DG 2006 ADB loan Steung Treng DG 2006 ADB loan Colben in Shihanouk DG 2006 IPP GTS in Kampongcham DG 2006 IPP Kirirom 3 HP 2010 IPP Kamchay HP 2010 IPP Coastal Steam 1 TH 2010 IPP Stung Atay HP 2012 IPP Coastal Steam 2 TH 2013 IPP Lower Russei Chrum HP Lower Sre Prok 2 HP Sambor HP Lower Se San 2 HP Battambang 1 HP Upper Russei Chrum HP CCGT 1 GC Middle Russei Chrum HP Stung Tatay HP Battanmbang 2 HP CCGT 2 GC CCGT 3 GC Banteay Meanchaey - Thai Phnom Penh - Vietnam Kampong Cham - Vietnam Stung Treng - Laos Phnom Penh - Vietnam () Banteay Meanchaey - Thai (a) Total Peaking Capacity (MW) (b) Forecasted Peak Load (MW) (c) Reserve Margin (a) - (b) (MW) (d) Ratio of Reserve Margin (c) / (b) (%) Notes DG: 15 HP: 63

73 X X 4,000 3,500 3,000 Total Peaking Capacity Forecasted Peak Load 2,500 MW 2,000 1,500 1, Fisical Year

74 MEM MOF DOE EDL LHSE IPP IPP

75 EDL EDL 1959 EDL 115kV EGAT EDL Nam Ngum1 Nam Ngum MW MW MW Nam Leuk HPP(2000)40MW Nam Mang3 IPP IPP IPP 210MW Theun Hinboun (1998)150MW Houay Ho HPP1999 EdL 60%20%IPP EDL IPP LHSE 2005 Nam Thuen2 Lao Holding State Enterprise Nam Thuen2 1088MW 75MW kV EGAT MOU 66

76 MOU Theun Hinboun Houay Ho Theun Hinboun 8MWHouay Ho 2.1MW (MW) (GWh) Nam Dong Luangprabang EDL Selabam Champasak EDL Nam Ngum Vientiane EDL Xeset Saravan EDL Nam Ko Oudomxai EDL Theun Hinboun , Khammouane Theun Hinboun Power Company Nam Song Vientiane EDL Houay Ho Attapeu Houay Ho Power Company Nam Leuk Vientiane EDL Nam Ngai Phonsali Provincial Nam Mang Vientiane EDL EDL 67

77 PDP 2007 (Sep 2007) Inst. Cap (MW) Energy, GWh p.a. Plant Factor COD Category Northern ,543.1 Nam Ko EDL Nam Ngay EDL Nam Nhon IPP Domestic Nam Tha IPP Domestic Nam Sim IPP Domestic Nam Long EDL Nam Ou8 (local) IPP Domestic Nam Boun IPP Domestic Nam Beng IPP Domestic Nam Hao IPP Domestic Central 1 1, ,803.7 Nam Dong EDL Nam Ngum , EDL Nam Leuk EDL Nam Mang EDL Nam Ham IPP Domestic Nam Lik 1/ IPP Domestic Nam Ngum IPP Domestic Nam Lik IPP Domestic Nam Cha (local) IPP Export Hongsa Lignite TPP (Local) IPP Export Nam Theun1 (Local) IPP Export Nam Khan EDL Nam Ngiep down stream IPP Export Nam Khan EDL Nam Mang IPP Domestic Central ,842.5 Theun HinBoun (Local) IPP Export Nam Theun IPP Export Xepon3 (Up stream) EDL Nam Mo IPP Domestic Theun Hinboun (extension) IPP Export Xepon 3 (Down stream) EDL Southern Xelabam EDL Xeset EDL Houay Ho (local) IPP Export Xeset EDL Xekaman IPP Export Xelabam ext EDL Xekatam IPP Domestic Xekaman IPP Export Power supply to Aluminum factories 1, , IPP Domestic Xepian/Xenamnoy (Local) IPP Export Houaylamphan EDL Xeset IPP Domestic Nam Kong IPP Domestic Xebangnuan IPP Domestic Xelanong IPP Domestic IPP 68

78 115kV 22kV400V 35kV 115kV kV 115kV (km) , , , , Power Development Plan (Draft, Dev 2007, EDL) 69

79 IPP

80 EDL

81 C1 C2 S

82 2) IPP 500kV C1 Nam Ngum, Nam Leuk,NamMang3,Nam dong Xeset1, Selabam (6 9 ) Nam Ngum1 Nam LeukXeset1 73

83 Nam Ngum Nam Ngum Nam Lik12Nam Lik1 Nam Ngum5 15% LOLP 0.1% LOLP N % % PSS/E 74

84 SPDC-State Peace and Development Council) MOEP-Ministry of Electric Power (MEPE-Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise) MOEP MEPE MOEP (DHP-Department of Hydroelectric Power) ,279 4,279 16,526 1,807 10,040 2, , (Ministry of Electric Power(1) Ministry of Electric Power(2))

85 MEPE 2003 JICA 132kV MEPE Minister () Deputy Minister () Department of Hydropower Planning () Department of Hydropower Implementation () Hydropower Generation Enterprise ()

86 Minister () Department of Electric Power ( Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise () Electricity Supply Enterprise ( Yangon City Electricity Supply Enterprise () Grid System Isolated System Grid System Isolated System (as of May 2007) 77

87 (as of May 2007) Grid System Grid System (as of May 2007) (MW) 1 Baluchaun No Japan Baluchaun No Japan Kinda Sedawgyi Zawgyi(1) Zawgyi(2) Zaungtu Thaphanseik Paunglaung 2003 YMEC,China Mone 2003 CITIC,China Yenwe Kyundhaung Mann Myanaung 1975/ Shwedaung Ywama Thaketa 1990/ Ahlone 1995/ Hlawga 1996/ Thaton Mawlamyaing Tigyit 2004 CHMC,China Hlawga C.C Yam C.C Alone C.C Thicket C.C Isolated System MEPE

88 Isolated System (as of May 2003) (MW) 1 Nam Macias Is Par Haw Mean Tacky Yukon Nam Hun Mum kV132kV230kV 2185km1699m1360km (MW) 1 Shelia (1) YNPG, China + DHPI 2007/ King Twang DHPI 2007/ Shebang ID + DHPI 2007/ Kun DHPI 2008/ Phylum ID + DHPI 2008/ Swaying DHPI 2008/ Keen Keyway ID Theta DHPI 2009/ Upper King Twang Buy Yaw ID Yogi ID Yew DHPI 2009/ Upper Pang Lang DHPI 2009/ Nacho DHPI

89 (KV) (cct) (km) 1 Shweli - Mansan - Shwesaryan Shwesaryan - Belin Belin - Meikhtila Belin - Ohntaw - Monywa Yeywa - Belin Yeywa - Meikhtila Thazi - Meikhtila - Myingyan Meikhtila - Taungdwingyan Theebyu SS, In-Out Taungoo - Tharyargone Tharyargone - Kamarnat(Bago) Kamarnat(Bago) - Myaungtagar Kamarnat(Bago) - Thanlyin Thaketa - Thanlyin Shwedaung - Oakshitpin (Mandalay - PyinOoLwin) - Yadanapone Shwesaryan - (Mandalay - PyinOoLwin) Belin - (Thazi - Mandalay) Belin - (Inngone - Aungpinle) Kengtawng - Namsan Namsan - Pinpet Kyeeon Kyeewa - Mann MW (Department of Hydropower Implementation) YNPG (Yunnan Power Grid Cooperation) (MOEP1)(Hydropower Generation Enterprise)(MOEP2) (Yangon City Electricity Supply Enterprise) (Electricity Supply Enterprise) 2002/ ,790 kwh kwh 49 6,190 kwh 15 1,050kWh 34 5,140 kwh 32.8% 26.9% 40.3% 97.1 W kw 85.5 kw 11.6 kw 2005/ kwh 43 5,349 kwh % 8.7% 80

90 2005/ % 16% 40% 2002/ kw 9% KW kw 1993/ / / % 2001/ %2002/ % 81

91 () () () ( ) 100 Wh % 100 kwh MW 93/94 3, , ,341 1, , /99 4, , ,014 1, , /00 4, , ,554 1, , /01 5, , ,033 1, , /02 5, , ,591 1, , /03 5, ,962-4,962 1, , /06* 6,014 4, MEPE CC 93/94 1, , , , / , , , /00 1, , , , , /01 1, , , , , /02 1, , , , , /03 2, , , , /06* , , ,015.0 MEPE

92 (MW) 1 Manipur Tasang DHPI+MDX ,110 3 Tamanthi DHPI - 1,200 4 Thaukyegat DHPI Ann DHPI Upper Sedawgyi 60 7 Baluchaung (3) 48 8 Bawgata Bilin Hutgyi 1, Maykha river basin 13, Tanintharyi (kv) (cct) (nos.) (km) (Thanlwin)(Tasang)7,110MW (DHI-Department of Hydropower Implementation) MDX Group Co., Ltd.( ) (DHI)(Hutgyi) (1,360MW)(Tanintharyi) (600MW) (Hutgyi) (DHI)(Committee for Planning and Investment)(Mekha)13,600MW (Htamanthi) 1,200MW

93 % Tasang(7,110MW)Hutgyi(1360MW)Tanintharyi(600MW) Shweli-1(600MW)Maykha river basin(13,600mw)htamanthi(1200mw) 1200MW Total Peaking Capacity Trend of MEPE demand WB Forecast (Low Case) WB Forecast (Base Case) 5000 MW Fisical Year

94 No Plant Name Plant Year in Project Investment Type Type Service Scale FY (MW) Baluchaun(2) HP 1960/1973 Japan Baluchaun(1) HP 1990 Japan 25 3 Kinda HP Sedawgyi HP Zawgyi(1) HP Zawgyi(2) HP Zaungtu HP Thaphanseik HP Paunglaung HP 2003 YMEC,China Mone HP 2003 CITIC,China Yenwe HP Kyundhaung GT Mann GT Myanaung GT 1975/ Shwedaung GT Ywama GT GT Thaketa GT 1990/ Ahlone GT 1995/ Hlawga GT 1996/ Thaton GT Mawlamyaing ST Tigyit ST 2004 CHMC,China Hlawga C.C CC Ywama C..C CC Ahlone C.C CC Thaketa C.C CC Shweli (1) HP 2007/12 YNPG,China +DHP Keng Tawng HP 2007/ Khapaung HP 2007/ Kun HP 2008/ Phyu HP 2008/ Shwekyin HP 2008/ Kyeeon Kyeewa HP Thahtay HP 2009/ Upper Keng Tawng HP Buu Ywa Myogyi Yeywa HP 2009/12 COLENCO, Swiss Upper Paung Laung HP 2009/ Nancho HP CC1 CC 42 CC2 CC 41 Manipur HP Tasang HP Thailand Htamanthi HP India Thaukyegat HP Ann HP Upper sedawgyi HP Baluchaung (3) HP Bawgata HP Bilin HP Hutgyi HP DHPI+EGAT Maykha HP DHPI+CPI, China Tanintharyi HP DHPI+EGAT

95 Ministry of Energy EGATElectricity Generating Authority of Thailand 2 MEA Metropolitan Electricity AuthorityPEAProvincial Electricity Authority IPPIndependent Power Producer10MW-90MW SPPSmall Power Producer10MW VSPP Very Small Power ProducerIPP 40% EGCOREGCOKEGCO EGAT Ratchaburi EGAT 7 IPP PPA Energy Regulatory Board Generation SPPs (10%) EGAT (48%) IPPs (39%) Import (3%) VSPPs (<<1%) Government (MOE) (EPPO) EGAT(100%) Transmission PEA (66%) MEA (32%) Direct Customers (2%) Distribution Users ( ): Share in EPPOEnergy Policy and Planning Office 86

96 EPPO EPPO MW IPP 2005 EGAT 50% 5% RPS Renewable Portfolio Standard SPP VSPP (MW) RPS EGAT Power Purchase from Private Company Small hydro power plants: 78.8(MW) Solar energy: 1 (MW) Solar energy: 1 (MW) Wind energy: 2(MW) Wind energy: 2(MW) Biomass power plants: 36(MW) Municipal waste power plants: 20(MW) PDP ,789(MW) 57% EGAT IPP , % 1% 1% 14% 46% 35% Hydro Thermal Combined cycle Gas Turbine and Diesel Renew able Malaysia

97 1.7% 1.6% 2.1% 0.01% 9.0% 12.6% 7.1% 65.8% Natural Gas Lignite Imported Coal Hydro Heavy Oil EGAT-TNB Renewable Diesel EGAT (MW) Others (MW) Hydro Power Plant Hydro Power Plant Bhumibol Theun Himboun (Laos) Sirikit Houay Ho (Laos) Ubolratana 25.2 Sirindhorn 36.0 Nam Pung 40.0 Srinagarind 6.0 vajiralongkorn Tha Thung Na Kaeng Krachan 39.0 Bang Lang 19.0 Ban Santi 72.0 Mae Ngat 1.3 Huai Kum 9.0 Rajjaprabha 1.1 Pak Mun Lam Takhong Miscellaneous 0.5 Thermal Power Plant Thermal Power Plant South Bangkok Oil/Gas Khanom Thermal Bang Pakong Oil/Gas Ratchaburi Thermal Mae Moh Lignite BLCP Power Co. Ltd Krabi Oil SPP Combined Cycle Power Plant Combined Cycle Power Plant Bang Pakong Block 1-2 Gas Khanom CC Block 3-4 Gas Rayong CC Block South Bangkok Block 1 Gas Block Block 2 Gas Block Nam Phong Block 1-2 Gas Block Wang Noi Block 1-2 Gas Ratchaburi CC Block Block 3 Gas Block Block Tri Energy Co. Ltd Independent Power Co. Ltd Grow IPP Co. Ltd Eastern Power Co. Ltd SPP Gas Oil 9.0 Gas Turbine Power Plant Gas Turbine Power Plant Lan Krab Gas SPP Nong Chok Diesel Surat Thani Diesel Diesel Power Plant Diesel Power Plant Mae Hong Son Diesel 5.4 Renewable Energy 1 Renewable Energy 120 Miscellaneous EGAT-TNB

98 66% kV 230kV kV230kV Mae Moh 500kV Mae Moh Tha Tako 1,000(MW)Nam Ngum 2-3Nam Ngiep 1 500kV ,098(km) 500(kV) 3,433(km) 230(kV) 12,795(km)132(kV) 9(km)115(kV) 13,792(km)69(kV) 46(km) ,316(MVA) 500kV 9 12,450MVA230kV 64 38,460MVA (MW) :30 22,856.1(MW) (Hour)

99

100 PDP % LOLP24 N % 120% LowBaseHigh % - 105% % Type (%) 6 7 Lignite 100MW 5 8 Lignite 100MW MW MW

101 MOI1994 MOE EVN Vinacoal MOI EVNVinacoalPetrovietnam MOI Council of Ministers Committees to MPI MOI MOF MOT EVN Vinacoal Petrovietnam Vietsopetro Private EVN IPP 2005 MOI ERAV EVN (MOI) kV220kV110 92

102 4 ( PTC1,PTC2,PTC3,PTC4)IE 9 EVN 16 Hanoi Power CompanyHPC Ho Chi Minh city Power CompanyHCMPC Hai Phong Power CompanyHPPC Dong Nai Power CompanyDNPC Hai Duong Power CompanyHDPC Ninh Binh Power CompanyNBPC PTCPTCPTCPTC 500kV220kV110 93

103 North Central South Type Hydro Name Unit Capacity (MW) Unit No. Total Capacity (MW) Available Capacity (MW) as of end of 2004 Year of Commissioning Hoa Binh ,920 1, Thac Ba Hydro Total 2,028 2,040 Pha Lai 1(coal) Pha Lai 2(coal) Coal ThermalUong Bi(coal) Ninh Binh(coal) Coal Total 1,245 1,205 Sub Total 3,273 3,245 Vinh Son Hydro Song Hinh Ialy Hydro Total Hydro Sub Total Tri Ah Da Nhim 40 x Thac Mo Ham Thuan Da Mi Hydro Total 1,185 1,225 Thu Duc(DO) 33, 66 x Oil Thermal Can Tho(FO) Oil Total Can Tho(GT) Thu Duc(GT) 23.4, 14.7, 37.5 x Baria(C/C) 23.4 x 2, 37.5 x 6, 58 x Gas Thermal Phu My 1(C/C) 240 x 3, 370 1,138 1, Phu My 2-1(C/C) 145 x 2, 140 x 2, , 2003 Phu My 4(C/C) Gas Total 3,085 2,835 Sub Total 4,470 4,246 Diesel and small hydoropower plants Phu-My 3(C/C) 230 x 2, Phu-My 2-2(C/C) 231 x 2, Can Don(Hydro) Hiep Phuc(FO) Bourbon(DO) Nomura(DO) 58 0 Amata(DO) Vedan(FO) Na Loi Nam Mu Na Duong Formosa Mua TQ IPP/BOT Total Source: statistical report IPP Total 2,419 1,470 11,472 9,957 94

104 Interval kv Distance Number of Circuits Conductor Commissioning MM YY Hoa Binh Ha Tinh 341 km 1 ACSR 330 mm *4 April 1994 Ha Tinh -Da Nang 390 km 1 ACSR 330 mm *4 April 1994 Da Nang Plei Ku 259 km 1 ACSR 330 mm *4 April 1994 Pleiku Phu Lam 496 km 1 ACSR 330 mm *4 April 1994 Total 1,486 km Yaly - Plei Ku 20.2 km 2 ACSR 330 mm * Source: Vietnam Single Line Diagram 2003, EVN AO ()500kV220kV 110kV 220kV 110kV SCADASupervisory Control and Data Acquisition 95

105 IPP EGAT EVN IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP IPP 96

106 EGAT 2020 EGAT kV kV kV kV 97

107 kw LNG 98

108 GMS

109 SAIDI SAIDI

110 (Department of Energy: DOE) (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission: FERC) FERC (Electric Reliability Organization: ERO)ERO (Northern America Electricity Reliability Corporation) ERO (Independent System Operator: ISO) ISO (Regional Transmission Organization: RTO) RTO ISO (Regional Reliability Council)NERC 101

111 DOE FERC ERO (NERC) RRC RRC RRC RTO RTO ISO ISO ISO (RRC) (: NERC ) 102

112 NERC Reliability Standard Reliability Standard 2003 (Planning Standard, Operating Standard) RTO ISO (Reliability Standard) () NERC (Compliance Monitoring and Enforcement Program) Reliability First Corporation * X ABBREVIATIONS BA - Balancing Authority RC - Reliability A/S - Subject to Audit/Spot Check DP - Distribution Provider RP - Resource AT- Assessment GO - Generation Owner RE - Regional D/S- Data Submittals GOP - Generation Operator RSG - Reserve E/R- Exception Reporting LSE - Load-Serving Entity TO - Transmission I - Investigation PA - Planning Authority TOP - Transmission REF- Reference NERC Compliance Templates PRSG - Planning Reserve Sharing Group TP - Transmission REQ- NERC Reliability Standard Requirement PSE - Purchasing-Selling Entities TSP - Transmission R/S- Region Submittal to NERC S/C- Self-Certification Non-Regulatory Approved Standards Changes since last Revision TBD- To be Determined The highlighted Standards are subject to 48-Hour Reporting to NERC upon ReliabilityFirst being notified. Monitored for compliance by ReliabilityFirst in 2007 Withdrawn by NERC Reliability Standard Title 2007 RELIABILITYFIRST IMPLEMENTATION PLAN REVISION 10, NOVEMBER 1, 2007 Require ments Monitore Monitoring Responsibili ty Functions Monitored Type of Monitori ng Date Due RESOURCE AND DEMAND BALANCING BAL Real Power Balancing Control Performance (CPS 1) Real Power Balancing Control Performance (CPS 2) All RE BA D/S BAL Disturbance Control Performance (DCS) All NERC, RE BA, RE, RSG D/S BAL Frequency Response and Bias All RE BA E/R BAL Time Error Correction - RE BA, RC A/S BAL Automatic Generation Control - RE BA, GOP, LSE, A/S Due to ReliabilityFirst on the 15th of each month Due to ReliabilityFirst quarterly, on the 15th of the Upon Discovery A/S A/S (: Reliability First, 2007 Compliance Implementation Plan) 103

113 (Regional Transmission Expansion Plan: RTEP) RTO RTEP PJM ISO (Queue) (RTEPP) RTEP (: PJM ) 104

114 PJM ISO (: PJM 2006 Regional Transmission Expansion Plan) DOE 3 1 (National Electric Transmission Congestion Study) ( ) FERC (Order 679) 105

115 (: DOE NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY)

116 (: DOE NATIONAL ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION CONGESTION STUDY) DOE (European Commission: EC) (European Regulators Group fro Electricity and Gas :ERGEG) EC EGREG (eurelectric) (European Transmission System Operators: ETSO) euelectric ()ETSO Nordel(the United Kingdom Transmission System Operators Association: UKTSOA), (the Association of transmission system operators in Ireland: ATSOI), (Union for the Co-ordination of Transmission of Electricity : UCTE) ( ) 107

117 (EC) euelectric (EGREG) UKTSOA Nordel ATSOI UCTE UCTE Operation Handbook 108

118 UCTE Operation Handbook P1 Load-Frequency-Control and Performance P2 Scheduling and Accounting P3 Operational Security (N-1, ) P4 Co-ordinated Operational Planning (N-1) P5 Emergency Procedures() P6 Communication Infrastructure () P7 Data Exchanges () P8 Operational Training () () UCTE 10 ( )System Adequacy Forecast(SAF) UCTE () UCTE System Adequacy Forecast

119 UCTE (: UCTE System Adequacy Report ) X XUCTEUCTE 5%+ARM(Adequacy Reference Margin) 110

120 ARM (2005/89/EC) () () (SAF) () (Trans-European Energy Networks: TEN-E) TEN-E : TEN-E 111

121 TEN-E 112

122 (PPS) (ESCJ: ) 2004 ESCJ ( RTO, UCTE ) (: )

123 (: ) : 2 : () 3 : () 4 : () 5 : () 6 : () 7 : () 8 : 9 : 114

124 () () ( ) Hz () 7(1995)60Hz () 12(2000)13(2001) (-, -, -, -) (: )

125 (: ) 2 (1) (2) 1 5% 20% 10% 3 (1)ESCJ (2)(1) (1) 116

126 ( 10 ) 3 () 3 (Grid Code)(UCTE) ()(Nordel)(NERC)(ESCJ) Grid Code DOE TEN-E (RPTCC HAPUA ) (ROE ) ( RTO, UCTE, ESCJ ) 1 117

127 X X /3 No Upgrading Capacity of 115 kv system in Phom Penh kv EDC/WB 230 kv T/L: Phnom Penh - Takeo - Vienam with S/Ss 2008 West Phnom Penh WPP S/STakeo EDC/ADB National Dispatching Center 2008 EDC/WB 115 kv T/L: Kampong Cham - Suong - Kraek - Taininh (in Vietnam) 2009 EDC/WB grant 115 kv T/L: Steung Treng - Lao power system with S/S in Steung Treng 2009 EDC/WB 230 kv T/L: Takeo - Kampot with S/S in Kampot 2009 EDC/KfW grant 230 kv T/L: Kampot - Sihanoukville with S/S in Sihanoukville 2010 EDC/ADB and JBIC Kirirom 3 /HP MW, 115 kv T/L to Kirirom1 S/S IPP, CETICI(China) /ditto PPA Kamchay /HP MW, 230 kv T/L to Kampot S/S IPP, Sinohydro (China) /ditto Coal fired power plant in Sihanoukville /TH 2010 Sihanoukville200 MWSihanoukville S/S T/L IPP, Leader Universal (Malaysia)/ditto PPA Upgrading Phnom Penh transmission system kv T/L: GS1 - GS2 and GS2 - WPP EDC/ FS Two new grid substation in Phnom Penh with 115 kv T/L kv S/S in northern (N) and eastern (E) area of Phnom Penh. 115 kv T/L : GS1 - NPP and NPP - EPP EDC/ FS 230 kv T/L: Phnom Penh - Kampong Chnang - Pursat - Battambang with two S/Ss 2012 Stung Atay 230 kv T/LS/S PursatBattambang IPP, Private of China/ditto Stung Atay /HP MW, 230 kv T/L to Pursat IPP, Private of China/ditto 118

128 2/3 No 230 kv T/L: Phnom Penh - Kampong Cham with one S/S 2012 EDC/ FS 115 kv T/L: Phnom Penh - Neak Loeung - Prey Veng - Svay Rieng - Vietnam with two S/Ss 2013 EDC/ FS 230 kv T/L: Phnom Penh - Sihanoukville 2013 EDC/ FS Coal fired power plant in Sihanoukville /TH 2013 Sihanoukville400 MWSihanoukville S/S T/L IPP/ FSBOO Stung Russey Chrum Kroam /HP MW T/L / FSTEPSCO Upgrade capacity of Phnom Penh power supply system 2015 EPP S/S230 kv S/S230 kv GS4 S/S230 kv T/L: WPP S/S - GS4 GS4 - EPP EDC/ FS Stung Chhay Areng /HP MW T/L / 230 kv T/L: Kampong Cham - Sambo and Sambo S/S 2015 EDC/ FS Sre Pok Kroam 2 /HP MWSambo S/S 230 kv T/L / Pre-FS Sambo /HP MWSambo S/S 230 kv T/L / Sesan Kroam 2 /HP MWSambo S/S 230 kv T/L / EVNFS 115 kv T/L: Stung Treng S/S - Sumbo S/S 2017 EDC/ FS Battambang 1 /HP MWBattambang S/S115 kv T/L / Stung Russei Chrum Leu /HP MW T/L / 119

129 No Stung Russei Chrum Kandal /HP MW T/L / Stung Tatay /HP MW T/L / Battanmbang 2 /HP MWBattambang 1 HP115 kv T/L / New S/S in Phnom Penh and strengthening T/L capacity 2020 EDC/ FS Gas Power Plant 1 in Sihanoukville /GC MWSihanoukville S/S / FS 230 kv T/L: Kampong Cham - Kampong Thom - Siem Reap and Kampong Thom S/S 2020 / FS Gas Power Plant 1 in Sihanoukville /GC MWSihanoukville S/S / FS Notes DG: HP: TH: GC: T/L: Transmission Line S/S: Substation WB: World Bank KfW: EVN: 1) Report on Power Sector of the kingdom of Cambodia for the Year 2006, EAC, July ), JICA, ), No.332, Kampot Sihanoukville 230 kv ADBJBICKfW 2010 Kirirom 3 Kamchay Sihanoukville

130 PPA Negotiation Under-Construction Name of Project Capacity (MW) Annual Generation (GWh) Com. Year 12 Nam Theun 2 1, , Khammouane NT2 Power Co. Ltd. 13 Nam Ngum , Vientiane NN2 Power Co. Ltd. 14 Xekaman Attapeu VietLao Power Investment and Development Province Developer MOU PDA CA PPA Expire Remarks 10-Mar Mar Jun Xeset Saravan Electricité du Laos Nam Nhone Bokeo NamNhone Hydropower Co. Ltd. 01-Mar Nam Lik 1/ Vientiane China Water & Electric Corp. (CWE) 16-Mar Oct-06 F/S report submitted 2, Nam Sim Houaphanh Energy Development (Norway) 12-Feb PDA negotiation delayed 19 Nam Ngum Luangprabang Sino Hydro (China) 31-Mar Feb Apr Mar-31 F/S report submitted 20 Nam Ham Xayabuly KOBI Company (Laos) 06-Aug Nam Mo Xiengkhuan Mahavong Group 18-Nov-99 PPA negotiation with EVN 22 Xekatam Champasak Kansai Electric Power Company (Japan) 15-Oct-04 MOU extended to 05/Dec/07 23 Theun Hinboun Bolikhamxay Theun Hinboun Power Company 15-Nov Mar Nam Ngum , Vientiane GMS Power+Marubeni+Ratchaburi 15-Nov Feb May-05 PDA extended to 31/Dec/07 25 Nam Theun , Bolikhamxay Gamuda, EGCO 28-Nov Hongsa Lignite 1, Xayabuly Banpu 27 Nam Ngiep , Bolikhamxay Kansai Electric Power Company (Japan) 27-Apr-06 3,292.5 Hong Sa Lignite 1,600 MW EGAT PDP EGAT PDP

131 MOU MOU F/S Name of Project Capacity (MW) MOU Annual Generation (GWh) Com. Year Province Developer MOU Expire Remarks 28 Nam Hao 5.1 Houaphanh Nice Engineering (Thailand) 18-Aug Xepon Saravan CMIC (China) 10-Nov May-06 MOU expired 30 Nam Ou ,311.0 Phongsali Sino Hydro Corp. 30-May Nov-06 PDA negotiation 31 Tadsaland 3.2 Savannakhet SCI Manufacturer (Thailand) 22-Jul Xelanong Saravan 22-Sep Xebangnoun Saravan Sithat B. & Road Construction Co. 26-Sep Mar-07 no F/S report 34 Houay jumpi 2.0 Saravan Champassack Construction Co. 29-Sep Nam Kong Attapeu Region Oil (Russia) 22-Dec-05 IEE report subimitted by 11/Jul/07 36 Nam Kong Attapeu Region Oil (Russia) 22-Dec Xekong , Sekong Region Oil (Russia) 22-Dec Houay jain 2.0 Champasak Souphachi 01-Feb Aug Xepian-Xenamnoi , Champasak SK Engineering & Construction+GOL(35%) 08-Mar-06 Progress report FY06_iv submitted 40 Xekong , Sekong Region Oil (Russia) 09-Mar Xekaman , Attapeu VietLao Power Investment and Development 19-Mar DonsaHong ,520.0 Champasak Mega First 23-Mar-06 F/S quarterly report #2 submitted 43 Houay Katam 33.0 Champasak ITEL Co. INC. (Japan) 04-May Xeneun 40.0 Khamouane Phonsak B & Road Construction Co. 16-May Nov Houayyen 2.0 Saravan Electronic Lao Co. Ltd. 26-May Nam Bang Oudomxai China Electrical Equipment Corp. 19-Jun Jan Nam San Rohas Euco Industries Berhad (REI) 30-Jun-06 IEE report submitted by Aug/07 48 Nam Lik Vientiane Hydro Engineering (Thailand) 07-Jul Nam Tha ,346.0 Bokeo China Southern Power Grid 28-Aug Feb-08 F/S field survey by Jan/07 50 Nam Khan Luangprabang Sino Hydro Corp. 13-Oct Apr Nam Khan Luangprabang Sino Hydro Corp. 13-Oct Apr Nam Ngeun Bolikhamxay EDF 16-Nov May Xekaman Sekong VietLao Power Investment and Development 19-Dec Nam Mang Bolikhamxay Far East Insustrial Co. Ltd. 08-Feb Nam Feung 60.0 Vientiane Yunnan Provincial Power Inevstment 04-Mar Nam Fa Luangprabang AP Bizlink Group (Malaysia) 02-Apr Nam Bak Vientiane SEAN 11-Apr-07 Previous MOU expired 58 Nam Bak Vientiane SEAN 11-Apr Nam Seung Luangprabang Bru Thai Int. Ltd. 04-May Nam Seung Luangprabang Bru Thai Int. Ltd. 04-May Nam Kong (Xayabo 1,260.0 Xayabuly SEAN 04-May Nam Phak 40.0 Champasak Kobe Green Power Co. Ltd. (Japan) 31-May Nov Nam Kong (Phakla 1,320.0 Xayabuly Sino Hydro+China National Electronics I &E 11-Jun Nov-09 MOU period 30 months 64 Nam Long Luangnamtha No progress 7,320.0 MOU 122

132 No Mandate Name of Project Capacity (MW) Annual Generation (GWh) Com. Year Province Developer Remarks 66 Nam Ngum 4 B Houay Lamphan Sekong Electricité du Laos F/S will done by WB 68 Xeset Saravan F/S exists 69 Tadsomphamit Champasak No progress 70 Nam Hinboun Khammouane 71 Thakho Champasak 72 Nam Jeng 1 A Vientiane 73 Nam San Bolikhamxay 74 Nam Kong Attapeu Nam Ming Luangprabang 77 Xebang Heng Savannakhet 78 Xelanong Savannakhet 79 Xenamnoy Champasak 80 Xesou Attapeu 81 Nam Kong (Pakbang) 1,238.0 Oudomxai 82 Nam Kong (Laungpabang) 1,410.0 Luangprabang 83 Dak E Meu Sekong 84 Nam Kanh 40.0 For VietLao Power Investment & Stock 85 Xekaman Attapeu 86 Xekong Sekong 87 Xedon Champasak 88 Nam Theun Bolikhamxai 89 Nam Moun Bolikhamxai 90 Nam Khan Luangprabang 3,993.0 FS JBIC C1 C2 115kV 2 ADB FS 3 FS 115kV 115kV Xeset-Saravan 4,5 IPP EDL IPP EDL 6 230kV EDL FS 123

133 Commissioning Name Voltage Year Donor Oudomxai 115/22kV 2008 ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Luang Namtha 115/22kV 2008 ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Xam Neua 115/22kV 2011 CERIECO, China EDL Huayxai 115/22kV 2012 ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Nam Mo 115/22kV 2012 ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Boun Neua 115/22kV 2012 CERIECO, EDL EDL Hin Heup 115/115 kv 2008 ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Hin Heup 230 kv/115 kv 2010 China? EDL Pakmong 115/22 kv 2008 ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Naxaythong 230/115 kv 2010 China? EDL Ban Lao 115/22 kv 2012 THPC THPC Paklay 115/22 kv 2013 ADB, NDF, EDL? EDL Hong Sa 115/22 kv 2012 ADB, NDF, EDL? Ban Pu Mouan Kham 115/22 kv 2012 China? EDL Thabo 115/115 kv 2016 Silicon Co. Silicon Co. Shanakham 115/22 kv 2012 Copper&Gold Mine EDL Luangpraban2 115/22 kv 2011 China EDL Luangpraban2 230/115 kv 2014 China? EDL Mahaxay 115/22 kv 2009 NTEC EDL Xepon 115/22 kv 2012 China EDL Pakson 230/115 kv 2009 NORINCO, EDL EDL Saravan 115/22 kv 2009 World Bank EDL Xekong 115/22 kv 2014 Vietnam? EDL 124

134 Interval Voltage Length No. of cct Conductor Commissioning year Fund Xeset1, Xeset2-Pakson 115kV ACSR NORINCO, EDL EDL Nam Ngiep - Thalat 115kV 5 1 ACSR ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Hin Heup - Vang Vieng 115kV 41 2 ACSR ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Luangpraban - Pakmong - Oudomxai 115kV ACSR ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Oudomxai - Nam Mo 115kV 40 2 ACSR ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Nam Mo - Luang Nam Tha 115kV 39 1 ACSR ADB, NDF, EDL EDL Paksan - Thakhek - Pakbo 115kV ACSR JBIC EDL Ban Hat - Cambodia Border 115kV 28 1 ACSR World Bank EDL Saravan - Xeset1 115kV 32 2 ACSR ? EDL Nam Thuen2 - Mahaxay 115kV 18 2 ACSR Nam Thuen2 NTEC Mahaxai-Cement Factory 115kV 20 2 ACSR ? LCI? Hin Heup - Naxaythong 230kV ACSR China? EDL Phonesouan-Phontong Naxaythong-Phontong (Adding Circuit) 115kV 12 2 ACSR China? EDL Mahaxai-Xepon Gold Mine 230kV ACSR Xepon Gold Mine Xepon Gold Mine Nam Ngum5 - Phonsavan 115kV 80 2 ACSR China EDL Nam Ngum5 - Luangpraban2 115kV 98 2 ACSR China EDL Luanpraban1- Luangpraban2 115kV 22 2 ACSR China EDL Nam Lik 1/2 - Hin Heup 115kV 33 2 ACSR China? China? Nam Lik 1 - Hin Heup 115kV 10 1 ACSR ? IPP Hin Heup - Vang Vieng (Extra 1cct) 115kV 46 2 ACSR ADB? EDL Luampraban2 - Nam Mo (Extra 1cct) 115kV ACSR ADB? EDL Nam Leuk - Nam Mang3 115kV 56 2 ACSR ? EDL Nam Mang3 - Khoksaad (Extra 1cct) 115kV 35 2 ACSR ? EDL Khoksaad - Thanaleng (Extra 1cct) 115kV 17 2 ACSR ? EDL Thanaleng - Nhongkhai (Extra 1cct) 115kV ACSR ?? Nam Cha - S/S 115kV 11 2 ACSR ?? Phonsavan- Muong Kham 115kV ACSR ? EDL Muong Kham - Xam Neua 115kV ACSR ? EDL Luang Nam Tha - Houay Xai 115kV ACSR ADB? EDL Houay Xai - Chiang Khong (EGAT) 115kV 20 2 ACSR ADB?? Thuen Hin Boun - Ban La 115kV 60 2 ACSR THPC? THPC Hong Sa - Luangpraban2 115kV ACSR ? Ban Pu Xepon3 - Xepon Gold Mine 115kV ACSR China? EDL Xepon3 - Saravan 115kV ACSR China? EDL Xekaman1 - Saphaothong 115kV 51 1 ACSR ?? Namo - Nam Ou 115kV ACSR ?? Ban Jiangxai-Xeset1 115kV 76 2 ACSR ? EDL Ban Jiangxai-Bangyo 115kV 8 2 ACSR ? EDL Bangyo - Shrindon 115kV 8 2 ACSR ?? Xekatam - Pakson 115kV 35 2 ACSR ?? Namo - Bon Neua 115kV 96 2 ACSR ADB? EDL Xepian - Saphaothon 115kV 6 1 ACSR ?? Xayabuly - Paklay 115kV ACSR ADB? EDL Paklay - Nonghai 115kV 99 1 ACSR ? EDL Paklay - Thali(EGAT) 115kV 86 1 ACSR ?? Nam Ngiep Down - Paksan 115kV 40 1 ACSR ? IPP Kengkhok - Ban Jiangxai 115kV ACSR ? EDL Xekong 115kV 18 2 ACSR ? EDL Luangpraban2 - Hin Heup 230kV ACSR ? EDL Saravan - Xekong 115kV 58 2 ACSR ? EDL Saravan - Xekaman3 115kV ACSR ?? Luangpraban2 - Nam Khan3 115kV 35 3 ACSR ? EDL Nam Khan2- Nam Khan3 115kV 50 1 ACSR ? EDL Nam Mang1 - Tha Bo 115kV 6 1 ACSR ? IPP Xeset3&4 - Pakson 115kV 23 1 ACSR ? IPP 125

135 IPP 500kV kV Hong Sa Mae Mo EGAT Hong Sa IPP Nam Theun1 Na Bong Udon3 EGAT IPP, ADB Nam Theun2 Roi Et EGAT Nam Theun2 IPP Ban Sok Pleicu EVN VietLao JSC, EVN, ADB REPI( I) II GMS GMS Power Trade Project 115kV Nam Thuen2 ADB PROJECT NAME LA-Nam Theun Power 2 Nam Theun 2 (pending reassignment Lao Nam Theun 2 Power Project Nam Theun 2 (former was under PE-P LEN) Nam Theun 2 Nam Theun 2 Social and Environment Project LA-GEF RURAL ELECTRIFICATIO GMS Power Trade (Laos) 115kV Project FS IPP 500kV Rural Electrification Phase I Project of the Rural Electrification (APL) Program Approval date N/A 31-Mar Mar-05 9-Feb-98 Closing Date N/A N/A N/A N/A 5-Jun Dec Apr Mar-10 Lending Project Cost

136 ADB ADB 115kV 115V C1 500kVNabon FS 500kV -Bansok GMS ADB JBIC C1C2 Paksan-Thakhek-Pakbo 500kV 500kV 500 kv 500kV2 2 DOE 500kV ,510 4,629 5,584 % 43.1% 44.2% 50% 483, , ,926 % 48.3% 49.2% 76%

137 EU EU (Bangladesh Eyes Hydro-Electric Investments in Burma, ) MEPE X X No Shweli No.1 Hydropower Project 2007/12 YNPG(China)+ DHPI KenTawng Hydropower Project 2007/12 DHPI/ Khabaung Hydropower Project 2007/12 ID+ DHPI/ Kun Hydropower Project 2008/12 DHPI/ Phyu Hydropwer Project 2008/12 ID + DHPI/ Shwekyin Hydropower Project 2008/12 DHPI/ 128

138 No Kyeeon Kyeewa Hydropower Project 2008 ID/ Thahtay Hydropower Porject 2009/12 DHPI/ Upper Keng Tawng Hydropower Project Buu Ywa Hydropower Priject 2009 ID Myogyi Hydropower Priject 2009 ID Yeywa Hydropower Priject 2009/12 DHPI/ MNC,China Upper Paung Laung Hydropower Project 2009/12 DHPI/ YMEC Nancho Hydropower Project 2009 DHPI/ MNCs Shweli - Mansan - Shwesaryan MOEP2 / Shwesaryan - Belin MOEP2 / Belin - Meikhtila MOEP2 / Belin - Ohntaw - Monywa MOEP2 / Yeywa - Belin MOEP2 / Yeywa - Meikhtila MOEP2 / Thazi - Meikhtila - Myingyan MOEP2 / Meikhtila - Taungdwingyan MOEP2 / Theebyu SS, In-Out MOEP2 / Taungoo - Tharyargone MOEP2 / Tharyargone - Kamarnat(Bago) MOEP2 / 129

139 No Tharyargone - Kamarnat(Bago) MOEP2 / Kamarnat(Bago) - Myaungtagar MOEP2 / Kamarnat(Bago) - Thanlyin MOEP2 / Thaketa - Thanlyin MOEP2 / Shwedaung - Oakshitpin MOEP2 / (Mandalay - PyinOoLwin) - Yadanapone MOEP2 / Shwesaryan - (Mandalay - PyinOoLwin) MOEP2 / Belin - (Thazi - Mandalay) MOEP2 / Belin - (Inngone - Aungpinle) MOEP2 / Kengtawng - Namsan MOEP2 / Namsan - Pinpet MOEP2 / Kyeeon Kyeewa - Mann MOEP2 / Manipur Tasang 2020 Tamanthi - Thaukyegat 2011 Ann 2009 Upper Sedawgyi Baluchaung (3) 130

140 No Bawgata Bilin Hutgyi Mekha river basin Tanintharyi Mekhtila - Taungoo - Bago Monywa - Mann - Oakshitpin - Hinthata Upper Paunglaung - Nancho - Paunglaung Taungoo - Shwedaung Phyu Kun Shwekyin - Kyauktaga Belin - Myingyan Pinpet - Kalaw MEPE(2007/11 GMS Conference) (2007/9 IED Franco-ASEAM) 131

141 PDP2007 PDP PDP PDP PDP LNG ,500(MW) PDP EGAT EGAT EPPO PDP ,400(MW) Year Gas Coal Nuclear SPP Power Import Increasing Capacity Total Capacity Peak Demand Unit (MVA/MW) Reserve Margin (%) ,037 27, , ,820 35,857 29, , ,563 37,800 31, , ,561 40,361 33, ,400 1, ,000 42,186 35, , ,690 44,127 37, , ,500 47,119 39, , ,510 49,888 41, , ,230 52,829 44, ,400 2, ,050 55,251 46, , ,270 58,321 48,

142 Year EGAT IPP SPP Import Name Fuel MW Name Fuel MW MW Name MW 2011 Nam Ngum Wang Noi CC #4 Gas 700 New Gas/Coal Theun Hin Bun Bang Pakong CC #6 Coal 700 New Gas/Coal Nam Ngum 3 Nam Theun Thermal #1 Coal 700 New Gas/Coal Nam Ngiap Thermal #2-3 Coal 1400 New Gas/Coal Import Thermal #4 Coal 700 New Gas/Coal Import South Bangkok CC #4-5 Gas 1400 New Gas/Coal Import Southern CC Gas 700 New Gas/Coal Import 530 North Bangkok CC #2 Gas Bang Pakong CC #7 Gas 700 New Gas/Coal Import 550 Nam Pong CC#3 Gas Nuclear #1-2 Nuclear 2000 New Gas/Coal Import Nuclear #3-4 Nuclear 2000 New Gas/Coal 700 Import Total Lignite 6.5% 5% 3% Lignite 5.3% SPP 2.4% Renewable 0.5% EGAT-TNB 0.3% Heavy Oil 0.1% Diesel 0.1% Nuclear 9.0% Hydro 9.7% Imported Coal 9.8% Natural Gas 62.8%

143 Year Power Plant Capacity (MW) 2007 SPPs BLCP Power Co.Ltd. # Gulf Power Generation Co.Ltd. # CHP of South Bangkok combined cycle power plant #1 Solar cell (RPS) Wind power (RPS) SPPs Cha Na combined cycle power plant Gulf Power Generation Co., Ltd. #2 Ratchaburi Power Co., Ltd. # CHP of South Bangkok combined cycle power plant #1 Retirement of South Bangkok thermal power plant #1-3 Small hydro power plant (RPS) SPPs South Bangkok combined cycle power plant #3 Bang Pakong combined cycle power plant #5 Retirement of Bang Pakong combined cycle power plant #1-2 Power purchased from Lao PDR (Nam Theun 2) 2010 CHP of Wang Noi combined cycle power plant #1-3 North Bangkok combined cycle power plant #1 Small hydro power plant (RPS) X PDP ,575km kV 2 500(kV) LamphunChiang Mai 500kV 500kV 134

144 Major Transmission Line Expansion Plan Length No of Voltage Conductor Year (km) circuits (kv) size (MCM) Ongoing Projects Power from Combined Cycle Power Plant Songkhala 2 - Hat Yai X kV Transmission System Project for IPPs Pluak Daeng - Nong Chok T junction #3, X Power Purchase from IPPs Thalan 3 - Kaeng Khoi X Transmission System Expansion Project - Phase 10 Ban Pong 2 - Nakhon Chaisi X Thung Song - Lam Poo Ra Upgrading of 115kV Central - Southern Tie Line to 230kV Bang Shpan 1 - Chumpphon - Surat Thani X Power Purchase from Nam Theun 2 (Laos) Mukdahan - Poi Et X Roi Et 2 - Roei Et X Greater Bangkok Area and Vicinity Phase 2 Nong Chok - On Nuch X Power Purchase from Nam Theun 2 (Laos) Nong Khai - Udon Thani X Future Projects Transmission System Expansion Project Phase II - Central Region 230kV/115kV Saraburi 5 (new substation) X kV Tha Wung - Lop Buri X kV Tha Tako - Chai Badan kV Rayong 3 - Rayong X kV Ratchaburi 3 - Samut Sakhon 4 - Samut Sakohon 3 - Sam Phran / /2 X kV Samut Sakhon 1 - Samut sakhon 3 - Sam Phran X Kanchanaburi 1 - Kanchanaburi X Transmission System Expansion Project Phase II - North-eastern Region 500kV Nam Phong 2 - Udon Thani X kV /115kV Sikhiu (new substation) - Nakhon Ratchashima / X kV Surin 2 - Buri Ram kV Roi Et 1 - Maha Sarakham X kV Udon Thani 2 - Nong Bua Lam Phu kV Nong Bua Lam Phu - Loei Transmission System Expansion Project Phase II - Southern Region 23kV Krabi - Phangnga 2 Phukhet /1 X Transmission System Expansion Project Phase II - Nothern Region 230kV Mae Moh 3 - Mae Moh 4 - Laamphun / /2 X kV Mae Moh 3 - Lampang 1 and Lamphun 1 - Lamphun /1 X /115V Payao /115V Phichit Power Purchase from Nam Ngum 3 and Nam Theun 1 500kV Nong Khai - Udon Thani 3 - Nam Phong 2 - Chaiyaphum X kV Chaiyaphum 2 - Tha Tako X kV Transmission System Expansion in Upper Northern Area Mae Moh - Chiang Mai X

145 (MP) Annex GW 25GW27% 46GW50% 17GW19% 1GW1% 3GW3% 37GW 11GW30% 24GW65% 2GW5% 44GW 6GW14% 21GW47% 16GW36% 1GW2% 0GW1% MP EVN JICA 500kV Ho Chi Min 12GW 500kV ROW 136

146 Trung Quốc Lai Châu Việt Tri VYên Sóc So n Thái Nguyên Quảng Ninh Mông Dương BG Sơn La PSPP A G 4900 P Thường Tín BN Phố Nối G 9700 P 6130 Hải Phòng G 7000 P 4060 Nho Quan G 2200 P 2660 Nghi Sơn Vinh G 7700 Tù Lào Hà Tĩnh P 4100 Vũng Áng 2005 Quảng Trị Huế G 7500 P G Nguồn MW Đà Nẵng P Phụ tải MW Dốc Sỏi G 4600 P 1740 Qui Nho n Tây Ninh Bắc Củ Chi G 600 P 6390 Từ Lào Plei Ku YaLy Đồng Nai G 3500 P 3090 Tuy Hoà Nha Trang G P 8760 Thốt Nốt Sóc Trăng Bình Chánh Trà Vinh G 2940 P 2340 M Tho Nhơn Trạch G 3,200 P Tân Đinh Hóc Môn Thủ Đức Nhà Bè G 8700 P 6900 Long Thành Phú Mỹ Di Linh G P 2340 Binh Thuận PSPP Điện HN JICA 500kV 137

147

148 kv Qung Ninh-Soc Son 250 MW Trung Son GW 6 MP 500kV 500kV 765 kv 1100kV FS 6 MP 500kV FS EVN

149 - Trung Son Soc Son Quang Ninh (2006 ) 140

150 (2006 ) 500kVMP Tan Dinh Phu Lam Long An Nha Be Song May - MP 12GW 500kV Cai Lay Phu My O Mon

151 Rural Distribution Project kV 35kV AusAID 17.5 million USD Project Information Document2007/12/20 Hydropower Development Project Thanh Hoa Ma 250 MW Trung Son 2005 National Hydropower Plan Study $310 million, $17 million $264million Project Information Document2007/04/14 Renewable Energy Investment Component % TA MOI Project Information Document2006/06/14 Second Rural Energy Project 330millionUSD1200 TA Second Transmission and Distribution Project O Mon 500kV SCADA/EMS VietPool TA 500kV O Mon 500kV Nha BeCai Lay 220kV GIS Long Anh-Phulam 500kV Song May 500kV Phu My-Song May-Tan Dinh Doc Soi Quang Ninh-Soc Son SCADA 110 kv (Project Appraisal Document2005/07/01 Procurement Plan 2007/10/01 Demand-Side Management & Energy Efficiency Project 2000 UNDP DSM EVN DSM Time-of-Use TA MOI EE 142

152 Lending Project PROJECT NAME Approval date Closing Date Cost 1 Rural Distribution Project 110, 35 22kV N/A N/A VN-Hydropower Development Project 250 MW Trung Son N/A N/A Renewable Energy Development Project N/A N/A VN-GEF-RURAL ENERGY 2 18-Nov Dec Second Rural Energy Project 18-Nov Dec Second Transmission and Distribution Project O Mon Quan Ninh 500kV 110 kv 2 kv 28-Jul Dec Demand-Side Management & Energy Efficiency EVN DSM MOI EE Project 24-Jun Jun Transmission, Distribution, and Disaster Reconstruction Project 20-Jan Jun Rural Energy Project 30-May Dec ADB Song Bung4 Vinh Tan2 Mong Duong 500 kv Quang Ninh - Thuong Tin 200 kv SCADA TA() Road Map for Power Sector Reform 2001 TA ADB 143

153 YUNNAN Gan Lan Ba Son La Soc Son Hoa Binh MYANMER LAO PDR Hong Sa Luang Prabang Pha Lai Nho Quan Tasang Hatgi Mae Moh Nam Ngum Nam Ngum2,3 Nam Ngiep Nam Theun1 Na Bong Nam Theun 2 Ha Tinh Udon Thani VIETNAM Tha Tako Roi Et Savannakhet Da Nang Chaiyaphum Sekaman1 Sekong3 Wang Noi Pluak Daeng THAILAND Bang Saphan Nakhon Ubon3 Ratchasima Ban Sok Ban Hat Simreap Se San Yaly Stung Treng CAMBODIA Kampong Cham Battambang Kirirom Kamchai Sihanoukville Kampot West Phnom Penh Takeo Thot Not Tri An O Mon Tan Dinh Phu My Pleiku Nuclear Coal LEGEND as of 2007: Existing 500 kv line Planned 500 kv line Cambodia Planned 230kV/115kV Existing Substation Planned Substation Planned Converter station Existing Power Plant Planned Power Pant

154 (2020 ) F F 40,000 30,000 MW 20,000 Thailand Viet nam 10, hour

155 A B Interconnection A B RETICS 6 1) 2) 146

156 3) 4) 5) 6) LOLELoss-of-Load ExpectationLOLPLoss-of-Load ProbabilityEUEExpected Undelivered Energy LOLE LOLE LOLE LOLE LOLE LOLE Pi Hi LOLE 3-2 Pi 147

157 Hi LOLE (MW) LOLE 0 Pi 20hrs Hi 8760hrs LOLE 10% RETICS LOLE LOLE LOLE LOLE 148

158 PDPAT IIF 7 F 8760 DSS WSS kwh 8760 ($/kcal)860(kcal/kwh) 149

159 150

160 GW TWh % % % % % % % % % % % 8 GDP

161 MW MW MW C1ADB IPP 152

162 MW 2,000 4, , MW 300MW 0MW 90MW 90MW 0MW 2000MW 0MW 3300MW 4000MW 0MW 0MW 200MW 153

163 9 EIRR Myanmar Thailand central south Laos north Laos Thailand central northeast Laos south Cambodia Vietnam north Vietnam central Vietnam south

164 IEA LOLE 24 _1 Laos_NC1 Thai_NE Laos_C2 Thai_CS Laos_S Total (MW) MW) 10 IEA World Energy Outlook USD/bll 7.62USD/MMBtu 70.19USD/t USD/bll 12.24USD/MMBtu USD/t USD/bll IEA

165 X (MW) (MW) Vietnam_N Vietnam_C Vietnam_S Laos_NC1 Thai_NE Thai_CS Total (MW) Vietnam_N Vietnam_C Vietnam_S Laos_NC1 Thai_NE Thai_CS (MW)

166 X Vietnam_N Thai_NE Vietnam_C Thai_CS 500 Vietnam_S Total 1000 Laos_NC (MW) Vietnam_N Laos_NC1 Vietnam_C Thai_NE Vietnam_S Thai_CS (MW) (MW) (MW) 157

167 X Laos_NC1 Thai_NE Thai_CS Myanmer Total (MW) (MW)

168 2020 JBIC ADB _ ( ) _

169 /kWh 0/kWh 1.4/kWh 2/kWh 160

170 _1 ( ) 37GWh 288GWh _1 161

171 ( ) ( ) 162

172

173 2_ _

174 GWh 3%

175 TWh 17% 37% 43% ( , ) 166

176

177 5 70% IEA

178 (X )( )

179 FS 2020 ( ) GMS

180 _1 90MW 1_1 74GWh 37GWh 814TWh 37% 36% 44% 171

181

182

183 TWh 37% 36% 44%

184

185

186 _ 813TWh 37% 35% 45% 177

187 _

188 _ _

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