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1 2014Vol.63No.4p Thermal environment for health and safety Hirohumi HAYAMA Masaya SAITO Haruka MIKAMI Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University School of Design, Sapporo City University Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University Abstract A number of studies concerned with health and seasonal weather conditions in fields relating to biometeorology and public health have been conducted. However, the actual circumstances of deaths in the home are still not fully understood, and although heart disease and cerebrovascular disease are known to be common during the winter, there is still a lack of specific measures for addressing these trends. In order to create guidelines for residential environment planning that consider health and - Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, , Japan. T e l: Fax:

2 safety, in this study we performed a systematic investigation aimed at (a) clarifying the relationships between residential environments and deaths utilizing demographic statistics, (b) understanding the actual physical effects on residents undergoing a change of residential environment, and (c) ascertaining the insulation performance and energy consumption needed to keep individuals residences at room temperature. This included the following steps: (1) We obtained demographic statistical data from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, and analyzed the relevance of causes of death and weather conditions for deaths in different regions and locations. In this way, we clarified the thermal performance of residential buildings and the variation of home death rates. (2) With the cooperation of medical institutions involved in home care and nursing, we took simultaneous measurements of indoor temperature environments and physiological data (blood pressure, heart rate) to understand how the body is affected by the indoor thermal environment. (3) Using data on the distribution of room temperatures inside residences, we analyzed the factors contributing to the occurrence of temperature distributions and ascertained the insulation performance and energy consumption needed to maintain the room temperature. (4) We prepared guidelines for the planning of residential buildings and residential environments that take health and safety into consideration. keywords: health and safety, demographic statistical data, AMeDAS weather data, indoor thermal environment (accepted for publivation, 27th June 2014) I. II. [] [] [] ICD- ICD- 384

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