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2 137 Author s Address: Relationship between appearance modifying behavior and narcissistic tendency in Japanese males TORII Sakura Faculty of Human Sciences, Kobe Shoin Women s University Abstract NPI-S Excessive preoccupation with appearance is one of the characteristics of narcissism. I investigated the relationship between appearance modifying behavior to adjust appearance and narcissistic tendency in healthy Japanese men. Cost, time, and frequency of the behavior to modify appearance, and perception of one s face without modification were assessed as appearance modifying items in order to evaluate Journal of the Faculty of Human Sciences, Kobe Shoin Womens University, No. 6 March 17, No

3 138 Journal of the Faculty of Human Sciences, Kobe Shoin Womens University No. 6 March 17 the appearance modifying behavior. Furthermore, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-Short version NPI-Swas used. These assessments were performed on 131 healthy males. A factor analysis of the behavior-related items extracted two factors, namely, acceptance of the real face and interest in appearance. A cluster analysis using the two factors divided the subjects into four groups: moderate adjustment of appearance, natural adjustment of appearance, negative adjustment of appearance, and positive adjustment of appearance. The positive adjustment appearance group s NPI-S score was significantly higher than that of the other three groups. In particular, the score for sense of selfassertiveness was high. This suggested that men with acceptance of their real face and high interest in appearance showed a high level of narcissism and a sense of self-assertiveness in particular. Key Words: Narcissism, Appearance, Real face, Self-assertiveness 1. Kaiser, 1985 Kaiser, 1985 Miller, 1982 Cash & Cash, NPI Raskin & Hall, 1979 NPI 3 NPI-S, 1999

4 139 NPI-S SD= Fig UV Fig.1

5 14 Journal of the Faculty of Human Sciences, Kobe Shoin Womens University No. 6 March NPI-S, NPI-S3 DSM-5, UV Promax 3

6 141 Table1Varimax Promax Vrimax Table α α=.8 α= Table 2

7 142 Journal of the Faculty of Human Sciences, Kobe Shoin Womens University No. 6 March 17 Table χ 2 χ 2 =15.84, df=3, p<.1 4 Fig F3,127 =71.18, p<.1, F3,127=124.62, p<.1tukey HSD 5% F3,127=15., p<.1 Fig.3 Tukey HSD 5%

8 143 Fig Fig.3 4

9 144 Journal of the Faculty of Human Sciences, Kobe Shoin Womens University No. 6 March Fig.4 Fig.5 5% 95 F3,126=3.31, p<.5tukey 9 HSD 5% % Fig.4 F3,126=4.18, p<.1tukey b. c. Fig.5 4

10 145 HSD 5% 4. 2 Gabbard, 1989, 1994Wink, Morf & Rhodewalt,

11 146 Journal of the Faculty of Human Sciences, Kobe Shoin Womens University No. 6 March 17 Fig Cash, T. F., & Cash, D. W.: Womens use of cosmetics: Psychosocial correlates and consequences. International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 4, pp Gabbard, G. O.: Two subtypes of narcissistic personality disorder. Bull Menninger Clin 53, pp Gabbard, G. O.: Psychodynamic Psychiatry in Clinical Practice: The DSM-IV EditionAmerican Psychiatric Press1994., G. O., [DSM- ] Kaiser, S. B.: The social psychology of clothing and personal adornment, Macmillan Publishing Company1985., S. B.

12 Miller, L. C., & Cox, C. L.: For appearances sake: Public self-consciousness and makeup use, Personality and Social Psychology, 8, pp Morf, C. C., & Rhodewalt, F.: Unraveling the paradoxes of narcissism: A dynamic self-regulatory processing model. Psychological Inquiry, 12, pp pp Raskin, R., & Hall, C. S.: A narcissistic personality inventory, Psychological Reports, 45, : 4 48pp DSM , pp Wink P.: Two faces of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, pp :

13

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