8 The 940th Suntory Subscription Concert Wed. 15, 2020, 19:00 at Suntory Hall The 135th Tokyo Opera City Subscription Concert Fri. 17, 2020, 19:00 at Tokyo Opera City Concert Hall The 941th Orchard Hall Subscription Concert Sun. 19, 2020, 15:00 at Orchard Hall Yutaka Sado, conductor Akihiro Miura, concertmaster Ludwig van Beethoven: "Coriolan" Overture in C minor, Op, 62 (ca. 8 min) Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 in A major, Op. 92 (ca. 40 min) Ⅰ. Poco Sostenuto - Vivace Ⅱ. Allegretto Ⅲ. Presto, assai meno presto Ⅳ. Allegro con brio Presented by Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra Subsidized by the Agency for Cultural Affairs Government of Japan Japan Arts Council In Association with ( 19) - The conductor and the program have been changed from the original announcement. - As there will be no intermission during the concert in order to preserve social distancing, entering and exiting during the performance will be tolerated. If you do not feel well, please exit or enter as you need. However, please mind the other listeners so that they will be minimally disturbed. - If you enter or reenter in the middle of the concert, we may escort you to a seat different from the one you were originally assigned. - Please write your name/address/phone number in the permission post card, and post it in the collection box in the lobby before you leave the concert. We would sincerely appreciate your cooperation. 8
9 Artists Profile ctakashi Iijima 15 Yutaka Sado, conductor Yutaka Sado s successful fifth season as the Music Director of the Tonkunstler Orchestra has lead them to the extension of the contract to the 2024/25 season. A long-time assistant to Leonard Bernstein and Seiji Ozawa, Sado appeared with renowned orchestras such as Berlin Philharmonic, Bayerische Staatsorchester, London Symphony Orchestra, Orchestre de Paris, WDR Sinfonieorchester Koln, NDR Hamburg, and Bayerischen Rundfunks Munchen. A native of Kyoto, Japan and a recipient of the Premier Grand Prix critics at the 39th International Conducting Competition in Besancon and the Leonard Bernstein International Conducting Competition in Israel, Sado currently serves as the Artistic Director of the Hyogo Performing Arts Center and of its resident orchestra. Yutaka Sado s many-facetted musical achievements have been documented in numerous CDs and DVDs. His latest releases are from Tonkunstler Orchestra s label: Works by Maurice Ravel with Nobuyuki Tsujii, Gustav Mahler s Second and Fifth Symphonies
10 Program Notes by April L. Racana Ludwig van Beethoven ( ) "Coriolan" Overture in C minor, Op, In the summer of 1806, Beethoven had gone to stay with Prince Lichnowsky at his summer castle in Silesia. It was there he would be introduced to Count Franz von Oppersdorf who lived nearby and was also a strong advocate of music. It is said he would not hire any servant that could not also play an instrument, thereby assuring an in-house orchestra for his own enjoyment. An ardent admirer of Beethoven s works, Oppersdorf arranged for the composer s Second Symphony to be performed when he visited, and subsequently commissioned him to write a new symphony. Although Beethoven had begun work on a new symphony in C minor (what would become his Fifth Symphony), he set this piece aside and began writing the newly commissioned work for Oppersdorf instead. Presumably this commission would give the Count exclusive performing rights for the first six months, including the premiere. However, upon completion of the work in the autumn of 1806, Beethoven chose instead to premiere the Fourth Symphony back in Vienna in March of This performance was sponsored by another patron, Prince Lobkowitz, and included several new works by the composer, including the Fourth Piano Concerto, as well as the work being performed for this concert series, the Coriolan Overture. Written early in 1807, the Coriolan Overture was apparently not inspired as much by Shakespeare s theatrical production of the same name, as it was by the German poet, Heinrich Joseph von Collin s dramatic interpretation. In fact Beethoven dedicated this overture to the poet, and instigated a revival of the drama at the Burgtheater in 10
11 Vienna in April of that same year. Although the revival of von Collin s production was not a success, Beethoven s musical overture depicting the tragic events has continued to be received well by orchestras and audiences worldwide. Having already begun sketches in C minor for his Fifth Symphony, the Coriolan Overture is also set in what may very well be Beethoven s favoured minor key. It seems to be ideal to set the tone for the turmoil at the height of the drama, with the strings opening pronouncement on unison C s, answered by the full orchestra on a single resolute chord. These introductory exclamations repeat several times, gradually rising in pitch and setting the scene for the ensuing rise in tensions Coriolanus had been exiled from Rome and was determined to exact his revenge by arranging for the enemies army to attack the city. However, his mother pleaded with him not to go through with the attack, if for no other reason than to protect his own family. The contrast between the agitated rhythms of the first theme and the more tender second theme depicting his mother s plea for his compassion, aptly portray the struggle going on in the main character s own heart and mind. Ultimately Coriolanus resolves his passionate struggle the only way he sees fit by taking his own life, the final soft pulsings in the orchestra, presumably representing his last breaths. Work composed: 1807 World premiere: March, 1807 in Vienna Instrumentation: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, strings 11
12 Ludwig van Beethoven ( ) Symphony No. 7 in A major, Op With his continually declining health in the summer of 1811, Beethoven was referred by the prominent Viennese physician, Dr. Giovanni Malfatti to retreat to the Bohemian town of Teplitz, which was well-known for its spas that cure. Apparently the respite did some good, if only for the heart, mind and soul, as Beethoven returned to Vienna with sketches for two symphonies, the Seventh being the first he set to writing in the winter of The first movement opens with a slow introduction, punctuated by emphatic chords before leading into the seminal rhythmic motive that pervades the entire work in various forms. The traditional sonata form is adhered to, however it is thought that the repetitive rhythms and chromatic bass line found in the coda may have led to Carl Maria von Weber s claim that this was evidence that the composer was ripe for the madhouse. The Allegretto title of the second movement may seem misleading at first for the so-called slow movement, however it seemed Beethoven wanted to be sure this section was not played as slow as previous adagio movements. This movement came to be extremely popular with its extended version of the long-short-short rhythmic motive over an intriguing A-minor melody, gradually building in intensity, to the extent that the entire movement was often repeated as an encore. The third movement s scherzo and trio extends the usual ABA form, so that one hears the trio an additional time. The trio utilizes yet another version of the long-short-short rhythmic pattern in its main theme, the melody of which is apparently taken from an Austrian Pilgrim s hymn heard when the composer was in Teplitz. 12
13 The final movement is also in the traditional sonata form and brilliantly develops the seminal rhythmic motive even further, leading to two immense tutti climaxes at the previously unheard of extreme dynamic of fff. The composer himself conducted the highly successful premiere in 1813 in Vienna, at a benefit concert for Austrian and Bavarian soldiers who had been wounded in the Napoleonic Wars. With as much, if not more emphasis on the rhythmic versus the melodic motives, the dance-like feeling found throughout the work perhaps led to Wagner s famous quote: This symphony is the very apotheosis of the dance. He went on to say: If anyone plays the Seventh, tables and benches, cans and cups, the grandmother, the blind and the lame, aye, the children in the cradle fall to dancing Work composed: 1812 World premiere: December 8, 1813 in Vienna conducted by the composer Instrumentation: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, strings April L. Racana / As a Music Specialist, Ms. Racana completed her undergraduate studies at the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana (BS/Piano Pedagogy) and her graduate studies at San Francisco State University (MA/Music). In addition, she was accepted as part of a post-graduate fellowship at Northwestern University s Bienen School of Music, as well as for the Japan Studies Program at International Christian University. Having been a Music Specialist teaching both in California for nearly a decade, and at Nishimachi International School where she taught for more than 25 years, she feels she has learned as much from her many students as she has taught them over more than three decades, and especially appreciates the opportunity to share her musical insights to an even wider community, as program annotator for the TPO. 13
14 On the Changes to Tokyo Phil s 2020 Season Subscription Concert Lineup We sincerely appreciate your continued patronage of our music! After of the 2020 season due to the overseas artists visiting restriction and in order to keep the social distance on stage for everyone s safety while the new coronavirus is still a threat. Please see the reverse side of this page for details. Those customers who have already purchased tickets will be welcome to enjoy the concerts on the same dates and venue as scheduled. From onward we will continue to take measures including reassigning seats to maintain social distance in the auditorium with open seats. We would appreciate your understanding and cooperation. We will notify the details by mail and other methods. In the event that the Tokyo Metropolitan Government asks us to suspend or change business again, we will notify you. 15 Thu August 13, 18:30 start at Bunkamura Orchard Hall August Cancelled Smetana: "Ma Vlast" Fri August 14, 19:00 start at Tokyo Opera City Concert Hall Tue August 18, 19:00 start at Suntory Hall (Main Hall) Conductor: Mikhail Pletnev (Special Guest Conductor) *These are postponed performances from the March subscription concerts. *In the event that the conductor is unable to come to Japan in August due to travel restrictions, these performances will be canceled and the program will be postponed to March Dear Tokyo Phil and its audience, It is really a pity that I have not been able to come to Japan. I love Japan, Tokyo Phil, and the Japanese audience. I hope that the Japanese audience misses me just as I miss them. I am very much looking forward to the day when I conduct Tokyo Phil again! Special Guest Conductor of the Tokyo Philharmonic Mikhail Pletnev 14
15 The 942nd Fri Sep 25, 19:00 start at Suntory Hall (Main Hall) The 943rd Sun Sep 27, 15:00 start at Bunkamura Orchard Hall September The 136th Tue Sep 29, 19:00 start at Tokyo Opera City Concert Hall Conductor: Andrea Battistoni (Chief Conductor) Beethoven: Die Weihe des Hauses Overture, Op. 124 Respighi: The Birds, P. 154 Schumann: Symphony No. 2, Op. 61 *The dates for the originally scheduled program, Zandnai s opera "Francesca da Rimini" (in concert style), is to be arranged The 944th Mon Oct 19, 19:00 start at Suntory Hall (Main Hall) October The 137th Thu Oct 22, 19:00 start at Tokyo Opera City Concert Hall Beethoven: Violin Concerto Op. 61 Symphony No. 3 "Eroica," Op The 945th Sun Oct 25, 15:00 start at Bunkamura Orchard Hall Conductor: Myung-Whun Chung (Honorary Music Director) Violin: Moné Hattori Inquiries about tickets. Tokyo Phil Ticket Service tel: (weekdays 10:00-18:00, closed on weekends and holidays) Photo: Mikhail Pletnev & Andrea Battistoni Takafumi Ueno, Myung-Whun Chung Vivace, Moné Hattori Chihoko Ishii 15
31 東京 交響楽団東京フィルハーモニー交響楽団 1911 年創立 日本で最も長い歴史をもつオーケストラ メンバー約 130 名 シンフォニーオーケストラと劇場オーケストラの両機能を併せもつ 名誉音楽監督チョン ミョンフン 首席指揮者アンドレア バッティストーニ 特別客演指揮者ミハイル プレトニョフを擁する Bunkamura オーチャードホール 東京オペラシティコンサートホール サントリーホールでの定期演奏会や 渋谷 / 平日 / 休日の午後のコンサート 等の自主公演 新国立劇場等でのオペラ バレエ演奏 名曲アルバム NHKニューイヤーオペラコンサート 題名のない音楽会 東急ジルベスターコンサート などの放送演奏 各地学校等での訪問コンサート等により 全国の音楽ファンに親しまれる存在として 高水準の演奏活動とさまざまな教育的活動を展開している 海外公演も積極的に行い 国内外から高い評価と注目を得ている 1989 年から Bunkamuraオーチャードホールとフランチャイズ契約を結んでいる 東京都文京区 千葉県千葉市 長野県軽井沢町 新潟県長岡市と事業提携を結び 各地域との教育的 創造的な文化交流を行っている Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra In 2011, the Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra celebrated its 100th anniversary as Japan s first symphony orchestra. With about 130 musicians, TPO performs both symphonies and operas regularly. TPO is proud to have appointed Maestro Myung-Whun Chung, who has been conducting TPO since 2001, as Honorary Music Director, Maestro Andrea Battistoni as Chief Conductor and Maestro Mikhail Pletnev as Special Guest Conductor. TPO has established its world-class reputation through its subscription concert series, regular opera and ballet assignments at the New National Theatre, and a full, ever in-demand agenda around Japan and the world, including broadcasting with NHK Broadcasting Corporation, various educational programs, and tours abroad. TPO has partnerships with Bunkamura Orchard Hall, the Bunkyo Ward in Tokyo, Chiba City, Karuizawa Cho in Nagano and Nagaoka City in Niigata. Official Website / SNS 上野隆文 35
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