1 英 語 2011 年 度 入 学 試 験 (A 日 程 1 月 22 日 ) 60 分 英 語 試 験 問 題 学 芸 学 部 : 日 本 語 日 本 文 学 科 英 語 文 化 コミュニケーション 学 科 子 ども 教 育 学 科 メディア 情 報 学 科 人 間 社 会 学 部 : 社 会 マネジメント 学 科 人 間 心 理 学 科 栄 養 科 学 部 : 健 康 栄 養 学 科 管 理 栄 養 学 科 短 期 大 学 部 : 生 活 デザイン 学 科 食 物 栄 養 学 科 They agreed to work at the office on Saturdays by turns. contentedly alternately willingly voluntarily Nothing but a miracle can save him. Extremely Certainly Severely Only The government has to deal with the serious problem of unemployment. handle reform convert improve Tom is by no means diligent. at least in a sense not at all to say the least of it How do you account for the cause of your failure? explain accept refuse examine He didn t show up at the party yesterday. appear dress entertain perform I couldn t figure out what was happening. admit describe ignore understand I have to cut down my expenses. repeat report reduce return As soon as you get there, try to get in touch with him. visit contact assist contest As a rule, he goes to bed at 10 o clock. Anyway Sometimes Usually Rarely I hope my boss to my plan. allows admits permits agrees It is now raining so heavily, so you had out for a walk. better not go better not going better not to go not better go We found there was any money left in the cash-box. no less little scarcely The population of Italy is about that of Japan. half as large as half less than as half as half large than He is not the man he was when I first met him. whose that which whom You should go now in case the bus early. doesn t leave leaves will leave won t leave Let s go for a walk,? do you don t you will you shall we Anybody will be angry being kept waiting so long. at with to against 44
2 Statistics a required course for majors in economics at the college. are is are being is being I was made for a long time. wait to wait waiting waited Patient: ( 3 ) Doctor: No, but you need to watch it. Are you doing much exercise? Patient: No. In fact, I get out of breath just walking to the train station. Doctor: ( 4 ) You don t smoke, do you? Patient: As a matter of fact, I smoke about 2 packs a day. Doctor: ( 5 ) You d better cut down on your smoking. The pen as 10,000 yen. A me B as C more D cost E much John the advantage of his proposal. A insisted B on C should D have E that A Absolutely healthy. B How are you? C Is it a serious problem? D Oh, really? I ve kept on my diet. E Oh, that s too much. F That s not so good. G That s only natural. You must in be late for the train. A to B not C hurry D so E order I remember I a little child. A was B seeing C to D her E when The money his father had left him comfortably. A enabled B live C to D able E him T F Space Probe Hayabusa Returns to the Earth Against all odds, the Japanese space probe Hayabusa has returned to the earth, landing in southern Australia late Sunday, June 13. Launched in 2003, Hayabusa is the first probe to go from the earth to beyond the moon and back. Its purpose was to get samples from the asteroid Itokawa, which scientists around the world hope will 1 5 A G Doctor: Come in. 1 Patient: Well, I m not feeling as good as I used to when I was younger. Doctor: ( 2 ) But what s bothering you today? Patient: I m always dead tired, and I can t sleep well. Doctor: Do you have a lot of stress in your life? Patient: Yes, but stress never used to bother me much before. Doctor: Well, let s check blood pressure and your heart rate. Okay. Your heart seems fine but your blood pressure is a little high. provide more clues to the beginning of the universe. Scientists and engineers at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, or JAXA, overcame many obstacles to get Hayabusa back. In 2005, it successfully landed on the asteroid, but later its fuel lines started leaking, and it drifted off course, breaking all communication with the earth. After scientists searched deep space for several weeks, a faint signal was heard and engineers decided to use the probe s ion engines as a substitute for the main engines. When even those engines failed, in November 2009, a third solution was found by piecing working parts of the engines together with an extra diode. With all these setbacks, it took Hayabusa three extra years to return to the earth. 45 英 語
3 The term popular culture or pop culture is an expression that is used to describe the interests, styles, and tastes that appeal A a wide sector of the public. Just as traditions and customs differ from country to country, pop culture varies according to the country and region of the world. For instance, what is popular in North America may not be popular in Asia and vice versa. 1, there are some aspects of pop culture that are popular all over the world. The pop culture of any society is known by large groups of people, and includes fashion, food, entertainment, technology, music, and art. Pop culture is everywhere; it is in our schools and in our workplaces, in our everyday choices, and in our daily lives. It affects how we dress, what we eat, what movies we watch, and what we buy. Before the internet became as widespread as it is today, people used to rely on books, television, and movies to learn about life outside of their world. Now that we live in a digital age and culture has gone global, we have access to anything and everything, anywhere, and at any time. What is current or happening in one country, or region, or continent is immediately shared with the world. This is the quickest way B trends to develop and become part of pop culture. An example of this phenomenon is the popular teen novel, Twilight written by Stephanie Meyer, 2 a young girl falls in love with a vampire. This book has been translated into 20 languages and published in 34 countries and was later made into a movie. In 2008, Twilight was the it movie for teenage audiences all over the world. Kristen Stewart, who played Bella, was apparently blown away by the success of the film. When asked how she felt about the popularity of the film, she replied: I thought we were making a cult movie. I had no idea it was going to be, like, phenomenal. As with everything else, trends are for a time; they come and go as people s tastes and interests change. 3 was once in becomes dull or boring and gets replaced by newer, funkier stuff. The media plays a major role in popularizing or making trends popular, as newspaper and television commercials introduce the public to the hottest things on the market, the latest styles, and the must-have items. 4, when celebrities or influential people endorse a product, it becomes a symbol of wealth and success, and since pop culture values wealth and success, expensive brand name items are popular all over the world. Although much of pop culture is generally thought of in a positive way, not everything that is popular is positive. For example, social networking sites, such C Facebook, are filled with videos of negative events and disturbing images, yet the number of people who view them continues to grow. 5 it is up to the public to choose what pop culture they want to embrace, and enjoy it while it lasts because it is, after all, only for a time. 1 5 therefore nevertheless on the other hand although furthermore when what who in which by which A C Pop culture is what is prevalent all over the world for a long period. That which is popular is not always positive. Nowadays trends develop and become part of pop culture quickly owing to the internet. It depends on the public to choose what pop culture they adopt. The author denies that pop culture lasts only for a time. 46
4 2011 年 度 入 学 試 験 (B 日 程 1 月 30 日 ) 60 分 英 語 試 験 問 題 学 芸 学 部 : 日 本 語 日 本 文 学 科 英 語 文 化 コミュニケーション 学 科 子 ども 教 育 学 科 メディア 情 報 学 科 人 間 社 会 学 部 : 社 会 マネジメント 学 科 人 間 心 理 学 科 栄 養 科 学 部 : 健 康 栄 養 学 科 管 理 栄 養 学 科 短 期 大 学 部 : 生 活 デザイン 学 科 食 物 栄 養 学 科 they listen well to any speaker, [ (E) ] of that speaker s personality. A listening environment is made up of heating, lighting, seating, and other physical features that affect your ability to listen. Negative features of the environment include temperatures that are too high or too low, lighting that is too bright or too dim, and seats that are uncomfortable or are placed too far from the speaker or at a bad angle all of these factors get in the way of listening. However, good listeners try to overcome the effects of a poor listening (オ) environment and take steps to improve that environment whenever they can. For Ⅰ 次 の 英 文 を 読 み 設 問 に 答 えなさい It is hard to listen well if you are tired. Everyone needs a certain amount of rest to do his or her [ (A) ]. Of course, the number of hours of sleep needed varies from person to person. However, if you do not get the amount of sleep you need, your ability to perform will decrease and nowhere will this be more apparent (ア) than in your ability to listen. Good listening requires energy. If you look closely at a person who is listening carefully, you will see that this person is actively [ (B) ] in the communication process. If you do not eat healthful foods, your energy level will be down, and your ability to listen will be impaired. (イ) Poor listeners often choose not to listen because they lack personal interest in the topic. However, personal interest has very little to do with the potential value of what is being said. Good listeners start with the assumption that a speaker has (ウ) something valuable to share. They learn that by paying attention they can become interested in a speaker s topic, no [ (C) ] what it is. One way to increase your interest is to try to imagine circumstances in which the information being presented might be of value to you now or in the future. Some people base their willingness to listen on how well they respond to the (1) personality of the speaker. Personality involves a person s traits, attitudes, and habits. How often have you tuned out speakers because some mannerism or quirk of theirs bothered you? Although not all speakers have sparkling personalities, (エ) you cannot afford not to listen to a particular speaker simply because you find that speaker s personality boring or annoying. If you do this, you may [ (D) ] much of what you can learn. Although good listeners prefer to hear dynamic speakers, example, if the room is too warm, they [ (2) ] down the temperature. If the lighting is too dim, they [ (3) ] up the lights. Although you may not be able to control every aspect of an environment, you may be able to improve enough of it to make listening (a)comfort (4) (b)comfortable (c)satisfy (d)satisfaction for you. 1. 下 線 部 (1)と 同 じ 用 法 のものを(A) (D)から1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい (A)Every two years he raised the rent on us. (B)How are you getting on with your work? (C)I ll be there on the morning plane. (D)On what ground are you complaining? 2. 空 欄 (2)(3)の 部 分 に 共 通 して 入 る 最 もふさわしい 語 を(A) (D)から1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい (A)go (B)take (C)turn (D)put 3. 下 線 部 (4)の(a) (d)から その 部 分 に 最 もふさわしいものを1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい 4. 空 欄 の 部 分 (A) (E)に 最 もふさわしい 語 を 次 の(1) (10)からそれぞれ1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい (1)interesting (2)because (3)regardless (4)less (5)involved (6)best (7)works (8)matter (9)understand (10)miss 47
5 5. 下 線 部 (ア) (オ)の 意 味 に 最 も 近 い 語 を(1) (4)からそれぞれ1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい (ア)decrease (1)approve (2)available (3)abate (4)achieve (イ)impaired (1)diminished (2)flourish (3)improved (4)possible (ウ)assumption (1)beginning (2)breakfast (3)conversation (4)supposition (エ)sparkling (1)cowardly (2)lively (3)realistic (4)wicked (オ)overcome (1)assist (2)conquer (3)elevate (4)intensify Ⅲ (E) and not remember that person s name. (F) and get away with it. (G) it is absolutely necessary. (H)I have any spare change. (I) for a raise in salary. 次 の 各 文 の 空 欄 に 入 る 最 もふさわしい 語 を(A) (D)からそれぞれ1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい (1)When an essay in English, I never consult the dictionary. (A)write (B)writing (C)wrote (D)written Ⅱ 6. 本 文 の 内 容 と 一 致 するものを(1) (4)から1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい (1) 人 の 話 に 熱 心 に 耳 を 傾 ける 人 物 は 概 して どの 教 科 においても 好 成 績 を 収 め ると 言 われている (2)リスニング 能 の さと 理 解 は 相 関 関 係 にあることが 数 々の 学 説 で 明 らかに されている (3) 退 屈 なスピーチは 人 にかなりの 精 神 的 ストレスを 与 えるため 聞 き はポイン トのみを 聞 くなどの 対 策 を 講 じる 必 要 がある (4)たとえ 話 が 面 白 くなかったとしても その 内 容 が 将 来 に 役 つかもしれないと 考 えれば 興 味 をもって 聞 けるだろう A 群 の(1) (5)に 続 くものとして 最 も 適 切 なものを B 群 の(A) ( I )からそれぞれ1 つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい なお B 群 には 余 分 なものが4つ 含 まれている (2)Everybody in the class against the idea. (A)are (B)was (C)were (D)has (3)I believe he is a person for that type of a job than she is. (A)best (B)good (C)more (D)better (4)Information listed in this timetable is subject to change without. (A)observation (B)opinions (C)notice (D)ideas (5)Our geography class is studying Japan. (A)currently (B)currency (C)presenting (D)presented A 群 (1) Riding a bicycle through these busy streets is (2) It s embarrassing to meet someone I ve met before (3) The other day I asked my boss (4) As a rule, he speaks only when (5) I don t know why, Ⅳ 次 の 本 文 に 合 うように 下 の 語 を 並 べかえて 完 全 な 英 文 にし 番 号 1 10に 入 るもの を 記 号 で 答 えなさい ただし 不 要 なものがそれぞれ1つ 入 っている 1. 彼 は 私 が 想 像 していた 人 とは 全 く 違 っていた She entirely 1 2 I. (a)imagined (b)complete (c)from (d)had (e)what (f)was (g)different B 群 (A) but she always takes a hostile attitude toward me. (B) went on talking. (C) like asking to be killed. (D) or I will miss the bus. ( ) 医 者 は 彼 に 甘 いものや 他 の 太 る 物 はすべて 控 えるようにと 言 った The doctor told her 3 4 all sweets and. (a)from (b)stop (c)other (d)to (e)away (f)fattening (g)foods (h)keep
6 3. 最 近 事 態 が 好 転 してきているので 私 の 心 配 の 部 分 はなくなりました Things 5 lately, and 6 my have disappeared. (a)lucky (b)up (c)worries (d)most (e)have (f)looking (g)of (h)been 6.She paid for the meal in advance by buying some meal tickets at the counter. (A)before eating (B)while eating (C)after eating (D)to eat 7.He dreaded the day he had to give a speech in class. (A)waited for (B)feared (C)thought about (D)forgot 4. 彼 は 数 ヶ で 英 語 を 覚 えた She 7 the. 8 8.I won t stand in your way if you really want to marry him. (A)avoid you (B)ignore you (C)agree with you (D)oppose you (a)language (b)months (c)up (d)english (e)few (f)a (g)picked (h)in (i)remembered 5. 彼 は 娘 が 帰 宅 するのを 待 って 一 晩 中 起 きていた She 9 10 for her home. (a)waiting (b)awoke (c)come (d)daughter (e)sat (f)all (g)to (h)up (i)night Ⅵ 9.She was embarrassed about spilling the ice cream. (A)felt good (B)felt proud (C)felt pleased (D)felt bad 10.He made up his mind to leave his home town for good. (A)permanently (B)for the time being (C)briefly (D)for a while 次 の 英 文 を 読 み 設 問 に 答 えなさい Ⅴ 下 線 部 の 意 味 に 最 も 近 い 語 ( 句 )を(A) (D)からそれぞれ1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい 1.He called on a friend to give him money for the bus fare to his home. (A)telephoned (B)invited (C)waited on (D)visited 2.All the men in our office decided to take some time off during the summer months. (A)study harder (B)buy a used watch (C)go on vacation (D)go into the army 3.Please keep an eye on my suitcase while I go to buy my ticket. (A)examine (B)carry (C)show (D)watch 4.After saving my money for several years, I was able to afford a new car. (A)sell (B)rent (C)use (D)purchase 5.He knew he could make a success of the school paper in the long run. (A)all at once (B)in no time (C)by chance (D)in the end People have wanted to fly for a very long time. The most popular image of flight has always been that of the bird. Not being stupid, our ancestors could easily see that the unique feature of a bird was its wing. So most early images of flying people showed a human with the wings of a bird. These imaginings of a person equipped with wings growing out of the back were more representations of desire than practical proposals. So the bird-man with naturally attached wings remained what it always was, namely an emblem of desire. The next step towards human flight is represented in the Greek myth of Daedalus, who made artificial wings that enabled him to fly. Daedalus was the prototype of the modern engineer. This myth was important because it recognized that, if human flight was to be achieved, it had to be through artifice. As the centuries passed, flight through artifice, through mechanical means, came no nearer. Some talented people, for example Leonardo da Vinci, designed flying machines. Such designs all had one serious flaw, and that was that the flying machine was to be powered by human muscle. Although human muscles are well designed, they are not designed for flight, but rather for walking. They don t generate sufficient power for flapping flight. Flight by artifice would have to wait 49 upon the invention of lightweight mechanical power sources.
7 次 の 質 問 の 答 えとして 最 も 適 切 なものを(A) (D)からそれぞれ1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 え なさい 1.What did our ancestors consider to be the most unique feature of birds? (A)Their sharp beaks. (B)Their claws. (C)Their wings (D)Their good eyesight 年 度 入 学 試 験 (C 日 程 2 月 23 日 ) 60 分 英 語 試 験 問 題 学 芸 学 部 : 日 本 語 日 本 文 学 科 英 語 文 化 コミュニケーション 学 科 子 ども 教 育 学 科 メディア 情 報 学 科 人 間 社 会 学 部 : 社 会 マネジメント 学 科 人 間 心 理 学 科 栄 養 科 学 部 : 健 康 栄 養 学 科 管 理 栄 養 学 科 短 期 大 学 部 : 生 活 デザイン 学 科 2.What did most early images of flying people depict? (A)They showed humans with bird wings. (B)They showed humans flying in the sky. (C)They showed humans flying with birds. (D)They showed humans trying to fly. Ⅰ 次 の 各 文 の( )に 入 る 最 も 適 切 な 語 ( 句 )を A Dから1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい 1.Please drop by my office( ). A.all the time B.every time C.sometime D.any times 3.What did Daedalus do in the Greek myth? (A)He drew the picture of a flying man. (B)He tried to be a bird. (C)He made artificial wings that allowed him to fly. (D)He invented a primitive airship. 4.What was Daedalus representative of? (A)He was the prototype of a modern engineer. (B)He was a representative of the Greek myth. (C)He was a famous carpenter in Athens. (D)He was a good friend of Leonardo da Vinci. 5.What was the major flaw of all early depictions of human flight? (A)They were not designed for flight. (B)They were dependent on human muscle for power. (C)They were perfect. (D)They were powerful enough to fly. 2.That new 3 D movie is more( )than I thought it would be. A.interested B.interest C.interesting D.interestingly 3.Nobody can use this equipment unless ( ) permission from the secretary. A.they have B.he has C.she has D.he or she has 4.Our last exam wasn t ( )than the one before. A.so easy B.more easy C.any easier D.as easily 5.The three artworks are nearly identical, so it s virtually impossible to tell ( ). A.one from other B.one from the others C.others D.another one 6.If you found ten million yen on the street, ( )take it to the police? A.would you B.will you C.do you D.are you going to 7.I want to go out this Friday, but I don t have( )money. A.little B.few C.much D.many 8.If it s ( )this weekend, we re going to the beach. A.sunshine day B.sunny C.shiny D.sun tan 50
8 Ⅱ 9.I like to ( )in the winter. A.play ski B.play skiing C.go skiing D.skiing 10.My sister loves ( ). A.to shop B.to shopping C.to go to shopping D.shopper 次 の 各 文 の( )に 入 る 最 も 適 切 な 語 ( 句 )を A D から1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい 1.Flight 101 from Los Angeles is now arriving at ( ). A.Gate One B.The Gate One C.First Gate D.One Gate 2.( ) is important for healthy teeth and bones. A.It is calcium B.Calcium C.Which calcium D.Calcify 9.Your homework assignment is to write a ( ) essay about your favorite place. A.three-hundreds-word B.three-hundred-words C.three-hundred-word D.three-hundreds-words 10.Many foreign students don t like the local coffee, and( ). A.I do, too B.either don t I C.neither do I D.I don t neither Ⅲ 次 の 各 文 の 下 線 部 A D のいずれかに1つ 誤 りがあります それを 選 び 記 号 で 答 えな さい 1.Anyone who copies copyrighted materials without consent of the authors are A B C D acting illegally. 3.Seventeen-year-olds are not ( ) to drink or smoke legally. A.enough age B.enough old C.old enough D.as old enough 4.The former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, commonly called Russia,was ( ) that it had eleven time zones. A.so much big B.very big C.too big D.so big 2.The officer at the bank told the customer there was many kinds of investments A B C available. D 3.Not until an elephant is several years old does it beginning to show signs of A B C independence from its mother. D 5.In many ways, learning to ride a bicycle is like ( ). A.learning to ride a unicycle B.when you ride a unicycle C.riding a unicycle D.when riding a unicycle 6.The teacher made us ( ) our photo I.D. and ticket before we could take the test. A.to show B.show C.to showing D.showing 4.This test will evaluate your ability to comprehend spoken English, to read A B simple written texts, and writing correctly. C D 5.Despite of many tries to pass the entrance exam, poor Sally s efforts met with A B C little success. D 7.Answering test questions correctly is more important than ( ). A.finishing quickly B.quick finish C.you finish quickly D.to quick finish 8.Do you know about how much it costs to have a tooth ( )? A.fill B.filling C.filled D.to be filled Ⅳ 次 の 各 質 問 に 対 する 適 切 な 答 えをA Dからそれぞれ2つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい 1.What s the Dollar/Yen exchange rate today? A. It s about 86 yen to a dollar. B. Yes, it went up again. C. I have no idea. D.I don t have any dollars. 51
9 2.Do you know the best way to get to Kamakura from here? A. Well, it s too far to walk. B. If I were you, I d take the train. C. The bus is probably your best bet. D.A taxi is very expensive. 3.How was your summer vacation? A. It was great. B. We went to Tokyo Disneyland. C. I spent a lot of money on travel. D.We all had a wonderful time. 4.Why is the train late? A. There was a car accident up the track. B. About an hour. C. Somebody jumped in front of a train at the next station. D.It should start running again soon. 5.I heard you were going on a long business trip tomorrow. A. I was, but it was postponed. B. Tomorrow might be good. C. Yes, I ve got my bus and plane tickets and passport ready, so I m all set. D.Yes, I should be back tomorrow afternoon. Ⅴ 次 の 各 文 の 意 味 が 通 じるように 指 定 された 箇 所 (1) (5)にくる 語 ( 句 )をそれぞれ A E から 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい 1.According (1) the secretary (2), student is off campus. A.in B.to C.the Admissions Office D.cheaper E.housing 2.Major League Baseball teams, (3) the only teams to compete (4) the title World Champions, (5) the last two the Japanese. A.have lost B.championships C.to D.once E.for Ⅵ 次 の 英 文 を 読 み 各 質 問 に 対 する 適 切 な 答 えをA Dからそれぞれ1つ 選 び 記 号 で 答 えなさい Outer Wear-Inner Wear Fashions 1776 Patriot Avenue Columbus,Ohio Tel: Fax: October 31, 2010 Ms.Kimberly Carlson P.O.Box 6977 Grandview Heights, Ohio Dear Ms.Carlson, Thank you for your letter of October 25 and package returning the merchandise you ordered. We regret that the size of the item you ordered was too big. We have shipped the correct size sheer black blouse to you today, so you should receive it tomorrow. I apologize for our error and look forward to your continued patronage. Enclosed is a discount coupon you can use on your next purchase, on-line, by mail, or at any of our nationwide stores. Sincerely, Rona Bartlett Vice President 1.Why did Ms. Bartlett write this letter? A.To confirm a recent order. B.To check on delivery. C.To apologize and replace an item. D.To return some merchandise. 52
10 Ⅶ 2.What was the problem with the original order? A.The size was too big. B.The color was wrong. C.The material was wrong. D.All of the above. 3.How did Ms. Carlson contact the company regarding the mistake? A.By . B.By phone. C.By letter. D.By going to the nearest store. 4.How did Ms. Bartlett handle the problem? A.She sent a replacement item. B.She apologized. C.She sent a discount coupon. D.All of the above. 5.When will Ms. Carlson receive the order? A.Within a week. B.October 25. C.October 31. D.November 1. 本 文 の 内 容 と 一 致 するものには T を 一 致 しないものには F を 解 答 欄 に 記 入 しなさい A famous story tells of three blind men describing an elephant. One men felt the elephant s trunk and said that the elephant was surely like a big snake. The second felt the elephant s leg and said that the elephant was definitely like a tree. The third man, grabbing the elephant s tail, said that the elephant was just like a big rope. Each was sure that he was right, but each was dealing with only one part of Just as an elephant is more than a leg, a tail, or a trunk, effective communication in English involves far more than just words, reading, speaking, grammar, and listening comprehension. It includes paralinguistic and prosodic elements of speech(use of sounds, pitch, stress, intonation, pause, rhythm, and tone of voice to convey meanings, feelings, and attitudes), and nonverbal, psychological, cultural, and social aspects of communication. It also involves use of culturally prescribed formulas in interactions between and among people. Words and structures of the language are only a part of communicating in the language. Conversations occur in contexts that are rich in situational information. Words and sentences relate to people, events, objects, and relationships in a systematic way. The best way to understand communication is to consider it a people process rather than a language process. A conversation isn t merely an exchange of words. It s a series of transactions(human transactions). These transactions take place in situations between participants who share a certain common knowledge and follow culturally and socially prescribed rules, formulas, and conventions. People think, and act or react from different ego states and act or react based upon different selfconcepts. Psychological and social factors play an important role in human communication. Besides learning English words and sentences and grammatical rules, students need to learn communication skills; they need to learn how to effectively use English in its verbal, nonverbal, psychological, cultural, and social aspects in interpersonal transactions. Learning about such language related things as kinesics, proxemics, semantics, and etymology will also help students communicate more effectively. Notes: etymology 語 源 学 kinesics 伝 達 段 としての 身 振 りや 表 情 などの 研 究 paralinguistic 準 言 語 学 的 proxemics 言 語 空 間 論 semantics 言 味 論 the elephant. Each man s concept of the elephant was limited to his own narrow perception According to the text, an elephant s tail is like a big snake. 2.An elephant s trunk is like a tree trunk. 3.English conversation includes paralinguistic elements of speech. 4.Psychological aspects of communication are not important.
11 5.Words and structures of the language are only a part of communication. 6.People think from different ego states. 7.The text states that studying grammar is not important. 8.Social factors are impotent in communicating. 9.Studying kinesics and proxemics will help students communicate better. 10.According to the text, only humans communicate with each other 年 度 入 学 試 験 (D 日 程 3 月 9 日 ) 60 分 英 語 試 験 問 題 学 芸 学 部 : 日 本 語 日 本 文 学 科 英 語 文 化 コミュニケーション 学 科 子 ども 教 育 学 科 メディア 情 報 学 科 人 間 社 会 学 部 : 社 会 マネジメント 学 科 人 間 心 理 学 科 短 期 大 学 部 : 生 活 デザイン 学 科 Ⅰ 英 文 の 下 線 部 の 意 味 に 最 も 近 いものを 下 のア エの 中 からそれぞれ1つ 選 び 解 答 欄 に 記 入 しなさい 1.I can t tell a genuine pearl from an imitation. ア say イ ask ウ imagine エ distinguish 2.A man is known by the company he keeps. ア comes around イ goes around with ウ has been around エ catches up 3.Please look after the baby while I am away. ア take care of イ handle with care ウ take without care エ be careful 4.You can make Kyoto around noon if you hit the road right now. ア arrive at イ reach ウ get to エ leave 5.The economy is picking up. ア improving イ approving ウ disapproving エ proving Ⅱ 次 の 各 組 の( )には 同 じ 語 が 入 ります 下 の 語 群 の 中 から 適 切 な 語 を 選 び 記 号 で 解 答 欄 に 記 入 しなさい ただし 全 て 小 文 字 で 示 してあります また 余 分 な 語 が2つあり ます 54 1.A. A prefabricated house ( ) better than a wooden one. B. John ( ) high in his class.
12 Ⅲ 2.A. Ken ( ) a match and put it to his pipe. B. It ( ) me that I had to meet John. 3.A.( ) your time. We are not in a hurry. B. Let s ( ) a break now. 4.A. Don t ( ) backtomelikethat. B. One one-year-old daughter is learning to ( ), but she can t really speak yet. 5.A.( ) me a line. B.( ) by any time you are in town. ア talk イ stands ウ speak エ get オ struck カ take キ drop 次 の 本 文 の 内 容 に 合 うように 下 の 語 ( 句 )を 並 べ 替 えて 完 全 な 英 文 にし それぞれ の 文 中 の 番 号 1 2に 入 る 適 切 な 語 の 番 号 を 解 答 欄 に 記 入 しなさい ただし 全 て 小 文 字 で 示 してあります 1. 一 昨 私 の 家 に 来 た 男 性 は ロサンジェルスに 住 んでいる 私 の 叔 父 でした The man who 1 2 yesterday my uncle in Los Angeles. ア the イ before ウ my エ visited オ day カ was キ who ク house ケ lives 2. 彼 は 息 の 頬 にキスをした She 1 2. ア on イ kissed ウ son エ cheek オ the カ her 3 どんなに 平 凡 なものでも 供 たちはじっと 観 察 するものだ Children 1, 2 how it. 4. 私 に 関 する 限 り その 計 画 に 反 対 ではありません As 1 I m, I m 2. ア concerned イ against ウ far エ plan オ the カ as キ not 5.この 雑 誌 を 見 つけたところに 戻 しなさい Return 1 2. ア to イ it ウ where エ found オ this magazine カ you 6.メアリーが 良 いリーダーであろうとなかろうと 私 は 彼 についていく 1 Mary 2, I will follow her. ア not イ good ウ whether エ is オ or カ a キ leader 7. 今 の 新 聞 によると 今 年 の 春 は 雨 が 多 いそうです 1, 2 this spring has. ア that イ newspaper ウ according エ much オ said カ rain キ to ク today s ケ is コ it 8.その 小 包 は 速 達 で 送 るべきだったのに You 1 the package 2. ア by イ to ウ have エ delivery オ sent カ special キ ought 9. 彼 のメールアドレスを 知 っていたら ジョンにメール( )を 送 ったのに If I 1, I 2 John an . ア would イ have ウ sent エ known オ his カ had キ address ア anything イ no ウ will エ matter オ be カ may キ ordinary ク watch 55
13 Ⅳ 10. 彼 は 今 度 のテストで 悪 い 点 数 を 取 らないように 一 懸 命 勉 強 しています She 1 2 to a bad on the coming examination. ア studying イ so ウ is エ as オ get カ not キ grade ク hard 以 下 は 昼 時 のレストランでの 会 話 です 登 場 人 物 は 会 社 員 の 佳 と 健 一 です 下 の 選 択 肢 の 文 章 を 最 も 適 切 な 順 序 に 並 べ 替 え ア オの 位 置 に 来 る 文 を 選 び 数 字 を 解 答 欄 に 記 入 しなさい Kenichi: People like the lunch here because it s cheap and the servings are large. Keiko: Does coffee come with lunch? Kenichi:( ア ) Keiko: If you eat that quickly, it s bad for your digestion. Kenichi:( イ ) I m starved. (After a short while) Kenichi:( ウ ) It was delicious. Keiko: ( エ ) I d like to eat something else. Kenichi: Did you know a new Italian restaurant opened up near here? Keiko: Oh, I heard that. Kenichi:( オ ) Keiko: That sounds great! 1.At this price I guess it wouldn t. 2.I skipped breakfast. 3.What do you say next time we try a new place? 4.Oh, I m full. 5.Did you also know that it s got all-you-can-eat salad? Ⅴ 次 の 英 文 を 読 み 本 文 と 一 致 するものには T を そうでないものには F を 解 答 欄 に 記 入 しなさい Six movie theaters in Hachinohe(Aomori Prefecture), Sendai, Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka and Kyoto on July 3 started showing The Cove, a documentary film about dolphin hunting in the whaling town of Taiji, Wakayama Prefecture. There have been no reports of big disturbances. Originally, the movie, the winner of this year s Academy Award for Best Documentary, had been scheduled to be shown from June 26. Three movie theaters in Tokyo and Osaka gave up on screening the film after groups who call the movie anti-japanese threatened to stage noisy protests near the theaters. Besides those six movie theaters, 18 others are to show the film. The distributor and the movie houses deserve praise for not bowing to pressure from protesters. The climax of the movie is a scene in which fishermen drive dolphins into a cove in the central part of Taiji and kill them. The emerald-green water of the cove turns red with blood from the slaughter. Some 2,000 dolphins are killed annually in the town. The scene was shot with a hidden camera. The movie says dolphin meat contains high levels of mercury and that dolphin meat is disguised as whale meat and sold to customers. Local fishermen explain that they kill dolphins with the permission of the government and they deny disguising dolphin meat as whale meat. The Japanese distributor of the movie blurred the faces of some people appearing in the movie to protect their privacy, and added subtitles to avoid misunderstandings about data and expressions used in the movie. Some critics of the movie argue that it imposes a value judgment that Taiji itself is evil. Local fishermen say the film is a public relations piece to promote the view of the filmmakers. But many Taiji people seem respectful of the right to freedom of expression and upset over threats by groups to launch protest activities against movie theaters. Some may support the message of The Cove; others may not. It should be approached as a useful tool for deepening democratic discourse. The important 56 thing is to see the movie and discuss it with reason.
14 Ⅵ 1. The film is about a dolphin hunt on the Atlantic coast. 2. An Academy Award-winning documentary The Cove was screened throughout Japan, starting July 3rd with no protests. 3. It was initially to be shown from early June in three theaters in Tokyo and Osaka. 4. Finally, the distributor and a movie theater announced plans to go ahead and screen the film at 24 movie theaters including Tokyo, Osaka, and Kyoto. 5. Generally speaking local people respect the freedom of expression despite the protests. 次 の 英 文 を 読 み 設 問 に 答 えなさい The relationship between me( A )electronics is one of mutual distrust. I don t love gadgets,( A )gadgets don t love me,( A )they have an alarming tendency to break down when I use them. So it s not surprising that I scoffed when I heard of e-readers. Why did I need an e-reader? What could replace or better the experience of reading a book? Reading books is, of course, about reading words on a page, but there s more to the reading experience( B )that. Reading books is about going into a bookshop, seeing the books lined waiting on the shelves, and encountering the unexpected. It s about the physical beauty of the book itself: the cover, the texture of the paper, the weight of the book in your hand, the wrinkles in the spine, the dog-eared pages and the wear and tear. It s a record of ( C ) you read it and ( D ) was happening when you read it: the chocolate brownie stain on page 14, the bloody smear of a squashed mosquito from your trip to Thailand on page 158, the now incomprehensible "note to self on page 287, the wavy paper from when you dropped it in the bath, the hastily scrawled phone number on the inside back cover. You lose that intimacy with an e-reader, ( E ) seems cold and impersonal by comparison, and ( E ) makes the reading experience more ephemeral. And( F ), here I am, now, the ownerofane-reader, and rather begrudgingly I like it. Practicality was the main draw. I move about a great deal, and praising books is all very fine and noble until you have to cart a ton of them around. But( G )I started using the e-reader, I was pleasantly surprised. It was easy to use, and easy on the eye. I could adjust the size of the script, ( E )was a great boon as publishers now often economize with microscopic fonts. Also, classics are cheap, and I m spending ( H ) because I buy one book at a time. So am I a convert? Not entirely. You can t share e-books. Some e-readers come with too many distracting extras. Publishing spats can limit book selection, and there is the constant fear that my e-reader will break or run out of batteries or, heaven forbid, be outmoded. I lament, too, having to forgo life s chief pleasure of reading in a bath on a cold, rainy morning. Happily it s not an either/or situation, and I m now used to mixing books and e-books. The e-book may be the future of reading, but it won t ever replace the book. It s comforting that in this day and age, when every few weeks throws up some new fancy device to make our lives both easier and ( I ) complicated, that the book, in all its compactness, its portability, its durability and its reliability, remains the ( J ) perfect piece of technology in itself. gadgets: 機 械 scoffed: 小 ばかにした physical beauty: 形 の 美 しさ texture: 感 触 wrinkles in the spine: 本 の 背 にできるしわ dog-eared pages: 端 を 折 ったページ wear and tear: 擦 り 切 れたり 破 れたりすること bloody smear: 血 の 跡 wavy: しわしわの hastily scrawled: 慌 てて 走 り 書 きした ephemeral: はかない begrudgingly: しぶしぶ draw: boon: 重 宝 すること microscopic fonts: 非 常 に 小 さな 文 字 convert: 転 向 者 distracting extra: 気 を 散 らす 余 計 なもの spats: 競 争 heaven forbid: そんなことがあってはならないのだが forgo: をなしで 済 ます either/or: 二 者 択 一 の throws up: を 送 り 出 す durability: 耐 久 性 1. 本 文 と 一 致 するものには T を そうでないものには F を 解 答 欄 に 記 入 しなさい 1.The writer believes there is much more pleasure in reading books besides turning a page. 2.The writer bought an e-reader because of its practicality. 3.The writer wasn t surprised at all to find that the e-reader was not easy enough to use. 4.The writer found that an e-reader was much more convenient than he had expected before. 5.The writer believes e-books will replace the book in the near future. 57
15 2. 空 欄 (A) (J)に 入 る 語 として ア コの 中 から 最 も 適 切 なものをそれぞれ1つ 選 び 解 答 欄 に 記 号 を 記 入 しなさい ア most イ more ウ less エ than オ and カ yet キ what ク where ケ which コ once 3. 本 文 の 表 題 として 最 もふさわしいものをA Gの 中 から1つ 選 び 解 答 欄 に 記 入 し なさい A.Hurray, e-books! B.E-books are Dream-Come-True! C.A happy coexistence! D.E-books can destroy books! E.A world without books! F.Where will books go? G.Alas, where have the books gone? 58
Fukuoka Women s University NO.80 2O12.9.30 CONTENTS 2 2 3 3 4 6 7 8 8 8 9 10 11 11 11 12 NO.80 2012.9.30 3 4 Fukuoka Women s University NO.80 2012.9.30 5 My Life in Japan Widchayapon SASISAKULPON (Ing)
Speedy & Simple Kenji, Yoshio, and Goro are good at English. They have their ways of learning. Kenji often listens to English songs and tries to remember all the words. Yoshio reads one English book every
Elementary Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Activity Bank Number Challenge Time:
7 http://lovecoachirene.com 1 7! 7! 1 NOT KNOWING WHAT YOU WANT 2 BEING A SUBMISSIVE WOMAN 3 NOT ALLOWING THE MAN TO BE YOUR HERO 4 WAITING FOR HIM TO LEAD 5 NOT SPEAKING YOUR MIND 6 PUTTING HIM ON A PEDESTAL
to + I m glad to hear the news. + He will be happy to know the result. POINT to She was happy to meet her friend. to I m sorry to hear about her illness. I m glad to meet you again. gladhappysorry sadangry
are you? I m thirteen years old. do you study at home every day? I study after dinner. is your cat? It s under the table. I leave for school at seven in Monday. I leave for school at seven on Monday. I
-1- 10 11 12 33.4 1 open / window / I / shall / the? 79.3 2 something / want / drink / I / to. 43.5 3 the way / you / tell / the library / would / to / me? 28.7 4 Miyazaki / you / will / in / long / stay
NETWORK 2011 1 No.657 平 成 四 年 四 の 開 校 に 向 け て 家 庭 教 育 を 考 え よ う! Every year around the winter holiday the Japanese custom of cleaning out your office space is performed. Everyone gets together and cleans
2013 Vol.1 Spring 2013 Vol.1 SPRING 03-3208-2248 C O N T E N T S 2013 03-3208-2248 2 3 4 7 Information 6 8 9 11 10 73 94 11 32 37 41 96 98 100 101 103 55 72 1 2 201345135016151330 3 1 2 URL: http://www.wul.waseda.ac.jp/clib/tel.03-3203-5581
1 Yuka Andy 2 I don t know. Yes, it is. You re welcome. I m sorry. It s sunny. He is in Shiga. He is fine. It s September. Yes, please. Yes, let s. That s right. OK. 3 Last Saturday Satoshi cleaned his
Housing Purchase by Single Women in Tokyo Yoshilehl YUI* Recently some single women purchase their houses and the number of houses owned by single women are increasing in Tokyo. And their housing demands
No.149 Feb/1999 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Learned From Japanese Life and Experiences in Kagoshima When I first came to Japan I was really surprised by almost everything, the weather,
学 習 日 11 月 20 日 名 前 6 不 定 詞 不 定 詞 には, 名 詞 用 法, 副 詞 用 法, 形 容 詞 用 法 がある to to Yumi likes to play tennis. likes To speak Japanese is not easy for Tom. My dream is to become a cook. Practice (1) this is very
W e l c o m e t o J A P A N 254 Singer-songwriter Kyrie Kristmanson I am isolating myself, when I am writing songs. Q: I have heard that you have been writing songs in the middle of nature. Why? A: The
ＡＳＰ英語科目群ＡＬＥ Active Learning in English No 7. What activity do you think is needed in ALE for students to improve student s English ability? active listening a set of important words before every lecture
wwwww まえがき wwwww 2004 2005 2 ABC Bewitched 2 30 1964 254 ( 1972 2011 8 CBS 2 DVD 3 DVD 6 4 3 iv Sony Pictures Television Media Production & Promotion vice president, Edward Zimmerman 23, 24 本 書 掲 載 のエピソードを
1 2 4 6 6 7 8 10 11 11 12 14 Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Hi everyone! My name is Martin Dusinberre, and I come from the UK. I first came to Iwaishima six years ago, when I taught English
2011 8 6 2011 5 7  1 2 i ii iii i 3  4 5 ii 6 7 iii 8  9 10 11 cf. Abstracts in English In terms of democracy, the patience and the kindness Tohoku people have shown will be dealt with as an exception.
Thanks for sending me Musashino University International Communication News Letter. I was graduated in 1996, and I came to America in 1998. It has been 10 years since I left Japan. I have a beautiful daughter.
2011 Vol.1 Spring 03-3208-2248 C O N T E N T S 2011 03-3208-2248 2 3 4 7 Information 6 8 10 11 13 32 38 13 12 77 94 43 96 98 100 101 103 59 76 1 2 20114910401300 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 http://www.wul.waseda.ac.jp/clib/tel.03-3203-5581
2006 4 2 47 3 1 3 3 25 26 2 1 3 19 J.S. 7 1 2 1 1 1 3 1 1960 1928 2 3 10 1 26 27... and when they have to answer opponents, only endeavour, by such arguments as they can command, to support the opposite
No.132 2011.10 REPORTS TOPICS Last year, the Public Relations Committee, General Affairs Section and Professor Tomoki Machida created the IIS introduction video in Japanese. As per the request from Director
When Tom Smith was seventeen years old,!. He beginto borrow Mr. Smith s clothes when he wanted to go " # out with his friends the evening. Mr. Smith did not like $ this, and he always got very angry when
LESSON 0 1 2 LESSON 1 2000 Roger Sperry and Robert Ornstein of the California Institute of Technology won a Nobel prize in 1972. They discovered that the human brain has two sides, and each side has different
The Key Questions about Today's "Experience Loss": Focusing on Provision Issues Gerald ARGENTON These last years, the educational discourse has been focusing on the "experience loss" problem and its consequences.
-1 Check out and trouble Role Playing Case 1: Keeping the luggage Please make sure you have everything with you. Thank you. I guess I won t leave anything in the room. Okay. Anyway can you take care of
Lesson 69 : I sincerely apologize for that. 具 体 的 な 理 由 で 謝 罪 できるようになる Today s GOAL To be able to apologize with a specific reason. (お 話 し 中 失 礼 しますが 話 Today s Phrase (その I am sorry to interrupt, but may
Show & Tell Presentation - 170 - Presentation 1) Choose 1 topic 2) Write the reasons why you chose the topic. 3) Think about 3 points for the topic. Class No Name What would you like to do after graduation?
To the Conference of District 2652 It is physically impossile for Mary Jane and me to attend the District Conferences around the world. As a result, we must use representatives for that purpose. I have
The guide dog made Mr. Suzuki happily ; happiness ; happy. robin We call ; say ; tell that bird a robin in English. You sad. What s the matter with you? My sister gave me a call. It me homesick. a / and
Topic: Meeting people Lesson 1: Unpleasant encounter [A: Stranger, B: Person waiting for bus] a: beige a: not nice a: time to myself a: Oh, and b: violet c: ivory b: uncommon c: not so polite b: some space
Lesson 50 : Review on Lessons 45-49 レッスン45-49までの 内 容 をマスターして 問 題 なく 使 えるようになる Today s GOAL To be able to master the materials in Lessons 45-49 and use them comfortably. Today s Phrase どの 航 空 会 社 で 行 Which
90570-CDT-08-L3Japanese page 1 of 15 NCEA LEVEL 3: Japanese CD TRANSCRIPT 2008 90570: Listen to and understand complex spoken Japanese in less familiar contexts New Zealand Qualifications Authority: NCEA
Communicative English (1) Thomas Clancy, Roman Greco Communicative English (CE) I is an introductory course in Spoken English. The course provides freshmen students with the opportunity to express themselves
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 20 60 40 80 5-5 5-5 30 30 ALT Michael Brown Hello, everyone. My name is Michael Brown. Please call me Mike. I m twenty-five years old. I m from Ottawa in Canada. Do you know Ottawa?
2 2 44 6 6 6 6 2006 p. 5 2009 p. 6 49 12 2006 p. 6 2009 p. 9 2009 p. 6 2006 pp. 12 20 2005 2005 2 3 2005 An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese 13 12 10 2005 8 p. 23 2005 2 50 p. 157 2 3 1 2010
Japanese Civilian Control in the Cold War Era Takeo MIYAMOTO In European and American democratic countries, the predominance of politics over military, i.e. civilian control, has been assumed as an axiom.
It (1. played 2. play 3. is 4. to 5. interesting ) the piano. I will (1.the 2. be 3. book 4. you 5. give ) you wanted to read. Who is the (1. to 2. songs 3. boy 4. under 5. singing ) the tree? How long
Review The Secret to Healthy Long Life Decrease in Oxidative and Mental Stress My motto is Health is not all. But nothing can be done without health. Health is the most important requisite for all human
Foster care is a system to provide a new home and family to an abused child or to a child with no parents. Most foster children are youngsters who could not deepen the sense of attachment and relationship
(1) 7 They stand to him each one a friend; They gently speak in the windy weather; They guide to valley, and ridge's end. The kestrel hovering by day, And the little owls that call by night, Bid him be
No.146 Feb/1998 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Once in a Lifetime Experience in a Foreign Country, Japan If it was not of my mentor, a teacher and a friend I would never be as I am now,
- 8 - English Day 10 Discover Japan 11 12 Hi. Hello. My name is What s your name? Nice to meet you. How are you? I m OK. Good morning. How are you? I am fine, thank you. My name is. Nice to meet you. ere
A Consideration on Studies of English Literature in Japan This paper attempts to formulate the significance of English literary studies in present-day Japan, and to carve out new horizons of them. First,
2009 No.43 3 Yokohama National University 特集 卒業号 2009 No.43 2 7 9 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Bobomurod Muminov Our life is a series of events, starting from birth and ending with death. Any of such
本 当 にマスターしたい 人 が 知 っておくべき 技 術 と 度 胸 の ミニワークショップ InfoQで 英 語 学 習 He had a very special quality. Something that we all need to find in ourselves. He had 5 tools that made him successful. http://minwa.fujipan.co.jp/hagukumu/minwa/tyubu_hokuriku/tyh_009/
6 年 ライティング2008 テクスト タイプ 別 演 習 例 題 : 九 州 大 学 2008 年 度 Ⅰ.Narration Mistakes and failures provide us with a chance to learn something new. In a 100-word English essay, write about one unforgettable mistake
Contents JAL Slave to the Rythm IT CIECollege of International Education tutor tutor Matthew Arnold that sweet city with her dreaming spires Oxford University Press Trinity College Randolph Hotel 2 Warwick