持続可能な食文化 「伝統と革新」

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1 Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. My name is Ikuo Kabashima. I am the Governor of Kumamoto Prefecture. I am very grateful for this opportunity to present Aso today. おはようございます 熊 本 県 知 事 の 蒲 島 郁 夫 です 今 日 は このような 晴 れやかな 舞 台 で プレゼンテーションを させてもらえることに 感 謝 申 し 上 げます

2 When I was a child, my dream was to raise cattle in the beautiful grasslands of Aso. Unfortunately, my childhood dream has not come true. At least not yet. But I am happy to do my part, to help Aso become a GIAHS. 私 の 子 どもの 頃 の 夢 は 阿 蘇 の 広 大 な 草 原 であか 牛 を 飼 う 牧 場 主 になること でした 残 念 ながら 牧 場 主 にはなれませんでした 今 のところ( 笑 ) 一 方 で 知 事 として 阿 蘇 地 域 の 世 界 農 業 遺 産 の 認 定 に 関 われる ことに 大 きな 喜 びを 感 じています

3 Today, I am here with two key persons. Mr. Kenshin Miyamoto. He is an Italian chef, and was the first person to suggest applying for GIAHS. And Ms. Eri Otsu. She is a farmer in Aso. After my presentation, they will tell you more about food culture and agriculture of Aso. Why is Aso so valuable? 今 日 は 二 人 のキーパーソンにお 越 しいただいています 阿 蘇 の GIAHSの 提 唱 者 であるイタリア 料 理 店 のシェフの 宮 本 健 真 (みやも と けんしん)さんと 農 家 の 大 津 愛 梨 (おおつ えり)さんです 後 で 彼 らに 阿 蘇 の 農 業 についての 思 いを 語 ってもらいます それでは 阿 蘇 の 価 値 について 説 明 させてもらいます 3

4 Let me start with the site of Aso. Aso is located in the center of Kyushu Island in western Japan. まず 阿 蘇 の 位 置 について 説 明 します 阿 蘇 は 九 州 の 真 ん 中 にあります 4

5 Mt. Aso is an active vol-cano and it has one of the largest calderas in the world. It is amazing that 70,000 people are living here. First, I will introduce the diverse and integrated agricultural systems of Aso. I think they are essential elements for being recognized as GIAHS. 阿 蘇 には 阿 蘇 山 という 活 火 山 と 世 界 一 大 きなカルデラがありま す そのカルデラの 内 外 には なんと7 万 人 もの 人 が 住 んでいます まず 最 初 に 阿 蘇 の 多 様 な 農 業 システムについて 説 明 します 5

6 The use of grass is one unique aspect of Aso s agricultural diversity. Aso has the largest grasslands in Japan. There are many grasslands in the world, but they usually exist mostly in dry regions, like the Savanna. 阿 蘇 の 農 業 システムのもっとも 特 徴 的 な 点 は 草 の 活 用 です 阿 蘇 には 日 本 で 最 も 広 大 な 草 原 があります グローバルな 視 点 で 言 うと 世 界 には 草 原 は 多 く 存 在 します でも そのほとんどは サバンナのような 乾 燥 地 域 に 存 在 してい ます 6

7 The climate in Kumamoto, however, is warm and humid. In this climate, grasslands usually turn to forests. But not in Aso. In Aso it is unique that grasslands are conserved on such a large scale - 22,000 hectares. How is this possible? 一 方 阿 蘇 を 含 む 熊 本 は 温 暖 にして 湿 潤 な 気 候 です このため 草 原 は 放 っておくと 森 林 になってしまいます しかし 阿 蘇 では 違 います そのような 環 境 で 22,000haもの 広 大 な 草 原 が 残 されているのは 非 常 に 特 異 だと 言 えます なぜ 広 大 な 草 原 が 保 たれているのでしょうか? 7

8 The answer is "Noyaki burning. その 答 えは 野 焼 き にあります 8

9 Noyaki burning helps new sprouts to grow. 野 焼 きは 牛 の 餌 となる 牧 草 の 生 育 を 促 す 目 的 で 行 われます 9

10 The vast grasslands of Aso are maintained by human control. 人 が 管 理 することによりこの 広 大 な 草 原 は 保 たれているのです 10

11 Let me explain the difference between "Noyaki burning and "Slash and Burning". In Noyaki burning, burning time is short, and the temperature of the soil does not rise. Therefore, underground roots and seeds are safe. On the other hand, in Slash and Burning, burning time is long. Therefore plants and animals living in the field are usually killed. Noyaki burning conserves biodiversity different from Slash and Burning. 野 焼 き と 焼 畑 の 違 いについて 説 明 します 野 焼 き では 素 早 く 草 を 焼 くため 土 中 の 温 度 は 上 がらず 草 の 根 や 種 に は 影 響 を 与 えません 一 方 焼 畑 は 燃 える 時 間 が 長 く 土 中 にある 植 物 動 物 を 焼 き 殺 してしまいます このように 生 物 多 様 性 の 維 持 の 観 点 で 大 きく 異 なります 11

12 Generally speaking, grasslands are used mainly for grazing. But in Aso, grass is used in many different ways. People have been using grass not only for cattle feed and compost, but also as roof materials and biomass fuel. 阿 蘇 では 草 資 源 を 使 って 多 様 な 農 業 が 行 われています 草 は 放 牧 に 使 われるのが 一 般 的 ですが 阿 蘇 では さまざま な 用 途 に 用 いられています 放 牧 採 草 に 加 えて 屋 根 材 やバイオマス 資 源 としても 使 われ ています 12

13 Originally Aso was not fertile because of the volcanic soil. However our ancestors improved the soil s productivity. They grazed cattle and used compost for one thousand years. 阿 蘇 は 火 山 性 土 壌 のため もともとは 生 産 性 が 良 くありませんで したが 我 々の 祖 先 が 千 年 以 上 にわたり 草 を 餌 とする 牛 の 堆 肥 や 草 を 野 草 堆 肥 として 使 うことで 土 壌 改 良 し 地 力 を 高 めてきま した 13

14 As a result, a variety of vegetables, fruits and flowers can be produced nowadays. This is unusual for volcanic soil. その 結 果 火 山 性 土 壌 にもかかわらず 野 菜 や 果 物 花 卉 など 多 様 な 農 業 が 盛 んに 行 われています 14

15 Let s compare the size of Aso to Rome. Within the area of almost as big as the center of Rome, 18,000 tons of rice and 16,000 cattle are produced every year from 7,000 hectares of rice fields and 22,000 hectares of grass lands. FAOの 本 部 があるローマの 中 心 部 と 同 じくらいのエリアにおいて 田 んぼが7,000ヘクタール 草 原 が22,000ヘクタールあり 年 間 で 米 が18,000トン 生 産 され 肉 用 牛 が16,000 頭 飼 養 されています 15

16 Noyaki burning also helps to preserve biodiversity, including rare and endangered flora and fauna. 野 焼 き により 草 原 が 維 持 されることで 希 少 な 動 植 物 も 多 く 保 存 されています 16

17 Here s another remarkable thing about Aso. There are many plants that prove Japan was once connected to the Eurasian Continent. もう 一 つ 阿 蘇 で 特 筆 すべきことがあります 日 本 がユーラシア 大 陸 と 陸 続 きであったことを 示 す 植 物 がこれほ ど 棲 息 しているのは 日 本 の 中 でも 阿 蘇 だけです

18 Now I will talk about the landscape of Aso. The landscape of Aso is so beautiful. There are vast grasslands and many different kinds of agriculture. 阿 蘇 の 景 観 について 説 明 します 阿 蘇 の 景 観 は 大 変 美 しく そこには 広 大 な 草 原 があり 多 様 な 農 業 生 産 活 動 が 営 まれています

19 Aso s vast landscape is not only beautiful, but provides a great amount of water to those downstream. The huge caldera collects a large amount of water. Drinking water for over two million people is provided by this water. また このスケールの 大 きな 景 観 は 美 しいだけでなく 豊 富 な 水 の 恵 みを 周 辺 地 域 にもたらしています この 巨 大 なカルデラは 大 量 の 水 を 集 めており 200 万 人 以 上 の 人 々に 飲 用 水 を 供 給 しています

20 Now I come to the point of culture. Since early times, volcanic activity has often destroyed. On the other hand Noyaki burning makes it possible to produce agricultural products. In this way, the people of Aso learned to coexist with nature. They use fire and but are not afraid of the volcano. 次 に 文 化 について 説 明 します 昔 から 火 山 活 動 による 農 作 物 被 害 があった 一 方 野 焼 き によ り 豊 かな 農 産 物 が 生 み 出 されてきました このように 阿 蘇 では 自 然 と 共 生 することを 学 び 火 山 をおそれ るだけでなく 火 を 生 活 に 活 かしています 20

21 Even now, many festivals in Aso celebrate fire and give thanks for harvests. このため 現 代 でも 阿 蘇 では 火 農 業 に 関 わる 祭 りが 多 く 残 っています

22 As a governor, I will take action in four ways. These policies will help protect Aso for the next 100 years. 私 は 知 事 として 阿 蘇 の 百 年 後 を 見 据 えた4つの 施 策 を 進 めて いきます 22

23 We will create a system to certify rice from Aso. This rice is special because it is made using grass in Aso as compost. When people eat this rice, they are helping to protect the grasslands of Aso. 阿 蘇 産 の 米 の 認 証 制 度 の 創 設 を 目 指 しています その 米 は 野 草 堆 肥 を 使 った 特 別 なものです 人 々がこれを 食 べることで 阿 蘇 の 草 原 を 守 る 手 助 けをします 23

24 We will also help bear the cost of breeding and grazing. This will increase the number of Akaushi. And more Akaushi means even more grasslands. Sustainable agriculture is the key to preserving the grasslands. 阿 蘇 の 草 原 を 守 っているあか 牛 を 増 やす 取 組 みを 支 援 するため 導 入 補 助 を 行 います あか 牛 を 増 やせば 増 やすほど 草 原 が 守 られます 草 原 の 維 持 保 全 が 持 続 的 農 業 にとって 重 要 なのです 24

25 In Aso there is a network of citizens that maintain the grasslands. For example, volunteers come from all over Japan to help with Noyaki burning. In addition, a local bank created a special fund for grasslands restoration. We will continue to cooperate with these kinds of grass-roots efforts to help preserve the grasslands. 阿 蘇 には 草 原 保 全 を 行 う 市 民 ネットワークがあります 例 えば 野 焼 きボランティアは 日 本 全 国 からやってきます さらに 地 方 銀 行 は 草 原 再 生 のためのファンドを 作 りました 私 たちは このような 草 原 再 生 のための 草 の 根 運 動 を 続 けていきます 25

26 We also intend to purchase and maintain fields where rare flora and fauna grow. 希 少 動 植 物 が 集 中 分 布 している 草 原 を 買 い 取 り 守 っていきま す 26

27 Long-term citizen participation is the key to ensuring Aso s future. We will support programs to teach the next generations about Aso. 市 民 の 参 加 は 草 原 の 維 持 再 生 の 重 要 なポイントです 将 来 の 担 い 手 である 子 どもたちの 阿 蘇 に 関 する 学 びを 充 実 さ せます 27

28 I am proud to say the Mayors of all 7 municipalities in Aso are here today. I thank them for their dedication. We are here because we want to be recognized as GIAHS. GIAHS recognition will give farmers in Aso pride and dignity. This is the best way to protect Aso s agricultural diversity, biodiversity, landscape, and culture. このような 取 組 を 通 して 地 域 県 民 から 愛 され 守 られてきた 世 界 に 誇 る 阿 蘇 の 資 源 を 次 代 に 引 き 継 ぐため 市 町 村 民 間 県 が 一 体 となった 取 組 を 行 います 今 回 阿 蘇 郡 市 7 市 町 村 長 も 全 員 会 場 にお 見 えの 予 定 です 私 は 市 町 村 長 の 御 協 力 に 大 変 感 謝 しております 次 に 宮 本 さんから 阿 蘇 の 食 文 化 について 語 ってもらいます 28

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