Yes We Can vol 2

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1 Yes We Can! Volume 2 Hirakata-Tsuda High School Class () Number () Name ()

2 Table of Contents () Introduction...page 1 Classroom English, Classroom Rules...page 2 Lesson 1 - Describing Things... page 3 Lesson 2 - Describing Actions... page 6 Culture 1 - American Holidays... page 9 Project 1 - What Do You See?... page 10 Lesson 3 - Have You Ever?... page 12 Lesson 4 - Wants... page 14 Culture 2 - Summer Vacation... page 16 Project 2 - Plan a Trip... page 18 Lesson 5 - Recognizing English 1... page 22 Lesson 6 - Recognizing English 2... page 24 Culture 3 - American Cartoons & Comics... page 26 Project 3 - Make a Comic... page 28 Speech Contest... page 31 Project 4 - Your Future... page 44 Reference...page 47 International Phonetic Alphabet...page 48 Glossary: English-Japanese...page 49 Glossary: Japanese-English...page 55 Grade Sheet...page 63 Introduction Why is learning English important? () English is the most widely spoken language in the world. Over 1.5 billion people speak English worldwide. That means 23%, or nearly 1 out of every 4 human beings, speak English! 15 Why do people study English? () People study English for education, business and travel. Yes We Can, Volume 2 written and by Brian Sanford. Special thanks to Kazuko Matsuoka, Matsuko Oka, Atsumi Tai and Eiko Terada for their comments, corrections and support. (one) 1

3 Classroom English I donʼt understand. How do I say in English? " Can I ask a question? " Can you explain it in Japanese? " Can you say it one more time? " Can you say it more slowly? " Can I go to the restroom? " Please help me! " Classroom Rules 1.) Be on time! 2.) Bring your book! 3.) Finish your food and drinks before you come to the LL! LL 4.) Stay Awake! 5.) Keep the desks clean! 6.) Speak English! ALTALT 2 (two)

4 Lesson 1: Describing Things () PART 1: Descriptive Adjectives ( Write the following words in English. Look up the terms you donʼt know in the glossary. () PART 2: Opposites ( Watch the slideshow and write the missing words. () 1. The opposite of is. 2. The opposite of is. 3. The opposite of is. 4. The opposite of is. 5. The opposite of is. 6. The opposite of is. 7. The opposite of is. 8. The opposite of is. 9. The opposite of is. 10. The opposite of is. 11. The opposite of is. 12. The opposite of is. 13. The opposite of is. 14. The opposite of is. 15. The opposite of is. (three) 3

5 PART 3: Colors and Patterns ( Write the following colors in English. () Write the names of the following patterns in English. () PART 4: Describing People ( Takao Arayama, the oldest person to climb Mt. Everest. He is a thin old bald Japanese man with short white hair and a beard, wearing glasses and a red jacket. (a.) (b.) (c.) () (d.) (e.) (f.) (g.) () (h.) (h.) a. he she b. tall short fat thin c. young middle -aged old d. Asian Latino White Black Japanese Chinese American Australian British Italian French e. baby boy girl man woman f. short medium long straight wavy curly g. black brown blonde red grey white dyed h. glasses sunglasses earrings a hat a T-shirt a blouse a jacket blue jeans pants shorts shoes heels bald mustache goatee beard = 4 (four)

6 Match the pictures with the descriptions (写真と記述を合わせてください ) long brown hair long white hair medium black hair medium red hair short blonde hair short brown hair short gray hair straight black hair wavy brown beard 1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) 5.) 6.) 7.) 8.) 9.) Describe the following people. (下記の人を英語で記述してください ) 1.) You: I am 2.) Your friend: is (下の名前だけ) 3.) Your ALT: (five) 5

7 Lesson 2: Describing Actions () PART 1: Common Actions ( Match the English and Japanese sentences. () brush your teeth clean your room close the door do laundry do your homework go out go out to eat go shopping go to a party go on a date go to a museum go to bed go hiking go to a park hang out with your friend(s) listen to music open the door play guitar play sports play video games read a book send an study take a shower" talk on the phone turn on the lights turn off the lights wake up watch a movie work your my playhang out*hang outhung out 6 (six)

8 PART 2: Actions + Time ( How to say: I played baseball yesterday. (action) (time) [ ()] [] Time: this morning" yesterday morning" Monday morning this afternoon" yesterday afternoon" Monday afternoon this evening" last night" " Monday night this weekend " last weekend" " last week " over New Yearʼs" over Spring Break Write the following sentences in English. ( ) PART 3: Actions + Location ( How to say: I played baseball at school. (action) (location) [ ()] [] Grammar Note at () in () Write the following sentences in English. ( ) (seven) 7

9 PART 4: Actions + Person ( How to say: I played baseball with my friend. (action) (person) [ ()] [] Write the following sentences in English. ( ) PART 5: Describe Your Actions ( Answer the following questions in English. () WHAT? WHEN? WHERE? WHO? ex.) I played baseball yesterday at school with my friend. 1. What did you do yesterday? 2. What did you do this weekend? 3. What did you do over Spring Break? 8 (eight)

10 Culture 1: American Holidays () Holiday Date Type New Yearʼs Day January 1 st federal Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Third Monday in January federal Inauguration Day January 20 th federal Groundhog Day February 2 nd cultural Valentineʼs Day February 14 th cultural Washingtonʼs Birthday Third Monday in February federal St. Patrickʼs Day March 17 th cultural April Foolʼs Day April 1 st cultural Good Friday Friday in late March or early April cultural / religious Easter Sunday in late March or early April cultural / religious Earth Day April 22 nd cultural Cinco de Mayo May 5 th cultural Motherʼs Day Second Sunday in May cultural Memorial Day Last Monday in May federal Fatherʼs Day Third Sunday in June cultural Independence Day July 4 th federal Labor Day First Monday in September federal Columbus Day Second Monday in October federal Halloween October 31 st cultural Election Day first Tuesday after first Monday in November governmental Veterans Day November 11 th federal Thanksgiving Day Fourth Thursday in November federal Christmas Eve December 24 th cultural Christmas December 25 th federal / religious New Yearʼs Eve December 31 st cultural (nine) 9

11 Project 1: What Do You See? () PART 1: Choose a Picture ( Cut out a picture from a magazine and paste it below. () 10 (ten)

12 PART 2: Describe a Picture ( Write a description of the picture. Describe everything you see in the picture. ( ALT ) How to say: /" There is / are. " ex.) There is a man. Hint Questions: What do you see? What does it look like? What color is it? What shape is it? Who do you see? What do they look like? What are they wearing? What does their hair look like? Where is it? When is it? There When you receive corrections from the ALT, neatly rewrite your final draft below. () (eleven) 11

13 Lesson 3: Have You Ever? () PART 1: Past Participle ( Complete the chart below. () verb past past participle be was / were been verb past past participle ride rode ridden climbed climbed say said do done see seen ate eaten slept slept fly flew flown swam swum go gone talk talked hear heard travel traveled meet met watched watched play played walk walked read read wrote written PART 2: Grammar ( How to say: " " " Have you ever? " " ex 1:) Have you ever eaten steak? have you ever been " ex 2:) Have you ever been to New York? Write the following questions in English and then answer Yes, I have. or No, I havenʼt.. (Yes, I have.no, I havenʼt.) 1. " " " " " " " answer: 2. " " " " " " " answer: 3. " " " " " " " answer: 12 (twelve)

14 4. " " " " " " " answer: 5. " " " " " " " answer: 6. " " " " " " " answer: 7. " " " " " " " answer: 8. " " " " " " " answer: 9. " " " " " " " answer: 10. " " " " " " " answer: PART 3: Survey ( Write five questions using have you ever, then have a classmate answer your questions. (have you ever ) When you finish writing your questions, give your book to a classmate to answer them. () First, write your name and then read the questions above and write your answers below. () Name: (English: first name, family name) (thirteen) 13

15 Lesson 4: Wants (/) PART 1: I Want Something ( How to say: " " I want. " ex:) I want money. Grammar Note a s Write the following sentences in English. ( ) PART 2: I Want To Do Something ( How to say: " " " I want to." " ex:) I want to eat ice cream. Write the following sentences in English. ( ) (fourteen)

16 PART 3: I Want You To ( How to say: " I want you to." " ex:) I want you to eat ice cream. Write the following sentences in English. ( ) PART 4: I Donʼt Want (/ How to say: " " I donʼt want. " " ex:) I donʼt want a job. " " I donʼt want to. " " ex:) I donʼt want to work. " " " I donʼt want you to. " " ex:) I donʼt want you to work. Write the following sentences in English. ( ) Answer the following questions. () What three things do you most want? I want What three things do you most want to do? I want to (fifteen) 15

17 Culture 2: Summer Vacation () Students do homework and study for tests throughout the school year, so summer vacation is a chance to relax, have fun, and pursue things that interest them. Summer vacation in America lasts three months, from June to August. During this time students work, travel, hang out with their friends, go to camp, visit colleges, or even go to school. What would you do if you had three months of free time? Summer camp: Every summer, millions of children go to summer camp. Most traditional camps are located in mountains and forests, far away from big cities. Campers learn new skills like building a campfire and pitching a tent and participate in activities like hiking and canoeing. Recently, new types of summer camp have become popular. Instead of activities surrounding nature, the camps might focus on things like music or art. For example, band camp or drama camp. What kind of camp would you like to go to? summer job Summer jobs: Many high school students get a job during summer vacation. This is called a summer job. They might work at the mall, the supermarket, the pool, family business or even at a summer camp for younger children. During the school year, they may be too busy to do things they want to do, so working during the summer allows students to earn money for shopping, going on dates, or even for buying a car or saving for college. 16 (sixteen)

18 Summer school: Although summer vacation is usually a time away from school, some students continue to go to school during the summer. Most students who go to summer school do so because they have fallen behind their classmates and they want to catch up. Other students take extra classes because they want to get ahead. While most students do not go to school in the summer, they still have some schoolwork to do. Most schools assign homework or books for students to read over summer vacation. Students may have a test when they start school again in the fall. Students who will start their senior year in the fall often use summer vacation as a time to visit colleges they are interested in attending after they graduate. Family vacation: Many families travel during summer vacation. Compared to Christmas vacation and spring break, summer vacation is longer and the weather is warm, so summer vacation is the best time for most adults with children to take off from work and travel. Popular destinations include Disneyland in California, Disney World in Florida, beaches, national parks, big cities and foreign countries. Summer Word-Find ( T D U U F G C X H M M F S L P F S I Q T S R A J S T H E F O U A U S L Z E L M Q O V O S O H A M G N N A B B P A D N T L I W V I U E E S P R X P A F D K K A J L A Y I T C E K C M M I I C A C Y N L R A T B V X F N O A H Y G B P A S C H O O L G R T J U L Y S D N E I R F W D E I Y E S R X G Q D X P A Z B M O W N A C Q M P L U R W H C M N Y G N T C V D U M G W U W U F Y Z A U S P V E G C D H Z S S K R A P S Y T E B O J O V H G T N B U S B J H C L W C AUGUST BEACH CAMP CANOE DISNEYLAND FAMILY FRIENDS HIKING JOB JULY JUNE PARKS POOL SCHOOL SHOPPING SUMMER SUNNY TRAVEL VACATION WARM (seventeen) 17

19 Project 2: Plan a Trip () PART 1: Travel Vocabulary and Phrases ( Write the following words in English. Look up the terms you donʼt know in the glossary. () Match the English and Japanese sentences. () 1. make reservations 2. airfare" " 3. apply for a visa 4. pack your bags 5. arrive at the airport 6. change money 7. go overseas 8. hail a taxi 9. taxi fare 10. tip the driver 11. stay in a hotel 12. go sightseeing 13. check the map 14. read a guidebook 15. take a tour 16. board a ship 17. take a picture 18. digital camera 19. buy a souvenir 20. pay with a credit card ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t. PART 2: How Long? ( How to say: " night(s) days " ex:) One night, two days nights, days nights, days nights, days nights, days nights, days nights, days 18 (eighteen)

20 PART 3: Your Trip ( Do you like to travel? Where have you been? Where have you not been? Where do you want to go? Choose a destination and tell why you want to go there, how you will get there, how long you will go, where you will stay, what you will do there, how much it will cost, etc. Answer the questions below in compete sentences. Look at travel brochures for price information. Your budget is $3,000 or 300,000. You will present your trip in the next class. ( ) 1. Do you like to travel? (Yes, I do. / No, I donʼt.) 2. Where have you been? (I have been to,, and.) 3. Where do you want to go? 4. Why do you want to go there? (I want to go there because.) 5. How will you get there? (I will go by.) bus / plane / ship / train 6. How much will it cost? (It will cost $/.) 7. Where will you stay? (I will stay at.) 8. How much will it cost? 9. What do you want to do there? (I want to,, and there.) (I also want to.) 10. What souvenirs will you buy for your friends? (I will buy for,, and for.) (nineteen) 19

21 Write about where you want to travel. Write 15 sentences. Show the ALT when you are done. ( ALT ) How to say: " " I have never " ex.) I have never been to Hawaii. I like traveling. It is fun. So far, I have been to I have never been to so I want to go there. When you receive corrections from the ALT, neatly rewrite your final draft below. () 20 (twenty)

22 # name souvenir # name souvenir (twenty-one) 21

23 Lesson 5: Recognizing English 1 () PART 1: Recognizing Things & Actions ( Watch the video and write any English words you know: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs. () (twenty-two)

24 PART 2: Bingo ( From the list of words you wrote in part 1, write 24 words in the bingo card below. () free space (twenty-three) 23

25 Lesson 6: Recognizing English 2 ( ) PART 1: Recognizing Words ( Watch the video and write any spoken English words you recognize. () (twenty-four)

26 Lisa Marge Maggie Homer Bart PART 2: Questions ( Answer the following questions. () Review: Lesson 1, page 4 1. Describe the Simpson family: a.) What does Lisa look like? Lisa is b.) What does Marge look like? c.) What does Maggie look like? d.) What does Homer look like? e.) What does Bart look like? 2. Where do they want to go on vacation? a.) Where does Marge want to go? b.) Where does Lisa want to go? c.) Where does Bart want to go? d.) Where does Homer want to go? Australia Hawaii Italy Jamaica New York Paris Tokyo Transylvania 3. What prize do they want to win on the game show? a.) free dinner c.) plane tickets b.) a new TV d.) a vacation to Japan (twenty-five) 25

27 Culture 3: American Cartoons & Comics () PART 1: Definitions () cartooncartoon stripcomic stripcomicscomic book animated cartoonsmanga animejapanimation(japan animation)animationanime In English, cartoons can be simple drawings or animated television shows or movies. Cartoons in newspapers are called cartoon strips or comic strips. Comics usually refers to comic books. In Japan, comic books are called manga and animated cartoons are called anime. In English, manga and anime are used when talking specifically about Japanese comics and cartoons. In the past, English speakers also used the term Japanimation (Japan + animation) when talking about Japanese cartoons, but most people now say anime, which comes from the English word animation. PART 2: Comic Books () DC DCSuper-ManBatman Spider-ManX-Men American comic books began in Today, there are two main comic book companies: DC Comics and Marvel Comics. DC publishes famous titles like Super-Man and Batman. Marvel publishes famous titles like Spider-Man and X-Men. American comics are published monthly. Each issue is usually 25 pages and is printed in full color. There are a wide variety of stories and characters, but most comics feature superheroes. Since the 1990s, many popular comic books have been made into cartoon shows and live-action movies. 26 (twenty-six)

28 PART 3: Newspaper Cartoons () American newspapers have a page for cartoons. On weekdays, these cartoon strips are usually three or four panels and printed in black and white. Sunday newspapers are bigger and there is an entire section of cartoons which are longer and printed in color. Perhaps the most famous comic strip is Peanuts, which stars Snoopy and Charlie Brown. Other famous newspaper cartoons include Garfield and Calvin & Hobbes. Like comic books, some cartoon strips have been turned into animated cartoon shows. PART 4: Animated Cartoons () Animated cartoons began in the early 20th century. At first cartoons were only a few minutes long and were shown in movie theaters before films. Later, cartoons grew longer and became the main feature. With the invention of television, cartoons became less common at the movies as companies began to make more cartoons shows aimed at children. Today cartoons are popular among children and adults and there is a television network that shows only cartoons. (twenty-seven) 27

29 Project 3: Make a Comic () PART 1: Dialogue ( Write dialogue for the cartoon below. () 28 (twenty-eight)

30 PART 2: Write and Draw Your Own Cartoon ( Write and draw your own cartoon in English. Use at least 4 panels. Use grammar and vocabulary from at least 2 lessons. Any characters and situations are okay. Suggestions are written below. ( ) situations: eating out, school, shopping, vacation, work (twenty-nine) 29

31 30 (thirty)

32 Speech Contest () United States President Barack Obama Suntory Hall - Tokyo, Japan November 14, 2009 (thirty-one) 31

33 PART words Good morning. It is a great honor to be in Tokyo the first stop on my first visit to Asia as president of the United States. It is good to be among so many of you Japanese and I see a few Americans here who work every day to strengthen the bonds between our two countries, including my longtime friend and our new ambassador to Japan, John Roos. It is wonderful to be back in Japan. Some of you may be aware that when I was a young boy, my mother brought me to Kamakura, where I looked up at that centuries-old symbol of peace and tranquility the great bronze Amida Buddha. As a child, I was more focused on the matcha ice cream. And I want to thank Prime Minister Hatoyama for sharing some of those memories with more ice cream last night at dinner. Thank you very much. But I have never forgotten the warmth and the hospitality that the Japanese people showed a young American far from home. " Good morning. It is a great honor / to be in To ky o the first stop / on my first visit to Asia / as president of the United States. It is good / to be among so many of you Japanese / and I see a few Americans here who work every day / to strengthen the bonds between our two countries, including my longtime friend / and our new ambassador to Japan, John Roos. " It is wonderful / to be back in Japan. Some of you may be aware that when I was a young boy, my mother brought me to Kamakura, where I looked up / at that centuries-old symbol / of peace and tranquility the great bronze Amida Buddha. As a child, I was more focused / on the matcha ice cream. And I want to thank Prime Minister Hatoyama / for sharing some of those memories / with more ice cream last night at dinner. Thank you very much. But I have never forgotten the warmth and the hospitality that the Japanese people showed a young American / far from home. gʊd mɔrnɪŋ. ɪt ɪz ə greɪt ɑnər tu bi ɪn toʊkioʊ ðə fərst stop ɑn maɪ fərst vɪzɪt tu eɪʒə æz prɛzədɛnt əv ðə junaɪdɪd steɪts. ɪt ɪz gʊd tu bi əməŋ soʊ mɛni əv ju dʒæpəniz ænd aɪ si ə fju əmɛrəkənz hɪər hu wərk ɛvri deɪ tu strɛŋkθən ðə bɑnz bətwin aʊər tu kəntriz, ɪnkludɪŋ maɪ lɔŋtaɪm frɛnd ænd aʊər nu æmbæsədər tu dʒəpæn, dʒɑn rus. ɪt ɪz wəndərfəl tu bi bæk ɪn dʒəpæn. səm əv ju meɪ bi əwɛər ðæt wɛn aɪ wəz ə jəŋ bɔɪ, maɪ məðər brɔt mi tu kəmɑkərɑ, wɛr aɪ lʊkt əp æt ðæt sɛntʃəriz-oʊld sɪmbəl əv pis ænd trænkwɪlɪti ðə greɪt brɑnz ɑmidɑ budə. æz ə tʃaɪld, aɪ wəz mɔr foʊkəst ɑn ðə mɑtʃə aɪs krim. ænd aɪ wɑnt tu θæŋk praɪm mɪnəstər hatoʊjama fɔr ʃɛrɪŋ səm əv ðoʊz mɛməriz wɪð mɔr aɪs krim læst naɪt æt dɪnər. bət aɪ hæv nɛvər fərgɑtn ðə wɔrmθ ænd ðə hɑspətælədi ðæt ðə dʒæpəniz pipəl ʃoʊd ə jəŋ əmɛrəkən fɑr frəm hoʊm. 32 (thirty-two)

34 Vocabulary check () Write the meaning of the following words in Japanese. () 1. honor: 2. bonds: 3. symbol: 4. peace: 5. tranquility: 6. memories: 7. warmth: 8. hospitality: Answer the following questions. () 1. Who is John Roos? 2. Is this Barack Obamaʼs first visit to Japan? 3. What did President Obama have for dessert last night? Write your part. () (thirty-three) 33

35 PART words And I feel that same spirit on this visit. In the gracious welcome of Prime Minister Hatoyama. In the extraordinary honor of the meeting with Their Imperial Majesties, the Emperor and Empress on the twentieth anniversary of his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne. In the hospitality shown by the Japanese people. And of course, I could not come here without sending greetings and gratitude to the citizens of Obama, Japan. Now I am beginning my journey here for a simple reason. Since taking office, I have worked to renew American leadership and pursue a new era of engagement with the world based on mutual interests and mutual respect. And our efforts in the Asia Pacific will be rooted, in no small measure, through an enduring and revitalized alliance between the United States and Japan. From my very first days in office, we have worked to strengthen the ties that bind our nations. The first foreign leader that I welcomed to the White House was the prime minister of Japan, and for the first time in nearly fifty years, the first foreign trip by an American secretary of state, Hillary Clinton, was to Asia, starting in Japan." " And I feel that same spirit / on this visit. In the gracious welcome / of Prime Minister Hatoyama. In the extraordinary honor / of the meeting / with Their Imperial Majesties, the Emperor and Empress / on the twentieth anniversary / of his ascension / to the Chrysanthemum Throne. In the hospitality / shown by the Japanese people. And of course, I could not come here / without sending greetings and gratitude / to the citizens / of Obama, Japan. " Now I am beginning my journey here / for a simple reason. Since taking office, I have worked / to renew American leadership / and pursue a new era of engagement / with the world / based on mutual interests and mutual respect. And our efforts in the Asia Pacific / will be rooted, in no small measure, through an enduring and revitalized alliance / between the United States and Japan. " From my very first days in office, we have worked / to strengthen the ties / that bind our nations. The first foreign leader / that I welcomed to the White House / was the prime minister of Japan, and for the first time / in nearly fifty years, the first foreign trip / by an American secretary of state, Hillary Clinton, was to Asia, starting in Japan. ænd aɪ fil ðæt seɪm spɪrɪt ɑn ðɪs vɪzɪt. ɪn ðə greɪʃəs wɛlkəm əv praɪm mɪnəstər hatoʊjama. ɪn ðə ɛkstrɔrdnɛri ɑnər əv ðə midɪŋ wɪð ðɛər ɪmpɪriəl mædʒəstiz, ðə ɛmpərər ænd ɛmprəs ɑn ðə twɛntiɪθth ænəvərsri əv hɪz əsɛntʃən tu ðə krɪsænθəməm θroʊn. ɪn ðə hɑspətælədi ʃoʊn baɪ ðə dʒæpəniz pipəl. ænd əv kɔrs, aɪ kʊd nɑt kəm hɪər wɪðaʊt sɛndɪŋ gridɪŋz ænd grædətud tu ðə sɪdɪzənz əv oʊbɑmə, dʒəpæn. naʊ aɪ æm bigɪnɪŋ maɪ dʒərni hɪər fɔr ə sɪmpəl rizən. sɪns teɪkɪŋ ɑfəs, aɪ hæv wərkt tu rinu əmɛrəkən lidərʃɪp ænd pərsu ə nu era əv ɪngeɪdʒmənt wɪð ðə wərld beɪst ɑn mjutʃuəl ɪntərəsts ænd mjutʃuəl rəspɛkt. ænd aʊər ɛfərts ɪn ðə eɪʒə pəsɪfɪk wɪl bi rudɪd, ɪn noʊ smɔl mɛʒər, θru æn ɪndʊrɪŋ ænd rivaɪdəlaɪzd əlaɪəns bətwin ðə junaɪdɪd steɪts ænd dʒəpæn. frəm maɪ vɛri fərst deɪz ɪn ɑfəs, wi hæv wərkt tu strɛŋkθən ðə taɪz ðæt baɪnd aʊər neɪʃənz. ðə fərst fɔrən lidər ðæt aɪ wɛlkəmd tu ðə waɪt haʊs wəz ðə praɪm mɪnəstər əv dʒəpæn, ænd fɔr ðə fərst taɪm ɪn nɪrli fɪfti jɪərs, ðə fərst fɔrən trɪp baɪ æn əmɛrəkən sɛkrətɛri əv steɪt, hɪləri klɪntən, wəz tu eɪʒə, stɑrtɪŋ ɪn dʒəpæn. 34 (thirty-four)

36 Vocabulary check () Write the meaning of the following words in Japanese. () 1. anniversary: 2. ascension: 3. greetings: 4. gratitude: 5. mutual: 6. interests: 7. respect: 8. alliance: Answer the following questions. () 1. Who was President Obama honored to meet? 2. Who does President Obama want to specially thank? 3. Who was the first foreign leader to visit President Obama in the White House? Write your part. () (thirty-five) 35

37 PART words In Prague, I affirmed America s commitment to rid the world of nuclear weapons, and laid out a comprehensive agenda to pursue this goal. I am pleased that Japan has joined us in this effort. For no two nations on Earth know better what these weapons can do, and together we must seek a future without them. This is fundamental to our common security, and this is a great test of our common humanity. Our very future hangs in the balance. Now let me be clear: so long as these weapons exist, the United States will maintain a strong and effective nuclear deterrent that guarantees the defense of our allies including South Korea and Japan. But we must recognize that an escalating nuclear arms race in this region would undermine decades of growth and prosperity. So we are called upon to uphold the basic bargain of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty that all nations have a right to peaceful nuclear energy; that nations with nuclear weapons have a responsibility to move toward nuclear disarmament; and those without nuclear weapons have a responsibility to forsake them. " In Prague, I affirmed Americaʼs commitment / to rid the world / of nuclear weapons, and laid out a comprehensive agenda / to pursue this goal. I am pleased / that Japan has joined us / in this effort. For no two nations on Earth / know better / what these weapons can do, and together / we must seek a future / without them. This is fundamental / to our common security, and this is a great test / of our common humanity. Our very future / hangs in the balance. " Now let me be clear: so long as these weapons exist, the United States / will maintain a strong and effective nuclear deterrent / that guarantees the defense / of our allies including South Korea and Japan. " But we must recognize / that an escalating nuclear arms race / in this region / would undermine decades / of growth and prosperity. So we are called upon / to uphold the basic bargain / of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty that all nations have a right / to peaceful nuclear energy; that nations with nuclear weapons / have a responsibility / to move toward nuclear disarmament; and those without nuclear weapons / have a responsibility / to forsake them. ɪn prɑg, aɪ əfərmd əmɛrəkəz kəmɪtmənt tu rɪd ðə wərld əv nukliər wɛpənz, ænd leɪd aʊt ə kɑmprəhɛnsɪv ədʒɛndə tu pərsu ðɪs goʊl. aɪ æm plizd ðæt dʒəpæn hæz dʒɔɪnd əs ɪn ðɪs ɛfərt. fɔr noʊ tu neɪʃənz ɑn ərθ noʊ bɛdər wət ðiz wɛpənz kæn du, ænd təgɛðər wi məst sik ə fjutʃər wɪðaʊt ðɛm. ðɪs ɪz fəndəmɛntl tu aʊər kɑmən səkjʊrədi, ænd ðɪs ɪz ə greɪt tɛst əv aʊər kɑmən hjumænədi. aʊər vɛri fjutʃər hæŋz ɪn ðə bæləns. naʊ lɛt mi bi klɪər: soʊ lɔŋ æz ðiz wɛpənz ɛgzɪst, ðə junaɪdɪd steɪts wɪl meɪnteɪn ə strɔŋ ænd əfɛktɪv nukliər dətərənt ðæt gɛrəntiz ðə dəfɛns əv aʊər ælaɪz ɪnkludɪŋ saʊθ kəriə ænd dʒəpæn. bət wi məst rɛkəgnaɪz ðæt æn ɛskəleɪtɪŋ nukliər ɑrmz reɪs ɪn ðɪs ridʒən wʊd əndərmaɪn dɛkeɪdz əv groʊθ ænd prɑspɛrədi. soʊ wi ɑr kɔld əpɑn tu əphoʊld ðə beɪsɪk bɑrgən əv ðə nukliər nɑn prəlɪfəreɪʃən tridi ðæt ɔl neɪʃənz hæv ə raɪt tu pisfəl nukliər ɛnərdʒi; ðæt neɪʃənz wɪð nukliər wɛpənz hæv ə rəspɑnsəbɪlədi tu muv təwɔrd nukliər dɪsɑrməmənt; ænd ðoʊz wɪðaʊt nukliər wɛpənz hæv ə rəspɑnsəbɪlədi tu fərseɪk ðɛm. 36 (thirty-six)

38 Vocabulary check () Write the meaning of the following words in Japanese. () 1. commitment: 2. nuclear weapons: 3. security: 4. deterrent: 5. defense: 6. growth: 7. prosperity: 8. forsake: Answer the following questions. () 1. What kind of future does President Obama want? 2. What does President Obama think nations with nuclear weapons should do? 3. What does President Obama think nations without nuclear weapons should do? Write your part. () (thirty-seven) 37

39 PART words Indeed, Japan serves as an example to the world that true peace and power can be achieved by taking this path. For decades, Japan has enjoyed the benefits of peaceful nuclear energy, while rejecting nuclear arms development and by any measure, this has increased Japan s security, and enhanced its position. To meet our responsibilities and to move forward with the agenda I laid out in Prague we have passed, with the help of Japan, a unanimous UN Security Council resolution embracing this international effort. We are pursuing a new agreement with Russia to reduce our nuclear stockpiles. We will work to ratify and bring into force the Test Ban Treaty. And next year at our Nuclear Security Summit, we will advance our goal of securing all the world s vulnerable nuclear materials within four years. Now as I ve said before, strengthening the global nonproliferation regime is not about singling out any individual nations. It s about all nations living up to their responsibilities. That includes the Islamic Republic of Iran. And it includes North Korea. " Indeed, Japan serves as an example / to the world / that true peace and power / can be achieved / by taking this path. For decades, Japan has enjoyed the benefits / of peaceful nuclear energy, while rejecting nuclear arms development and by any measure, this has increased Japanʼs security, and enhanced its position. " To meet our responsibilities and to move forward / with the agenda / I laid out in Prague we have passed, with the help of Japan, a unanimous UN Security Council resolution / embracing this international effort. We are pursuing / a new agreement with Russia / to reduce our nuclear stockpiles. We will work to ratify / and bring into force / the Test Ban Treaty. And next year / at our Nuclear Security Summit, we will advance our goal / of securing / all the worldʼs vulnerable nuclear materials / within four years. " Now as Iʼve said before, strengthening the global nonproliferation regime / is not about singling out / any individual nations. Itʼs about all nations / living up / to their responsibilities. That includes / the Islamic Republic of Iran. And it includes / North Korea. ɪndid, dʒəpæn sərvz æz æn ɛgzæmpəl tu ðə wərld ðæt tru pis ænd paʊər kæn bi ətʃivd baɪ teɪkɪŋ ðɪs pæθ. fɔr dɛkeɪdz, dʒəpæn hæz ɪndʒɔɪd ðə bɛnəfɪts əv pisfəl nukliər ɛnərdʒi, waɪl ridʒɛktɪŋ nukliər ɑrmz dəvɛləpmənt ænd baɪ ɛni mɛʒər, ðɪs hæz ɪnkrist dʒəpænz səkjʊrədi, ænd ɪnhænst ɪts pəzɪʃən. tu mit aʊər rəspɑnsəbɪlədiz ænd tu muv fɔrwərd wɪð ðə ədʒɛndə aɪ leɪd aʊt ɪn prɑg wi hæv pæst, wɪð ðə hɛlp əv dʒəpæn, ə junænəməs ju-ɛn səkjʊrədi kaʊnsəl rɛzəluʃən ɛmbreɪsɪŋ ðɪs ɪntərnæʃənl ɛfərt. wi ɑr pərsuɪŋ ə nu əgrimənt wɪð rəʃə tu rədus aʊər nukliər stɑkpaɪlz. wi wɪl wərk tu rædəfaɪ ænd brɪŋ ɪntu fɔrs ðə tɛst bæn tridi. ænd nɛkst jɪər æt aʊər nukliər səkjʊrədi səmət, wi wɪl ədvæns aʊər goʊl əv səkjʊrɪŋ ɔl ðə wərldz vəlnərəbəl nukliər mətɪriəlz wɪðɪn fɔr jɪərs. naʊ æz aɪv sɛd bəfɔr, strɛŋkθənɪŋ ðə gloʊbəl nɑnprəlɪfəreɪʃən rəʒim ɪz nɑt əbaʊt sɪŋgəlɪŋ aʊt ɛni ɪndəvɪdʒəwəl neɪʃənz. ɪts əbaʊt ɔl neɪʃənz lɪvɪŋ əp tu ðɛər rəspɑnsəbɪlədiz. ðæt ɪnkludz ðə ɪzlɑmɪk ripəblɪk əv ɪrɑn. ænd ɪt ɪnkludz nɔrθ kəriə. 38 (thirty-eight)

40 Vocabulary check () Write the meaning of the following words in Japanese. () 1. benefits: 2. development: 3. position: 4. responsibilities: 5. unanimous: 6. agreement: 7. vulnerable: 8. strengthen: Answer the following questions. () 1. What has Japan enjoyed for decades? 2. What are the United States and Russia working together to do? 3. What does President Obama want all nations to do? Write your part. () (thirty-nine) 39

41 PART words These are steps that the United States will take to improve prosperity, security, and human dignity in the Asia Pacific. We will do so through our close friendship with Japan which will always be a centerpiece of our efforts in the region. We will do so as a partner through the broader engagement that I ve discussed today. We will do so as a Pacific nation with a president who was shaped in part by this piece of the globe. And we will do so with the same sense of purpose that has guided our ties with the Japanese people for nearly fifty years. The story of how these ties were forged dates back to the middle of the last century, some time after the guns of war had quieted in the Pacific. It was then that America s commitment to the security and stability of Japan, along with the Japanese peoples spirit of resilience and industriousness, led to what s been called the Japanese Miracle a period of economic growth that was faster and more robust than anything the world had seen for some time. " These are steps / that the United States will take / to improve prosperity, security, and human dignity / in the Asia Pacific. We will do so / through our close friendship / with Japan which will always be a centerpiece / of our efforts / in the region. We will do so / as a partner through the broader engagement / that Iʼve discussed today. We will do so / as a Pacific nation with a president / who was shaped in part / by this piece of the globe. And we will do so / with the same sense of purpose / that has guided our ties / with the Japanese people / for nearly fifty years. " The story / of how these ties were forged / dates back to the middle / of the last century, some time / after the guns of war / had quieted in the Pacific. It was then / that Americaʼs commitment / to the security and stability of Japan, along with the Japanese peoplesʼ spirit / of resilience and industriousness, led to whatʼs been called / the Japanese Miracle a period of economic growth / that was faster / and more robust / than anything the world had seen / for some time. ðiz ɑr steps ðæt ðə junaɪdɪd steɪts wɪl teɪk tu ɪmpruv prɑspɛrədi, səkjʊrədi, ænd hjumən dɪgnədi ɪn ðə eɪʒə pəsɪfɪk. wi wɪl du soʊ θru aʊər kloʊs frɛndʃɪp wɪð dʒəpæn wɪtʃ wɪl ɔlweɪz bi ə sɛnərpis əv aʊər ɛfərts ɪn ðə ridʒən. wi wɪl du soʊ æz ə pɑrtnər θru ðə brɔdər ɪngeɪdʒmənt ðæt aɪv dəskəst tədeɪ. wi wɪl du soʊ æz ə pəsɪfɪk neɪʃən wɪð ə prɛzədɛnt hu wəz ʃeɪpt ɪn pɑrt baɪ ðɪs pis əv ðə gloʊb. ænd wi wɪl du soʊ wɪð ðə seɪm sɛns əv pərpəs ðæt hæz gaɪdɪd aʊər taɪz wɪð ðə dʒæpəniz pipəl fɔr nɪrli fɪfti jɪərs. ðə stɔri əv haʊ ðiz taɪz wər fɔrdʒd deɪts bæk tu ðə mɪdl əv ðə læst sɛntʃəri, səm taɪm after ðə gənz əv wɔr hæd kwaɪətəd ɪn ðə pəsɪfɪk. ɪt wəz ðɛn ðæt əmɛrəkəz kəmɪtmənt tu ðə səkjʊrədi ænd stəbɪlədi əv dʒəpæn, əlɔŋ wɪð ðə dʒæpəniz pipəlz spɪrɪt əv rəzɪljəns ænd ɪndəstriəsnəs, lɛd tu wəts bɪn kɔld ðə dʒæpəniz mɪrɪkəl ə pɪriəd əv ikənɑmɪk groʊθ ðæt wəz fæstər ænd mɔr roʊbəst ðæn ɛniθɪŋ ðə wərld hæd sin fɔr səm taɪm. 40 (forty)

42 Vocabulary check () Write the meaning of the following words in Japanese. () 1. friendship: 2. partner: 3. engagement: 4. Pacific: 5. purpose: 6. resilience: 7. industriousness: 8. miracle: Answer the following questions. () 1. What does do so mean? 2. When did America make a commitment to the security and stability of Japan 3. What was the Japanese Miracle? Write your part. () (forty-one) 41

43 PART words But we know that there s still work to be done so that new breakthroughs in science and technology can lead to jobs on both sides of the Pacific, and security from a warming planet; so that we can reverse the spread of deadly weapons, and on a divided peninsula the people of the South can be free from fear, and those in the North can live free from want; so that a young girl can be valued not for her body but for her mind, and so that young people everywhere can go as far as their talent, their drive, and their choices will take them. None of this will come easy, nor without setback or struggle. But at this moment of renewal in this land of miracles history tells us it is possible. This is America s agenda. This is the purpose of our partnership with Japan, and with the nations and peoples of this region. And there must be no doubt: as America s first Pacific president, I promise you that this Pacific nation will strengthen and sustain our leadership in this vitally important part of the world. Thank you very much. But we know / that thereʼs still work / to be done so that new breakthroughs / in science and technology / can lead to jobs / on both sides of the Pacific, and security / from a warming planet; so that we can reverse the spread/ of deadly weapons, and on a divided peninsula the people of the South / can be free from fear, and those in the North / can live free from want; so that a young girl can be valued / not for her body / but for her mind, and so that young people everywhere / can go as far as their talent, their drive, and their choices will take them. None of this / will come easy, nor without setback / or struggle. But at this moment of renewal in this land of miracles history tells us / it is possible. This is Americaʼs agenda. This is the purpose / of our partnership with Japan, and with the nations and peoples / of this region. And there must be no doubt: as Americaʼs first Pacific president, I promise you / that this Pacific nation will strengthen / and sustain our leadership / in this vitally important part of the world. Thank you very much. bət wi noʊ ðæt ðɛrz stɪl wərk tu bi dən soʊ ðæt nu breɪkθruz ɪn saɪəns ænd tɛknɑlədʒi kæn lid tu dʒɑbz ɑn boʊθ saɪdz əv ðə pəsɪfɪk, ænd səkjʊrədi frəm ə wɔrmɪŋ plænət; soʊ ðæt wi kæn rəvərs ðə sprɛd əv dɛdli wɛpənz, ænd ɑn ə dəvaɪdəd pənɪnsələ ðə pipəl əv ðə saʊθ kæn bi fri frəm fɪər, ænd ðoʊz ɪn ðə nɔrθ kæn lɪv fri frəm wɑnt; soʊ ðæt ə jəŋ gərl kæn bi væljud nɑt fɔr hər bɑdi bət fɔr hər maɪnd, ænd soʊ ðæt jəŋ pipəl ɛvriwɛr kæn goʊ æz fɑr æz ðɛər tælənt, ðɛər draɪv, ænd ðɛər tʃɔɪsɪz wɪl teɪk ðɛm. nən əv ðɪs wɪl kəm izi, nɔr wɪðaʊt sɛtbæk ɔr strəgəl. bət æt ðɪs moʊmənt əv rinuəl ɪn ðɪs lænd əv mɪrɪkəlz hɪstəri tɛlz əs ɪt ɪz pɑsəbəl. ðɪs ɪz əmɛrəkəz ədʒɛndə. ðɪs ɪz ðə pərpəs əv aʊər pɑrtnərʃɪp wɪð dʒəpæn, ænd wɪð ðə neɪʃənz ænd pipəlz əv ðɪs ridʒən. ænd ðɛr məst bi noʊ daʊt: æz əmɛrəkəz fərst pəsɪfɪk prɛzədɛnt, aɪ prɑməs ju ðæt ðɪs pəsɪfɪk neɪʃən wɪl strɛŋkθən ænd səsteɪn aʊər lidərʃɪp ɪn ðɪs vaɪdli ɪmpɔrtnt pɑrt əv ðə wərld. θæŋk ju vɛri mətʃ. 42 (forty-two)

44 Vocabulary check () Write the meaning of the following words in Japanese. () 1. peninsula: 2. talent: 3. drive: 4. setback: 5. struggle: 6. renewal: 7. agenda: 8. doubt: Answer the following questions. () 1. What is the divided peninsula? 2. What is the land of miracles? 3. Why is President Obama Americaʼs first Pacific president? Write your part. () (forty-three) 43

45 Project 4: Your Future () PART 1: University Majors ( Write the following words in English. Look up the terms you donʼt know in the glossary. () PART 2: Careers ( Match the English and Japanese terms. () a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t. u. ( ) 1. actress ( ) 2. actor" ( ) 3. architect ( ) 4. beautician ( ) 5. businessman ( ) 6. dentist ( ) 7. doctor ( ) 8. economist ( ) 9. engineer ( ) 10. fire fighter ( ) 11. historian ( ) 12. journalist ( ) 13. lawyer ( ) 14. model ( ) 15. nurse ( ) 16. pilot ( ) 17. police officer ( ) 18. politician ( ) 19. psychologist ( ) 20. teacher ( ) 21. writer PART 3: What Do You Want to Do in the Future? ( Answer the following questions and then write about what you want to do in the future on page 45. Show your first draft to the ALT when you finish. When you receive corrections, rewrite your draft on page 46. You will make a presentation next class. ( ALT ) Do you want to go to college? Junior college? Technical school? Yes / No What do you want to study? I want to study. What do you want to be? I want to be a. Where do you want to work? I want to work / for / in a at a Do you want to get married? Yes / No ex) Sony ex) flower shop ex) hospital When? I want to get married when I m Do you want to have kids? Yes / No How many? I want kids. Do you want to travel? Yes / No Where? I want to go to. 44 (forty-four)

46 1. First Draft: () Write 15 sentences. (ALT) When I graduate from high school I want to (forty-five) 45

47 2. Final Draft (最終原稿) When you receive corrections from the ALT, neatly rewrite your final draft below. (訂正してもらうと 原稿をきれいに書き直してください) My Future 46 (forty-six)

48 Reference () Cardinal Numbers () Ordinal Numbers () 1 one 1st first 2 two 2nd second 3 three 3rd third 4 four 4th fourth 5 five 5th fifth 6 six 6th sixth 7 seven 7th seventh 8 eight 8th eighth 9 nine 9th ninth 10 ten 10th tenth 11 eleven 11th eleventh 12 twelve 12th twelfth 13 thirteen 13th thirteenth 14 fourteen 14th fourteenth 15 fifteen 15th fifteenth 16 sixteen 16th sixteenth 17 seventeen 17th seventeenth 18 eighteen 18th eighteenth 19 nineteen 19th nineteenth 20 twenty 20th twentieth -er/-est more/most great greater greatest fun more fun most fun hot hotter hottest expensive more expensive most expensive cold colder coldest important more important most important short shorter shortest amazing more amazing most amazing long longer longest delicious more delicious most delicious exceptions () exceptions () good better best little less least bad worse worst many more most (forty-seven) 47

49 International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA: ) wholeholehall IPA examples æ black, cat əә run, money cinema ɛ met, head əәr fur, bird, heard, word ɪ this, is, it i me, see, seat ɑ hot, rock ɔ ball, saw ʊ could, put, book u you, blue, moon aɪ eye, fly, by, guy aʊ out, now oʊ go, home, slow, foe ɛəәr where, air, fare eɪ eight, they, say ɪəәr beer, near, here ɔɪ boy, coin ʊəәr sure, tour ɑr park, far, heart aɪəәr fire, liar IPA ɑ IPA examples b big, job d dog, kid f find, if g give, flag h hello j yes k cat, kid, black l leg, little m man, lemon n no, ten ŋ sing, finger p pet, map r red, try, writer s sun, miss ʃ she, crash t tea, get tʃ check, church θ think, both ð this, mother v voice, DVD, five w wet, wind z zoo, lazy ʒ pleasure, vision ʤ just, large i u ɛ oʊ 48 (forty-eight)

50 Glossary () English - Japanese A above - actor - actress - Africa - afternoon - age - air - airline - airplane - airport - animal - America - amusement park - apartment - apple - apple pie - apply - April - arcade - architect - architecture - arm - arrive - art - art museum - Asia - ask - Atlantic Ocean - August - Australia - autumn - B back - bacon - badminton - bag - baggage - banana - band - bank - baseball - baseball cap - basketball - bath - be - beautiful - beautician - beauty parlor - bed - beef - beer - behind - below - belt - beneath - best - better - between - bicycle - big - bill - bike - biology - bird - birthday - black - block - blue - () board - boat - book - bookstore - boy - Brazil - brass band - bread - break - breakfast - bright - brother - brown - () building - bullet train - bus - business - businessman - buy - C cafeteria - cake - call - / calligraphy - camera - Canada - candy - car - carrot - cat - casual - celebrity - cell phone - cereal - change - change money - character - cheap - cheese - cheeseburger - chemistry - cherry - cherry blossom - chicken - child - China - chocolate - chorus - Christmas - (forty-nine) 49

51 cinema - circle - circular - city - class - classmate - clean - clerk - climb - close - clothes - club - coarse - coat - Coca-Cola - coffee - Coke - cold - college - color - come - company - comparison - computer - computer science - concentrate - convenience store - cookie - cool - corner - correct - country - cow - credit card - crooked - cup - custom - D dad - dark - day - December - decide - delicious - dentist - desert - dessert - different - difficult - digital camera - dinner - disgusting - Disneyland - Disney Sea - do - dog - doctor - dollar - down - draw - dress - drink - drive - driver - driverʼs license - E ear - early - east - easy - eat - economy - economics - economist - education - egg - eggplant - electricity - elementary school - elephant - - engineer - engineering - England - English - enjoy - environment - Europe - evening - examine - exchange student - exciting - expensive - eye - F fall - family - far - fare - fast - fat - father - favorite - February - few - finger - fire - fire fighter - fire station - first name - fish - fishing - flavor - flower - fly - food - foot - football - foreign country - foreigner - formal - France - 50 (fifty)

52 French fries - freshman - Friday - fried rice - friend - frog - fruit - fun - funny - future - G game - Germany - get - () get on - get off - get up - girl - glass - go - go down - go home - go out - go out to eat - go shopping - go through - go to bed - good - goodbye - grade - grape - green - green pepper - greeting - gray - guidebook - guitar - H hail - half - hamburger - hand - handshake - hang out - hard - hat - have - have fun - Hawaii - head - hear - heavy - high - high school - hiking - hint - historian - history - hobby - hockey - hold - home - home economics - hometown - homework - Hong Kong - horse - hospital - hostel - hot - hot dog - hotel - house - housewife - I I - ice - ice cream - illustration - India - Indonesia - inexpensive - information - information science - insurance - interest - international - intersection - interesting - interview - introduce - investigate - J jacket - Jamaica - January - Japanese - jeans - job - journalism - journalist - July - June - junior - junior college - junior high school - K karaoke - ketchup - kind - king - know - L lake - last name - late - laundry - law - lawyer - left - leg - less - lettuce - (fifty-one) 51

53 library - light - lights - like - listen - literature - little - long - look - look for - lot - love - low - luggage - lunch - M mall - man - many - map - May - March - mathematics - mayonnaise - McDonaldʼs - me - meat - medicine - meet - Mexico - midnight - Middle East - milk - mobile phone - model - mom - Monday - monkey - month - moon - more - morning - mother - mountain - mouth - mouse - movie - movie theater - museum - music - mustard - my - N name - narrow - nation - near - neck - necklace - necktie - new - New Years - New Zealand - next - next month - next week - next year - night - noon - north - North America - North Korea - nose - now - November - nurse - O ocean - October - old - onion - only - only child - open - orange - orange juice - over - P Pacific Ocean - pack bags - painting - pants - parent - park - parking lot - party - passport - past - pay - P.E. - peach - pet - pharmacy - phone - photograph - physical education - physics - piano - picture - pig - pilot - pink - pizza - place - play - poem - poetry - police - police officer - police station - politician - politics - political science - 52 (fifty-two)

54 pond - poster - post office - potato - potato chips - practice - present - pretty - psychologist - psychology - purple - purse - Q quarter - queen - question - quiet - R rain - receive - () rectangle - () red - () read - report - reporter - reservation - restaurant - rice - ride - right - road - rough - round - ring - rugby - run - Russia - S salad - salty - same - sandwich - Saturday - say - save - scarf - school - science - scientist - sea - search - season - see - send - senior - September - self-introduction - sell - sentence - shirt - shoe - shopping - short - shorts - Shinkansen - ship - shower - sibling - signal - sightseeing - sing - sister - skinny - skirt - sky - sleep - slender - slow - small - smooth - snow - snowboard(ing) - society - social studies - sociologist - sociology - soccer - sock - soft - some - song - sophomore - soup - sour - south - South Africa - South America - South Korea - souvenir - soy sauce - spaghetti - Spain - speak - spinach - sports - spring - spring break - square - () stadium - star - station - stay - steak - stop - straight - strawberry - street - strong - student - student council - study - study abroad - subject - (fifty-three) 53

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