リビア情勢(2009年2月)

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1 リビア 情 勢 (2009 年 8 月 ) 政 治 ( 革 命 記 念 式 典 ) 40 周 年 を 迎 える 革 命 式 典 は 非 常 に 贅 を 尽 くしたものとなる 予 定 アフリカ 連 合 臨 時 総 会 や 各 国 か らの 首 脳 訪 問 が 予 定 されている Monday, 31 August, 2009: Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi is marking the 40th anniversary of his revolutionary rule (September 1) with lavish celebrations, a special African Union meeting and visits from other heads of state. The event caps years of effort to bring his once-isolated nation back into the international fold. The self-styled philosopher-in-chief bears little resemblance these days to the brash young army officer who seized power in the 1969 coup. But Colonel Gadhafi makes it easy to track key moments of his rule. Portraits of the leader, from his youth to the present, are everywhere in the capitol. On a wall near the old city, there is a poster showing him as he was in the 1970's, when he was promoting his Third Universal Theory, a mix of Islam and socialism meant to unite Arabs and counter capitalism and communism. [VOA] 経 済 (インフラ) カダフィ 大 佐 とベルルスコーニ 首 相 がイタリア 支 援 の 高 速 道 路 (チュニジア 国 境 からエジプト 国 境 近 辺 まで 敷 設 予 定 )の 定 礎 式 に 出 席 Monday, 31 August, 2009: Touisha, Libya - Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi and Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi laid the foundation stone on Sunday for an ambitious highway stretching along the entire Libyan coast, an AFP correspondent said. The 1,200 kilometre (750 mile) highway has long been demanded by Libya as compensation for Rome's occupation and colonial rule over the north African country from 1911 until World War II. The foundation stone for the road, which will stretch from the Tunisian border in the west to the Egyptian frontier in the east, was laid at Touisha, about 50 kilometres (31 miles) east of Tripoli. Berlusconi arrived in Libya in early afternoon and was to share an iftar meal breaking the Muslim dawn-to-dusk Ramadan fast with Kadhafi before returning to Rome later on Sunday, an Italian official said. His visit and the launch of the highway project formed part of celebrations marking the first anniversary of a friendship treaty signed between Libya and Italy a year ago. [AFP] 政 治 ( 公 衆 衛 生 ) リビア 政 府 は 600 万 名 分 の 新 型 インフルエンザ ワクチンを 購 入 することを 決 定 最 近 の 調 査 では リビアの 人 口 はリビア 人 約 550 万 人 外 国 人 役 150 万 人 となっている Monday, 31 August, 2009: Tripoli The General People's Committee (GPC), the highest executive authority in Libya, approved on Wednesday a policy to buy six million doses of 1

2 swine flu vaccine. The GPC authorized the GPC for Health and Environment to implement such policy and the funds have already been allocated for the purchase of the doses. The population of Libya according to the latest census is estimated at 5.5 million in addition to around 1.5 million expatriates. The World Health Organization has been warning governments for months to brace for a resurgence of the A(H1N1) virus when the cold season hits the northern hemisphere. Meanwhile, Britain and France received their first batches of swine flu vaccine Thursday as governments began to arm themselves against a widely expected second wave of the pandemic in the European winter, the AFP reported on Thursday. [Tripoli Post] 政 治 ( 内 政 ) オイル ブームに 沸 くアフリカ 大 陸 でも 有 数 の 産 油 国 リビア しかし 経 済 近 代 化 などはスローペー スである 賄 賂 と 官 僚 主 義 が 依 然 として 横 行 している Monday, 31 August, 2009: Petroleum makes Libya one of Africa s richest countries but corruption and bureaucracy have left even the country s leader Muammar Gaddafi scratching his head about what happens to all the money. Opec member Libya has estimated reserves of 42bn barrels, the third largest in Africa and pumps an estimated 1.8mn bpd. Revenues from that, which account for 75% of the state budget and 95% of exports, have led to a surge in construction and consumer spending but efforts to modernise the economy have made slow progress. The development of major sectors like health, education and infrastructure remains far from satisfactory, and many Libyans have failed to benefit at all despite the government s avowedly socialist policies. The government softened its rigid socialism after the UN ended its 11-year embargo in 2003 and has encouraged private enterprise, to boost employment and reduce the financial burden of state subsidies. [Gulf Times] 政 治 ( 軍 事 協 力 ) イタリアの Ignazio La Russa 防 衛 大 臣 が ANSA に 述 べたところでは イタリアとリビアは 合 同 軍 事 演 習 を 行 う 計 画 である Sunday, 30 August, 2009: ROME - Italian Defence Minister Ignazio La Russa said Saturday that Italy and former colony Libya would stage joint military exercises, news agency ANSA reported. "There will be joint military manoeuvres between Italy and Libya," La Russa told the news agency, without giving further details. The exercises were "planned as part of the Italian and Libyan agreement signed a year ago", the minister added, referring to a friendship accord between the countries. The news came a day before Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi heads to Libya, to mark a year since the friendship treaty was signed. The son of Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi said the exercises would take place "soon." "I have 2

3 heard that there will soon be joint exercises between Italy and Libya's armed forces," Seif al-islam told Italian daily La Stampa on Saturday. [AFP] 政 治 (アジア) リビアは Salahedin Mohamed El Bishari 氏 を ASEAN の 大 使 に 任 命 Sunday, 30 August, 2009: JAKARTA, Aug 29 (Bernama) - Libya has appointed Salahedin Mohamed El Bishari as its ambassador to Asean, making it the first African country to post an ambassador to the organisation. According to a report by Vietnam News Agency (VNA), prior to the appointment, Bishari served as the Secretary of the Libyan Embassy in Indonesia. Asean Secretary General Surin Pitsuwan welcomed Libya's move and confirmed that Asean is eager to develop its ties with countries and regions around the world. Through this appointment, Asean can now seek ways of expanding its ties with Libya and establish a closer relationship with the African Union (AU), which includes Libya, he said. Ambassador Bishari stated that his country wants to step up its relationship with Asean and it will do all it can to enhance long-term ties between the AU and Asean. [Bernama] 政 治 ( 米 国 ) ニュージャージー 州 の 政 治 指 導 者 の 圧 力 のなかで リビア 政 府 はカダフィ 大 佐 が 米 国 訪 問 中 に 滞 在 する 予 定 であった 同 州 内 での 滞 在 計 画 を 取 りやめた Saturday, 29 August, 2009: Amid pressure from New Jersey political leaders, the Libyan government has canceled plans for its nation s president, Col. Muammar el-qaddafi, to stay in New Jersey during his visit to the United States next month. Colonel Qaddafi s change of plan was confirmed on Friday by Representative Steven R. Rothman, a New Jersey Democrat, and by the State Department, according to The Associated Press. In an interview, Mr. Rothman said Colonel Qaddafi and his delegation had decided instead to stay in New York City. He said he spoke to a top lobbyist for the Libyan government on Friday afternoon who informed me that a final decision had been made to the effect that Muammar el-qaddafi would be confining his stay to Manhattan. The Libyan Consulate in New York did not respond to a message seeking comment. [NYTimes] Sunday, 30 August, 2009: Libya's leader, Cl. Moammar Gadhafi, no longer intends to pitch his tent in Englewood, N.J., during a visit to the United Nations in September, according to the State Department. A State Department official said Friday that Libya had given up any plans for Col. Gadhafi to occupy the grounds of a property the country's United Nations mission owns in the small New Jersey city. Col. Gadhafi often stays in a Bedouin-style tent when he travels abroad. A major renovation underway at the stone mansion, believed to have been part of preparations to host the Libyan leader there, prompted protests in Englewood this week. The protests were described in a page-one story in The Wall Street 3

4 Journal on Thursday. The city's mayor had vowed to do everything in his power to block a visit by Col. Gadhafi in light of the hero's welcome in Libya afforded to the man responsible for bombing Pan American flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, in [WSJ] カダフィ 大 佐 のテント 設 営 認 めず ニュージャージー 州 保 有 土 地 (CNN) リビアの 最 高 指 導 者 カダフィ 大 佐 が 来 月 国 連 総 会 出 席 のため 訪 米 した 際 テント 設 営 の 可 能 な 土 地 を 求 めている 問 題 で 米 国 務 省 のケリー 報 道 官 は28 日 リビア 政 府 が 想 定 してい たとみられるニュージャージー 州 イングルウッドにあるリビア 政 府 所 有 の 土 地 利 用 は 認 めないとの 見 解 を 示 した テント 設 営 地 の 問 題 では リビア 政 府 と 依 然 協 議 を 続 けているとしている 米 政 府 は 外 国 政 府 の 在 外 公 館 の 使 用 については 米 国 の 法 律 で 一 定 の 規 制 が 可 能 リビア 政 府 はイ ングルウッドの 一 等 地 を 保 有 し 大 佐 は 芝 生 にテントを 張 ることを 考 慮 していたとされる カダフィ 氏 の 訪 問 に 備 え 作 業 員 数 百 人 がこの 宅 地 で 最 近 作 業 をしていたことが 目 撃 もされた 同 州 には 1988 年 に 発 生 した 米 パンナム 機 爆 破 事 件 の 遺 族 が 多 く 居 住 リビアが 最 近 釈 放 され た 同 事 件 の 実 行 犯 の 帰 国 を 英 雄 扱 いしたことから 大 佐 のテント 設 営 の 憶 測 に 反 発 を 強 めていた また テントを 張 った 場 合 治 安 が 強 化 されて 自 由 な 往 来 が 難 しくなることへの 地 元 の 懸 念 も 強 い という リビア 政 府 は 当 初 ニューヨーク 市 のセントラルパークをテント 設 営 地 として 考 えていたと されるが 同 市 行 政 当 局 がこれを 拒 否 していた ( 関 連 情 報 ) Monday, 31 August, 2009: More than 200 people gathered Sunday to tell Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi he's not welcome in their suburban New Jersey community, including several who lost relatives in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Gov. Jon Corzine was among those who attended the event in Englewood, where the Libyan government has been renovating a 5-acre estate ahead of Gadhafi's first U.S. visit, scheduled for next month. Gadhafi had been expected to pitch a ceremonial Bedouin-style tent on the grounds, but his representatives announced Friday that he would remain in Manhattan where he's addressing the United Nations General Assembly, after rumors of his visit to New Jersey sparked an uproar last week. "This is a community that's still in pain," Corzine said. "To not have him here is a victory." [WCBS] 政 治 (FSU) リビアの 革 命 40 周 年 記 念 日 にロシアは 儀 仗 兵 を 派 遣 する 予 定 Saturday, 29 August, 2009: MOSCOW, August 28 (RIA Novosti) - Russia will send an honor guards company to Libya to take part in a military parade dedicated to the 40th anniversary of the Libyan revolution on September 1, a Russian business daily said on Friday. Kommersant said a formal request to send a Russian military unit to participate in the parade in Tripoli was made by Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi via Defense Minister Younis Jaber. "An honor guards company from the Moscow garrison will be sent to participate in the 4

5 parade in the Libyan capital. All expenses will be paid by the host country," the paper said. [RIAN] 政 治 ( 不 法 移 民 ) イタリアとリビアの 不 法 移 民 対 策 は 順 調 に 開 始 されたが 更 なる 対 策 (リビアの 南 部 国 境 地 帯 に 対 する 対 策 )が 必 要 になった Saturday, 29 August, 2009: (ANSAmed) - ROME, 28 AGO - The agreement between Italy and Libya to stop illegal immigration is working, but now further efforts are needed. Libyàs southern borders must be protected, where migrants enter through the desert and make it to the Mediterranean coast to attempt the voyage to Italy. This was the message launched by Libyàs Ambassador to Italy, Abdulhafed Gaddur, in an interview with ANSA before the Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconìs visit to Tripoli. "The agreement on immigration works even if there are some points that have not yet been applied, like the reorganisation of the monitoring system for Libyàs southern borders," explained Gaddur. The ambassador is in Tripoli in preparations for the Italian premier's visit, who will celebrate the anniversary of the signing of the Friendship and Cooperation Treaty. [ANSAmed] 政 治 (ロシア) リビア 革 命 記 念 日 にロシアの 両 巨 頭 (メドベージェフ 大 統 領 とプーチン 首 相 )は 参 加 せず Friday, 28 August, 2009: MOSCOW Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin will not attend celebrations in Libya next week marking the 40th anniversary of Moamer Kadhafi's regime, officials said Thursday. Earlier, an organiser in Tripoli said both members of Russia's ruling tandem were expected to attend the celebrations of the September 1, 1969 coup which brought Kadhafi to power. "President Medvedev was invited to attend the ceremony in Libya but his agenda was already fixed and he will not go to Libya," a source in the presidential administration told the Interfax news agency. "On September 1, Vladimir Putin will be in Gdansk at the invitation of Poland (to mark the outbreak of World War II). This visit has been agreed in advance," Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov told Interfax. [AFP] 政 治 (アジア) ミンダナオ 島 の 和 平 解 決 と 発 展 に 多 大 な 役 割 を 果 たしたリビアの 革 命 記 念 日 にアローヨ 大 統 領 が 出 席 Friday, 28 August, 2009: MANILA, Philippines (Xinhua) -- President Arroyo will visit Libya at the invitation of Libyan leader Col. Muammar Qaddafi to attend the 40th anniversary of the Great Al Fateh Revolution on Sept. 1, "The visit will sustain the excellent ties that have existed between the Philippines and Libya since 1976, when diplomatic ties were first established," the Department of Foreign Affairs said in a statement. Libya played a significant role in bringing peace and development in southern Philippines, and was 5

6 instrumental to the conclusion of the 1976 Tripoli Agreement and in the 1996 Final Peace Agreement between the Philippine government and the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). Since the 1970s, high-level official visits have been frequent, capped by the state visit to Libya of Mrs. Arroyo in July [PhilStar] エネルギー( 石 油 ) ロシアの Tafneft がガダメス 堆 積 盆 で 石 油 を 発 見 テスト 段 階 で 約 400 バレル/ 日 の 原 油 を 生 産 中 ( 初 期 生 産 量 ) NOC:89.5%, Tafneft:10.5%の 権 益 保 有 Friday, 28 August, 2009: MOSCOW, Aug 25 (Reuters) - Russian mid-sized oil firm Tatneft (TATN3.MM) said on Tuesday it had successfully drilled a well on an oil block of Libya's Ghadames Basin, some 345 kilometres (214 miles) south of Tripoli. It said the A1-82/04 well is producing some 400 barrels of oil per day after initial testing. Tatneft was the first among Russian companies to make a foray into Libya's hydrocarbon market in 2005 when it won concession rights to work at Ghadames. At the end of 2006 it won the biggest share of Libya's third post-sanctions international licensing round, and is currently working at four blocks along with National Oil Corporation (NOC) of Libya under production sharing agreements. [Reuters] Russia's Tatneft discovers oil in Libya Tue Aug 25, :26pm GMT MOSCOW, Aug 25 (Reuters) - Russian mid-sized oil firm Tatneft (TATN3.MM: Quote) said on Tuesday it had successfully drilled a well on an oil block of Libya's Ghadames Basin, some 345 kilometres (214 miles) south of Tripoli. It said the A1-82/04 well is producing some 400 barrels of oil per day after initial testing. Tatneft was the first among Russian companies to make a foray into Libya's hydrocarbon market in 2005 when it won concession rights to work at Ghadames. At the end of 2006 it won the biggest share of Libya's third post-sanctions international licensing round, and is currently working at four blocks along with National Oil Corporation (NOC) of Libya under production sharing agreements. (Reporting by Vladimir Soldatkin; Editing by Peter Blackburn) Tatneft, NOC Strike Oil in Libya's Ghadames Basin Libyan National Oil Corporation 8/25/2009 Libya's NOC announced that Tatneft's Libyan Branch, the second party with NOC in an EPSA agreement, has drilled the A1-82/04 new field wildcat well to a total depth of 8,605 ft. The well encountered hydrocarbons and is located in the Ghadames Basin, approximately 354 km south of Tripoli. Initial production testing from the Ouan Kasa formation established 6

7 an oil flow. The A1-82/04 discovery well tested 36 feet of hydrocarbon net pay at an interval of between 5,900 and 5,908 feet at a rate of 400 bopd on a 32/64-inch choke. The tested oil gravity was 40 degrees API. Well A1-82/04 represents the first discovery in area 82, which was awarded by NOC in December Tatneft drilled the well as an operator under an EPSA agreement with NOC, which holds a first party interest of 89.5%, while the remaining 10.5% interest is held by Tatneft. Tatneft joy as Ghadames wildcat roars Russian player Tatneft and Libya's National Oil Corporation (NOC) have hit oil with their first wildcat drilled in Area 82 in Libya's Ghadames basin play. In a statement, NOC said the A1-82/04 wildcat was drilled to a total depth of 8605 feet, and hit hydrocarbons. The well hit 36 feet of net hydrocarbon pay at an interval of between 5900 and 5908 feet, in the Ouan Kasa formation. It flowed flowed 40 degree API crude at a rate of 400 barrels per day on a 32/64-inch choke during tests. Area 82 which was awarded by NOC in December Tatneft drilled the well as an operator under an exploration and production sharing agreement with NOC, which a 89.5% stake in the area. Tatneft holds the remaining 10.5%. 政 治 ( 欧 州 ) IRA による Canary Wharf 爆 破 事 件 の 生 存 者 が 近 い 将 来 リビアを 訪 問 し カダフィ 大 佐 に 賠 償 金 支 払 いを 要 求 する Friday, 28 August, 2009: A Survivor of the IRA's bombing of Canary Wharf is to head to Libya in the next few weeks to call on Colonel Gaddafi to give compensation. Jonathan Ganesh is one of a group aiming to urge the Libyan leader to compensate UK victims, amid claims the country supplied the Irish terrorist group with weapons. Jonathan, who was working as a security guard on the night in 1996 when Marsh Wall was attacked, lost friends Inam Bashir and John Jeffries in the blast, and suffered numerous injuries himself. He said: "I want to meet Colonel Gaddafi and explain to him what his actions have done to those affected by the terror." The group planning the trip in early October also includes victims' campaigners Willie Frazer and Michelle Williamson, MP's Jeffrey Donaldson, Nigel Dodds and Andrew Mackinlay, and lawyer Jason McCue, who recently submitted a civil writ through the US courts against Gaddafi. [Wharf] エネルギー( 石 油 ) リビアは Verenex の 権 益 取 得 に 関 し CNPC の 提 示 額 より 低 い 金 額 を 提 示 Libya bidding lower for Verenex against CNPCI LONDON, Aug Libya is interested in buying Verenex Energy Inc., Calgary, for a reduced price compared with the $499 million (Can.) offer put in by CNPC International Ltd. 7

8 (CNPCI). Reports suggest that the Libyans want a 10% discount and Verenex is frustrated with the blockage by the country s National Oil Corp. and the General People's Committee of Libya over the sale of the company to CNPCI. The date for CNPCI s purchase expired on Aug. 24, but neither party has ended the deal, Verenex said. The company is prepared to file a lawsuit against the Libyan authorities arguing that the consent cannot be unreasonably withheld. It is still in discussions with the Libyan authorities to reach an amicable solution to the current impasse. Verenex has warned that the sale terms might be changed or could be cancelled altogether. In March Verenex said it would temporarily reduce the pace of its exploration program in Libya from the original 2009 budget adopted in October 2008 (OGJ Online, Mar. 11, 2009). 政 治 ( 欧 州 ) 第 一 回 リビア イタリア 友 好 記 念 日 (8 月 30 日 )に 参 加 するためベルルスコーニ 首 相 を 代 表 とする 訪 問 団 約 300 名 がリビアを 訪 問 Friday, 28 August, 2009: (ANSAmed) - TRIPOLI, AUGUST 27 - About 300 Italians, in addition to Silvio Berlusconi, will arrive in Libya after being invited by the government to participate in the celebrations for the first Italy-Libya Friendship Day on Sunday, August 30. These are some of the same people who met with Muammar Gaddafi in the tent set up in Villa Pamphili during the colonel's recent visit to Rome. The people attending are all exiles, but are not all registered with the Association of Italians Repatriated from Libya (AIRL). Libyan Cultural Minister Nuri Hmedi will welcome them in the morning at the former Hotel Al Mehari, now the Radisson Blu. The minister will open the event with a 'Seminar to promote economic and cultural development between Italy and Libya' and the event will include a classic photography exhibit. Two sister Italian-Libyan and Libyan-Italian Friendship associations have organised the visit of the large Italian delegation, which during the stay will also visit the restored Italian cemetery in Tripoli, known as the 'Hammangi'. [ANSAmed] Sunday, 30 August, 2009: Libya is the biggest provider of crude oil to Italy by far and its sovereign wealth fund may yet prop up some large Italian companies, but Silvio Berlusconi is discovering - like Gordon Brown of the UK - that to deal with Muammer Gaddafi can be a double-edged sword. When he flies to Tripoli on Sunday, the Italian prime minister will be the first western head of government to greet the Libyan leader since the homecoming of the convicted Lockerbie bomber which has sparked a furore in the US and the UK. Oil and business ties are expected to top the agenda when Mr Berlusconi joins Colonel Gaddafi to celebrate the accord they forged a year ago under which Italy said it would pay $5bn ( 3.5bn, 3bn) during 25 years as reparations for its colonial rule, which lasted from 1911 to In return, Libya made a deal about boat people leaving its shores and is to give Italian 8

9 companies priority in infrastructure projects, such as Finmeccanica's aerospace venture with a Libyan fund and its award last month of a 541m railway signalling contract. [FT] Friday, 28 August, 2009: LIBYA IS the biggest provider of crude oil to Italy by far and its sovereign wealth fund may yet prop up some large Italian companies, but Silvio Berlusconi is discovering like Gordon Brown that dealing with Muammar Gadafy can be a double-edged sword. When he flies to Tripoli on Sunday, the Italian prime minister will be the first western head of government to greet the Libyan leader since the homecoming of the convicted Lockerbie bomber. But first, this evening, Mr Berlusconi has a related but potentially more important meeting closer to home, with Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, the Vatican s secretary of state. The dinner, after a festival bestowing absolution of sins, was intended be a reconciliation with the Catholic Church in the wake of harsh attacks by senior clerics on the 72-year-old tycoon s personal life, involving relationships with prostitutes and a teenager. [Irish Times] 政 治 (ロッカビー 事 件 ) メグラヒ 受 刑 者 を 末 期 がんという 理 由 で 釈 放 しリビアに 帰 国 させたスコットランド 政 府 は 正 しい 行 い をしたのだろうか? 治 癒 不 可 能 な 殺 人 者 に 対 して 慈 悲 を 与 えるべきであろうか? Thursday, 27 August, 2009: Scotland freed the terminally ill Lockerbie bomber last week so he could die at home in Libya. "Our beliefs dictate that justice be served, but mercy be shown," a Scottish official said. Did Scotland do the right thing? Should we have any mercy for mass murderers who are terminally ill? Scotland has made a mockery of justice. Ask the families of the 270 people al-megrahi murdered. By any measure, serving only eight years in prison for blowing up an airplane full of people is nothing short of scandalous. Surely there are appropriate ways to show mercy -- even to a terminally ill mass murderer: Scotland could have given him palliative medical care, could have allowed family visits, or even arranged for family to stay with al-megrahi during his last days. In his essay, "The Humanitarian Theory of Punishment," Christian writer C. S. Lewis argued that we ought to punish people for no other purpose than just deserts... [Washington Post] 政 治 ( 欧 州 ) スイスの Hans-Rudolf Merz 大 統 領 がリビアを 訪 問 し 謝 罪 したことを 受 けて リビアに1 年 以 上 拘 束 されていた2 人 のスイス 人 に 対 して 出 国 ビザが 承 認 された 当 局 の 話 では 出 国 に 際 しては 最 終 的 に 司 法 当 局 の 承 認 が 必 要 とのことである Thursday, 27 August, 2009: Two Swiss citizens detained for more than a year in Libya have been granted exit visas, nearly a week after a controversial diplomatic mission by Switzerland's president. Authorities said on Wednesday that the men still needed the permission of Libya's judicial authorities before they could leave. They confirmed a Swiss 9

10 government jet had landed in Libya's capital, Tripoli, on Tuesday. Swiss President Hans-Rudolf Merz received a written note from the Libyan prime minister, Al-Baghdadi Ali Al-Mahmoudi, on Wednesday assuring it was "a matter of time" before the men would be allowed out of the country, the finance ministry said. Merz holds the finance portfolio. Several media outlets reported on Tuesday that an aircraft had been dispatched and by Wednesday, photographers were camped outside Bern's airport. The cabinet did not confirm nor deny the reports following its weekly meeting on Wednesday morning. [Swiss Info] 政 治 (ロッカビー 事 件 ) 英 国 はブレア 首 相 が5 年 前 にリビアを 訪 問 して 以 来 リビアでのビジネス 機 会 を 着 実 に 広 げている たとえば BP は 石 油 探 鉱 作 業 を 開 始 したが 当 初 の 計 画 では9 億 ドル(5 億 4500 万 ポンド)を 投 資 し 石 油 発 見 に 至 れば 今 後 20 年 間 で200 億 ドルに 増 やす 予 定 Wednesday, 19 August, 2009: British business has been making steady inroads into Libya ever since Tony Blair began a diplomatic thaw five years ago, but investment in the energy industry is now poised to escalate sharply if promising oil and gas projects begin to pay off. BP has started a major oil exploration venture and is carrying out seismic tests to assess whether it can begin to move to more aggressive development of its fields. The company has already put out to tender the contracts for well construction and could begin drilling within the next year. "Our initial investment in the joint venture is $900m ( 545m) but if we find oil investment could rise to $20bn over the next two decades," a spokesman said. The friendly business relations are a far cry from when BP and Royal Dutch Shell were thrown out of the country when Libya nationalised overseas oil assets in [Guardian] Friday, 28 August, 2009: The release of the Lockerbie bomber triggered speculation that British energy companies trying to access Libya's oil wealth could soon hit a bonanza. But in reality, Big Oil is already there, and its interest in Libya is cooling. The initial enthusiasm that accompanied Libya's first rounds of oil licensing -- held soon after international sanctions were lifted in has worn off, a casualty of arbitrary laws, Draconian contractual terms and Byzantine bureaucracy. Since last week, when the Scottish government released Abdel Baset al-megrahi, the Libyan convicted eight years ago in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, there has been speculation that it was part of a political deal between London and Tripoli: In exchange for Mr. al-megrahi's release, Libya might make life easier for British companies, such as BP PLC and Royal Dutch Shell PLC, that want to do business in Libya. That theory is vehemently denied by both British and Scottish officials. [WSJ] 10

11 Sunday, 30 August, 2009: DURING the past year a small ship bristling with computers and seismic equipment has been crisscrossing the Gulf of Sidra, in the Mediterranean off the Libyan coast. Its mission: to help to find BP s next offshore oilfields. The company s search for oil off Libya and in a 20,000-mile area in the west of the country potentially offers as much as 15 billion in new revenue. But less than two years ago it was feared that the deal could founder - and the reason was wrangling over Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al-megrahi, the jailed Lockerbie bomber. BP was finally given the go-ahead six weeks after a volte-face by the British government to include Megrahi in a prisoner transfer agreement with Libya under which prisoners could serve out sentences in their home countries. Jack Straw, the justice secretary, revealed this decision in a letter to his Scottish counterpart. He cited wider negotiations and the overwhelming interests of the United Kingdom. [Times Online] パンナム 機 爆 破 受 刑 者 の 釈 放 英 閣 僚 がエネルギー 協 定 との 関 連 否 定 英 スコットランド 当 局 が 米 パンナム 機 爆 破 犯 のリビア 元 情 報 機 関 員 を 恩 赦 で 釈 放 したことについ て 英 国 のピーター マンデルソン 民 間 企 業 規 制 改 革 担 当 相 は22 日 釈 放 がリビアとのエネル ギー 協 定 締 結 に 向 けたものとする 見 方 を 否 定 した マンデルソン 担 当 相 は 英 政 府 がリビア 人 服 役 囚 の 釈 放 と 商 取 引 を 引 き 換 えにしたとの 考 えは ただ 誤 りというだけでなく 全 くあり 得 ないこと で 侮 辱 的 だ と 述 べた 米 パンナム 機 爆 破 事 件 は 1988 年 12 月 にスコットランドのロッカビー 上 空 で 発 生 し 計 270 人 が 死 亡 リビアのアルメグラヒ 元 情 報 機 関 員 が 実 行 犯 として 有 罪 判 決 を 受 けていた 元 情 報 機 関 員 の 帰 国 を 歓 迎 したリビアの 最 高 指 導 者 カダフィ 大 佐 は 今 回 の 恩 赦 について ブラウン 英 首 相 などに 謝 意 を 表 明 国 内 テレビに 対 し 今 後 両 国 間 の 関 係 があらゆる 分 野 で 進 展 するだろうと 語 った(ロイター ) Sunday, 23 August, 2009: The Business Secretary denied that the Government had done a deal to free Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al Megrahi, who was convicted of the 1988 terrorist atrocity that claimed 270 lives. However, his claims were contradicted by Saif Gaddafi, the son of the Libyan leader, in a conversation with Megrahi as the pair flew home from Glasgow. In a transcript obtained by The Sunday Telegraph, Mr Gaddafi tells Megrahi: You were on the table in all commercial, oil and gas agreements that we supervised in that period. You were on the table in all British interests when it came to Libya, and I personally supervised this matter. Also, during the visits of the previous prime minister, Tony Blair. [Telegraph] Saturday, 29 August, 2009: The pressure on Gordon Brown over the UK's dealings with Libya has intensified after Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's son said there was an "obvious" link 11

12 between their trade talks and efforts to release the man convicted of the Lockerbie bombing. The Tory leader, David Cameron, led a chorus of opposition complaints after Saif Gaddafi said it was "not a secret" that Libya's oil and trade talks with the UK were linked to its efforts to get Abdelbaset al-megrahi, jailed in 2001 for planting the bomb that killed 270 people, returned to Libya. The Tories, Liberal Democrats and senior SNP MPs said Brown now had to disclose all the details about ministerial meetings and dealings with the Libyan regime before Megrahi was released... [Guardian] ジャック ストロー 司 法 長 官 は 石 油 など 広 範 囲 のビジネスを 有 利 に 運 ぶため 彼 自 身 がメグラヒ 受 刑 者 の 釈 放 をスコットランド 政 府 に 承 認 したという 噂 を 否 定 Monday, 31 August, 2009: The justice secretary, Jack Straw, today denied fresh allegations that he gave the Scottish government the green light to release Abdelbaset al-megrahi, the man convicted of the Lockerbie bombing, in the "overwhelming interests" of wider trade and oil negotiations with the Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi. Alex Salmond's Scottish National party cabinet had the power to free Megrahi and could have refused to do so, said Straw, adding that "Libya could have done nothing about it" and Whitehall would not have interfered. He made his comments as hostility in Scotland over Megrahi's release threatened to damage the SNP strategy for an independence referendum. After publication of leaked letters purporting to show that Straw had reversed an earlier decision to exclude the Libyan agent convicted after a trial in the Netherlands in 2001 from the proposed 2007 UK-Libya prisoner transfer agreement (PTA), he admitted the issue had become a stumbling block. Libya had resisted that exclusion, and he had changed tack for that reason. [Guardian] 英 司 法 相 パンナム 機 爆 破 受 刑 者 釈 放 めぐる 密 約 を 否 定 8 月 31 日 10 時 51 分 配 信 CNN.co.jp ロンドン(CNN) パンナム 機 爆 破 事 件 でスコットランドで 服 役 中 だったリビア 元 情 報 機 関 員 アブデルバセト アルメグラヒ 元 受 刑 者 (57)の 釈 放 について ストロー 英 司 法 相 は 30 日 リビアと 英 国 との 間 に 石 油 探 査 権 絡 みの 密 約 があったとする 英 紙 報 道 を 全 面 否 定 し た 30 日 付 の 英 高 級 日 曜 紙 サンデー タイムズは 英 エネルギー 大 手 BP がリビアで 石 油 探 査 権 を 取 得 できるよう 英 政 府 がアルメグラヒ 氏 の 釈 放 を 容 認 したと 伝 えた ストロー 同 相 は この 報 道 内 容 が 事 実 無 根 だとしている ストロー 同 相 はまた リビア 人 受 刑 者 をリビアに 送 還 し 母 国 で 服 役 させる 協 定 の 対 象 から アルメグラヒ 氏 を 外 そうとして 失 敗 したことを 認 めた 同 相 はただし 同 氏 釈 放 が 人 道 的 立 場 に 基 く 措 置 であり リビア との 受 刑 者 送 還 協 定 とは 無 関 係 であると 強 調 した オバマ 政 権 のメンバーがメグラヒ 受 刑 者 の 釈 放 に 関 して 批 判 するコメント 12

13 Wednesday, 26 August, 2009: WASHINGTON - For days, members of the Obama administration have expressed outrage and threatened consequences for Libya s welcoming celebration of the man convicted in the 1988 Lockerbie airline bombing that killed 189 Americans. But United States officials conceded Monday that there was little they could do and that there remained the potential for an awkward encounter between President Obama and the Libyan leader, Col. Muammar el-qaddafi, at the United Nations General Assembly in September. It s not like we can send in the 82nd Airborne, said a United States official who, like others in this article, requested anonymity to speak about the limited options available to the Obama administration. [NYTimes] 政 治 ( 革 命 記 念 日 ) カダフィ 大 佐 は 9 月 1 日 の 無 血 革 命 40 周 年 記 念 行 事 でイタリア 空 軍 Tricolor Arrows によるア クロバット 飛 行 を 実 施 する 予 定 ベルルスコーニ 首 相 も 同 式 典 に 参 加 予 定 Wednesday, 26 August, 2009: MILAN, ITALY - Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi will celebrate the 40th anniversary of his military coup next month with an air show by one of the world s best aerobatic squads the Italian Air Force s Frecce Tricolori or Tricolor Arrows. The aerial homage to Qaddafi and other signs of Italian respect Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi intends to attend the Sept. 1 ceremony is yet more evidence of how Qaddafi has rehabilitated his image in Europe after being accused of bankrolling or harboring agents who carried out deadly attacks on civilians there in the 1980s. But it s also spurring strong criticism here in Italy. The opposition Democratic party says it objects to spending so much money honoring Mr. Qaddafi: How much does it cost us Italians to clear the image of the Libyan dictator? asked Sen. Marco Perduca. [CSMonitor] Thursday, 20 August, 2009: (ANSAmed) - ROME, AUGUST 19 - Silvio Berlusconi will be in Tripoli on August 30 to celebrate the first anniversary of the signing of the Italy-Libya Friendship, Partnership, and Cooperation Agreement signed by the two leaders a year ago in Bengasi, as he promised Gaddafi when he was invited to the event in March. The agreement ended the dispute over Italy's colonial past, with 5 billion USD in financing over 20 years and an apology from the Italian premier and was heralded as the beginning of "a new era". For this reason, August 30 in Libya has become the 'Day of Friendship between the people of Libya and Italy'. Two days later, in early September, Libya will celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Libyan revolution. [ANSAmed] 政 治 ( 米 国 ) カダフィ 大 佐 が 米 国 訪 問 する 際 に 滞 在 する 予 定 のベドウィン スタイルのテント 設 営 について 米 国 関 係 者 は 頭 を 痛 めている 滞 在 予 定 はニュージャージー 州 イングルウッドの 高 級 私 有 地 (リビア が 所 有 )であるが 同 州 にはロッカビー 事 件 の 犠 牲 者 遺 族 (23 名 の 遺 族 )が 住 んでいる 13

14 Wednesday, 26 August, 2009: WASHINGTON - In a bid to head off any embarrassing incidents, the State Department said Tuesday it is working with Libya to find a place for Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi to stay when he visits the United Nations next month. Libya has drawn criticism from families and friends of Americans who died in the 1998 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, because the only person convicted in the attack, a terminally ill Libyan, received a hero's welcome last week when he returned to his home country from a Scottish prison. Gadhafi might set up a Bedouin-style tent at a Libyan-owned estate in the upscale New Jersey suburb of Englewood to accommodate him and his entourage. Some of the families of victims of the Lockerbie bombing - 23 of the 259 people killed were from New Jersey - live nearby and local officials and residents have protested the idea. [AP] Wednesday, 26 August, 2009: NEW YORK (JTA) - Some New Jersey residents are protesting the planned visit of Libyan dictator Muammar Gadhafi to their state next month. News that Gadhafi is expected to stay at a private mansion owned by the Libyan government in Englewood, N.J. while attending the opening of the United Nations General Assembly next month has angered locals. Sen. Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.) on Monday said the Libyan leader "wasn't welcome" in the Garden State and requested travel restrictions be put in place limiting him to the U.N. headquarters district. "I believe the State Department should ensure that Col. Gadhafi s entry into the United States is for official U.N. business only and does not allow him to travel freely, Lautenberg wrote to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Englewood Mayor Michael Wildes has also decried the upcoming visit, saying that Englewood residents are "infuriated," according to Reuters. [JTA] Thursday, 27 August, 2009: WASHINGTON (CNN) - The State Department said Wednesday it continues to talk to Libyan officials about next month's visit to the New York area by Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi. Moammar Gadhafi often takes an ornate tent with him on trips, using it to entertain and hold meetings. State Department spokesman Ian Kelly continued to hold out the possibility of a compromise over Gadhafi's reported plans to pitch his Bedouin tent on the grounds of a Libyan diplomatic residence in suburban New Jersey during his visit to participate in the annual United Nations General Assembly. Gadhafi last week permitted a large welcome for Abdelbeset Ali Mohmed al Megrahi, the Libyan convicted of the bombing... [CNN] Friday, 28 August, 2009: Opposition is growing to nutty Libyan strongman Moammar Khadafy's plans to stay in a New Jersey suburb during an upcoming visit. Riled-up 14

15 neighbors in Englewood on Wednesday announced plans to rally Sunday against the dictator's visit, which would come just weeks after he gave a hero's welcome to the convicted bomber of Pan Am Flight 103. "I don't like the man and I don't think a terrorist should be here," said Jim O'Brien, who lives around the corner from the sprawling mansion owned by the Libyan government. Khadafy's first choice of accommodation is to pitch a giant bedouin tent in Central Park when he visits next month for a United Nations meeting. Assuming that plan is nixed, the tyrant of Tripoli wants to bring his wacky road show to Englewood. New Jersey Gov. Jon Corzine and several elected officials have blasted the idea, especially since so many of the victims of the Lockerbie terror attack were from the Garden State. [NY Daily News] Friday, 28 August, 2009: HOUSTON -- The international outcry over Scotland's release of the Libyan convicted of blowing up Pan Am Flight 103 is not letting up. New Jersey Gov. John Corzine said Wednesday that Libyan strongman Moammar "Gadhafi is not welcome in New Jersey." His plan nixed to camp in New York's Central Park during next month's United Nations General Assembly, Gadhafi now hopes to pitch his Bedouin tent on the grounds of a Libyan-owned estate in Englewood, N.J. Furor has mounted in the U.S. and U.K. over the hero's welcome given by Libya to Abdelbaset al-megrahi, who is dying of cancer, with politicians on both sides of the Atlantic calling for an investigation into whether al-megrahi's release was a condition of oil exploration contracts signed by Britain's BP in 2007 But let's get real here. It's not news that oil contracts sit at the intersection of commerce and politics. [Forbes] 政 治 ( 欧 州 ) 先 週 はカダフィ 大 佐 にとって 快 適 な1 週 間 であった ロッカビー 事 件 の 犯 人 を 帰 国 させただけでなく 世 界 で 最 も 好 戦 的 でない 国 といわれるスイスから 謝 罪 を 勝 ち 取 ったからである 昨 年 7 月 15 日 に カダフィ 大 佐 の 息 子 のハンニバルがジュネーブで 起 こした 暴 力 事 件 は リビアでは 許 されることか もしれないが 法 治 国 家 であるスイスでは 許 されることではない そのスイスから 謝 罪 を 勝 ち 取 っ たのである Wednesday, 26 August, 2009: Last week was a good one for Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. He not only succeeded in bringing home to a hero's welcome a terrorist who killed 270 innocent people over Lockerbie, Scotland, he also brought the world's least belligerent nation to its knees. It is a tale of national capitulation to thuggery and strong arm diplomacy. On July 15, 2008, Swiss authorities arrested Gaddafi's son Hannibal and his wife at a Geneva hotel for beating their two domestic employees. Hannibal has a rich criminal record in several European countries, including reckless driving, illegal possession of a firearm and alcohol abuse. In 2005, he was sentenced in France for causing bodily harm to his pregnant girlfriend, whom he later married. Beating one's employees may be acceptable in Libya but 15

16 for the law-abiding Swiss, Hannibal's actions were intolerable. Daddy Muammar was furious, demanding that Swiss authorities drop the charges and apologize. [Chicago Tribune] 政 治 (ロッカビー 事 件 ) メグラヒ 受 刑 者 の 釈 放 をめぐって スコットランド 政 府 は 不 慣 れな 国 際 政 治 舞 台 での 対 応 に 追 われ ている 米 国 はテロリズムに 報 酬 を 与 えるものだとの 批 判 を 向 けている スコットランドは 独 自 の 議 会 制 度 と 独 立 した 司 法 制 度 を 持 っている Monday, 24 August, 2009: LONDON, Aug 23 (Reuters) - Scotland, unaccustomed to the hot spotlight of international diplomacy, fought to justify its release of the Lockerbie bomber on Sunday, after a U.S. official angrily accused the country of rewarding terrorism. Scotland, which is part of the United Kingdom but has its own devolved powers, including its own parliament and a separate legal system, has been under assault since deciding on Thursday to free Abdel Basset al-megrahi, the Libyan who carried out the Lockerbie airline bombing, on compassionate grounds. The head of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Robert Mueller, wrote to Scotland's justice minister on Saturday accusing him of making a mockery of the rule of law and saying his much-criticised decision "rewards a terrorist". Scotland has jurisdiction because the Pan Am jet was blown up over Scotland on Dec. 21, 1988, killing 259 people on board -- most of them Americans... [Reuters] 政 治 (ロッカビー 事 件 ) 米 国 人 旅 行 社 がメグラヒ 受 刑 者 の 釈 放 を 決 定 したスコットランドへの 渡 航 をボイコットす る 動 き Monday, 24 August, 2009: Aug. 23 (Bloomberg) -- U.S. tourists threatened to boycott Scotland over the release of Lockerbie bomber Abdel Basset Ali al-megrahi, as Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond acknowledged the hurt caused by his government s decision. Al-Megrahi, 57, who is dying of prostate cancer, was greeted by cheering crowds on his return to Libya on Aug. 20 after being freed from prison on compassionate grounds. The decision was condemned as a mockery of the rule of law by FBI Director Robert Mueller and attacked by U.K. Prime Minister Gordon Brown s Labour Party. Al-Megrahi s reception was described as highly objectionable by President Barack Obama. Visit Scotland, the government-funded agency promoting tourism, received s from Americans saying they plan to cancel holidays and staff have been preparing for a backlash after the release of al-megrahi, spokeswoman Alison Robb said. [Bloomberg] 政 治 (ダルフール 問 題 ) 米 国 の Scott Gration 特 命 使 節 は 23 日 にカイロで 行 われたエジプト スーダン リビア 関 係 者 との 会 談 でリビアのダルフール 問 題 解 決 での 役 割 を 賞 賛 した Monday, 24 August, 2009: CAIRO - US envoy Scott Gration praised Libya's role in resolving the conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan at a meeting with Egyptian, Libyan and Sudanese 16

17 officials in Cairo Sunday. "I'm very impressed and very grateful to the role that the Libyans are playing not only in rebel unification but in bringing peace between Chad and Sudan," he said. "I see the Libyans have a very positive role... and we are very proud to be partners with the Libyans," he added. Gration also praised Egypt's role, after what he said were four-party talks involving Egypt, Libya, Sudan and the United States, hosted by Egypt's Foreign Minister Ahmed Abul Gheit and intelligence chief General Omar Suleiman. "Egypt has played such an important role in Sudan and we continue to look for the leadership and perspectives and input from our friends here in Egypt". [AFP] 政 治 ( 東 南 アジア) リビア 労 働 環 境 局 によれば リビア 国 内 で 被 害 を 受 けたフィリピン 人 労 働 者 は 他 の 企 業 に 再 就 労 することになる 見 込 み Monday, 24 August, 2009: THE DEPARTMENT of Labor and Employment (DoLE) yesterday said distressed overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) in Libya would be absorbed by other companies within the Middle Eastern country. In a statement, Labor Secretary Marianito D. Roque said five Libyan firms have told the DoLE that majority of the distressed OFWs were illegally transferred to their current work place with lower pay. The statement quoted Philippine labor attaché to Libya Nasser S. Mustafa as saying that Al Furusiya Contracting Co., United Engineering Co., Al Oula Co., Amal Africa Catering Co. and Al Taqaniya Al Handasia Al Adeetha would be hiring 93 of the 131 distressed OFWs. "The process started with the Al Furusiya Contracting Co., which hired 11 workers who received a full month salary in advance as provided by the said firm," said Mr. Mustafa. He added that 29 others have opted for repatriation to the Philippines. [Business World Online] 政 治 (ロッカビー 事 件 ) メグラヒ 受 刑 者 の 恩 赦 帰 国 はリビアと 米 国 の 関 係 を 以 前 に 戻 した リーバーマン 上 院 議 員 がコメント Monday, 24 August, 2009: WASHINGTON: The jubilant reception given Lockerbie airplane bomber has set back US-Libyan relations and deserves to be followed with diplomatic consequences, two prominent US lawmakers said yesterday. Senator Joe Lieberman, a leading congressional voice on foreign policy and security, called the hero s welcome that greeted Lockerbie bomber Abdelbaset Ali Mohmet al-megrahi in Libya last week a real setback for the anti-terrorist cause and takes our relations with Libya back to where they were for too long a bad place. Lieberman also called for an investigation into Scotland s decision to release terminally ill Megrahi on compassionate grounds, amid allegations that the action was part of a quid pro quo that would give British oil interest exploration rights in Libya. The suggestions that have followed. that there was an intermixing here of Megrahi s 17

18 fate with British interests and oil exploration in Libya are shocking, Lieberman told CNN. [The Peninsula] 政 治 (ロッカビー 事 件 ) 爆 破 犯 釈 放 で 対 英 関 係 強 化 =カダフィ 大 佐 が 謝 意 ( 時 事 通 信 ) 2009 年 8 月 23 日 ( 日 ) ロンドン 時 事 英 スコットランド 当 局 によるパンナム 機 爆 破 犯 のリビア 元 情 報 機 関 員 釈 放 を 受 け リビアの 最 高 指 導 者 カダフィ 大 佐 は21 日 夜 英 国 への 謝 意 を 示 すとともに 両 国 の 関 係 強 化 を 図 る 考 えを 示 した ロイター 通 信 が22 日 現 地 からの 報 道 として 伝 え た 報 道 によると カダフィ 大 佐 は 爆 破 犯 と 面 会 した 際 エリザベス 英 女 王 とブラウン 首 相 による 釈 放 に 向 けた 働 きかけ に 感 謝 その 上 で 釈 放 が 今 後 両 国 関 係 のあらゆる 分 野 で 前 向 きに 反 映 されるだろう と 述 べた Monday, 24 August, 2009: LONDON - Already badly shaken by American outrage and opprobrium over the release of the convicted Lockerbie airliner bomber, the British government faced fresh embarrassment on Saturday after the Libyan leader, Col. Muammar el-qaddafi, met with the newly liberated prisoner in Tripoli and thanked Prime Minister Gordon Brown of Britain, my friend, for interceding with the Scottish government to let the man go. Colonel Qaddafi made his remarks as British and Scottish officials were doing their best to distance themselves from Mr. Megrahi s release, which they insisted was decided without any pressure from London by Scotland s justice secretary, and based solely on compassion for Mr. Megrahi s terminal cancer, not Britain s desire for multibillion-dollar Libyan oil contracts. The Scottish government also faced fresh criticism from the United States, with the F.B.I. director, Robert S. Mueller III, condemning the release... [NYTimes] Sunday, 23 August, 2009: In the public eye, the worst terrorist atrocity ever carried out in Britain, the murder of 270 people, remains a crime unsolved. Its perpetrators are unpunished. The one man convicted of the bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie in 1988 was last week released from a Scottish jail. Abdelbaset al-megrahi was given a hero's welcome in Libya, where he is now free to die from the cancer that was the ostensible reason for his release on compassionate grounds. That the regime of Muammar Gaddafi would seek to make political theatre out of Megrahi's homecoming was inevitable. That is one of the Libyan regime's preferred styles of diplomacy. The implied message is that the ailing bomber was a hostage of the west, freed by some ingenious stratagem of the country's "brotherly leader". [Guardian] Saturday, 22 August, 2009: PARIS - Sometime back, a reporter visiting Libya made a phone call to an American there whom the authorities wanted to keep quiet, in public at least. 18

19 Almost before the reporter had lowered the handset, the phone rang. If the journalist persisted with his overtures, said an official who had secretly monitored the conversation, he would be dealt with by the Libyan method. There was no ambiguity about what that might mean. In the 1980s, Col. Muammar el-qaddafi ran what Dana Moss, an expert on the relationship between Libya and the United States, called a rogue regime which used terror as its main tactic of foreign policy. The tally of atrocities stretched from the bombing of the La Belle nightclub in Berlin in 1986 to the downing of airliners. Even before the visit to Tripoli, the same reporter had met in Hamburg with a German gun runner who freely admitted arranging a shipment of Libyan weapons destined for the Irish Republican Army. [NYTimes] Saturday, 22 August, 2009: Libya's past and present collided in an untidy heap on the tarmac of Tripoli airport, where the long-engrained instinct to celebrate a victory over the west tussled with the new-found need to hold on to the country's tenuous respectability. The result was both noisy and messy. A flag-waving extravaganza was painstakingly prepared and then hastily dismantled in the middle of the show. It is not clear what brought about the abrupt reversal. The triumphal hero's return could have been the brainchild of Muammar Gaddafi's flamboyant son, Saif al-islam, with an eye to currrying favour among Libyan nationalists, and may have been cancelled when his father found out about it. Or the ageing leader himself could have had a last minute change of mind. It is possible he only belatedly came across the personal appeal from Gordon Brown to tone down the celebrations. The whims of dictatorships are usually hard to fathom. But whatever the reason, the about-turn came too late to stop pictures of the event ricocheting around the world, scarring Libya's prodigal image. [Guardian] 政 治 (ロッカビー 事 件 ) パンナム 機 爆 破 犯 リビア 帰 国 ~スコットランドの 慈 悲 米 の 怒 り-2009 年 8 月 22 日 ( 土 ) 産 経 新 聞 1988 年 の 米 パンアメリカン 航 空 ( 通 称 パンナム) 機 爆 破 事 件 で 終 身 刑 に 服 していたリ ビア 人 元 将 校 が 英 スコットランド 司 法 当 局 の 温 情 措 置 で 釈 放 され20 日 夜 10 年 ぶりに 祖 国 リビアの 地 を 踏 み 熱 狂 的 な 歓 迎 を 受 けた 死 者 270 人 のうち180 人 の 犠 牲 者 を 出 した 米 国 は テロ 犯 釈 放 に 怒 りをあらわにした 一 方 独 立 した 司 法 権 を 持 つスコッ トランド 当 局 は 末 期 がんを 患 う 元 将 校 への 慈 悲 を 強 調 し 多 くの 州 で 死 刑 が 残 る 米 国 の 厳 罰 主 義 との 違 いを 際 立 たせた 余 命 3カ 月 を 理 由 に スコットランドの 刑 務 所 から 釈 放 されたアルメグラヒ 元 情 報 将 校 (57)はリビア 最 高 指 導 者 カダフィ 大 佐 の 次 男 に 付 き 添 われ 特 別 機 で 帰 国 した 首 都 トリポリの 空 港 では 数 千 人 がリビア 国 旗 やスコットランドの 旗 を 振 って 歓 迎 した 元 将 校 は 改 めて 爆 破 事 件 への 関 与 を 否 定 し リビアに 帰 ることができて 安 堵 しているが 恐 ろしい 試 練 は 終 わらない 解 放 されるのは 死 の 時 だ と 語 った 19

20 4 月 にリビアとの 間 で 受 刑 者 引 き 渡 し 条 約 を 結 んだ 英 政 府 には リビアの 要 望 で 元 将 校 を 引 き 渡 す 準 備 を 進 めており テロ 犯 が 出 国 するのを 見 逃 した と 厳 しい 批 判 が 向 けられ た このため ミリバンド 英 外 相 は21 日 朝 英 BBC 放 送 で スコットランド 当 局 の 判 断 であることを 改 めて 強 調 今 後 のリビアの 対 応 が 国 際 社 会 への 復 帰 を 判 断 する 材 料 にな る と 元 将 校 を 英 雄 視 する 同 国 を 牽 制 した 英 国 では 歴 史 的 な 沿 革 からイングランド ウェールズ スコットランド 北 アイルラ ンド 各 地 方 で 複 雑 な 違 いが 残 っている スコットランドは1707 年 に 大 ブリテン 王 国 に 組 み 込 まれた 際 議 会 は 廃 止 されたが 大 陸 法 系 の 司 法 裁 判 制 度 は 維 持 されたため 司 法 の 独 立 へのこだわりが 一 段 と 強 い スコットランド 行 政 府 のマカスキル 司 法 長 官 は20 日 ( 英 政 府 の 関 与 を 意 味 する) 受 刑 者 引 き 渡 し 条 約 の 適 用 を 明 確 に 否 定 その 上 で スコットランド 人 は 慈 悲 を 誇 りにしてい る 正 義 は 執 行 されなければならないが 死 にゆく 人 には 慈 悲 が 必 要 だ と 述 べた 同 司 法 当 局 者 の1 人 も 本 紙 に スコットランドでは 死 ぬまで 刑 務 所 で 服 役 する 例 は 皆 無 だ と 指 摘 した 欧 州 連 合 (EU) 加 盟 国 は 米 国 とは 違 い 死 刑 を 廃 止 している 終 身 刑 といっても ド イツやフランスでは15~18 年 服 役 すれば 仮 出 獄 を 申 請 できる 元 将 校 は 最 低 服 役 期 間 が27 年 の 終 身 刑 だった スコットランド 同 様 の 温 情 措 置 を 認 めている 国 もあるが 英 市 民 団 体 によると イングランド 地 方 の 刑 務 所 で 自 然 死 した 人 のうち 約 20%が 終 身 刑 で 服 役 中 だったといい スコットランドほど 徹 底 していないのが 実 情 のようだ Wednesday, 26 August, 2009: LONDON, Aug. 25 (UPI) - British Prime Minister Gordon Brown says the Lockerbie bomber's rousing reception in Libya was repulsive but he would still work with Libya against terrorism. In his first public comment on the matter, Brown Tuesday said he was upset by the celebratory welcome home for Abdelbaset Ali al-megrahi, who was released from a Scottish prison last week on humanitarian grounds because he has terminal cancer. Brown would not speak directly about the Scottish government's decision to free Megrahi because the British government had no direct role in it, The Guardian reported. "Because it was a quasi-judicial matter, because it was a matter legislated for by the Scottish parliament and not by us, it was a matter over which we could not interfere and had no control over the final outcome," he said. [UPI] 8 月 22 日 AFP 1988 年 に 英 スコットランド(Scotland)のロッカビー(Lockerbie) 上 空 で 発 生 し 270 人 が 死 亡 したパンアメリカン(Pan Am) 航 空 103 便 の 爆 破 事 件 で 唯 一 有 罪 となり 終 身 刑 を 受 けてスコットランドで 服 役 していたリビアの 元 情 報 機 関 員 アブデ ルバセト アル メグラヒ(Abdelbaset Ali Mohmet Al-Megrahi) 元 受 刑 者 (57)が 20 日 リビアに 帰 国 した スコットランドのケニー マカスキル(Kenny MacAskill) 司 法 長 官 は 同 日 メグラヒ 受 刑 者 を 温 情 的 措 置 によって 釈 放 したと 発 表 していた 20 日 夜 20

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