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1 Ito Nobuhiro In Marshall s Principles of Economics, the relationship between Book V, equilibrium theory and Book VI, distribution theory has not been well-investigated. This paper aims to reexamine Marshall s theory of monopoly and present an interpretation that his defense of monopoly is closely related to the idea of economic chivalry. Marshall shows that a monopolistic firm considers consumers surplus and does not pursue profit maximization in the short run. A study of economic chivalry in Book VI is essential to understand behaviour of monopolistic firm in Book V constructionmarshall p.324

2 Expenses of production 2007

3 Monopoly PriceMarshallMarshall p.180 Cost of Production effortsabstinencesmarshallmarshall p.73 MarshallMarshall p.74c. f. Marshall p.339 Marshall1920p.484 Marshall1920p Marshall1919p.168

4 Marshall1920p DD SS Ox DD Schumpeter p.82

5 SS P 1P 2 MP 3P 2P 1 P 3 P 3 QQmonopoly revenue curve QQ q 3 Ox Lq 3 OLLq 3 q 3 OL Lq 1 Lq 2 q 1q 2 Lq 3 OL OL Lq 3 constant revenue curves OX OY 3422 y = f 1(x) y = f 2(x)xf 1(x) - xf 2(x) average revenue curve of a seller Robinson1933p Marshall p.855

6 Marshall p.856 y x z xy xz MarshallMarshall p.181n 34 z(x) f 2(x) Marshall p.856 Marshall p.374 Marshall p.346 Marshall monopoly net revenue areas Robinson1933p.54n

7 p Marshall p xf 1(x) - xf 2(x) q 3 x OL q 1 10 q 1 11 SS 34 q SS

8 SSDD Marshall p.485 Marshall1919pp

9 Marshall p.487 Marshall1919p.406 Marshall1919p Marshall p Marshall1907 Marshall p.719

10

11 14 Marshall, A.1907Social Possibilities of Economic Chivalry in Memorials of Alfred Marshall, ed. by Pigou, A. C. 1925, pp Industry and Trade (1890)Principles of Economics: An Introductory Volume, 8th edition. (1st ed. 1890) Alfred Marshall Principles of Economics Ninth (Variorum) Edition with Annotations by C. W. Guillebaud, Volume II Note. Marshall, A.Marshall, M. P.1881 (1879)Economics of Industry, 2nd edition. (1st ed. 1879) Robinson, J.1933The Economics of Imperfect Competition

12 Schumpeter, J. A.1950 (1942)Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, 3rd edition. (1st ed. 1942)

4 8 6 1 1 4 8 2001, 3 2 Marshall [1890]1920, 240 19 1 2001 2008 1990 1997 2007 2 Marshall [1890]1920

4 8 6 1 1 4 8 2001, 3 2 Marshall [1890]1920, 240 19 1 2001 2008 1990 1997 2007 2 Marshall [1890]1920 8 2011. 3 199 213 D. H. D. H. 1877-1953 The Evolution of Industry 1911 1904 1908 1919 1922 45 1906 Industrial Combination 2009 20 4 8 6 1 1 4 8 2001, 3 2 Marshall [1890]1920, 240 19 1 2001 2008 1990 1997

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