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1 聞 き 取 りの 練 習 Listen and Learn Build vocabulary through listening and reading 1) Audio file at full (normal) speed 2) Audio file at slower speed 3) PDFs of the text with and without furigana 4) Glossary & vocabulary explained While these lessons are designed for intermediate to advanced students, beginners can get a lot out of it as well. BEGINNER LEVEL Review the vocabulary in the glossary and go through the text with furigana. Then try listening to the slower audio file while reading from the text. INTERMEDIATE LEVEL Try the audio file at normal speed alone, then listen to the slower speed with the text in front of you before turning to the glossary. ADVANCED LEVEL If you want to concentrate on improving your listening, try the normal audio file without the text. Otherwise you may want read the text before hearing the pronunciation to test your kanji pronunciation ability. Please send us your comments and suggestions for future subjects.

2 こいのぼり 5 月 5 日 は こどもの 日 です この 日 は 昔 から 端 午 の 節 句 といわれ 男 の 子 の 健 康 と 成 長 を 祝 う 日 とされてい ます 家 の 中 には 鎧 兜 や 武 者 人 形 が 飾 ら れ 庭 にはこいのぼりが 立 てられました 鯉 は 川 の 流 れに 逆 らって 上 る 力 強 い 魚 で 日 本 では 出 世 魚 と 呼 ばれ 縁 起 のよいものとされています 鯉 のよう に 力 強 く 育 ってほしいという 願 いが 込 め られていると 考 えられています また この 日 には 柏 餅 やちまきが 好 んで 食 べら れます これは 柏 の 葉 で 包 んだあんこ 入 りの 餅 や 笹 の 葉 で 巻 いた 餅 を 蒸 した お 菓 子 です

3 ごがつ いつか 5 月 5 日 は こどもの 日 です ひ むかし たんご せっく この 日 は 昔 から 端 午 の 節 句 と おとこ こ けんこう せいちょう いわ いわれ 男 の 子 の 健 康 と 成 長 を 祝 う ひ いえ なか 日 とされています 家 の 中 には よろいかぶと むしゃにんぎょう かざ 鎧 兜 や 武 者 人 形 が 飾 られ にわ た 庭 にはこいのぼりが 立 てられました こい かわ なが さか のぼ 鯉 は 川 の 流 れに 逆 らって 上 る ちからづよ さかな にほん しゅっせうお 力 強 い 魚 で 日 本 では 出 世 魚 よ えんぎ と 呼 ばれ 縁 起 のよいものとされて そだ います 鯉 のように 力 強 く 育 ってほ ねが こ しいという 願 いが 込 められていると かんが 考 えられています また この 日 に かしわもち この た は 柏 餅 やちまきが 好 んで 食 べられま かしわ は つつ す これは 柏 の 葉 で 包 んだあんこ い もち ささ は ま もち む 入 りの 餅 や 笹 の 葉 で 巻 いた 餅 を 蒸 かし したお 菓 子 です つつんだり tsutsundari wrapped (and such) 笹 の 葉 sasa no ha bamboo leaves (bamboo leaves) ひ 巻 いたもち maita mochi Mochi wrapped with むした mushita steamed お 菓 子 okashi candy Glossary 5 月 5 日 gogatsu itsuka May 5th こどもの 日 kodomo no hi Children s day この 日 はkono hi wa as for that day 昔 からmukashi kara from a long time 端 午 の 節 句 tango no sekku another name for May 5th といわれ to iware is called 男 の 子 otoko no ko boy 健 康 kenkou health 成 長 seichou growth 祝 う 日 iwau hi day to celebrate 家 の 中 ie no naka inside a house 鎧 兜 yoroikabuto samurai armor/helment 武 者 人 形 musha ningyou warrior doll 飾 られ kazarare displayed 庭 niwa garden 鯉 のぼり koinobori Carp kite/flag 立 てられました tateraremashita is stood up, erected 鯉 koi Koi fish, carp 川 の 流 れに kawa no nagare ni flow of river 逆 らって 上 る sakaratte noboru climb against (flow of water) 力 強 い 魚 chikara zuyoi sakana strong fish 日 本 nihon Japan 出 世 魚 shusse uo successful fish [shusse means to succeed, advance in life] と 呼 ばれ to yobare is called 縁 起 のよいもの engi no yoi mono lucky 育 ってほしい sodatte hoshii want to be raised という 願 いが 込 められている to iu negai ga komerareteiru make such a wish と 考 えられています to kangaerareteimasu it is thought... また mata also 柏 餅 kashiwa mochi Mochi (rice cake) wrapped in oak leaf ちまき chimaki Mochi wrapped in bamboo leaves 好 んで kononde liked, to be fond of 食 べられます taberaremasu is eaten 柏 の 葉 Kashiwa no ha oak leaf あんこ anko bean jam/paste 入 り iri added (anko) もち mochi Mochi, rice cake

4 Translation Notes 1) こどもの 日 was once just for boys (hence the 鯉 のぼり) but to be fair to the girls, it was changed to こともの 日. There is still a day specifically for girls on March Third (3-3, also called 桃 の 節 句 momo no sekku) called ひな 祭 り (doll festival) 2) 端 午 の 節 句 is May fifth (5-5) while the girls 桃 の 節 句 is March third (3-3) 3) とされています or といわれ and similar passive phrases are often used to explain cultural traditions. This is similar to the English they said... 4) Notice the trailing い in 力 強 い which tells us the reading will be the 訓 読 み. The つよい adds a ten-ten to become ちからづよい 5) 縁 起 のよいもの (or 縁 起 がよい)is a set phrase meaning lucky and usually deals with being superstitious; 縁 起 の 悪 いもの would be the opposite. 縁 起 をかつぐ is to be superstitious 6) 願 いを 込 める is a set phrase/idiom meaning to make a wish. The fulfillment of a wish is 願 いがかなう dreams come true 7) Chchan45 from thejapanesepage.com mentioned this important point: Also learners of Japanese should be informed that the following kanji are not in commonly used (i.e. they are outside 常 用 漢 字 ). 鯉 (こい) 餅 (もち) 鎧 兜 (よろいかぶと) 柏 (かしわ) 粽 (ちまき)

5 鯉 のぼり are displayed outside houses that have young boys. Usually it is 3 or more Koi (carp) kites attached to a pole or string. As the wind blows the koi climb in the wind. Questions: Answer the following after listening and/or reading the script 1) What day is こどもの 日? 2) What is celebrated on that day? 3) What are traditional decorations for the day? 4) Why are koi a symbol of strength and success? 5) What are two types of leaves used to wrap mochi? 兜 鎧 Answers: 1) May 5th 2) Boys health and growth 3) (yoroi kabuto samurai armor and helmets) and (musha ningyou warrior dolls) 4) Because they climb rivers against the current 5) Oak and Bamboo 形 人 者 武

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