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1 B0TB

2 [1], B0TB2053, i

3 ii

4 1 Web (1) i ϕ i (1) ϕ i (1) [2] (2) (2) j (ϕ j ) [3] [4, 5] 1

5 (2) [1]

6 2 [3] [4, 5] [6, 1] 2.1 [7] Salience Reference List (SRL) [3] SRL SRL 2.2 [7] [8] [4] [5] 3

7 [9] [10] (3)a. (3)b. (3) a. ϕ b. ϕ [6, 1] [11] [6] (4)a. (4)b. (4) a. ϕ 4

8 b [1] (5) (5) 1 1 5

9 1:

10 (6) (6) (ϕ ) (6) 2 [12] (7)a,b 7

11 2: (7) a. b. (7)a (7)b 3 (7)a,b 3 1 3:

12 [13] [14] (8)a1. a2. b1. b2. c1. c2. (8)a (8)b (8)c (8)a (8)a (8)c web (8)a1 9

13 4 4: [12]

14 (9) a. b. (9)a,b (9)b 5 (9)a 2 5:

15 p,q Sim(p, q) Sim(p, q) = cos(p, q) = p(x)q(x) p(x) q(x) n h i H = h 1, h 2,..., h n n p n H Score sim (p, H) = max i Sim(p, h i ) Score sim (, {, }) = max({score sim (, ), Score sim (, )}) = max({ , }) =

16 (9)a 2 (10) ϕ 20 (10) Score sim (, ) Score sim (, ) 2 Score sim (, ) = Score sim (, ) = ,

17 MRR = 1 N n N 1 rank(n) N rank(n) n web 60 CaboCha 0.66[15] 5,895,225, ,260,929 NAIST 1.5 [16] 7854 NAIST

18 version MRR 1 6 MRR : MRR, 1 MRR MRR 1 MRR

19 : web

20 5 17

21 18

22 [1],,... SLP,, Vol. 2011, No. 10, pp. 1 8, may [2] Ryu Iida, Kentaro Inui, and Yuji Matsumoto. Exploiting syntactic patterns as clues in zero-anaphora resolution. In Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computational Linguistics and the 44th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL-44, pp , Stroudsburg, PA, USA, Association for Computational Linguistics. [3] Ryu Iida, Kentaro Inui, Hiroya Takamura, and Yuji Matsumoto. Incorporating contextual cues in trainable models for coreference resolution. In In Proceedings of the EACL Workshop on The Computational Treatment of Anaphora, pp , [4],,. ( )., Vol. 45, No. 3, pp , mar [5] Kenji Imamura, Kuniko Saito, and Tomoko Izumi. Discriminative approach to predicate-argument structure analysis with zero-anaphora resolution. [6],.. 16, Vol. 16, pp , mar [7] Barbara J. Grosz, Scott Weinstein, and Aravind K. Joshi. Centering: A framework for modeling the local coherence of discourse. Computational Linguistics, Vol. 21, pp , [8] Niyu Ge, John Hale, and Eugene Charniak. A statistical approach to anaphora resolution. In In Proceedings of the Sixth Workshop on Very Large Corpora, pp ,

23 [9]., [10] Ryu Iida, Kentaro Inui, and Yuji Matsumoto. Zero-anaphora resolution by learning rich syntactic pattern features [11] Roger C. Schank and Robert P. Abelson. Scripts, Plans, Goals and Understanding: an Inquiry into Human Knowledge Structures. L. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, [12].., [13].. 11, Vol. 11, pp , mar [14],,,. : ( )., Vol. 47, No. 6, pp , jun [15],.. Vol. 43, No. 6, pp , [16],,,,. : Naist., Vol. 17, No. 2, pp ,

2006 3

2006 3 JAIST Reposi https://dspace.j Title 質問の曖昧性を考慮した質問応答システムに関する研 究 Author(s) 松本, 匡史 Citation Issue Date 2006-03 Type Thesis or Dissertation Text version author URL http://hdl.handle.net/10119/1986 Rights Description

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