橡学術用語集;鄭、金水、高宮、岡崎.PDF

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1 a-series ambiguousness aspect Arabic disassimilate change of location motion activity intentionality intentional meaning semantic function semantic opposition semantic map semantic criterion semantic base semantic contiguity semantic transitivity semantic factors semantic representation semantic change semantic role event segment sense of incongruity causality passive sentence 83

2 embedding structure exclamatory energy long-distance supervision Origami model construal interpretation exaptation case relation kaku-series case particle case marker mold-growth model Korean indirect passive indirect participant indirect caus ation indirectness indirect interjectional particle supervision supervision sociative causation idealistic use desiderative hearer function form of interrogative expression function of interrogative expression canonical causative construction objective adversative, concessive emphatic form emphatic causative spatio overlap 84

3 spatio-temporal overlap ku constructin form formal formal noun form adjective resultative construction caused event result state valency valency increase valency-changing causing event causer language change factual event lexicalization, semanticization lexical meaning lexical result state lexical causative lexical causative form argument action, activity action verb opponent of action argument structure alternation switch reference ko-series old Japanese ( Heian period) control reflexive reflexive pronoun 85

4 reflexive construal rule reflexive marker sa-series participant arbitrariness causative, causation causing action causative form causative form causative construction causer causative situation causative verb causative morpheme causal chain temporal overlap demonstrative demonstrative pronoun demonstrative adverb event structure event construal event construal model material implication empathy constraint of empathy intransitive verb spontaneous social conventional social stereotype benefactive construction conclusive, final, ending conclusive form, final form, ending form scope of modification final particle nominative case predicate 86

5 protagonist protagonist salient hierarchy preparation preparatory action preparatory situation anaphora anaphoric use stativity situation manipulation conditional sentence state verb change of state verb focus information-carrying initial state predication auxiliary verb psych verb sociative causation inference produc tive productive causative productive causative form generative semantics responsibility conjunctive form conjunctive particle antecedent preceding clause potential unit potent omnipotent causative manipulative causation so-series existence 87

6 correlation accusative case noun object patient contrastive study pronoun polysemous multilayer structure defocused causee accomplishment verb transitive verb transitive sentence transitivity single event simple sentence structure intermediate middle middle category deictic use direct causation directness directness dimension direct definition degree adverb event event-noun phrase action chain te-form typical synonym relation motivation syntactic phenomenon syntactic structure 88

7 syntactic base syntactic representation agent agentivity verb achievement verb inversion joint-action derivational suffix speech-act speech-act verb speaker speaker s knowledge paradigm rhetorical question, rhetorical negation counter-factuality reaction unintentional non-causality adversity non-canonical causative construction non colloquial expression non-causative form causee non-causative verb evaluation marking bleaching billiard-ball model adverb phrase adverbial use complex sentence common noun universal tendency 89

8 discontent writing form structure of text grammaticalization, grammaticization grammatical subject context contextual meaning contextual result state contextual effect distribution assistive assistive sociative causation complementizer main verb mismatch daughter language proposition imperative metaphor metonymy purpose sentence modality factor dative case reasoning sentence sphere historical change continuum attributive form attributive clause 90

9 adverbial a a-series accomplishment verb accusative case achievement verb action action chain action verb adjective adverb phrase adverbial adverbial use adversative adversity agent agentivity alternation ambiguousness anaphora anaphoric use antecedent Arabic arbitrariness argument argument structure aspect assistive assistive sociative causation attributive clause attributive form auxiliary verb 91

10 b benefactive construction billiard-ball model bleaching c canonical causative construction case marker case particle case relation causal chain causality causative causative construction causative form causative form causative morpheme causative situation causative verb caused event causee causer causer causing action causing event change of location change of state verb common noun complementizer complex sentence concessive conclusive conclusive form conditional sentence conjunctive form conjunctive particle 92

11 constraint of empathy construal context contextual effect contextual meaning contextual result state continuum contrastive study control correlation counter-factuality d dative case daughter language definition defocused cause degree adverb deictic use demonstrative demonstrative adverb demonstrative pronoun derivational suffix desiderative direct direct causation directness directness dimension disassimilate discontent distribution e embedding structure empathy emphatic causative 93

12 emphatic form ending form energy evaluation event event construal event construal model event segment event structure event-noun phrase exaptation exclamatory existence f factor factual event final form final particle focus form form form of interrogative expression formal formal noun function function of interrogative expression g generative semantics grammatical subject grammaticalization h hearer historical change 94

13 i idealistic use imperative indirect indirect causation indirect participant indirect passive indirectness inference information-carrying initial state intentional intentionality interjectional particle intermediate interpretation intransitive verb inversion j joint-action k kaku-series Korean ko-series ku constructin l language change lexical causative lexical causative form lexical meaning lexical result state lexicalization long-distance supervision 95

14 m main verb manipulative causation marking material implication meaning metaphor metonymy middle middle category mismatch modality mold-growth model motion activity motivation multilayer structure n nominative case non colloquial expression non-canonical causative construction non-causality non-causative form non-causative verb noun o object objective old Japanese (Heian period) omnipotent causative opponent of action Origami model p paradigm 96

15 participant passive sentence patient polysemous potent potential unit preceding clause predicate predication preparation preparatory action preparatory situation productive productive causative productive causative form pronoun proposition protagonist protagonist salient hierarchy psych verb purpose sentence r reaction reasoning sentence reflexive reflexive construal rule reflexive marker reflexive pronoun responsibility result state resultative construction rhetorical negation rhetorical question 97

16 s sa-series scope of modification semantic base semantic change semantic contiguity semantic criterion semantic factors semantic function semantic map semantic opposition semantic representation semantic role semantic transitivity sense of incongruity simple sentence structure single event situation manipulation so- series social conventional social stereotype sociative causation spatio overlap spatio-temporal overlap speaker speaker's knowledge speech-act speech-act verb sphere spontaneous state verb stativity structure of text supervision supervision sociative causation switch reference 98

17 synonym relation syntactic base syntactic phenomenon syntactic representation syntactic structure t te-form temporal overlap transitive sentence transitivity typical u unintentional universal tendency v valency valency increase valency-changing verb w writing form 99

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