自然言語処理21_249

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "自然言語処理21_249"

Transcription

1 1,327 Annotation of Focus for Negation in Japanese Text Suguru Matsuyoshi This paper proposes an annotation scheme for the focus of negation in Japanese text. Negation has a scope, and its focus falls within this scope. The scope of negation is the part of the sentence that is negated. The focus of negation is the part of the scope that is prominently negated. In natural language processing, correct interpretation of negated statements requires precise detection of the focus of negation in the statements. As a foundation for developing a focus detector, we have annotated a part of Rakuten Travel: User Review Data and a part of a newspaper subcorpus of the Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese, with our annotation scheme. In this scheme, a negation cue in the text data is linked to the focus by annotation with identifying clues. These clues include focus particles such as wa and shika, and other expressions in the context. We report 1,327 negation cues and the foci in the corpora. Key Words: Negation, Focus of Negation, Corpus Annotation, Modality, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi

2 Vol. 21 No. 2 April MeCab 1 JUMAN 2 CaboCha 3 KNP 4 5 KNP SynCha 6 ( 2007) (1) [ ] (2) [ ] (1) (1) (2) (1) (2) (1) (2) ryu-i/syncha/ 250

3 ( 2007; Blanco and Moldovan 2011a) 2 ( 2009) (Huddleston and Pullum 2002; 2010; 2007) ( 2007, 2009) ( 1986; 1999; 2009; 2009) BioScope (Vincze, Szarvas, Farkas, Móra, and Csirik 2008) not without Morante 251

4 Vol. 21 No. 2 April 2014 (Morante, Liekens, and Daelemans 2008) Li BioScope (Li, Zhou, Wang, and Zhu 2010) *SEM Shared task 1 Conan Doyle 8 ( 2011) Blanco PropBank (Babko-Malaya 2005) (Blanco and Moldovan 2011a) (1) not MNEG (2) MNEG (3) A0, A1, A2, TMP, LOC 9 Blanco (Blanco and Moldovan 2011a, 2011b) *SEM 2012 Shared task 1 10 Rosenberg 4 (Rosenberg and Bergler 2012) 1 ( 2010) MNEG

5 3.1 (BCCWJ) (3) [PN1a 00002] (4) [PN2f 00002] (5) [PN2f 00003] (6) [PN4g 00001] 1 ( 2007) 13 (3) (4) (5) (6) WHO 11 center/bccwj/ 12 PN BCCWJ 13 c- ( 2010; 2006) 253

6 Vol. 21 No. 2 April 2014 ( 2007; Blanco and Moldovan 2011a) (5) (4) ( 1989; 2007) 1 (7) [PN1b 00004]

7 2 ( 1998; 2000) ( 1989; 1998) 3.4 (8) [PN2f 00002] (9) [PN2g 00004] (10) [PN3b 00004] (8) (9) (10) ( 2007) 14 (8) (10) 14 ( 2007) 255

8 Vol. 21 No. 2 April ( 2007) (11) (12) (11) [PN1e 00004] (12) [PN1b 00002] 3.5 ( 2009) (13) [PN3d 00003] (14) [PN3b 00004] (13) (14) (14) 256

9 (14) 3.1 (13) 3.1 (13 ) (13 ) [ ] ( 2009) (15) [PN1e 00003] ( 1986; 1999; 2009; 2009) 2 2 ( 1999) (16) [( 1999) p. 29]

10 Vol. 21 No. 2 April ( 2007) i j (17) 1 j i j [ ] (18) j i j [ ] (19) k j i i j [ ] (20) j i j [ ] (17) 2 1 (18) (19) 3 2 (20) 17 (17) (18) 3.1 (17) (19)

11 (21) i i j [ ] (1) (2) (3) A B (3)

12 Vol. 21 No. 2 April 2014 ID ID 3.2 YYYYMMDD UniDic 18 7 ID ID

13 XML 3.1 (3)

14 Vol. 21 No. 2 April XML [PN1a 00002] 1 <sentence> <SUW> <tok> 1 ID BCCWJ XML -f 3 CaboCha <sentence> ID XML <wsb:negation> <wsb:focus> <wsb:description> <wsb:clue> 21 <wsb:negation> 1 <sentence> : : 21 wsb 262

15 @wsb:lastupdate : <wsb:focus> <wsb:negation> <wsb:description> <wsb:clue> <wsb:focus> : : <wsb:description> 1 : : ID. <wsb:clue> 2 <sentence> 1 BCCWJ XML XML CaboCha ( 2010) 5 2 (1) 23 : (2) BCCWJ (PN) pl

16 Vol. 21 No. 2 April : : ( 2012) 24 90% ,178 1, BCCWJ BCCWJ 1/ A 1 XML <sentence> 2, XML HTML HTML 2 HTML XML XML

17 2 HTML , % (301/1,023) 24% (72/304) 30% 265

18 Vol. 21 No. 2 April % (129/373) (1,023) (304) (1,327) (223) (102) (325) 1, ,

19 % (327/375)

20 Vol. 21 No. 2 April BCCWJ 3 ( 2013) BCCWJ (B)

21 Babko-Malaya, O. (2005). PropBank Annotation Guidelines. ACE (Automatic Content Extraction) Program. pdf. Blanco, E. and Moldovan, D. (2011a). Semantic Representation of Negation Using Focus Detection. In Proceedings of the 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pp Blanco, E. and Moldovan, D. (2011b). Some Issues on Detecting Negation from Text. In Proceedings of the 24th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, pp (1998)... Huddleston, R. and Pullum, G. K. (Eds.) (2002). The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge University Press. (2006)... (2010)... (2011). Ver.2.4. Technical Report of Department of Information Science, Ochanomizu University. (2009).., 136, pp (2012).. 18, pp Li, J., Zhou, G., Wang, H., and Zhu, Q. (2010). Learning the Scope of Negation via Shallow Semantic Parsing. In Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2010), pp (1998)... (2010)... D,, 93 (6), pp (1999).., 28, pp Morante, R., Liekens, A., and Daelemans, W. (2008). Learning the Scope of Negation in Biomedical Texts. In Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pp (1989)

22 Vol. 21 No. 2 April 2014 (2007). 3.. (2009). 5.. (2000)... (2009)... (1986)... (2013).. 19, pp Rosenberg, S. and Bergler, S. (2012). UConcordia: CLaC Negation Focus Detection at *Sem In Proceedings of the 1st Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics: SemEval 12, pp Vincze, V., Szarvas, G., Farkas, R., Móra, G., and Csirik, J. (2008). The BioScope Corpus: Biomedical Texts Annotated for Uncertainty, Negation and their Scopes. In BMC Bioinformatics, pp

(2008) JUMAN *1 (, 2000) google MeCab *2 KH coder TinyTextMiner KNP(, 2000) google cabocha(, 2001) JUMAN MeCab *1 *2 h

(2008) JUMAN *1 (, 2000) google MeCab *2 KH coder TinyTextMiner KNP(, 2000) google cabocha(, 2001) JUMAN MeCab *1  *2 h The Society for Economic Studies The University of Kitakyushu Working Paper Series No. 2011-12 (accepted in March 30, 2012) () (2009b) 19 (2003) 1980 PC 1990 (, 2009) (2001) (2004) KH coder (2009) TinyTextMiner

More information

1., 1 COOKPAD 2, Web.,,,,,,.,, [1]., 5.,, [2].,,.,.,, 5, [3].,,,.,, [4], 33,.,,.,,.. 2.,, 3.., 4., 5., ,. 1.,,., 2.,. 1,,

1., 1 COOKPAD 2, Web.,,,,,,.,, [1]., 5.,, [2].,,.,.,, 5, [3].,,,.,, [4], 33,.,,.,,.. 2.,, 3.., 4., 5., ,. 1.,,., 2.,. 1,, THE INSTITUTE OF ELECTRONICS, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERS TECHNICAL REPORT OF IEICE.,, 464 8601 470 0393 101 464 8601 E-mail: matsunagah@murase.m.is.nagoya-u.ac.jp, {ide,murase,hirayama}@is.nagoya-u.ac.jp,

More information

( )

( ) NAIST-IS-MT1051071 2012 3 16 ( ) Pustejovsky 2 2,,,,,,, NAIST-IS- MT1051071, 2012 3 16. i Automatic Acquisition of Qualia Structure of Generative Lexicon in Japanese Using Learning to Rank Takahiro Tsuneyoshi

More information

kut-paper-template.dvi

kut-paper-template.dvi 14 Application of Automatic Text Summarization for Question Answering System 1030260 2003 2 12 Prassie Posum Prassie Prassie i Abstract Application of Automatic Text Summarization for Question Answering

More information

untitled

untitled 580 26 5 SP-G 2011 AI An Automatic Question Generation Method for a Local Councilor Search System Yasutomo KIMURA Hideyuki SHIBUKI Keiichi TAKAMARU Hokuto Ototake Tetsuro KOBAYASHI Tatsunori MORI Otaru

More information

Vol. 9 No. 5 Oct. 2002 (?,?) 2000 6 5 6 2 3 6 4 5 2 A B C D 132

Vol. 9 No. 5 Oct. 2002 (?,?) 2000 6 5 6 2 3 6 4 5 2 A B C D 132 2000 6 5 6 :, Supporting Conference Program Production Using Natural Language Processing Technologies Hiromi itoh Ozaku Masao Utiyama Masaki Murata Kiyotaka Uchimoto and Hitoshi Isahara We applied natural

More information

0701073‐立命‐社会システム15号/15‐9-招待-横井

0701073‐立命‐社会システム15号/15‐9-招待-横井 E-mailxiangzhijp@yahoo.co.jp p p Understanding of Asia by Students of Commercial College under the Old System ACaseStudyofTaihoku Commercial College Kaori Yokoi Abstract Using the Taihoku

More information

2 : Open Clip Art Library [4] 2 3 4 5 6 2. 2 2. 1 Microsoft Office PowerPoint Web PowerPoint 2 Yahoo! Web [5] SlideShare 2. 1. 1 Yahoo! Web Yahoo! Web

2 : Open Clip Art Library [4] 2 3 4 5 6 2. 2 2. 1 Microsoft Office PowerPoint Web PowerPoint 2 Yahoo! Web [5] SlideShare 2. 1. 1 Yahoo! Web Yahoo! Web DEWS2008 E4-4 606-8501 E-mail: {hsato,oyama,tanaka}@dl.kuis.kyoto-u.ac.jp.. Supporting the Selection of Images Based on Referential Semantics from Surrounding Information of the Image in Presentation Files

More information

Vol. 23 No. 4 Oct. 2006 37 2 Kitchen of the Future 1 Kitchen of the Future 1 1 Kitchen of the Future LCD [7], [8] (Kitchen of the Future ) WWW [7], [3

Vol. 23 No. 4 Oct. 2006 37 2 Kitchen of the Future 1 Kitchen of the Future 1 1 Kitchen of the Future LCD [7], [8] (Kitchen of the Future ) WWW [7], [3 36 Kitchen of the Future: Kitchen of the Future Kitchen of the Future A kitchen is a place of food production, education, and communication. As it is more active place than other parts of a house, there

More information

. Yahoo! 1!goo 2 QA..... QA Web Web 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2. [1]Web Web Yin [2] Web Web Web. [3] Web Wikipedia 1 2

. Yahoo! 1!goo 2 QA..... QA Web Web 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2. [1]Web Web Yin [2] Web Web Web. [3] Web Wikipedia 1  2 DEIM Forum 211 F6-3 Web 35 855 1 2 35 855 1 2 11 843 2 1 2 E-mail: s913153@klis.tsukuba.ac.jp, {yohei,satoh}@slis.tsukuba.ac.jp, kando@nii.ac.jp QA Web Web Web QA Diversified-query Generating System Using

More information

corpus.indd

corpus.indd 22 JC-D-10-02 23 2 c 2011 21 1 I BCCWJ 3 1 BCCWJ 5 1.1 BCCWJ 3..................... 5 1.2 BCCWJ 2...................... 6 2 3 SC 7 2.1 SC SC............. 7 2.1.1 SC SC................... 7 2.1.2......................

More information

自然言語処理16_2_45

自然言語処理16_2_45 FileMaker Pro E-learning GUI Phrase Reading Cloze. E-learning Language Processing Technology and Educational Material Development Generating English Educational Material using a Database Software Kenichi

More information

本文.indd

本文.indd Bull. of Yamagata Univ., Educ. Sci., Vol. 14 No. 3, February McCrindle Christensen ( ) Oxford( ) Flavell Brown Flavell F w F w F w F w F / / / / w F w F / w F w F w F w F / w F w F / w F wf w F w F w

More information

NINJAL Research Papers No.8

NINJAL Research Papers No.8 (NINJAL Research Papers) 8: 177 196 (2014) ISSN: 2186-134X print/2186-1358 online 177 3 3 3 1940 3 late adoption real time 3 apparent time * 1. 1 2 3 1.1 3 1 1953 * 2014 3 18 2014 5 13 109 NINJAL 2012

More information

% 95% 2002, 2004, Dunkel 1986, p.100 1

% 95% 2002, 2004, Dunkel 1986, p.100 1 Blended Learning 要 旨 / Moodle Blended Learning Moodle キーワード:Blended Learning Moodle 1 2008 Moodle e Blended Learning 2009.. 1994 2005 1 2 93% 95% 2002, 2004, 2011 2011 1 Dunkel 1986, p.100 1 Blended Learning

More information

258 5) GPS 1 GPS 6) GPS DP 7) 8) 10) GPS GPS 2 3 4 5 2. 2.1 3 1) GPS Global Positioning System

258 5) GPS 1 GPS 6) GPS DP 7) 8) 10) GPS GPS 2 3 4 5 2. 2.1 3 1) GPS Global Positioning System Vol. 52 No. 1 257 268 (Jan. 2011) 1 2, 1 1 measurement. In this paper, a dynamic road map making system is proposed. The proposition system uses probe-cars which has an in-vehicle camera and a GPS receiver.

More information

-like BCCWJ CD-ROM CiNii NII BCCWJ BCCWJ

-like BCCWJ CD-ROM CiNii NII BCCWJ BCCWJ -like BCCWJ CD-ROM CiNii NII BCCWJ BCCWJ BCCWJ Yahoo! Yahoo! BCCWJ BCCWJ BCCWJ BOAO PS Zipper CLASSY with Oggi Precious JJ GINZA Domani Precious Oggi ViVi GINZA BCCWJ NEXTSTEP Windows XP FD ELO KIDDIES

More information

Unknown

Unknown Journal of Breast and Thyroid Sonology Journal of Breast and Thyroid Sonology Vol.2, No.3 July 2013 Report The 30 th Meeting of Japan Association of Breast and Thyroid Sonology... 1 Department of Organ

More information

™…{,

™…{, 57 th Annual Meeting of The Japanese Society of Child Health The 57th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Child Health 3 4 The 57th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Child Health 5 6 The

More information

The Annual Report of Educational Psychology in Japan 2008, Vol.47, 148-158 Qualitative Research in Action:Reflections on its Implications for Educational Psychology Yuji MORO (GRADUATE SCHOOL OF COMPREHENSIVE

More information

[1], B0TB2053, 20014 3 31. i

[1], B0TB2053, 20014 3 31. i B0TB2053 20014 3 31 [1], B0TB2053, 20014 3 31. i 1 1 2 3 2.1........................ 3 2.2........................... 3 2.3............................. 4 2.3.1..................... 4 2.3.2....................

More information

13 HOW TO READ THE WORD

More information

The Bulletin of the Institute of Human Sciences, Toyo University, No. 7 The Semantic Role and Function of GA and WO as object markers in Japanese WANG Yaxin The purpose of this paper is to analyze the

More information

2 22006 2 e-learning e e 2003 1 4 e e e-learning 2 Web e-leaning 2004 2005 2006 e 4 GP 4 e-learning e-learning e-learning e LMS LMS Internet Navigware

2 22006 2 e-learning e e 2003 1 4 e e e-learning 2 Web e-leaning 2004 2005 2006 e 4 GP 4 e-learning e-learning e-learning e LMS LMS Internet Navigware 2 2 Journal of Multimedia Aided Education Research 2006, Vol. 2, No. 2, 19 e 1 1 2 2 1 1 GP e 2004 e-learning 2004 e-learning 2005 e-learning e-learning e-learning e-learning 2004 e-learning HuWeb 2005

More information

An Empirical Study on Media Frames: How the Newspapers Covered "All Five Walks" in the Summer High School Baseball Tournament in 1992. IBARAGI Yoshiko Recently the role of "media frames" in the process

More information

A B C B C ICT ICT ITC ICT

A B C B C ICT ICT ITC ICT ICT Development of curriculum for improving of teachers ICT based on evaluation standards. Kazuhiko ISHIHARA Abstract Ministry of Education and Science announced Checklist of teacher s ICT in March,. All

More information

A Contrastive Study of Japanese and Korean by Analyzing Mistranslation from Japanese into Korean Yukitoshi YUTANI Japanese, Korean, contrastive study, mistranslation, Japanese-Korean dictionary It is already

More information

1 Department of Legal Medicine, Toyama University School of Medicine 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama VEGF Key words

More information

【教】⑮長島真人先生【本文】/【教】⑮長島真人先生【本文】

【教】⑮長島真人先生【本文】/【教】⑮長島真人先生【本文】 CD CD CD CD CD pp pp pp p p p p p pp PP p pp pp pp p Characteristics and Potentialities of the School Song Ware Wa Uminoko : Based on an Analysis and an Interpretation of the Song as a Music Teaching

More information

fiš„v5.dvi

fiš„v5.dvi (2001) 49 2 293 303 VRML 1 2 3 2001 4 12 2001 10 16 Web Java VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) VRML Web VRML VRML VRML VRML Web VRML VRML, 3D 1. WWW (World Wide Web) WWW Mittag (2000) Web CGI Java

More information

SUMMARY There might be no other business that has high uncertainty like Live Entertainment Business. This is because the success and failure of this business depend a great deal on the unscientific element

More information

main.dvi

main.dvi 305 8550 1 2 CREST fujii@slis.tsukuba.ac.jp 1 7% 2 2 3 PRIME Multi-lingual Information Retrieval 2 2.1 Cross-Language Information Retrieval CLIR 1990 CD-ROM a. b. c. d. b CLIR b 70% CLIR CLIR 2.2 (b) 2

More information

<> <name> </name> <body> <></> <> <title> </title> <item> </item> <item> 11 </item> </>... </body> </> 1 XML Web XML HTML 1 name item 2 item item HTML

<> <name> </name> <body> <></> <> <title> </title> <item> </item> <item> 11 </item> </>... </body> </> 1 XML Web XML HTML 1 name item 2 item item HTML DEWS2008 C6-4 XML 606-8501 E-mail: yyonei@db.soc.i.kyoto-u.ac.jp, {iwaihara,yoshikawa}@i.kyoto-u.ac.jp XML XML XML, Abstract Person Retrieval on XML Documents by Coreference that Uses Structural Features

More information

( ) ( ) (action chain) (Langacker 1991) ( 1993: 46) (x y ) x y LCS (2) [x ACT-ON y] CAUSE [BECOME [y BE BROKEN]] (1999: 215) (1) (1) (3) a. * b. * (4)

( ) ( ) (action chain) (Langacker 1991) ( 1993: 46) (x y ) x y LCS (2) [x ACT-ON y] CAUSE [BECOME [y BE BROKEN]] (1999: 215) (1) (1) (3) a. * b. * (4) 1 1 (lexical conceptual structure, LCS) 2 LCS 3 4 LCS 5 6 2 LCS (1999) LCS 2 (1) [x ACT(-ON y)] CAUSE [BECOME [z BE-AT w]] 1 (1993) ( ) V1 V2 2 (1) y z y z (5.3 ) ( ) ( ) (action chain) (Langacker 1991)

More information

16_.....E...._.I.v2006

16_.....E...._.I.v2006 55 1 18 Bull. Nara Univ. Educ., Vol. 55, No.1 (Cult. & Soc.), 2006 165 2002 * 18 Collaboration Between a School Athletic Club and a Community Sports Club A Case Study of SOLESTRELLA NARA 2002 Rie TAKAMURA

More information

e.g. Kubota 2011 Piller & Takahashi 2006 Kubota 2011 Piller & Takahashi 2006 Kubota 2011 Piller et al. 2010 2 Heller 2003 Piller, Takahashi & Watanabe

e.g. Kubota 2011 Piller & Takahashi 2006 Kubota 2011 Piller & Takahashi 2006 Kubota 2011 Piller et al. 2010 2 Heller 2003 Piller, Takahashi & Watanabe http://alce.jp/journal/ 13 2015 pp. 83-96 ISSN 2188-9600 * Copyright 2015 by Association for Language and Cultural Education 1 Norton Peirce 1995 2014 2014 2013 2014 * E-mail: masakiseo@gmail.com 83 e.g.

More information

2) TA Hercules CAA 5 [6], [7] CAA BOSS [8] 2. C II C. ( 1 ) C. ( 2 ). ( 3 ) 100. ( 4 ) () HTML NFS Hercules ( )

2) TA Hercules CAA 5 [6], [7] CAA BOSS [8] 2. C II C. ( 1 ) C. ( 2 ). ( 3 ) 100. ( 4 ) () HTML NFS Hercules ( ) 1,a) 2 4 WC C WC C Grading Student programs for visualizing progress in classroom Naito Hiroshi 1,a) Saito Takashi 2 Abstract: To grade student programs in Computer-Aided Assessment system, we propose

More information

本文.indd

本文.indd 35 1 2013 4 Reprinted From THE RESEARCH BULLETIN OF THE FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND WELFARE SCIENCE, OITA UNIVERSITY Vol. 35, No. 1April 2013 OITA, JAPAN Res. Bull. Fac. Educ.Welf. Sci., Oita Univ. 17 7 3

More information

2. 2.1 Lytro [11] The Franken Camera [12] 2.2 Creative Coding Community Creative Coding Community [13]-[19] Sketch Fork 2.3 [20]-[23] 3. ourcam 3.1 ou

2. 2.1 Lytro [11] The Franken Camera [12] 2.2 Creative Coding Community Creative Coding Community [13]-[19] Sketch Fork 2.3 [20]-[23] 3. ourcam 3.1 ou 情 報 処 理 学 会 インタラクション 2013 IPSJ Interaction 2013 2013-Interaction (3EXB-06) 2013/3/2 ourcam: 1 2 ourcam ourcam: On-Site Programming Environment for Digital Photography RYO OSHIMA 1 YASUAKI KAKEHI 2 In these

More information

Vol.2.indb

Vol.2.indb 74 Migration Policy Review 2010 Vol.2 75 76 Migration Policy Review 2010 Vol.2 77 78 Migration Policy Review 2010 Vol.2 79 80 Migration Policy Review 2010 Vol.2 81 82 Migration Policy Review 2010 Vol.2

More information

<30323334333697A796BD8AD991E58A77976C2D8CBE8CEA837083938374838C83628367945B956983665B835E2E706466>

<30323334333697A796BD8AD991E58A77976C2D8CBE8CEA837083938374838C83628367945B956983665B835E2E706466> 2Graduate School of Language Education and Information Science (LEIS) 3 4Graduate School of Language Education and Information Science (LEIS) 5 6Graduate School of Language Education and Information Science

More information

148_hayatsu.indd

148_hayatsu.indd Gengo Kenkyu 148: 143 174 2015 * 1. 2 1 2 1 * 144 3 I a. b. II a. b. I II 3 3 2 1 -( ) -( ) 2 1 cause causative verb 1997 1998 2000 V-( ) 2 1924 -( ) -( ) 145 2. 2.1. 2007 2 3 1908 2 1977 Shibatani 197319781986

More information

26.2月号indd.indd

26.2月号indd.indd No.639 334,300 44.7 840,700 885,000 669,700 705,000 631,700 665,000 6 1.40 12 1.55 460,000 2.95 415,000 395,000 172,200 172,200 140,100 140,100 6 1.225 0.645 12 1.375 0.645 2.600 1.290 12 10

More information

近畿圏鉄道市場における競争の特質

近畿圏鉄道市場における競争の特質 Abstract Although the railway industry in general has been regulated as a natural monopoly, the rail transport has often faced some forms of competition. In particular, there has been direct competition

More information

The Indirect Support to Faculty Advisers of die Individual Learning Support System for Underachieving Student The Indirect Support to Faculty Advisers of the Individual Learning Support System for Underachieving

More information

Unknown

Unknown Journal of Breast and Thyroid Sonology Journal of Breast and Thyroid Sonology Vol.3, No.3 July 2014 Original Article Clinical significance of classification of mixed-pattern tumor by breast ultrasound...

More information

07九州工業大学.indd

07九州工業大学.indd 1 1 Journal of Multimedia Aided Education Research, 2004, No. 1, 45 58 e-learning e-learning e-learning Video On Demand e-learning e-learning e-learning e-learning 2004 e-learning e-learning OLU SCS 2

More information

/†yL:†zServer/−Ö’¼−w›@‚å−w/”Лï−wŁfl‰IŠv/”Лï−wŁfl‰IŠv‚æ108“ƒ/‘¼Œ{ Š²”u

/†yL:†zServer/−Ö’¼−w›@‚å−w/”Лï−wŁfl‰IŠv/”Лï−wŁfl‰IŠv‚æ108“ƒ/‘¼Œ{ Š²”u October October OB OB BLACK EMPEROR vol OB October P P OB P P October PL OB October B A. K. Cohen push pull October P G. H. P P P P A. K. Cohen Cohen, A. K. Delinquent Boys; the culture of gang, Free

More information

The Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2003, Vol. 42, No. 2, 146-165 Discoursive Strategy for the Commitment to Adoption with Infants Who Had Been Reared at Residential

More information

36

36 Kanji Vocabulary Development for Intermediate and Advanced Learners Kano, Chieko In recent Japanese language teaching, a communicative approach based on the functions and needs of actual situations is

More information

représentation re- représentation représentation 2-1-1 rasen@ipc.ibaraki.ac.jp http//www.infocul.edu.ibaraki.ac.jp/syarin/

More information

Š²”u

Š²”u Kwansei Gakuin University Rep Title 不 良 物 語 という 名 の 搾 取 構 造 Author(s) Matsumoto, Takashi, 松 本, 隆 志 Citation 関 西 学 院 大 学 社 会 学 部 紀 要, 108: 85-98 Issue Date 2009-10-30 URL http://hdl.handle.net/10236/3262

More information

Perspective-Taking Perspective-Taking.... Vol. No.

Perspective-Taking Perspective-Taking.... Vol. No. Nurses Thinking Process in Understanding Patients Unconscious Denial Tomoko Hayashi Key Words putting oneself in the patient s place, perspective-taking, misunderstand patient s perspective, modifying

More information

先端社会研究所紀要 第13号☆/2.矢崎

先端社会研究所紀要 第13号☆/2.矢崎 Kwansei Gakuin University Rep Title Author(s) Citation 明治時代における女性と 不幸の共同体 : 婦人雑誌の投書から検討する Yazaki, Chika, 矢﨑, 千華 関西学院大学先端社会研究所紀要 = Annual review of advanced social research, 13: 17-34 Issue Date 2016-03-31

More information

北 海 道 大 学 大 学 院 国 際 広 報 メディア 観 光 学 院 博 士 課 程 Re-examining Animals in Japanese zoos as Spectacle for Contemporary Consideration abstract This research

北 海 道 大 学 大 学 院 国 際 広 報 メディア 観 光 学 院 博 士 課 程 Re-examining Animals in Japanese zoos as Spectacle for Contemporary Consideration abstract This research Title 動 物 園 における 見 世 物 性 の 再 考 : 近 代 動 物 園 と 動 物 見 世 物 の 関 係 Author(s), 国 際 広 報 メディア 観 光 学 ジャーナル = The Journal of Citation International Media, Communication, 3-20 Issue Date 2015-09-15 DOI Doc URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/2115/59856

More information

研究紀要、研究発表会等一覧

研究紀要、研究発表会等一覧 1 1992 QOL AOL A 2 1993 SKILL Empty Chair OA 3 1994 4 1995 187 Windows 5 1996 6 1997 OA CAS 7 1998 8 1999 9 2001 188 189 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1997 1997 1998 1998 1998 1998 1998 1998 a 2000 s 2000 d

More information

Admissions Assistance Office

Admissions Assistance Office Title < 調 査 報 告 実 践 報 告 > 日 本 の 大 学 における 留 学 生 受 入 れ 体 制 の 問 題 点 及 び 解 決 策 の 探 索 - 京 都 大 学 におけるアド ミッション 支 援 オフィス 導 入 の 背 景 と 効 果 Author(s) 韓, 立 友 ; 河 合, 淳 子 Citation 京 都 大 学 国 際 交 流 センター 論 攷 (2012), 2:

More information

pp 427 438 2006 Dimensional Change Card Sort ****** ** 2005 9 30 2004 8 2002 4 Zelazo, P. D., Carter, A., Reznick, J. S. & Frye, D. 1997 10 2003 Zelaz

pp 427 438 2006 Dimensional Change Card Sort ****** ** 2005 9 30 2004 8 2002 4 Zelazo, P. D., Carter, A., Reznick, J. S. & Frye, D. 1997 10 2003 Zelaz Title 幼 児 の 実 行 機 能 の 発 達 過 程 : Dimensional Change C を 用 いたルールの 理 解 とその 使 用 に 関 する 検 討 Author(s) 浮 穴, 寿 香 ; 橋 本, 創 一 ; 出 口, 利 定 Citation 東 京 学 芸 大 学 紀 要. 総 合 教 育 科 学 系, 57: 427-438 Issue Date 2006-02-00

More information

39-3/2.論説:藤井・戸前・山本・井上

39-3/2.論説:藤井・戸前・山本・井上 Porter a b!! a b JIS cm cm OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM NTT OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM a b VolNo Porter, M. E. (1990a) The Competitive Advantage of Nations

More information

(e.ιg.pγ'01ηwuμ7η~ceα bl 伝 e pronou 江 m 工 nced"γ/uι7η~pγ'01ηwu1η~cθα blたe ~こ 対 して 沼 山 ng:20 と unshort のほうが 多 くみられる Allen, M. R. 1978. Morphological Investigations. UConn PhD. Clark, E. V. 1974. Normal

More information

駒田朋子.indd

駒田朋子.indd 2 2 44 6 6 6 6 2006 p. 5 2009 p. 6 49 12 2006 p. 6 2009 p. 9 2009 p. 6 2006 pp. 12 20 2005 2005 2 3 2005 An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese 13 12 10 2005 8 p. 23 2005 2 50 p. 157 2 3 1 2010

More information

昭和恐慌期における長野県下農業・農村と産業組合の展開過程

昭和恐慌期における長野県下農業・農村と産業組合の展開過程 No. 3, 169-180 (2002) The Family in Modern Japan: its Past, Present and Future An Essay at Restoring Love as the Basis of Family Ties YAMANE Naoko Nihon University, Graduate School of Social and Cultural

More information

”Y‰Æ”ЛïŸ_‘W40−ª4/ ™ƒ“ª

”Y‰Æ”ЛïŸ_‘W40−ª4/ ™ƒ“ª Fisher & Tronto CC - Ungerson Ungerson DNA Digital News Archives - ...... prospect Goffman Wiles Bateson v socialization T. Mills Oliver Raymond .. -. Bateson G., Step to an Ecology of Mind. Ballantine

More information

303 Human Factors in Nuclear Power Plant with Focus on Application of Man-machine Interface and Advanced Data Processing Technologies to Nuclear Power Industry Abstract We discuss issues involved in a

More information

2006 3

2006 3 JAIST Reposi https://dspace.j Title 質問の曖昧性を考慮した質問応答システムに関する研 究 Author(s) 松本, 匡史 Citation Issue Date 2006-03 Type Thesis or Dissertation Text version author URL http://hdl.handle.net/10119/1986 Rights Description

More information

1: ( 1) 3 : 1 2 4

1: ( 1) 3 : 1 2 4 RippleDesk Using Ripples to Represent Conversational Noise on Internet Shigaku Iwabuchi Takaomi Hisamatsu Shin Takahashi Buntarou Shizuki Kazuo Misue Jiro Tanaka Department of Comupter Science, University

More information

ODA NGO NGO JICA JICA NGO JICA JBIC SCP

ODA NGO NGO JICA JICA NGO JICA JBIC SCP ODA NGO NGO JICA JICA NGO JICA JBIC SCP - - NGO NGO NGO NGO NGO NGO Roger A Hart - Potuvil UGM UGM APU NGO APU APU NGO APU NGO NGO APU APU Matara NGO ODA NGO ODA http://www.jica.go.jp/partner/college/index.html#partnership

More information

189 2015 1 80

189 2015 1 80 189 2015 1 A Design and Implementation of the Digital Annotation Basis on an Image Resource for a Touch Operation TSUDA Mitsuhiro 79 189 2015 1 80 81 189 2015 1 82 83 189 2015 1 84 85 189 2015 1 86 87

More information

総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015)

総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 栄 元 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 45 ..... 46 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 栄 租借地都市大連における 満洲日日新聞 の役割に関する一考察 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 47 48 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 栄 租借地都市大連における 満洲日日新聞 の役割に関する一考察 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015)

More information

05_藤田先生_責

05_藤田先生_責 This report shows innovation of competency of our faculty of social welfare. The aim of evaluation competency is improvement in the Social welfare education effects, by understanding of studentʼs development

More information

平成○○年度知能システム科学専攻修士論文

平成○○年度知能システム科学専攻修士論文 A Realization of Robust Agents in an Agent-based Virtual Market Makio Yamashige 3 7 A Realization of Robust Agents in an Agent-based Virtual Market Makio Yamashige Abstract There are many people who try

More information

社会言語学:その仕組み、展望と社会の中での言葉遣いについて

社会言語学:その仕組み、展望と社会の中での言葉遣いについて Sociolinguistics: The mechanisms and perspectives of language use within societies. Barry Kavanagh1) Abstract Sociolinguistics is the study of how aspects of society, including its cultural norms, expectations,

More information

DPA,, ShareLog 3) 4) 2.2 Strino Strino STRain-based user Interface with tacticle of elastic Natural ObjectsStrino 1 Strino ) PC Log-Log (2007 6)

DPA,, ShareLog 3) 4) 2.2 Strino Strino STRain-based user Interface with tacticle of elastic Natural ObjectsStrino 1 Strino ) PC Log-Log (2007 6) 1 2 1 3 Experimental Evaluation of Convenient Strain Measurement Using a Magnet for Digital Public Art Junghyun Kim, 1 Makoto Iida, 2 Takeshi Naemura 1 and Hiroyuki Ota 3 We present a basic technology

More information

S S

S S Abstract The contents of this research consist of two parts : identifying the significance of current issues studies through the analysis of Social Studies in Japan in the early years after the Second

More information

1-橋本.TXT

1-橋本.TXT NAOSITE: Nagasaki University's Ac Title 小 学 校 における 栽 培 学 習 とその 課 題 Author(s) 橋 本, 健 夫 ; 川 越, 明 日 香 ; 木 原, 亜 咲 Citation 長 崎 大 学 教 育 学 部 紀 要 : 教 科 教 育 学, 52, pp.1-10; 2012 Issue Date 2012-03-01 URL http://hdl.handle.net/10069/29256

More information

日本感性工学会論文誌

日本感性工学会論文誌 pp.343-351 2013 Changes in Three Attributes of Color by Reproduction of Memorized Colors Hiroaki MIYAKE, Takeshi KINOSHITA and Atsushi OSA Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University,

More information

08-特集04.indd

08-特集04.indd 5 2 Journal of Multimedia Aided Education Research 2008, Vol. 5, No. 2, 3543 ICT ICT ICT 2 ICT ICT 1100 2008 ICT ICT 2007 ICT ICT ICT ICT IPtalk2008 2006 LAN TCP/IP 1 35 5 22008 1 Enter 1 IPtalk 2 2 2IPtalk

More information

Microsoft Word - 英文ビジネスメールに表れる文化特性.doc

Microsoft Word - 英文ビジネスメールに表れる文化特性.doc A Contrastive Study of English Business Letter Writing by the Japanese, Korean, and American Students 1 Rhetoric 1 2 3 1 5 7 2 1 2006 207 2 2000 21 22 2 3 4 1 5 3 22 23 4 208 5 2008 2 5 1 3 6 Ki (First,

More information

CA HP,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,

CA HP,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,, Ritsumeikan Alumni Program CA HP,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,,,.,,,,,. ,,, :,, :,,,

More information

27 28 2 15 14350922 1 4 1.1.................................... 4 1.2........................... 5 1.3......................... 6 1.4...................................... 7 2 9 2.1..........................

More information

Tsuken Technical Information 1

Tsuken Technical Information 1 March 2004 Vol.6 Tsuken Technical Information 1 Since microprocessors (MPUs) first appeared in the 1970s, they have developed at a remarkable pace, and now found in a huge range of devices that we use

More information

.}.u

.}.u March WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco ControlFCTC Japan Tobacco Inc., JT JT WHO A WHO FCTC JARO March JT CM CM a b DVD c a b FCTC JT March WHO FCTC WHO FCTC FCTC FCTC FCTC Mary Assunta and Simon Chapam,

More information

untitled

untitled 41 42 BCCWJ BCCWJ BCCWJ YahooYahoo 43 44 SARS SARS SARS 45 V V V V 46 BCCWJ 47 bleachingpjec 48 BCCWJ BCCWJ 49 50 51 52 53 BCCWJ BCCWJ 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 BCCWJ 62 BCCWJ BCCWJYahooYahoo V 63 PJEC 64

More information

60 18 3 12 30 1 25 6 14 2 25 5 28 3 1 6 7 3 12 HP - -2013-30 http://www.meti.go.jp/press/2013/11/20131126001/20131126001.html

60 18 3 12 30 1 25 6 14 2 25 5 28 3 1 6 7 3 12 HP - -2013-30 http://www.meti.go.jp/press/2013/11/20131126001/20131126001.html 59 ICT * IT 1990 20 100 20 2,000 OJT 2014 ICT * 60 18 3 12 30 1 25 6 14 2 25 5 28 3 1 6 7 3 12 HP - -2013-30 http://www.meti.go.jp/press/2013/11/20131126001/20131126001.html 61 2014 11 4 2014 1,467 2 3

More information

和文タイトル

和文タイトル Paper Browsing System with Structure Analysis and Displaying Annotation on Side-note Windows Takeshi Abekawa Akiko Aizawa National Institute of Informatics Abstract: In this paper, we introduce our on-going

More information

( ) ATR

( ) ATR NAIST-IS-MT1151006 2013 2 7 ( ) ATR ,,,,, NAIST-IS-MT1151006, 2013 2 7. i Communication Robot for Expressing User s Physically Aggressive Behavior Maiko Adachi Abstract This thesis investigates how to

More information

Ł×

Ł× March OECD eds. OECD eds. ab March 100.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 20.0 95.7 94.9 91.9 93.8 88.0 94.4 78.1 77.0 35.2 38.7 0.0 6069 7079 8089 9099 0009 March W W B B W B W W B B W B March 2.5 2.0 1.5 2.03 1.79 1.95

More information

Abstract Although physicalism is usually understood as an ontological thesis, it is not clear that what implications this position has on th

Abstract Although physicalism is usually understood as an ontological thesis, it is not clear that what implications this position has on th Title スーパーヴィーニエンス テーゼと存在論的コミットメント : 物理主義の存在論的含意の把握に向けて Author(s) 井頭, 昌彦 Citation 科学哲学, 42(2): 59-73 Issue 2009-10 Date Type Journal Article Text Version publisher URL http://hdl.handle.net/10086/22102

More information

16

16 Empirical Analysis of the Efficiency of the Broadcasting Industry: Verification of Regionalism and a Proposal ABSTRACT Reforms in the broadcasting industry have recently been discussed and proposed, and

More information

1 3 [1] [2, 3] WWW 2.1 WWW WWW DjVu 3 ( 1) 2 DjVu DjVu DjVu[2] 16 ( ) http

1 3 [1] [2, 3] WWW 2.1 WWW WWW DjVu 3 ( 1) 2 DjVu DjVu DjVu[2] 16 ( )  http Title 拓本文字データベース ( 説明書 ) Author(s) 安岡, 孝一 Citation (2005) Issue Date 2005-03 URL http://hdl.handle.net/2433/65870 Right Type Data or Dataset Textversion publisher Kyoto University 1 3 [1] [2, 3] 2 3 2

More information

Title 出 産 に 関 わる 里 帰 りと 養 育 性 形 成 Author(s) 小 林, 由 希 子 ; 陳, 省 仁 Citation 北 海 道 大 学 大 学 院 教 育 学 研 究 院 紀 要, 106: 119-134 Issue Date 2008-12-18 DOI 10.14943/b.edu.106.119 Doc URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/2115/35078

More information