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1

2 N SS (1) N SS

3 475 (2) critical linchpin (3) N SS (4) B U R (5) B U R

4 from the bottom up B U R (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)

5 477 (11) (12) B U R Quadrennial Defense Review, QDR Q D R transformation (13)

6 Global Posture Review, GPR (14) G PR (15) G PR G PR (16)

7 479 G PR B U R rogue state (17) Q D R Office of Homeland Security (18) 9 11

8 G PR (19) 3 Q D R (20) The Long War (21) Q D R rebalance 1

9 (22) global commons (23) anti-access capabilities joint air-sea battle concept (24) Q D R Q D R

10 (25) Q D R hub (26) B M DR (27) B M DR B M DR 1 2

11 B M D P A C 3 B M D B M D an outstanding example N PR Q D R B M DR (28)

12 N PT N PT extreme circumstances

13 485 (29) 9 11 (30) 9 11

14 (31) (32)

15 487 1 (33)

16

17 489 (34) 2 P K O W MD

18 (35) W MD

19 491 (36)

20 (37) 4 (38) (39)

21 493 3 B M D B M D B M D (40) W MD

22 B M D

23 495 (41) B M D (42) G PR B M D (43) (44)

24 (45) W MD

25 497 Q D R

26 (46) B M D P A C 3

27 499 (47) B M D 2 2 (48) cornerstone

28 by utilizing the full range of capabilities 1 (49)

29 501 T PP (50) (51) (52) (53) (54) (55) (56)

30 B M D (57) (58) (59) Q D R (60)

31 503 (61) (62) (63) Q D R (64) 2 (65)

32 (66) 2 2 (67) (68) (69) (70)

33 505 3 (71) (72) (73) (74)

34 (75) (76)

35 507 (77) (78) 9 11 (79) N A T O

36 White House, National Security Strategy of the United States, March 1990, pp Ibid., p. 15. transformation 50 Department of Defense (DoD), A Strategic Framework for the Asian Pacific Rim: Looking Toward the 21st Century, The President s Report on the U.S. Military Presence in East Asia, April White House, National Security Strategy of the United States, August 1991, p. 1. DoD, Report on the Bottom-Up Review, Les Aspin, Secretary of Defense (October 1993), available at, Ibid., p. iii (Message from the Secretary of Defense); p. 4. Ibid., p. iii; pp Ibid., p. 19. Id., p. 14. Ibid., pp

37 509 Q D R responding to the full spectrum of crises Section III of QDR1997, Defense Strategy, available at, DoD, United States Security Strategy for the East Asia-Pacific Region, February 1995, pp. 10, G PR 50 Base Realignment and Closure, BRAC DoD, Transformation Planning Guidance, April 2003, p. 3; DoD, Office of Force Transformation, Military Transformation: A Strategic Approach, fall 2003, p. 8; id., Elements of Defense Transformation, October 2004, p. 2, available at, E. g., Military Transformation, op. cit., pp DoD, Quadrennial Defense Review Report, September 30, 2001, pp

38 DoD, Quadrennial Defense Review Report, February Q D R DoD, Quadrennial Defense Review Report, February 2006, p. 9. QDR2010, supra, note 20, p. 42. Ibid., p. 32. QDR2006, supra, note 21, p. 29. QDR2010, supra, note 20, p. 66. DoD, Ballistic Missile Defense Review Report, February DoD, Nuclear Posture Review Report, April N PR transformation 23

39 511 H P 50 F H P

40 T PP T PP

41 513 H P 50 50

42

43 515 N A T O

(National Security Strategy (NSS)) 06.302.900.1 QDRNPR BMDRSPR BMDRQDR NPR (National Defense Strategy (NDS)) 08.705.3 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR)) 06.201.1097.5 QDR (National Military Strategy (NMS))

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