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1 Truthmaker Abstract Abstract. According to the truthmaker maximalism, every true contingent proposition is made true by something in the world, called its truthmaker. Although at first sight the maximalism seems to be a natural position, it has serious difficulties, especially concerning negative truths. In view of this, many truthmaker theorists adopt some non-maximalist position. It is not clear, however, whether these non-maximalists are justified, since existing reasons to justify the non-maximalism are not good enough. In this paper, then, I shall propose a new reason for the non-maximalism, which consists in the observation that the maximalism cannot acknowledge the widely accepted view that certain inferences involving logical constants are valid in the properly logical sense. 1 3,776m 3,776m truthmaker TM TM 115

2 2 TM TM Truthmaker Maximalism 3 TM TM TM TM 5 116

3 Truthmaker TM TM TM TM TM 6 Nec P e e P e P TM TM 3 3 TM 3 3 TM TM 7 117

4 TM C P P e e P TM C TM TM TM 3 TM TM 3 3 TM TM 3 TM C TM C 8 Max P P e e P TM TM TM TM TM TM TM

5 Truthmaker TM 10 TM TM P TM P 3 TM e.g P TM P 3 3 P TM P TM TM

6 P P TM TM TM TM TM TM

7 Truthmaker 13 TM A A A TM TM TM TM TM TM TM TM TM A 121

8 A A TM Wittgenstein 1922: P P 1.3 P Q TM TM P TM Q TM TM TM 122

9 Truthmaker Max TM D. M. 15 P Q TM TM P TM Q TM P TM 1.3 Max Max

10 3 3 3 P Q C P Q P Q C C C C C P Q Max C C 1 e 1 e 1 P e 2 e 2 Q C 2 e e P Q C C 1 C 2 C C 1 C 2 C* e 1 e 1 P e 2 e 2 Q e e P Q 124

11 Truthmaker C C C* C* x x x P P Q C C* C C P N P P N N* e e P e e P C* N* N N* TM TM TM 125

12 2.2 Max Max W 18 W P P TM P TM W TM TM 3.1 C N C* N* W W 3.1 Max C N C* N* 126

13 Truthmaker C* N* C N W C* N* W W W C N W C* N* C N W C* N* W C* P Q e 1 e 2 C* W e 1 e 2 P Q C* N* P N* W P P P P N* W C* N* W

14 W 19 W 20 TM 1.1 Nec e P TM e P W w w w w W de re a F a F W

15 Truthmaker W W T T W W 3.1 W TM 21 1 a 129

16 b c TM a c a b TM c TM 1 TM a c TM c a TM c a TM c c P P TM c c a c a TM c c TM c a F TM c P Q P Q 130

17 Truthmaker P 1, P 2,, Q 1, Q 2, TM c a c TM 22 c a c a TM c TM 3 3 TM TM a c TM TM TM TM

18 1. P <P> < > 2. TM Rami maximalism TM 4. Cf. Mulligan et al. (1984), Simons (1992). 5. Cf. Rodriguez-Pereyra (2005: 20ff.) TM TM cf.dodd (2007) 6. Cf. Armstrong (2004: 5-7), Rami (2009: 8-9). 7. TM TM Rami 2009: 4) TM TM 8. Armstrong (2004), Molnar (2000) 9. Armstrong 2004: ch Dodd (2007), Molnar (2000) 11. TM 12. Cf. Mulligan et al. (1984), Simons (1992) TM TM Dodd 2007: 394-5), Rodriguez-Pereyra (2005: 19) 13. Armstrong (2004: 55), Dodd (2007: 393-4) : 89ff. 15. Cf. Armstrong (2004: 16-7). 16. Simons 1992: 161ff. Cameron (forthcoming: 5) 17. TM 18. Armstrong (2004: 18), Simons (1992: 165) 19. Cameron (2008: 5) 132

19 Truthmaker W de re de dicto 20. e.g. de re 21. Dodd (2007: 393-4) 22. e.g. because after cf. Simons (1992) constitutively Armstrong, D.M. (2004) Truth and Truthmakers, Cambridge UP. Cameron, R. (2008) How to be a Truthmaker Maximalist, Noûs 42 (3) : Cameron, R. (forthcoming) Truthmakers, in M. Glanzberg (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Truth, Oxford UP. Dodd, J. (2007) Negative Truths and Truthmaker Principles, Synthese 156 (2) : Molnar, G. (2000) Truthmakers for Negative Truths, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (1) : Mulligan, K., Simons, P., Smith, B. (1984) Truth-makers, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (3) : Rami, A. (2009) Introduction, in A.Rami & E.J. Lowe (eds.) Truth and Truth-making, McGill-Queen s:

20 Rodriguez-Pereyra, G. (2005) Why Truthmakers, in H. Beebee & J. Dodd (eds.), Truthmakers: the contemporary debate. Oxford UP : Simons, P. (1992) Logical Atomism and its Ontological Refinement: A Defense, in K. Mulligan (ed.) Language, Truth and Ontology, Kluwer: Wittgenstein, L. (1922) Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Routledge PD 134

Abstract Although physicalism is usually understood as an ontological thesis, it is not clear that what implications this position has on th

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