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1 Tsutomu SHIOYA : Historical Studies on the System of ProfitSharing Forest (No. 5) ----ProfitSharing Forest System of each Clan in the NorthKyushu District

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20 HISTORICAL STUDiES ON THE SYSTEM OF PROFITSHARING FOREST (No. 5) ProfitSharing Forest System of Each Clan in the NorthKyushu District Tsutomu SHIOYA (Resume) Many clans of the NorthKyushu District had no such remarkable system of profitsharing forest as the Sanbuichiyama of Obi-clan or the Buichiyama of Kagoshima-clan, which had been seen in SouthKyushu. However, it was also a fact that several clans of NorthKyushu had the same system for encouraging people to the tree planting, although it was not so large in scale. The Buwakeyama of Yanagawa-clan, the Sashiwakesugi of Saga and Ogi-clan, the Nokatashitayama of Shimabara-clan were surely profit sharing forests. The Shitagariyama of Usuki-clan, the Azukariyama of Kumamoto-clan, the Koazukariyama of Funai-clan which were all located in the present Oita prefecture had not any obvious character of the profit-sharing system in the clan age. But they were observed as Bubunboku (Trees for sharing profit between the government and the planters) and transformed into the profit sharing forest at the early stage of the Meiji Era. In those days the areas planted by people, excluding those directly made by clan activities, were not small in number in every clan territory, but they had not necessarily been transformed into the system of profitsharing. Only the fact that a land was planted by people, was not recognized usually as a proof of ownership of that land by the government. It is not scarce that areas artificially afforested by people had been entered in the register of the national forest at the time of the " Land division to public or to private ownership. " In NorthKyushu such planted areas also became parts of the national forest, but they vanished gradually by the " Selling of the unnecessary national forest land " and fell into the hands of natives. At present the profitsharing forest has not much importance as the means of improving local interests as well as of promoting afforestation in the North Kyushu national forests.

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