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1 IMES DISCUSSION PAPER SERIES INSTITUTE FOR MONETARY AND ECONOMIC STUDIES BANK OF JAPAN

2

3 IMES Discussion Paper Series 99-J General Agreement of Trade in Service Multilateral Agreement on Investment JEL classificationk33 *(

4

5 General Agreement of Trade in Service, Cf. James V. Hackney and Kim Leslie Shafer, The Regulation of International Banking: An Assessment of International Institutions, North Caroline Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation, Vol.11 (1986), p.475ff. 1986pp pp.3-10

6 Multilateral Agreement on Investment, p.1ff Multilateral Agreement on Investment pp

7 1 5

8 ii iii 12 cross-border trade consumption abroad

9 commercial presence the presence of natural persons cross-border banking service 24 Dilip K. Das., Trade in Financial Services and the Role of, Journal of World Trade, Vol.32(6)(1998), p.97. Lawrence L.C. Lee., The Basle Accords as Soft Law, Virginia Journal of

10 International Law, Vol.39(1988), p.13.

11 2

12 17 3

13 16 16

14

15 harmonization Koji Tsuruoka, "The General Agreement on Trade in Services-Implementation by Japan," Japanese Annual of International Law, No.38, 1995, p.40. pp

16

17 p pp.3839

18 p.119

19 6 Joel P. Trachtman, "Trade in Financial Services under, NAFTA and EC : A Regulatory Jurisdiction Analysis," Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Vol.34, 1995, pp Werner Moschel,"International Free Trade in Banking Services," in Daniel Friedmann and Ernst-Joachim Mestmacker eds., Rules for Free International Trade in Services, 1990, p.227.

20 1970 Mads Andenas,"The Right to Provide Financial Service and the European Commission as Legislator," in Joseph J. Norton, Mads Andenas and Mary Footer ed., The Changing World of International Law in the Twenty-First Century: A Tribute to the Late Kenneth R. Simmonds, 1998, pp

21 p.155

22 1974 Herstatt The Basle Committee on Banking Supervision 1975Basle Concordat pp pp Hackney et al., op. cit., pp ; pp.39

23 Committee on Banking Regulations and Supervisory Practices, Basle Concordat on Principles for Supevision of Banks' Foreign Establishment. Cf. C.J.Thompson, "The Basle Concordat:International Collaboration in Banking Supervision," Current Legal Issues Affecting Central Banks, Vol.1(1992), pp pp.6571 Duncan E. Alford, "Basle Committee Minimum Standards: International Regulatory Response to the Failure of BCCI," George Washington Journal of International Law and

24 1975 Economics, Vol.26(1992), pp ; 19928pp pp Cf. Lee, op.cit., pp.1ff p.3 Lee, op.cit., p.5.

25 Kristin Leigh Case, "The Daiwa Wake-up Call: The Need for International Standards for Banking Supervision," Geogia Journal of International and Comparative Law, Vol.26, 1996, p.229. pp

26

27 p pp ;

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