森林96-143

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1 : B Yoshiyuki Chinen, Masami Shiba 2015Consideration of Underlying Historical Changes in House Building Materials in Okinawa Prefecture. J Jpn For Soc 97: This paper reviews the historical changes of house building materials in Okinawa related to construction methods and forestry policies. The traditional wooden houses construction in Okinawa had changed its trends to reinforce concrete houses. After the invasion of the Satsuma domain, Ryukyu Kingdom was utilized dual governed system from both Japanese and Chinese rules. This event had caused an economic difficulties and depletion of the forest resources. In the middle of th century, a drastic reformation by Sai On affected house construction that fixed societal ranks and the village landscape had changed into a checkerboard pattern. Conventional policies used in Okinawa of the Meiji period, was not managed accordingly and it caused degradation of forest resources that caused Okinawa to import timber from main islands of Japan. After the World War II, the United State Forces occupied Okinawa Island until. Low-priced timber imported from Japan under import promotion policy forced between and had led to the promotion of wooden house constructions. The government substitute import materials to cement and plywood production, promote export activities to prevent trade deficit and support the increment of concrete houses. Besides the advancement in wood pre-cutting process, the government recently conducted domestic timber usage promotion that led to competition and market reclamation between timber suppliers and these factors had increased the development of the wooden houses construction over time. Key words: forest management, wooden house, somayama, concrete, precut lumber Corresponding author toratoranekogmail.com Graduate School of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, Senbaru, Nishihara-cho, Okinawa, Japan Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, Senbaru, Nishihara-cho, Okinawa, Japan Graduate School of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Korimoto, Kagoshima, Kagoshima, Japan

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I 九州大学学術情報リポジトリ Kyushu University Institutional Repository 熊本県水俣市の限界集落における耕作放棄地の拡大とその要因 寺床, 幸雄九州大学大学院人文科学府 : 博士後期課程 : 農村 農業地理学 Teratoko, Yukio http://hdl.handle.net/2324/20036 出版情報 : 地理学評論. 82 (6), pp.588-603,

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