日本人英語使用者の特徴と英語能力-JGSS-2002 とJGSS-2006 のデータから-

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1 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 The Characteristics of English Users and English Proficiency of Japanese People: From the Data of JGSS-22 and JGSS-26 Kaoru KOISO Faculty of Business Administration Osaka University of Commerce Based on the data of JGSS-22 and JGSS-26, this study examines the characteristics of English users in Japan and the change of English proficiency of Japanese people. The results show the followings: from the data of JGSS-22 those who have higher education, higher household income, higher professionalism, and one other factor, unmarried, have higher likelihood of using English, while from the data of JGSS-26, younger generation with higher education have higher likelihood of using English. The comparison of both data indicates that English proficiency of Japanese people has improved partly because of more exposure to English in their daily lives or on business, while the number of people who have good command of English has not increased. We also find there is a sign that English proficiency is affected by economic conditions in their childhood. Key Words: JGSS, English users, English proficiency JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS 123

2 TV 75 (1) TOEIC (2) 27 TOEFL (3) TOEFL TOEIC JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 1 JGSS JGSS JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS JGSS JGSS-22JGSS=26 2 JGSS-22:23.3 JGSS-26:

3 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 2 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 Z-score JGSS-26 JGSS-26 2 JGSS JGSS Z-score 3 JGSS-22JGSS-26 JGSS JGSS Z-score JGSS (4) 125

4 現 在 使 用 : 職 種 別 上 層 ホワイト 下 層 ホワイト ブルーカラー 農 林 業 者 無 職 上 層 ホワイト 下 層 ホワイト ブルーカラー 農 林 業 者 無 職 女 性 Z-score 22 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 (5)

5 22 英 語 使 用 26 英 語 使 用 独 立 変 数 女 性 3 代 代 代 以 上 下 層 ホワイト.416 ***.554 * ブルーカラー.431 **.459 * 農 林 漁 業 無 職 ** 13 大 都 市 その 他 の 市 中 等 教 育 2.14 * * 高 等 教 育 *** 6.33 *** 世 帯 収 入 ( 共 変 *** ** 量 ) 既 婚 ダミー.566 *.431 ** カイ 2 乗 Cox&Snell R Negelkerk R N 独 立 変 数 女 性 3 代 代 代.262 ***.56 6 以 上.19 ***.29 *** 下 層 ホワイト.6 * 1.38 ブルーカラー.55 *.913 農 林 漁 業.155 ***.631 無 職.42 ** 大 都 市 *** その 他 の 市 ** 中 等 教 育 *** ** 高 等 教 育 *** *** 世 帯 収 入 ( 共 変 ** 量 ) 既 婚 ダミー ** カイ 2 乗 Cox&Snell R Negelkerk R N JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS JGSS-26 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS

6 23 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 2 JGSS 使 用 用 途 家 族 趣 味 海 外 旅 行 女 性 (1586 人 ) (1367 人 ) 友 人 知 人 仕 事 % 5 JGSS-22 5 JGSS %7.7% 2%.7%1.4% 学 習 インターネット 海 外 旅 行 女 性 (111 人 ) 鑑 賞 (123 人 ) 外 国 人 の 友 人 知 人 現 在 仕 事 で 使 用 JGSS-26 6 JGSS

7 (6) JGSS JGSS JGSS-22 JGSS-26 4 JGSS JGSS Z-score JGSS 仕 事 で 使 用 : 年 代 別 代 3 代 4 代 5 代 6 歳 以 上 2 代 3 代 4 代 女 性 5 代 6 歳 以 上 仕 事 で 使 用 :Z-score 平 均 値 代 3 代 4 代 5 代 6 歳 以 上 2 代 3 代 女 性 4 代 5 代 6 歳 以 上 Z-score JGSS-22 3 JGSS Z-score JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-26 JGSS

8 仕 事 で 使 用 : 職 種 別 仕 事 で 使 用 : 職 種 別 Z-score Z-score p<.1 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-22JGSS-26 (7), 25 13

9 JGSS-22 2 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS 仕 事 で 使 用 独 立 変 数 女 性 3 代 * 4 代 代 * 6 以 上 * 下 層 ホワイト.311 ***.439 * ブルーカラー.283 ***.254 ** 13 大 都 市 その 他 の 市 中 等 教 育 高 等 教 育 世 帯 収 入 ( 共 変 量 ) * 1.21 既 婚 ダミー.488 *.276 ** カイ 2 乗 Cox &Snell R Nagelkerk R N 仕 事 で 使 用 独 立 変 数 女 性 3 代 代 代 以 上 下 層 ホワイト.61 *.846 ブルーカラー.46 ** 大 都 市 その 他 の 市 中 等 教 育 高 等 教 育 世 帯 収 入 ( 共 変 量 ) ** 既 婚 ダミー カイ 2 乗 Cox &Snell R Nagelkerk R N JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS JGSS P<.1 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS p< p<.1JGSS

10 英 会 話 のレベル 英 語 読 解 力 レベル p< p< JGSS-22 JGSS

11 32 3 (%) 十 分 できる なんとかできる 道 レストラン 挨 拶 ほとんどできない スラスラ 読 める 何 とか 読 める 短 い 文 章 簡 単 な 単 語 ほとんど 読 めない 人 数 r= JGSS > 3.33 p<.1jgss >3.52 p<.5 26 年 齢 層 別 英 語 力 平 均 値 職 種 別 英 語 力 平 均 値 代 3 代 *4 代 **5 代 * *6 代 *7 代 以 上 上 層 ホワイト ** 下 層 ホワイト * ブルーカラ ー * 無 職 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 4 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 4 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 農 林 業

12 4 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 平 均 値 人 数 平 均 値 人 数 仕 事 で 使 用 仕 事 で 使 用 友 人 知 人 友 人 知 人 家 族 鑑 賞 趣 味 旅 行 海 外 旅 行 使 用 しない インターネット 学 習 使 用 しない // 15 /1 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 5 JGSS-22 モデル1 モデル2 モデル3 モデル4 β β β β 3 代 ダミー 代 ダミー 代 ダミー * 6 代 ダミー -.86 ** -.76 ** -.82 ** -.91 *** 7 歳 以 上 ダミー *** *** *** *** 中 等 教 育 ダミー.154 ***.128 ***.123 ***.11 *** 高 等 教 育 ダミー.553 ***.59 ***.475 ***.414 *** 女 性 ダミー 既 婚 ダミー -.67 *** -.7 *** -.74 *** 歳 収 入 ( 共 変 量 ) * 世 帯 収 入 ( 共 変 量 ).122 ***.18 ***.74 *** 下 層 ダミ *** -.51 * ブルーダミ *** -.78 ** 農 林 ダミ ** -.15 無 職 ダミ *** -.41 使 用 有 無.346 *** Adj.R-sq N

13 5 JGSS-26 モデル1 モデル2 モデル3 モデル4 β β β β 3 代 ダミー -.69 * 代 ダミー 代 ダミー -.19 ** -.94 ** -.15 ** 代 ダミー *** -.11 ** -.18 ** 歳 以 上 ダミー *** *** *** -.56 中 等 教 育 ダミー.231 ***.211 ***.22 ***.153 *** 高 等 教 育 ダミー.56 ***.56 ***.469 ***.364 *** 女 性 ダミー 既 婚 ダミー * -.47 * 歳 収 入 ( 共 変 量 ).55 **.55 **.5 ** 世 帯 収 入 ( 共 変 量 ).14 ***.129 ***.1 *** 下 層 ダミー ブルーダミー *** -.97 *** 農 林 ダミー -.6 ** -.31 無 職 ダミー -.82 * -.42 使 用 有 無.398 *** Adj.R-sq N JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22JGSS-26 JGSS-26 JGSS-22JGSS-26 JGSS-26 β 15 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS JGSS-26 4 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 4 JGSS

14 34 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-26 JGSS JGSS JGSS JGSS-22JGSS-26 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 4 JGSS-22 JGSS-26 JGSS-26 JGSS-22 Acknowledgement General Social SurveysJGSS JGSS SSJ 136

15 1, 28, 2http://www.toeic.or.jp/ 3http://www.etc.org/ , 25, Estimating Causal Effects of English Use on Earnings for Japanese Domestic Workers,., 27, 56 3., 24,., 28,. 137

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