宮本/宮本

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1 SO EU Montana State University Japan Natural Legacies Keynote Speech Environmental Policies in Japan Past, Present, Future

2 SO SO SO

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5 SO SO NO

6 SO ppm BOD ppm ppm cm

7 SO ppm ppm

8 SOppm ppm H Weidner H.Weidner Die Erfolge der Japanishen Umweltpolitok, Köln: Verlag Kipenheuer &. Witsh,

9 No More Yokkaichi

10 OECD, Environmental Policies in Japan, Paris: OECD

11 SOX NO SOx SOX

12

13 M.Jänicke, Staatsversagen, Die Ohnmachat der Politik in der Industriegesellscaft, München: Piper

14 SOX NO

15

16

17

18 GDP GDP

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20 U.S., Geological Surrvey. to Worldwide Asbestos Supply and Consumption Trends from

21 CO CO

22 Sustainable Development Sustainable Society SD SS WTO IMF WEO WEO EU Sustainable City A. Rechkemmer ed., UNEO Towards an International Environmental Organization; An Sustain-

23 Sustainable City able Reform of Global Environmental Governance, Barden-Barden: Nomos Verlagsgesellshaft,

24 Sustainable Rural Area Exogenous Development M K Gandhi Hind Swaraj M. K. Gandhi, Hind Swarai

25 Exogenous Development Endogenous Development

26 Kenichi Miyamoto Abstracts In the process of civilization in a western way after the Meiji Restoration, Japan repeated pollution problems that the U.S. and European coutries had already experienced. The Japanese government and economic circle tried to accomplish its economic development only for few decades even though England took 300 years to its economy after industrial revolution. Such economic growth was so rapid that all sort of pollution and environmental problems appeared at the same time. In the middle of the 1970 s, under th pressure of citizen s anti-pollution movement, Japan had already solved problems concerning air pollution of SOX and water/land pollution of mercury poisoning/cadmium poisoning although there ware severe pollution, such as Minamata disease, after WWII. As a result, a lot of experts and researchers visited Japan in order to research its pollution problems and measures. After the 1990 s, there has not been advanced measures and citizen s movement in Japan, compared to those of European Union (EU). However, still, studies on environmental issues and lessons from Japanese environmental policy have affected on Asian countries such as South Korea and China. Thus, this paper avaluates Japanese environmental policy historically, and tells the lessons from its experiences and problems of its exisiting policy.

2 146

2 146 28 2004 pp. 145 159 1 Received October 29, 2004 In 1999, North Korea reversed the negative economic growth of the 90s, and displayed a positive trend which, although weak, was maintained at 1.8% in 2003.

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