物価指数の計測誤差と品質調整手法:わが国CPIからの教訓

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1 CPICPI CPI CPI CPI CPI Economic Perspective Shiratsukaa

2 Consumer Price IndexCPI CPI CPI CPI CPI Advisory Commission to Study the Consumer Price Index 1996Shiratsuka 1999bHoffmann 1998Cunningham 1996 Crawford ShiratsukaCPI

3 CPI CPI CPI CPI CPI CPI CPI CPI Advisory Commission to Study the Consumer Price IndexCPI CPI Shapiro and Wilcox Shiratsukab

4 CPI CPI CPI CPI CPI CPI CPI

5 CPI CPI CPI CPI CPI

6 Bureau of Labor Statistics BLSCPI direct comparison CPIdirect quality adjustment imputation of price change BLScommodity analysts CPI CPI CPIArmknecht, Lane, and Stewart

7 CPI CPI CPI

8 CPI CPI

9 CPI CPI CPI CPI Waugh Court Nordhaus Rosen

10 CPI n lnp it = α + β j x ijt + δ k d ikt +u it j=1 k=1 T p it x ijt d ikt u it t i j k CPI CPI CPI Rosen

11 CPI CPI CPI XlnP ab X N X O lnp N lnp O Wholesale Price Index WPI

12 In P In P = a + bx In P N In P N C A In P O B In P O a b D 0 X O X N X AB CD = CD AB CPI

13

14 CPI CPI CPI CPI CPI

15

16 A E AC AA C E 0 Lancaster

17 E 0 E E 0

18 E A CA A C E A

19 n lnp it = α + β j lnx ijt + δ k d ikt +u it j=1 k=1 1 ( k=s ) d iks = 0 (k s ) T x ijt d ikt u it t i j k t j x j t s lnp 0 = α + β lnx j j=1 n n lnp s = α + β lnx j +δ s j=1 lnp s lnp 0 =δ s δ s s s I 0 s I 0s = exp(δ s ) 100

20 s x j s n p 0 = exp(α 0 + β j0 x j ) j=1 n p s = exp(α s + β js x j ) j=1 s I 0 s I 0 s = p s / p 0 100

21 A F Greene

22 CPI CPI Advisory Commission to Study the Consumer Price Index, Toward a More Accurate Measure of the Cost of Living, final report to the Senate Finance Committee, Armknecht, Paul A., Walter F. Lane, and Kenneth J. Stewart, New Products and the U.S. Consumer Price Index, in The Economics of New Goods, T. F. Bresnahan and R. J. Gordon eds., Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp Court, Andrew T., Hedonic Price Indexes with Automotive Example, The Dynamics of Automobile Demand, Detroit, MI: The General Motors Corporation, Crawford, Allan, Measurement Biases in the Canadian CPI: An Update, Bank of Canada Review, Spring, 1998, pp Cunningham, Alastair W. F., Measurement Bias in Price Indices: An Application to the UK s RPI, Bank of England, working paper, No. 47, Greene, William H., Econometric Analysis, 3rd ed., New York: Prentice Hall, Hoffmann, Johannes, Problems of Inflation Measurement in Germany, Deutsche Bundesbank, Economic Research Group, discussion paper, No. 1/98, Lancaster, Kelvin, Modern Consumer Theory, London: Edward Elgar, Nordhaus, William D., Do Real-output and Real-wage Measures Capture Reality?, in The Economics of New Goods, T. F. Bresnahan and R. J. Gordon eds., Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp Rosen, Sherwin, Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition, Journal of Political Economy, 82, 1, 1974, pp Shapiro, Matthew D., and David W. Wilcox, Alternative Strategies for Aggregating Prices in the CPI, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, May/June, 1997, pp Shiratsuka, Shigenori, Measurement Errors and Quality-Adjustment Methodology: Lessons from the Japanese CPI, Economic Perspectives, 23 2, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 1999a, pp.2-13.

23 , Measurement Errors in Japanese Consumer Price Index, BOJ Monetary and Economic Studies, 17 3, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan,1999b, pp Waugh, Frederick V., Quality Factors Influencing Vegetable Prices, Journal of Farm Economics, 10, (2), 1928, pp

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BB 報告書完成版_修正版)040415.doc

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