評論・社会科学 87号(よこ)(P)/1.小林

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73 Wage System in China s Reform and Opening up Period Shaojie Dou As everyone knows, as China experiences rapid economic development, Chinese government has also encountered some difficult social problems. Continuously widening gap with the rich and poor is one of them. Experts and scholars have actively involved in the discussions, contributed ideas on this regard. In this study, the author would like to assert : Do not ignore the basis issues wage system itself and its operating rules. In fact, not much research on China s wage system and its operating rules has been done in the past. In the paper The Wage Policy in the Period of Planned Economy of China A Study about the Policy of Distribution According to Work, the author had explored the wage systems in China s Planned Economy period. In this paper, the author recalled the reform progress of China s state-owned enterprise, and gives a systematic introduction on the wage system in the opening up period. Specifically, he divided the reform and opening up period into three phases, i.e. the preparatory phase of the reform and opening up (1978~1984), the phase of socialist commodity economy ( 1984~1992), and the phase of socialist market economy (1992). He also introduced the civil service wage system, the determination of total enterprise wages and the internal wage distribution system of enterprises as well as their characteristics in these respective phases.

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