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1 Directability Meyer [1] 1970 Higgins [2] 1980 Deutsch [3] 1980 [4] Lerdahl Jackendoff Generative Theory of Tonal Music (GTTM)[5] Narmour Impication - Realization Model (IRM) [6] [7] 1968 Winograd [8] representation Cope EMI[9] Pachet Continuator[10] 2.

2 Hiller, Isaacson Band in - a- Box [11] [12] Rencon Dannenberg DTW Dynamic Time Warping [13] 2000 HMM [14] Cope EMI Pachet Continuator 2.1. EMI D.Cope 1981 EMI (Experiment in Music Intelligence) [9] Cope EMI 4 EMI Cope 1 EMI

3 2.2. Continuator Continuator 2004 Pachet [10] Continuator Continuator Continuator 3. Directability 2005 =CrestMuse [15] directability CrestMuse directability 3.1. CrestMuse Beatles Stanley Kubrick CrestMuse CrestMuse elaboration CrestMuse 2006 directabilty Directability Orpheus[16] BayesianBand [17] 5

4 Itopul[18] [19] directability directability [15] directability GUI 3 v.morish GUI (a) v.morish v.morish [20] TANDEM- STRAIGHT[21] A B 4 Mixtract 4. CrestMuse (b) Mixtract Mixtract Shannon Turing 1970

5 1997 Deep Blue [22] 4.2. Cope EMI 5. directability [1] L. B Meyer, Emotion and Meaning of music, University of Chicago Press, [2] H. Longuet-Higgins, Perception of Melodies, Nature, Vol. 263, pp , [3] D. Deutsch, and J. Feroe, The Internal Representation of Pitch Sequence in Tonal Music, Psychological Review, Vol.8, pp , [4] 1987 [5] F. Lerdahl, and R. Jackendoff, A Gnerative Theory of Tonal Music, MIT Press, [6] E. Narmour, The analysis and Cognition of Basic Melodic Structure, University of Chicago Press, [7] L. Hiller, and L.Isaacson, Experimental Music, McGraw-Hill, [8] T. Winograd, Linguistics and the computer analysis of tonal harmony, Journal of Music Theory, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 2-49, [9] D. Cope, Computers and Music Style, Computer Music and Digital Audio Series, [10] F. Pachet, The continuator: Musical

6 interaction with style. Journal of New Music Research, Vol. 31, No. 1, [11] M.Clynes, Secretes of Life in Music, Proc. ICMC, pp , [12] L. Fryd en, and J.Sundberg, Performance Rules for Melodies. Origin, Functions, Purposes, Proc. ICMC, pp , [13] R. B. Dannenberg, An On-Line Algorithm for Real-Time Accompaniment, Proc. ICMC, pp , [14],,, [15], Vol.48, No.12, pp , [16],,,,,, Orpheus,, p.15, [17],,, BayesianBand, 2009, pp.31-32, [18] M. Hashida, and H. Katayose, A Directable Performance Rendering System: Itopul, Proc. New Instruments on Music Expression (NIME), pp , [19],, [20], v.morish: 2009, pp , [21],,,,,, A, vol.j92-a, no.3, pp , [22],,,,, Haruhiro Katayose) 1991 HCI CREST CrestMuse 2 CrestMuse

2797 4 5 6 7 2. 2.1 COM COM 4) 5) COM COM 3 4) 5) 2 2.2 COM COM 6) 7) 10) COM Bonanza 6) Bonanza 6 10 20 Hearts COM 7) 10) 52 4 3 Hearts 3 2,000 4,000

2797 4 5 6 7 2. 2.1 COM COM 4) 5) COM COM 3 4) 5) 2 2.2 COM COM 6) 7) 10) COM Bonanza 6) Bonanza 6 10 20 Hearts COM 7) 10) 52 4 3 Hearts 3 2,000 4,000 Vol. 50 No. 12 2796 2806 (Dec. 2009) 1 1, 2 COM TCG COM TCG COM TCG Strategy-acquisition System for Video Trading Card Game Nobuto Fujii 1 and Haruhiro Katayose 1, 2 Behavior and strategy of computers

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Vol. 48 No. 1 GTTM GTTM GTTM 3 GTTM 1 GTTM GTTM GTTM 5),6) 7) 9) 10),11) GTTM 1 GTTM 2 (1) (2) (1) GTTM (2) GTTM exgttm exgttm 4),12) 14) GTTM 1

Vol. 48 No. 1 GTTM GTTM GTTM 3 GTTM 1 GTTM GTTM GTTM 5),6) 7) 9) 10),11) GTTM 1 GTTM 2 (1) (2) (1) GTTM (2) GTTM exgttm exgttm 4),12) 14) GTTM 1 Vol. 48 No. 1 Jan. 2007 GTTM Generative Theory of Tonal Music GTTM GTTM GTTM GTTM exgttm exgttm exgttm Grouping Structure Generator Based on Music Theory GTTM Masatoshi Hamanaka, Keiji Hirata and Satoshi

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102 (1) (2) (3) (4) 4 Shneiderman (i) Collect (ii) Relate (iii) Create (iv) Donate 4 4 (1) (4) [73] Collect Relate Create Donate ( C-R-C-D ) [14] [27]

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