ハイコミットメントモデルの有効性についての考察 

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1 No Abstract The purpose of this study is to analyze the current validity of the high commitment management model, which has been widely used in the USA and Europe. This model has shown efficiency since the decade of the 1980 s. It is argued that the high commitment management model will not lose its applicability during the first decades of the current century. Especially, in areas such as contract employment and achievement principles, which are important issues that the Japanese human resources management system should be reconfirmed, are discussed as the appropriate meaning of high commitment management model Walton1985 Lawler

2 3 (1) 1980 (2) (3) (1)(2) Walton 1) 2 1. HRM Human Resource ManagementWalton HRM Walton HRM Walton WFrederick W. Taylor

3 No QWL EI Walton HRM 2) HRM 3) 4 (1) (2) (3) (4) 1996 Barnard (1935) Walton 1997;,

4 Walton, R. E. (1985), p Allen & Meyer(1990) affectivecontinuancenormative Becker(1969) Mowday et al.(1979) Wiener(1982)

5 No Morrow(1983)

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9 No Homans1961 Blau1964 Barnard ,

10 Barnard ,1994,

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17 No Walton1985 p.36. p p Allen, N.J., and Meyer, J.P.(1990)The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organizationjournal of Occupational Psychology, 63, Barnard, C.I.1935, The Functions of the Executive, Harvard University Press, 1935 ( 1968) Becker, H.S.1960Notes on the concept of commitmentamerican Journal of Sociology,66, Blau, P. M. (1964), Exchange and Power in Social Life. John Wiley & Sons Homans, G. C. (1961), Social Behavior, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.1978 Lawler, E. E. (1992), The Ultimate Advantage: Creating the High-Involvement Organization. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Maslow, A.H.1954Motivation and Personality, New York: Harper and Row Morrow, P. C. (1983), Concept redundancy in organizational research: The case of work commitment. Academy of Management Review, 8, Mowday, R.T., Steers, R.M. & Porter, L.W.1979The measurement of organizational commitmentjournal of Vocational Behavior

18 Walton, R. E. (1985), Toward a Strategy of Eliciting Employee Commitment Based on Policies of Mutuality. In R. E. Walton and P. R. Lawrence (Eds.), HRM: Trends and Challenges. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, pp Wiener, Y. (1982), Commitment in organizations: A normative view, Academy of management Review, 7, , 芢 THE MULTIDIMENSIONALITY OF ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT

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