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1 Waist-to-chest ratio WCR Somatotype 2 Waist-to-chest ratio WCR Somatotype 72 M = SD = 5.50 WCR Somatotype ectomorphic endomorphic mesomorphic WCR average WCR 0.7 U WCR Somatotype Waist-to-chest ratio WCR Somatotype Key words Appearance attractiveness Waist-to-chest ratio WCR Somatotype 1 Buss, 1999 Walster, Aronson, Abrahams, & Rottman 1966 Buss Bjömtorp,

2 & 2012 e.g., Fumham, Swami, & Shah, 2006; Swami & Tovee, 2005; Tovee, Hancock, Mahmoudi, Singleton, & Comelissen, 2002; Tovee, Reinhardt, Emery, & Cortielissen, Wast-to-hip ratio WHR Furnham, Tan & McManus, 1997; Henss, 1995; Singh, 1995 Digit ratio 2D 4D Beaton, Rudling, Kissling, Taurines, & Regine, 2011 Prokop & Fedor, 2011 Waist-to-chest ratio WCR Maisey, Vale, Cornelissen, & Tovée 1999 Body mass index BMI Waist-to-chest ratio WCR Waist-to-hip ratio WHR Maisey, et al BMI WCR WHR 1.7 SD WCR 56% BMI 12.7% WHR WCR 50% Fan, Dai, Liu, & Wu, 2005; Swami & Tovée, 2005; Swami & Tovée, 2008 WCR 1 WCR Somatotype Somatotype 1977 Somatotype WCR Somatotype WCR Somatotype 72 M=26.69 SD=5.50 Web URL URL URL

3 =1 =5 5 2 Dixson, B., Dixson, A., Li, & Anderson 2007 Somatotype ectomorphic ecto endomorphic endo mesomorphic meso average aver WCR Table. 1 Dixson, et al Sheldon, Dupertuis, & McDermott 1954 ecto endo meso aver 4 Somatotype WCR Somatotype ectomorphic endomorphic mesomorphic average

4 6 WCR Somatotype ecto endo meso aver 1 6 attractive % % 1 = 0.88 Table. 2 Somatotype WCR ectomorphic 8.04 (2.12) 6.38 (2.75) 5.22 (1.89) 6.15 (2.07) 4.99 (1.48) 5.18 (1.88) endomorphic 4.82 (1.61) 4.43 (1.23) 3.67 (1.04) 3.54 (0.96) 3.94 (1.04) 3.24 (0.74) mesomorphic 9.64 (2.92) (2.29) 8.56 (3.20) 6.43 (2.81) 6.00 (2.46) 5.31 (2.20) average 9.44 (2.19) 9.79 (2.29) 9.03 (1.92) (2.30) 6.13 (2.34) 5.61 (1.88) : : WCR Somatotype WCR Somatotype ecto endo meso aver 2 WCR F 5,355 = , p.01 Somatotype F 3,213 = , p.01 WCR Somatotype F 15, , p.01

5 Somatotype WCR F p 1 Fig. 1 Fig. 1 WCR Somatotype WCR Somatotype ecto endo meso aver F p 1 Table n.s n.s 0.7 n.s n.s 0.8 n.s n.s n.s 0.9 n.s n.s n.s 1.0 n.s 1.1 n.s n.s :ecto :endo n.s

6 :ecto :endo n.s 0.8 n.s n.s 0.9 n.s n.s n.s 1.0 n.s 1.1 n.s :aver :meso 1: n.s 2: ecto aver 3: endo meso Somatotype WCR = = = = = = 1.1 Somatotype Somatotype WCR Fig. 2 Fig. 2 ecto Adj R 2 =.411 endo Adj R 2 =.385 meso Adj R 2 =.324 WCR aver Adj R 2 =.575 WCR0.7 U

7 Waist-to-chest ratio WCR Somatotype WCR Somatotype attractive WCR 4 Somatotype 1 attractive ecto endo meso WCR WCR Swami & Tovee 2005 aver WCR0.7 U Somatotype Somatotype Maisey et al. 1999

8 Somatotype aver endo meso endo meso WCR aver aver Somatotype WCR 1 Somatotype U WCR 1 WHR 0.7 U WHR0.7 WCR Soamtotype U ecto endo meso WCR WCR WCR waist-chest waist-chest Beaton, A., Rudling, N., Kissling, C., Taurines, R., & Thome, J. (2011). Digit ratio (2D:4D), salivary testosterone, and handedness. laterality, 16 (2), Bjomlorp. P. (1987). Fal cell distribution and metabolism. In R. J- Wurtman & J. J. Wurtman (Eds.). Human obesity (66-72). New York: New York Academy of Sciences. Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, Buss, D. M. (1999). Evolutionary Psychology. Needham Ehights, MA: Allyn & Bacon. Buss, D. M., & Schmitt, D. P. (1993). Sexual strategies theory: An evolutionary perspective on human mating. Psychological Review, 100, Dixson, B. J., Dixson, A. F., Morgan, B., Anderson, M. J., & Li, B. (2007). Studies of Human Physique and Sexual Attractiveness: Sexual Preferences of Men and Women in China. American journal of human biology, 19, Fan, J. T., Dai, W., Liu, F., & Wu, J. (2005). Visual perception of male body attractiveness. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 272, Furnham, A., Swami, V., & Shah, K. (2006). Body weight, waist-to-hip ratio and breast size correlates of ratings of attractiveness and health. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, doi: /j.paid Fumham, A.. Tan, T. & McManus, C. (1997). Waist-to-hip ratio and preferences for body shape: A replication and

9 extension. Penional and Individual Differences, 22, Henss, R. (1995). Waist-to-hip ratio and attractiveness. Replication and extension. Personality and Individual Differences, 19, , (2012). LOH 8(4), Maisey, D. S., Vale, E. L. E., Cornelissen, P. L., & Tovee, M. J. (1999). Characteristics of male attractiveness for women. Lancet, 353, Prokop, P. & Fedor, P. (2011). Physical attractiveness influences reproductive success of modern men. Journal of Ethology. 29, Sheldon, W. H., Dupertuis, C. W., & McDermott, E. (1954). Atlas of men. New York: Harpers. Singh, D. (1995). Female judgment of male attractiveness and desirability for relation ships: Role of waisl-to-hip ratio and financial status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, Swami, V. & Tovée, M. J. (2005). Female physical attractiveness in Britain and Malaysia: A cross-cultural study. Body Image, 2, Swami, V. & Tovée, M. J. (2008). The Muscular Male: A Comparison of the Physical Attractiveness Preferences of Gay and Heterosexual Men. International Journal of Men s Health, 7, (1977). 26, Tovée, M. J., Hancock, P. J., Mahmoodi, S., Singleton, B. R., & Cornelissen, P. L. (2002). Human female attractiveness: Waveform analysis of body shape. Proceedings: Biological Sciences, 269, Tovée, M. J., Reinhardt, S., Emery, J. L., & Cornelissen, P. L. (1998). Optimum body-mass index and maximum sexual attractiveness. Lancet, 352, 548. Walster, E., Aronson, V., Abrahams, D., & Rottman, L. (1966). Importance of physical attractiveness in dating behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 4,

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