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1

2 2

3 + + = 1 = 1 ( = = 0) 3

4 Eb (, T ) exp[ C C /( T )] 1 [ W/(m2μm)] : [ m] T : [K] C 1 = [W m 4 /m 2 ] C 2 = [ m K] 4

5 E b max max T 2897 m m K = 10 m 5

6 E E b E E b E E E b E E E b 6

7 7

8 8

9 9

10 InSb 3 5 m 80 % HgCdTe MCT 3 5 mm 8 14 m 80 % QWIP 10 % QDIP QWIP 10 % 10

11 InSb (77K) HgCdTe (77K) (300K) (300K) D * : 1 W S/N 1 cm 2, 1 Hz, 11

12 80 K 10 ms TV 1 s 10 W W 12

13 3 5 m 8 13 m 2 km, 15, 70 % 13

14 3 5 m 8 13 m D * 3 5 m m 8 13 m 8 13 m 3 5 m 14

15 NETD rms NETD NETD T IR NETD T IR0 T IR T IR0 IR IR 15

16 InSb, MCT, QWIP Hz pixel 420 Hz pixel Hz 300 g

17 IR FPA (Norton, P., Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering, 2003, pp ) 17

18 ( ) E b f (T ) E b T f (T). f (T) T 18

19 E E 1 E Ta 2 f ( T) (1 ) f ( Ta ) f ( T a ) E1 f ( T) E (1 ) f ( T 2 a ) T, 1 T a T T a 19

20 E f ( T) (1 ) f ( Ta)

21 E f ( T) (1 ) f ( Ta) 1) T a 2) T a

22 22

23 < 60 >

24 1) 2) m 24

25 x exp( x) 25

26 ( m) (mm) ( m) (km) m m 26

27 , 27

28 0.1 m 1 % 30 ( /( m) : ( m) : (1/ m) m : m 1 mm 0.1 mm 28

29 E b T E b = f (T) T y z x E T a E = f (T) + (1 ) f (T a ) E b E T a 29

30 ( ) T T IRb ( = ) T IR = T ( ) T y z x T IRb T IR T a 30

31 Lloyd, J.M.: Thermal Imaging Systems, Plenum Press (1975) :, (1991) :, (1994) :, (1993) Astarita, T., et al.: Optics & Laser Technology, 32 (2000), pp :,, (2007), 4 5 :,, (2008), pp :, (1964) : JSME, (2005) 31

2 3 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 10 10 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 16 16 16 16 17 19 21 21 22 5

2 3 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 10 10 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 16 16 16 16 17 19 21 21 22 5 1D000425-2 1 2 3 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 10 10 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 16 16 16 16 17 19 21 21 22 5 3 29 29 29 30 31 31 32 35 35 35 36 41 41 41 46 48 48 48 52 57 4 700 13 1988 4 5 4 5 21 1 1 3 4 5 6 21 10 1888

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