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1

2 (1) (2)

3 NATM NATM 20 1) NATM No.1235, ) No.A

4 NATM NATM Vp Vp 23/2882% 1983 : 0 A i X X σ X 0 0 : : 2 0 i i i i i A X A x A x X = = σ

5 (1) NATM 2 2

6 (2)

7 (3)

8

9 3.2.2 (1) NATM AG (Vp) (Gn) (Dr) (Fc) I N V N LI S S

10 N Vp5.2 Vp5.0 Vp4.2 N 5.2Vp Vp Vp3.4 N 4.6Vp3.8 Vp Vp Vp Vp1.5 N 3.8Vp Vp Vp Vp Vp Vp Vp Gn N 3.2Vp Vp Vp2.5 Gn Gn Vp1.5 Gn S L 2.5Vp 2.9Vp 2.5Vp 1.5Vp 1.5Vp Gn 1.5 Gn1.5 Gn Gn 1.5Gn 1.5 Gn 80 V P (km/sec)g n D r (%)

11 F c (%) N L P 2.6

12 1 500mH2DD L P km/sec) n C / C KN/ KN/ 3 C(kN/) C P P 2 u P km/s) u kn/) P P P P MN/ 5 75m 30 30

13 1)2)3) S L N S S n n m S n

14 n

15

16 N L 80% 10% 10% 80% T T cm 30cm S L (2)

17 N N S L cm cm ABC D E 0.5D2D

18 (3) ( ) 206 ( ) m 125 1) Vol.3 No.5, ) Vol.5 No.6, 1991.

19 3) Vol.7, No ) No ) 82

20

21 3

22 N/mm 2 ()2080N/mm 2 ()20N/mm 2 () 4

23

24 2

25

26 1 9 10

27 (1) 1) 2) 3) 4

28 (2) 1)

29 2)

30 3)

31 (3)

32 ) mm

33

34 )

35 / / / /sec 50,000 80, , ,000 50,000~ 80,000~ 60,000~ 150,000~ 20 CH 40~20 40~55 3.7~3.0 36~27 20,000 40,000 15,000 60,000 CM 20,000~ 5,000 40,000~ 15,000 20~10 30~45 3.0~1.5 27~15 20,000~ 3,000 60,000~ 10,000 CL 10~5 5,000 15, ~ ,000 15,000 D 5 20~ ) 1 A 100 B C D E 5cm

36 ) * * 1) ) No ) 1984.

37 3.4.2 (1) (, 1974) 1.28, 1670 ( 10 ) 1890 ( 23 ) 3.4, ( 27 ) ( ) 1957 ( 32 ) ( ) (TBM) (2) ( )

38 1) ( )

39 ( 1968) (1974) (1968) AU, AL U L

40 ( D D ) ( 1975) ( ) (Fc') Fc'0.30.5

41 2) (1) (2) B1 B2 (3) (4) D1 D2 D1 D2 3) /cm 2.0m ( )

42

43 ( ) ( )

(1) 1.1

(1) 1.1 1 1 1.1 1.1.1 1.1 ( ) ( ) ( ) { ( ) ( ) { ( ) ( ) { ( ) ( ) { ( ) ( ) { ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 2 1 1.1.2 (1) 1.1 1.1 3 (2) 1.2 4 1 (3) 1.3 ( ) ( ) (4) 1.1 5 (5) ( ) 1.4 6 1 (6) 1.5 (7) ( ) (8) 1.1 7 1.1.3

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