[ ]アップル荒井

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42 Shinobu Apple-Arai This article discusses the relationship between the Lotus Sutra, asceticism, and the concept of expiation through examining biographical records of Buddhist monks extant in both China and Japan, especially focusing on fasting practice in general, its regimen of avoiding grains in particular. This study demonstrates that the sutra most frequently upheld by these Buddhist ascetic practitioners described in these records was the Lotus Sutra, and that these practitioners were engaged themselves in this fasting regimen in order for them to purify their own past transgressions, that is to say, expiation. In turn, the regimen of fasting practices was, in fact, derived from techniques indigenous to China, which were aimed at one s well-being, longevity, and immortality because these techniques were considered to be physical cleansing and detoxifying techniques. This article shows the Buddhist rendering and assimilation of heterogeneous traditions and its transformation/internalization of the meaning from one s physical purification into the purification of one s past transgression. This article also discusses the religious activities, which relate the Lotus Sutra with asceticism and expiation, appearing from the 8th century in Japan. Regarding the fact that these activities can be considered as the continuity from the religious activities in China, this essay examines particular forms of reception and transformation occurring in Japan. At the same time, with regard to the continuity in the larger scope of the East Asian religious landscape, it can be a starting point to investigate the Lotus veneration that had been carried in the seemingly different genealogy from the Tientai/Tendai schools.

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