JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary

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1 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary Paul R. Dixon

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3 CONTENTS I Introduction v 1.1 Introduction... ix 1.2 Page Organisation... ix 1.3 Indices... ix Stroke Index... ix Radical Index... ix Reading Index... ix 1.4 Entry Organisation... x 1.5 Sources... xi 1.6 Acknowledgements... xi 1.7 License... xi 1.8 History... xi II JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary 1 III Appendices 167 A Radical Index 169 B Stroke Index 177 C On-Kun Index 183 iii

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5 Part I Introduction v

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7 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary Introduction vii

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9 Introduction 1.1 Introduction This dictionary aims to provide a concise reference tuned for all the kanji characters and vocabulary which appear in the pre-2010 Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) level 2 examination. Please see for the latest information and versions or to submit feedback. The JLPT Level 2 kanji characters and vocabulary specifications are basic disjoint lists. This dictionary has unified this information into a single reference which contains 1000 characters and approximately 5000 examples. It also has extra information including stroke order diagrams and comprehensive readings and meanings. Within the specification are compounds that contain out of level characters, and special consideration has been paid to these. Any compound that contains a kanji character that is not a dictionary entry will have it s reading indicated with a furigana annotation. The construction from the input list to the final dictionary is performed by a set of programs that are designed to allow printed Kanji dictionaries to be rapidly created. 1.2 Page Organisation The dictionary is ordered according to the kana syllabary, the pages of the main dictionary are arranged in a two column format. On each page the upper outside edge has an indicator showing the first and last indexing reading on that page. The lower right edge indicates the ID range of contained character. 1.3 Indices Stroke Index This indexes characters in ascending stroke order Radical Index This indexes characters according to radical, the radicals are sorted into ascending stroke order Reading Index The reading index is generated by taking each example entry and aligning the kanji and kana writing. From this alignment the reading and type each character emits is identified. The index ix

10 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. Introduction is in gojyuon order, on-yomi readings are katakana, whilst kun-yomi and the regular readings are written in hiragana. 1.4 Entry Organisation open, unfold, unseal.,.,.,.,.,-. Rad. 3 Freq opening of a meeting (vs) start, commencement, beginning (vs) opening, open (vs) open, throw open (vs) develop, expansion (opposite of compression) to be open to open to open (e.g. a festival) Figure 1.1: Example dictionary entry 1. Kanji Character 2. Stroke Order Diagram: This shows the stroke order, a separate frame is used for each stroke. 3. Entry Identifier: Each entry has a unique numerical identifier which has a value between 1 and 1000 and is used for cross-referencing. 4. On Pronunciation: The sino-japanese reading (on-yomi) written in katakana. 5. Kun Pronunciation: The native Japanese reading (kun-yomi) written in hiragana. 6. Meaning: The translated meaning in English. 7. Information Fields: The following information is given for each character entry. (a) The radical. (b) The year the character is learnt in the Japanese school system. (c) The frequency of usage. (d) The stroke count. 8. Usage Examples: For each character a set of examples is generated by finding every JLPT level 2 vocabulary entry in which the character occurs. The examples are placed in order of the reading type the character generates. Firstly the sino-japanese reading (on-yomi), secondly the native Japanese reading (kun-yomi) and finally irregular readings such as gikun readings. 9. Furigana Annotation: This is added to kanji characters which occur in compounds but do not have their own dedicated entry within the dictionary. x

11 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary Introduction 1.5 Sources Information in this dictionary is based on the EDICT and KANJIDIC dictionary files copyright c Electronic Dictionary Research and Development Group, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia. Versions of the EDICT and KANJIDIC files from 2001 version were used in this dictionary, newer versions of these files contain more information and fewer errors. 1.6 Acknowledgements Thanks to Jim Breen for making the EDICT and KANJIDIC dictionary files available, allowing their use in this dictionary, and his hard work in creating the excellent Japanese language resource at: Thanks to Natsuko Dixon for all her help in creating and checking this dictionary. 1.7 License Copyright c Paul R. Dixon All rights reserved. This dictionary is provided for personal non-commercial use only. No part of this file may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without permission in writing from the author. This dictionary should only be available via Please see the site for enquires regarding, commercial, educational or institutional usage or for custom dictionary services. The information contained in this dictionary is provided without any express, statutory, or implied warranties. The author will not by held liable for any damages caused or alleged to be caused either directly or indirectly by this dictionary. 1.8 History 28 January first public release. xi

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13 Part II JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary 1

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15 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary love, affection, favourite (vs) love Rad. 4 Freq love, affection to love 0002,., -,.,.,-.,,,,. bad, vice, rascal, false, evil, wrong Rad. 3 Freq devil, demon, fiend, Satan, evil spirit bad, inferior abuse, insult, slander, evil speaking (an) malicious, ill-tempered, unkind 0003,,.,.,.,. pressure, push, overwhelm, oppress, dominate Rad. 5 Freq atmospheric pressure blood pressure (vs) compression, condensation, pressure 0004.,.,,. relax, cheap, low, quiet, rested, contented, peaceful Rad. 3 Freq (an) easy-going (vs) relief, peace of mind (an) safety, security (an) stability, equilibrium (an) anxiety, uneasiness, insecurity, suspense cheap, inexpensive, peaceful, quiet, gossipy, thoughtless criterion, aim darkness, disappear, shade, informal, grow dark, be blinded Rad. 3 Freq (vs) memorization, learning by heart (uk) dark, gloomy, approximately total darkness, shortsightedness, pitch dark dim, gloomy by means of, because, in view of, compared with Rad. 4 Freq less than, up to, below, under, and downward, not exceeding, the following, the rest with the exception of, excepting after this, from now on, hereafter, thereafter on and after, hereafter, thereafter more than, exceeding, greater than, this is all, over, above, and up, beyond, the abovementioned, since, as long as, the end ago, since, before, previous within, inside of, less than since, henceforth

16 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. garment, clothes, dressing Rad. 4 Freq necessities of life (food, clothing, etc.) clothes bathrobe, informal summer kimono, yukata 0008, rank, grade, throne, crown, about, some Rad. 4 Freq (vs) place, situation, position, location a rank, a postion unit, denomination, credit (in school) (social) position, status (suf) (vs) grade, rank, court order, dignity, nobility, situation, throne, crown, occupying a position, about, almost, as, rather, at least, enough to 0009.,.,. surround, besiege, store, paling, enclosure, encircle, preserve, keep Rad. 4 Freq surroundings, circumference, environs extent, scope, sphere, range atmosphere (e.g. musical), mood, ambience to surround, to encircle 0010.,., doctor, medicine Rad. 3 Freq medical science, medicine doctor, physician doctor (medical) medical care, medical treatment 0011,. reliant, depend on, consequently, therefore, due to Rad. 8 Freq (vs) request, commission, dispatch, dependence, trust committee, entrust to, leave to, devote, discard Rad. 3 Freq committee member 0013 stomach, paunch, crop, craw stomach 0014 Rad. 4 Freq ,. shift, move, change, drift, catch (cold, fire), pass into Rad. 5 Freq (vs) moving, transfer, demise (vs) removal, migration, movement to remove, to transfer, to infect to move (house), to be infected, to be contagious, to transfer (department)

17 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary. admirable, greatness, remarkable, conceited, famous, excellent Rad. 8 Freq (an) greatness great, celebrated, eminent, terrible, awful, famous, remarkable, excellent 0016 idea, mind, heart, taste, thought, desire, care, liking Rad. 3 Freq (an) unexpected, surprising meaning, significance opinion, view will, volition intention, purpose (vs) consciousness, senses (an) malicious, ill-tempered, unkind (vs) meaning, significance respect, honour (vs) caution, being careful, attention (heed), warning, advice (an) pride, triumph, prosperity, one s strong point, one s forte, one s specialty, customer, client (an) impertinent, saucy, cheeky, conceit, audacious, brazen (vs) preparation 0017.,.,., -.,.,. difference, differ Rad. 8 Freq violation (of law), transgression, infringement, breach (vs) difference, discrepancy, variation difference, discrepancy (phrase) sure, no mistaking it, for certain to differ (from) (vs) misunderstanding, wrong guess mistake to make a mistake, to be incorrect, to be mistaken to err, to make a mistake 0018 range, region, limits, stage, level Rad. 6 Freq limits, boundary, domain, zone, sphere, territory area, region (river) basin 0019.,.,.,. bring up, grow up, raise, rear Rad. 3 Freq childcare, nursing, upbringing (a-no) (vs) training, education physical education, gymnastics, athletics to raise (child), to be brought up, to grow (up) to be brought up, to raise, to rear, to bring up 0020, -,. one one Rad. 1 Freq

18 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. once, tentatively, in outline, for the time being one hour, short time, once, a time, temporarily, at one time, twelfth part of a day greater, more, further, still more once, one time, on one occasion allatonce copy, part, partly, some first class, top grade, school (of art), foremost, top-notch, unique top of (someting), the best of (something) by some chance, by some possibility, if by any change, 10E4:1 odds (vs) unity, consolidation, uniformity, unification, compatible (a-no) identity, sameness, similarity, equality, fairness only, sole, unique a house, a home, a family, a household, one s family, one s folks, a style day before yesterday year before last a species, a kind, a variety a moment, an instant together, meeting, company whole life, a lifetime, all through life, one existence, a generation, an age, the whole world, the era very hard, with utmost effort, with all one s might () () simultaneous, all at once much more, still more, all the more one object, one body, what on earth?, really?, generally once, for a moment, one morning, temporarily (vs) coincidence, agreement, union, match, conformity, consistency, co-operation (a-no) (vs) fixed, settled, definite, uniform, regularized, defined, standardized, certain, prescribed () () (a-no) general, liberal, universal, ordinary, average on the other hand, one side, one way, a quarter, one direction, one party, the other party, meanwhile, only, simple, in turn (pref ) one single word one (a-no) ordinary, usual, in general, briefly arest one person one by one, each first day of month 0021.,.,. -, -.,. pull, tug, jerk, admit, install, quote, refer to Rad. 2 Freq (vs) retire quotation, citation gravity (an) overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed index, indices drawer, drawing out to detain, to check, to restrain minus, to pull, to play (string instr.) to be caught in, to be stuck in, to be cheated to hang (something) on (something), to hook, to catch, to throw on (clothes), to trap, to ensnare, to cheat, to evade payment, to jump a bill, to drink (alcohol), to spit at (a person) to turn over, to overturn, to knock over, to upset, to turn inside out to be overturned, to be upset, to topple over, to be reversed to move, to change residence to draw back, to sink, to cave in to pull, to draw, to stretch, to drag deduction, subtraction, balance, ebb & flow, rise & fall to be prolonged, to drag on to undertake, to take up, to take over, to be responsible for, to guarantee, to contract (disease)

19 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary torepeat,tosendback,tobring back, to retrace one s steps subtraction to pull out, to take out, to draw out, to withdraw a draw (in competition), tie game dictionary (suf) discount, reduction, rebate, tenths discounted (io) moving (dwelling, office, etc.), changing residence 0022,-,. stamp, seal, mark, imprint, symbol, emblem, trademark, evidence, souvenir, India Rad. 4 Freq (vs) printing impression mark, symbol, evidence (vs) mark, sign, landmark directing arrow 0023.,. cause, factor, be associated with, depend on, be limited to Rad. 5 Freq cause, origin, source to come from 0024 employee, member, number, the one in charge Rad. 3 Freq (suf) member committee member member, the membership member of the Diet, congress or parliament teaching staff factory worker all members (unanimity), all hands, thewholecrew regular staff shop assistant, employee, clerk, salesperson full house, no vacancy, sold out, standing room only 0025 Inst., institution, temple, mansion, school Rad. 3 Freq temple (vs) leaving hospital graduate school (vs) hospitalization hospital 0026,., -. drink, smoke, take to drink Rad. 3 Freq teacup 0027, right Rad. 1 Freq (vs) influence, control, domination, left and right right hand side

20 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. eaves, roof, house, heaven Rad. 6 Freq universe, cosmos, space 0029,, feathers, counter for birds, rabbits Rad. 2 Freq shuttlecock feather, plume, wing (c) birds, rabbits 0030, -, - rain Rad. 1 Freq rainy season, rain during the rainy season sliding storm door rain rainy season, rain during the rainy season carry, luck, destiny, fate, lot, transport, progress, advance Rad. 3 Freq fortune, luck canal, waterway (vs) operation, motion, driving (vs) motion, exercise good luck, fortune unlucky, misfortune, bad luck, fate to transport 0032, - cloud cloud 0033 Rad. 2 Freq eternity, long, lengthy Rad. 5 Freq eternity, perpetuity, immortality, permanence eternity, perpetuity, immortality long, lengthy swim Rad. 3 Freq (vs) swimming swimming to swim 0035 England, English Rad. 4 Freq the English language sentence in English English-Japanese (e.g. dictionary) Japanese-English 0036.,.,.,-. reflect, reflection, projection Rad. 6 Freq

21 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary movie, film (vs) reflection, influence to film, to transcribe, to duplicate, to reproduce, to trace, to describe, to picture, to photograph, to imitate, to project, to reflect to be reflected, to harmonize with, to come out (photo) 0037,.,., -.,., flourish, prosperity, honor, glory, splendor Rad. 4 Freq nutrition, nourishment 0038.,. occupation, camp, perform, build, conduct (business) Rad. 5 Freq business, trade, management management, administration pointed, sharpness, edge, weapon, sharp, violent Rad. 8 Freq pointed, sharp 0040,.,. easy, fortune-telling, ready to, simple, divination Rad. 5 Freq (an) easy-going (an) easy, simple, plain trade (foreign) easy, plain, simple (suf) easy 0041 fluid, liquid, juice, sap, secretion Rad. 5 Freq liquid, fluid blood 0042 station station 0043 Rad. 3 Freq ,., -., -.,.,-. surpass, cross over, move to, exceed, Vietnam Rad. 8 Freq to cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of) to go over (e.g. with audience) to pass (e.g. car), to outdistance, to outstrip riding past (one s station) (io) moving (dwelling, office, etc.), changing residence to move, to change residence 0044 circle, yen, round Yen, circle.,,,.,. Rad. 1 Freq

22 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. circumference Yen ellipse circle, money round, circular, spherical 0045.,.,.,. prolong, stretching Rad. 6 Freq (vs) postponement, adjournment (vs) extension, elongation, prolongation (vt) to lengthen, to stretch, to reach out, to postpone, to prolong, to extend, to grow (beard) to be prolonged 0046 park, garden, yard, farm Rad. 2 Freq horticulture, gardening garden, park, plantation (public) park amusement park kindergarten 0047.,,. smoke Rad. 8 Freq chimney No Smoking! smoky smoke, fumes 0048,. distant, far Rad. 2 Freq trip, hike, picnic (an) (vs) diffidence, restraint, reserve eternity, perpetuity, immortality, permanence telescope far, distant (a-no) far away, distant, at a distance, distant place, by far 0049 salt Rad. 4 Freq table salt salt salty 0050 performance, act, play, render, stage Rad. 5 Freq acting, performance play (theatrical) practice, exercises, manoeuvers speech, address (vs) musical performance (vs) lecture, address 0051.,.,.,.,.,

23 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary dirty, pollute, disgrace, rape, defile Rad. 8 Freq pollution, contamination dirty, unclean, filthy to soil, to make dirty, to stain, to soil to get dirty, to become dirty 0052,- king, rule, magnate Rad. 1 Freq king, ruler, sovereign, monarch king prince princess king queen 0053 center, middle Rad. 3 Freq centre, central, center, middle 0054.,. -,.-,.,. push, stop, check, subdue, attach, seize, weight, shove, press, seal, do in spite of Rad. 8 Freq closet (vt) to push, to press, to stamp (i.e. a passport) to stop, to restrain, to seize, to repress, to suppress, to press down 0055.,. Europe Rad. 8 Freq Europe and America, the West 0056,., heart, interior Rad. 8 Freq interior, inner part 0057 sideways, side, horizontal, width, woof Rad. 3 Freq (vs) crossing beside, side, width to cross (e.g. arms), to traverse 0058 roof, house, shop, dealer, seller Rad. 3 Freq outdoors rooftop house, building roof (pref ) seller, shop, tipe of person hut, cabin, shed, (animal) pen barber store, shop room greengrocer

24 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. hundred million, 10**8 Rad. 4 Freq ,000,000, hundred million 0060,,-, sound, noise Rad. 1 Freq sound, kanji s on reading music, musical movement the Japanese syllabary noise (jarring, grating) noise (vs) pronunciation (vs) (audio) recording sound sounds 0061 warm.,.,.,., Rad. 3 Freq greenhouse spa, hot spring, onsen temperate zone warmth temperature temperature temperature (body) // warm, mild, genial to warm oneself, to sun oneself, to warm up, to get warm to warm, to heat (uk) lukewarm, tepid 0062,,,,.,.,.,.,.,-.,.,.,. below, down, descend, give, low, inferior Rad. 1 Freq downward, descent, fall, drop, subsidence underline, underscore under, the lower part, get down less than, up to, below, under, and downward, not exceeding, the following, the rest basement, underground underground water underground train, subway (vs) fall, decline, lowering, deterioration corridor the last second, third volume (vs) alighting (vs) boarding, lodging, boarding house month (last third of) drainage, sewage, ditch, gutter, sewerage geta (Japanese footwear), wooden clogs (an) vulgarity, meanness, indecency, coarseness high & low, up & down, unloading & loading, praising & blaming to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to descend (e.g. a mountain) to take down, to launch, to drop, to lower, to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge to overlook, to command a view of, to look down on something (IV) (hon) to give, to confer down-train (going away from Tokyo) to get down, to descend to hang down, to abate, to retire, to fall, to step back

25 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary to hang, to lower, to move back, to wear, to dismiss, to grant under, below, beneath rough copy, draft underwear Shitamachi, lower parts of town socks subordinate(s), inferior(s), junior the lower part, the second half, inferior (an) unskillful, poor, awkward 0063,.,.,.,. change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization Rad. 3 Freq chemistry transform, change (vs) strengthen, intensify, reinforce (vs) digestion culture, civilization (vs) change, variation, alteration, mutation, transition, transformation, transfiguration, metamorphosis, variety, diversity, inflection, declension, conjugation make-up (cosmetic) 0064, -, - fire crater Rad. 1 Freq conflagration, fire volcano fire, conflagration // (abbr) Tuesday (vs) eruption fire, flame, blaze fireworks burn, scald 0065.,. add, addition, increase, join, include, Canada Rad. 4 Freq addition and subtraction, allowance for, degree, extent, measure, condition, seasoning, flavor, moderation, adjustment, influence (of the weather), state of health, chance (vs) acceleration acceleration (vs) heating (vs) participation (vs) increase, addition (vs) addition, supplement, appendix to append, to sum up, to add (up), to include, to increase, to inflict to join in, to accede to, to increase, to gain in (influence) 0066, -., -. can, passable, mustn t, should not, do not passable Rad. 5 Freq (vs) approval, adoption (e.g. motion, bill), passage (an) possible, practicable, feasible (vs) permission, approval wrong, bad, improper, unjustifiable, inadvisable 0067,, -, what Rad. 2 Freq something

26 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. such and such, What?, What is the matter?, What are the items? anyway, please (pref ) what,any,many Why?, What for? by all means, everything somehow, anyhow, one way or another (uk) sometime, someday, one day, some time or other, the other day, in due course, in time / what 0068, flower Rad. 1 Freq (flower) vase flower fireworks (vs) cherry-blossom viewing, flower viewing bride flower arrangement 0069.,., -.,., -.,. fruit, reward, carry out, achieve, complete, end, finish, succeed Rad. 4 Freq fruit, nut, berry. result, consequence effect, effectiveness, efficacy, result as was expected, really fruit 0070 river Rad. 5 Freq canal, waterway river, stream 0071 department, course, section science Rad. 2 Freq (school) subject, curriculum, course department, section study subject, course of study text book surgical department natural science social science social sciences, humanities internist clinic, internal medicine science 0072,, summer summer 0073 Rad. 2 Freq ,,, house, home Rad. 2 Freq house, building furniture housework, domestic chores

27 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary family, members of a family home, family, household (hum) wife (suf )famiry, house, speacilist a house, a home, a family, a household, one s family, one s folks, a style painter, artist state, country, nation author, writer, novelist, artist farmer, farm family (suf) house, family house house (one s own) rent landlord landlord, landlady house for rent 0074 baggage, shoulder-pole load, bear (a burden), shoulder (a gun), load, cargo, freight Rad. 3 Freq luggage 0075 candy, cakes, fruit pastry 0076 Rad. 8 Freq freight, goods, property Rad. 4 Freq cargo, freight coin currency 0077.,-., -.,.,.,. overdo, exceed, go beyond, error Rad. 5 Freq the past, bygone days, the previous error, blunder, accident excess, over- process majority (vs) excess, being more than (vs) passage through, passing (vi) to pass, to go beyond, to elapse, to exceed (vt) to pass, to spend, to go through, to tide over to pass, to go beyond, to elapse, to exceed (vi) to pass, to go beyond, to elapse, to exceed to pass, to pass through 0078 shoes Rad. 8 Freq shoes, footwear socks 0079,. song, sing singer Rad. 2 Freq song, ballad

28 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. (suf )song song, poetry to sing 0080 chapter, lesson, section, department, division, counter for chapters (of a book) Rad. 4 Freq counter for chapters (of a book) (vs) taxation course, curriculum daily lesson, daily work, daily routine 0081,,, brush-stroke, picture.,.,.,,. Rad. 2 Freq painter, artist movie, film picture comic, cartoon (vs) plan, project, schedule, scheme, program 0082 jammed in, shellfish, mediate, concern oneself with Rad. 8 Freq (vs) introduction (an) trouble, burden, care, bother, worry, dependence, support, kindness, obligation 0083,., -.,-.,., -.,. -, -.,.,. -times, round, game, revolve, counter for occurrences Rad. 2 Freq counter for occurrences number of times, frequency book of tickets (vs) rotation, revolution reply, answer (vs) recovery (from illness), rehabilitation, restoration now, this time, lately to turn, to revolve circumference, surroundings, circulation detour to turn, to revolve, to visit several places 0084 ashes, puckery juice, cremate ash Rad. 6 Freq grey, gray, ashen ashtray 0085,.,.,. meeting, meet, party, association, interview, join Rad. 2 Freq. 4 6 (suf) (vs) meeting, assembly, party, association, club member, the membership meeting hall, assembly hall meeting, conference, session, assembly, council, convention, congress account, finance, accountant, treasurer, paymaster, reckoning, bill meeting, assembly

29 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary company, corporation assembly hall, meeting place, the grounds conversation party, banquet opening of a meeting scientific society, academic meeting chance, opportunity Diet, congress, parliament church National Diet, parliament, congress (vs) chairmanship society, public social science meeting, assembly convention, tournament, mass meeting, rally exhibition city (vs) closure to meet, to interview meeting, rendezvous, encounter to meet by chance, to come across, to happen to encounter, to hold a rendezvous, to have a date cheerful, pleasant, agreeable, comfortable Rad. 5 Freq good weather (an) pleasant, agreeable, comfortable (an) pleasant, happy 0087.,. reformation, change, modify, mend, renew, examine, inspect, search Rad. 4 Freq (vs) examination of tickets (vs) revision, amendment, alteration (vs) betterment, improvement (vs) remodeling another time, again, over again, anew, formally to change, to alter, to reform, to revise 0088 sea, ocean Rad. 2 Freq foreign, abroad, overseas coast, beach sea bathing, seawater bath ocean sea, beach 0089 world Rad. 3 Freq boundary limit, bound the world, society, the universe 0090, all, everything Rad. 8 Freq / everyone, everybody, all

30 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. contraption, fetter, machine, instrument Rad. 4 Freq instrument machine, mechanism 0092, picture, drawing, painting, sketch Rad. 2 Freq picture, drawing, painting, sketch colors, paints picture 0093 open, unfold, unseal.,.,-.,.,.,. Rad. 3 Freq opening of a meeting (vs) start, commencement, beginning (vs) opening, open (vs) open, throw open (vs) develop, expansion (opposite of compression) to be open to open to open (e.g. a festival) 0094 storey, stair, counter for storeys of a building Rad. 3 Freq stairs counter for floors of a building gradation, grad, stage 0095,.,.,.,.,.,.,. unravel, notes, key, explanation, understanding, untie, undo, solve, answer, cancel, absolve, explain, minute Rad. 5 Freq (vs) settlement, solution, resolution (vs) breakup, dissolution (vs) explanation, interpretation (vs) explanation, commentary answer, solution (vs) release, liberation, emancipation opinion, point of view (vs) misunderstanding analysis, disassembly (vs) understanding, comprehension to solve, to answer, to untie to loosen 0096 shellfish Rad. 1 Freq shell, shellfish 0097, outside,,.,., - Rad. 2 Freq (pref )outside, appearance diplomacy foreign country (vs) outing, going out the outside, external

31 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary out of, not in, (suf)outside unexpectedly (an) unexpected, surprising with the exception of, excepting outdoors foreign, abroad, overseas suburb, outskirts (a-no) exception surgical department outside to unfasten, to remove (vi) to be disconnected, to get out of place, to be off, to be out (e.g. of gear) other place, the rest 0098 harm, injury Rad. 4 Freq (vs) injury, harm, evil influence, damage public nuisance, pollution obstacle damage, injury, loss damage advantages and disadvantages, interest 0099 each, every, either Rad. 4 Freq status, rank, case individual, each every place, various places each, every, either, respectively, severally 0100, angle, corner, square angle Rad. 2 Freq triangle, triangular square // square with trouble, at great pains, longawaited right angle direction, way, compass point corner street corner four corners, crossroads corner 0101 leather, become serious, skin, hide, pelt leather 0102 Rad. 6 Freq ,,, status, rank, capacity, character, case (law, grammar) Rad. 5 Freq exceptional price, value, cost (vs) success, passing (e.g. exam), eligibility character, personality the same rank, equality, apposition (an) (a-no) shape, form, posture, suitability, moderateness (in price), appearance, manner

32 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. memorize, learn, remember, awake, sober up Rad. 4 Freq (vs) resolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness sense, sensation to remember, to memorize to awaken to wake, to wake up (abbr) alarm-clock 0104,.,. assurance, firm, tight, hard, solid, confirm, clear, evident Rad. 5 Freq (an) certainty, reliability, soundness (vs) affirmation, confirmation probability (an) accurate, punctuality, exactness, authenticity, veracity (an) precise, accurate (an) precise, accurate clear up, clarify, define (an) (id) certain, sure, definite, if I m not mistaken, if I remember correctly to ascertain study, learning, science Rad. 1 Freq study, school, -logy,...studies scholar (vs) study science, learning, scholarship student year in school, grade in school department of a university, undergraduate scholarship, study, learning scholarship, knowledge, literary ability medical science, medicine chemistry science (vs) inspection, study by observation, field trip language study (enrolled) in school natural science social science scholarship grade school student (vs) going on to university social sciences, humanities mathematics, arithmetic university graduate school middle school, junior high school commuting to school philosophy entry to school or university, matriculation literature studying abroad study subject, course of study scientific society, academic meeting term (school) grade in school school senior high school primary school, elementary school to study in depth

33 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary,, music, comfort, ease.,.,. Rad. 2 Freq music, musical movement (an) comfort, ease (an) at ease, comfortable pleasure, amusement musical instrument enjoyable, fun enjoyment, pleasure to enjoy oneself 0107 forehead, tablet, plaque, framed picture, sum, amount, volume Rad. 5 Freq picture (framed), amount or sum (of money) amount of money forehead, brow 0108,., -.,.,-., -.,.,-., -.,., -.,, - hang, suspend, depend, arrive at, tax, pour Rad. 8 Freq (vi) to take (e.g. time, money, etc), to hang multiplication (aux-v) to wear, to put on, to hang, to begin to, to cover, to make a phone call, to multiply, to sit down, to turn on (a switch), to play (a record), to pour (water) to chase after someone, to run after go out, leave home (hon) show, see seat, bench to sit (down) to depart, to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing), to set out, to start, to be going out to happen to pass by to accost a person, to talk (to someone) to be caught in, to be stuck in, to be cheated to hang (something) on (something), to hook, to catch, to throw on (clothes), to trap, to ensnare, to cheat, to evade payment, to jump a bill, to drink (alcohol), to spit at (a person) outward appearance to call out to, to accost, to address (crowd), to appeal unexpected 0109.,.,. lively, resuscitation, being helped, living Rad. 2 Freq printing type action, activity activity (vs) conjugation, practical use vitality, energy (vs) living, life (one s daily existence), livelihood energy, liveliness 0110.,,.,.,. proportion, comparatively, divide, cut, separate, split Rad. 6 Freq to divide, to cut, to break, to halve, to separate, to split, to rip, to crack, to smash, to dilute (vi) to break, to split, to cleave, to fissure, to be smashed, to crack, to be torn rate, ratio, proportion, comparatively, contrary to expectations

34 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. division (math) (suf) discount, reduction, rebate, tenths discounted timetable, schedule part, role, duties 0111.,. -, -.,. dry, parch Rad. 6 Freq (vt) to air, to dry, to desiccate, to drain (off), to drink up 0112 publish, carve, engrave Rad. 5 Freq (o) frequency of publcation, publication ordinal i.e newspaper evening paper 0113.,.,.,. sweet, coax, pamper, be content, sugary Rad. 8 Freq sweet, lenient, indulgent, naive to pamper, to spoil 0114 sweat, perspire Rad. 8 Freq sweat, perspiration to sweat 0115,, tin can, container can, tin Rad. 8 Freq packing (in cans), canning, canned goods, tin can kettle 0116 perfect, completion, end Rad. 4 Freq (vs) complete, completion, perfection (an) perfection, completeness (vs) completion, conclusion 0117 bureaucrat, the government Rad. 4 Freq government office, authorities policeman 0118,.,,. scroll, volume, book, part, roll up, wind up, tie, coil, counter for texts (on book scrolls) Rad. 6 Freq (c) volumes (in a set of books) to wind, to coil, to roll // sleep-wear, nightclothes, pyjamas, nightgown, nightdress 0119,.,.,.,.,

35 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary drought, dry, dessicate, drink up, heaven, emperor Rad. 8 Freq (vs) dry, arid, insipid, dehydrated dry cell, battery (vs) toast (drink)(lit: dry glass) (vt) to dry (clothes, etc.), to desiccate (vi) to get dry afflicted, disease, suffer from, be ill Rad. 8 Freq a patient cold Rad. 3 Freq frigid zone cold (e.g. weather) 0122., -.,. interchange, period, charge, change? Rad. 8 Freq ventilation (vs) exchange, interchange, reciprocity, barter, substitution, clearing (of checks) to exchange, to interchange, to substitute, to replace to transfer (trains), to change (bus, train) (io) transfer (trains, buses, etc.) 0123,,, interval, space Rad. 2 Freq space, interval, SPC indirection, indirectness period, interval (of time), (added optionally to numbers referring to time spans) counte for hours (o ) (class) schedule period, term time timetable, schedule week, weekly moment, second, instant middle, midway, interim year (a-no) private, civilian, civil, popular, folk, unofficial at night, nighttime world, society human being, man, person space, interval space, room, time, pause mistake to make a mistake, to be incorrect, to be mistaken to err, to make a mistake to be in time for soon, in a short time living room (western style) room to let parlor, guest room crevice, crack, gap, opening time, labour alcove company, fellow, associate, comrade, group, circle of friends, partner night- // sleep-wear, clothes, pyjamas, nightgown, nightdress

36 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. daytime, during the day 0124 emotion, feeling, sensation Rad. 3 Freq sense, sensation deep emotion, impression, inspiration feeling, sense, impression (an) (vs) thanks, gratitude emotion(s), feeling(s), sentiment to feel, to sense, to experience (an) (vs) admiration, Well done! to feel, to sense impressions, thoughts (vs) being deeply moved emotionally, excitement, impression, deep emotion (suf)feeling feelings (actual, true) 0125 Sino-, China Rad. 3 Freq Chinese characters Chinese Character-Japanese (e.g. dictionary) 0126.,. accustomed, get used to, become experienced Rad. 5 Freq custom, habit, manners to grow accustomed to to become used to seeing, to be familiar with 0127 pipe, tube, wind instrument, drunken talk Rad. 4 Freq (vs) control, management (e.g. of a business) pipe, tube 0128,-,.,, connection, barrier, gateway, involve, concerning Rad. 4 Freq (vs) relation, connection Kansai (south-western half of Japan, including Osaka) concern, interest to concern, to be related Kantou (eastern half of Japan, including Tokyo) relation, connection organ, mechanism, facility, engine locomotive, engine entranceway, entry hall transportation facilities customs house 0129, building, mansion, large building, palace Rad. 3 Freq (suf ) large building meeting hall, assembly hall museum Japanese hotel, inn

37 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary 0130 simplicity, brevity Rad. 6 Freq (an) simple 0131.,. outlook, look, appearance, condition, view Rad. 4 Freq audience, spectator(s) (vs) sightseeing (vs) observation, survey (vs) observation (vs) idea, notion, conception 0132,.,. round, full, month, perfection, -ship, pills, make round, roll up, curl up, seduce, explain away Rad. 2 Freq circle, full (month), perfection, purity, suffix for ship names round, circular, spherical 0133.,. include, bear in mind, understand, cherish Rad. 8 Freq to hold in the mouth, to bear in mind, to understand, to cherish, to harbor, to contain, to comprise, to have, to hold, to include, to embrace, to be charged or loaded with, to be dripping with, to be full of, to be suffused with (vt) to include, to instruct, to make one understand, to put in one s mouth 0134 beach Rad. 3 Freq coast, beach bank, coast, shore 0135 boulder, rock, cliff lava rock 0136 Rad. 2 Freq face, expression Rad. 2 Freq face (person) smiling face 0137.,- petition, request, vow, wish, hope Rad. 4 Freq desire, wish, request, prayer, petition, application to desire, to wish, to request, to beg, to hope, to implore 0138.,.,

38 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. dangerous, fear, uneasy Rad. 6 Freq danger, peril, hazard dangerous, critical, grave, uncertain, unreliable, limping, narrow, close, watch out! dangerous, critical, grave, uncertain, unreliable, limping, narrow, close, watch out! 0139 desk, table desk 0140 Rad. 6 Freq , spirit, mind spirit, mood Rad. 1 Freq atmospheric pressure temperature climate vapour, gas to notice, to become aware of, to perceive, to realize to be pleased with, to suit (an) pitiful, a pity feeling, mood sensation, feeling feeling, sensation, mood (an) at ease, comfortable to be careful, to pay attention, to take care energy, liveliness ventilation air, atmosphere condition, state, business (condition) (an) health(y), robust, vigor, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep steam, vapour water vapour, steam atmosphere (an) firm, strong weather, the elements, fine weather electricity, (electric) light (an) impertinent, saucy, cheeky, conceit, audacious, brazen popular, business conditions, popular feeling illness, disease, sickness atmosphere (e.g. musical), mood, ambience (an) coolness, calmness, composure, unconcern courage, bravery, valour, nerve, boldness (an) season, weather, cheerfulness indication, market trend, worry nausea, sickness in the stomach steam, vapour sensation, feeling / moisture, humidity (an) carefree, optimistic, careless, reckless, heedless 0141, hope, beg, request, pray, beseech, Greece, dilute (acid), rare, few, phenomenal Rad. 4 Freq (vs) hope, wish, aspiration pray, wish Rad. 8 Freq (vi) to pray, to wish

39 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary 0143 seasons season Rad. 4 Freq four seasons scribe, account, narrative Rad. 2 Freq (vs) memory, recollection, remembrance symbol, code article, news story, report, account reporter (vs) entry, filling in of forms commemoration, memory (vs) record, minutes, document (vs) memorization, learning by heart biography, life story diary, journal (vs) (taking) notes, copying 0145.,.,.,.,. rouse, wake up, get up Rad. 3 Freq rising, getting out of bed to get up, to rise to occur, to happen (io) to raise, to cause, to wake someone 0146.,.,.,. homecoming, arrive at, lead to, result in Rad. 2 Freq (vs) returning home to send back return, coming back (I) to go back, to go home, to come home, to return day trip 0147., -.,. draw near, stop in, bring near, gather, collect, send, forward Rad. 5 Freq (vs) contribution, donation to collect, to gather, to add, to put aside to visit, to drop in, to approach to be one-sided, to incline, to be partial, to be prejudiced, to lean, to be biased to approach, to draw near old people, the aged 0148 standard, measure Rad. 5 Freq standard, basis, criteria, norm rule, regulations order, rules, law irregularity, unsteadiness, disorderly (measuring) ruler 0149.,. rejoice, take pleasure in

40 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. Rad. 4 Freq (a) joy, (a) delight, rapture, pleasure, gratification, rejoicing, congratulations, felicitations to be delighted, to be glad ,.,. how many, how much, how far, how long Rad. 8 Freq (pref) some, several, how many?, how much? how many?, how old? somewhat how much?, how many? 0151, period, time, date, term Rad. 3 Freq period, term term, period (vs) expectation, anticipation, hope (suf) period, time (vs) postponement, adjournment term (school) time, season, period short term long time period fixed term commuter pass, season ticket (vs) expectation, assume will happen, forecast 0152 utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, ability, container, tool, set Rad. 4 Freq instrument utensil (an) skillful, handy (suf ) receptacle, instrument, work musical instrument (telephone) receiver tableware weapon, arms, ordinance container, vessel 0153 mechanism, opportunity, occasion, machine, airplane Rad. 4 Freq machine, mechanism chance, opportunity organ, mechanism, facility, engine locomotive, engine humour, temper, mood function, faculty (suf) opportunity, a chance, an occasion, a machine transportation facilities jet aeroplane electric fan 0154 skill, art, craft, ability, feat, performance, vocation, arts Rad. 5 Freq engineer, technician art, technique, technology, skill acting, performance game, match, contest

41 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary doubt, distrust, be suspicious, question Rad. 6 Freq question, problem, doubt, guess to doubt, to distrust, to be suspicious of, to suspect 0156 deliberation, consultation, debate, consideration Rad. 4 Freq member of the Diet, congress or parliament Diet, congress, parliament chairman (vs) argument, discussion, dispute meeting, conference, session, assembly, council, convention, congress (an) wonder, miracle, strange, mystery, marvel, curiosity 0157 consume, eat, drink, smoke, receive (a blow) Rad. 8 Freq tea drinking, tea house 0158,.,., -.,.,. packed, close, pressed, reprove, rebuke, blame Rad. 8 Freq to be blocked, to be packed to pack, to shorten, to work out (details) (uk) to stare at, to gaze at, to look hard at, to watch intently, to fix one s eyes on packing (in cans), canning, canned goods, tin can (a-no) (vs) bottling, bottled 0159, guest, visitor, customer, client Rad. 3 Freq guest, customer guest seating parlor, guest room audience, spectator(s) passenger 0160,,.,. inverted, reverse, opposite, wicked Rad. 5 Freq reverse, opposite reverse, inversion, upside down (a-no) (an) inversion, upside down to go against, to oppose, to disobey, to defy 0161,,. nine nine nine Rad. 1 Freq nine days, the ninth day (of the month) nine

42 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. long time, old story Rad. 5 Freq eternity, perpetuity, immortality (id) after a long time 0163., old times, old things, old friend, former, ex- (pref) ex Rad. 5 Freq ,.,. rest, day off, retire, sleep Rad. 1 Freq holiday, day off, furlough closed (e.g. store), business suspended, shutdown, holiday (vs) rest, break, recess, intermission lecture cancelled rest, relief, relaxation rest, break, recreation regular holiday rest, recess, respite, suspension, vacation, holiday, absence, moulting (vi) to rest, to have a break, to take a day off, to be finished, to be absent, to retire, to sleep arest suck, imbibe, inhale, sip Rad. 6 Freq (vs) absorption, suction, attraction (vs) breath, respiration to smoke, to breathe in, to suck 0166,. request, want, wish for, require, demand Rad. 4 Freq (vs) claim, demand, application, request (vs) request, demand, requisition to seek, to request, to demand, to want, to wish for, to search for, to pursue (pleasure), to hunt (a job), to buy 0167,. research, study Rad. 3 Freq (vs) study, research, investigation cry, weep, moan Rad. 4 Freq to cry, to sing (bird) 0169.,. hurry, emergency, sudden, steep Rad. 3 Freq sudden, precipitous, radical express (e.g. train that bypasses many stations) rapid (e.g. progress) swiftly, rapidly urgent, pressing limited express (train, faster than an express)

43 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary to hurry, to rush 0170 class, rank, grade Rad. 3 Freq class, grade rank grade in school high class, high grade advanced level, high grade, senior elementary level salvation, save, help, rescue, reclaim Rad. 4 Freq (vs) relief, aid, rescue to rescue from, to help out of 0172 ball, sphere Rad. 3 Freq globe, sphere (a-no) the earth light bulb ball 0173.,., -. salary, wage, gift, allow, grant, bestow on Rad. 4 Freq (vs) allowance, grant, supply salary, wages (vs) supply, provision monthly salary payment, allowance 0174 cow Rad. 2 Freq (cow s) milk cattle, cow 0175,., -. gone, past, quit, leave, elapse, eliminate, divorce Rad. 3 Freq last year the past, bygone days, the previous to leave, to go away 0176 gigantic, big, large, great Rad. 8 Freq (an) huge, gigantic, enormous 0177,., -,. reside, to be, exist, live with Rad. 5 Freq dwelling, house, residence, address (vs) dozing, nodding off living room (western style) (uk) to be (animate), to be, to exist play, drama

44 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. (hum) (uk) to be (animate), to be, to exist 0178., permit, approve Rad. 5 Freq (vs) permission, approval license, permit, licence, certificate to permit, to allow, to approve, to exempt (from fine), to excuse (from), to confide in, to forgive, to pardon, to excuse, to release, to let off 0179,, - fish Rad. 2 Freq goldfish / fish 0180, -, -, - honorable, manipulate, govern Rad. 8 Freq (vs) feast, treating (someone) rice (cooked), meal (vs) not writing or contacting for a while your pardon, declining (something), dismissal, permission (hon) look, inspection, try (vs) bow toilet, restroom, lavatory, bathroom (US) and Company, Messrs. / / go-, honourable 0181,. fishing, fishery Rad. 4 Freq fishing (industry) fisherman 0182,., - together, both, neither, all, and, alike, with Rad. 4 Freq communist (a-no) (vs) commonness, community cooperation, association, collaboration, joint (a-no) public, community, public service, society, communal (vs) sharing with, participate in, both, alike, together, along with, with, including shout, exclaim, yell Rad. 8 Freq to shout, to cry 0184,, capital, 10**16 Rad. 2 Freq (vs) proceeding to the capital (Tokyo) 0185,,,.,,- submit, offer, present, serve (meal), accompany

45 JLPT Level 2 Kanji Dictionary Rad. 6 Freq (vs) supply, provision child, children 0186 co-, cooperation Rad. 4 Freq (vs) cooperation, collaboration 0187.,., condition, situation Rad. 8 Freq circumstances, situation 0188, pinch, between.,.,.,. Rad. 8 Freq to get between, to be caught in to interpose, to hold between, to insert 0189,.,.,., cramped, narrow, contract, tight Rad. 8 Freq narrow, confined, small 0190 fear, dread, awe.,.,.,.,. Rad. 8 Freq (id) shame, very kind of you, sorry to trouble (vs) be afraid, dread, dismay, terror to fear, to be afraid of terrible, dreadful 0191, bosom, breast, chest, heart, feelings Rad. 6 Freq breast, chest 0192, strong.,.,.,.,. Rad. 2 Freq (vs) strengthen, intensify, reinforce (vs) emphasis, stress, stressed point powerful, strong (vs) study, diligence, discount, reduction (an) overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed robbery, burglary strong, powerful, mighty (an) firm, strong reassuring, emboldened 0193.,. teach, faith, doctrine Rad. 2 Freq (a-no) (vs) training, education teaching staff church text book

46 Copyright Paul R. Dixon For personal use only. teacher (classroom) classroom teaching, instruction, professor culture, education, refinement, cultivation (suf ) (pref ) teaching, instruction religion assistant professor to teach, to inform, to instruct to be taught 0194, boundary, border, region Rad. 5 Freq boundary environment, circumstance national border border, boundary 0195 bridge Rad. 3 Freq railway bridge, iron bridge bridge 0196,.,. emulate, compete with, bid, sell at auction, bout, contest, race Rad. 4 Freq game, match, contest (vs) competition, contest horse racing 0197, business, vocation, arts, performance Rad. 3 Freq (suf ) business, industry, profession, practices business, trade, management enterprise, undertaking closed (e.g. store), business suspended, shutdown, holiday fishing (industry) (manufacturing) industry work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty industry (vs) unemployment (vs) lesson, class work commerce, trade, business occupation, business (vs) graduation agriculture 0198.,. bend, music, melody, composition, pleasure, injustice, fault, curve, crooked, perverse, lean Rad. 3 Freq tune, piece of music curve (vs) composition, setting (of music) to turn, to bend to bend, to crook, to lean 0199 bureau, board, office, affair, conclusion, court lady, lady-in-waiting, her apartment Rad. 3 Freq channel (i.e. TV or radio), department, affair, situation

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