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1

2 ィC

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6 13 ィC ィC - ィC ィC ィC - - ィC ィC ィC ィC ィC AOP ィC Advanced Oxidation Processes CFD - Computational Fluid Dynamics DNS - Direct Numerical Simulation EDC - Endocrine Disrupting Compounds ESI - ElectroSpray Ionization IDA - LES - Large Eddy Simulation NP1EC - NTA - PhACs - Pharmaceutically Active Compounds PCP - Personal Care Products RANS - Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations SST - Shear Stress Transport TT - 6

7

8 13 ィC 8

9

10

11 O

12 %,

13 13 Microsoft Office Excel SME 00InPULSe - Integrated Pulsed ULtraviolet

14 13 - (2013), 00 03`(2014), XLII. 14

15 131. ィC, AOP - Advanced Oxidation Processes) ィC, 15

16 [1] - [2]. [3]. [1,2,4,5], 16

17 13 [6] ,,, (). ィC - [7] 17

18 13 60 (-1) [8,9] [10] [11] [10], H 2 O 2 [12], Na 2 S 2 O 8, NaClO, NaBrO [13] [14] [15]. 18

19 13 [16]., 60 Co ( 50%) [3]., 137 Cs 90 Sr [11]. - ph = 1. [8] - ィC 238, 239, ィC87 %, 241 ィC95 %, 244 ィC95 %. [17]. [13] [12, 18, 19] KMnO 4 [3]., [20]. - [21], [22]. [23, 24]. 19

20 13. [24, 25]: 6ヲ1 ), - ph 12-13, [12] 20

21 13 60 Co 54 Mn [12, 26, 27] ( [22]. [3] - ィC [28] 21

22 13 6ヲ1 6ヲ1 6ヲ1 2 2 [29],, -3). - ; [30]. [31] 2 2 [32]., -- ィC [33] [34]. [35, 36, 37]. 22

23 13 [3] - - [38] NィCH C=N) [39] 23

24 [40] (V-UV UV- UV- 315 UV- [41] [3] [7] AOP-AOP ィC - [42] [38] ( -1 [41] 10 9 ィC ヲ1 ( - 3 6ヲ1[43]). [44] 24

25 13 - [14] [45] O O 2 2 [46] [44] 2 2 O 2 2 O 2 2 O 2 ; 2 2 -,

26 13 2 O 2 AOP (-4) [47], [48]. [49]. AOP 26

27 13 [50]: Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDC) ィC Pharmaceutically Active Compounds (PhACs) ィC Personal Care Products (PCP) ィC [51], : NP1EC (TT) -,, [43]. 27

28 13 ; ; EDC, -70% [49] -95% [52] [53]. ), [54]. ェ ェ ィC - [49] 28

29 13 - ィC [55] [56]. AOP ph [57] , 29

30 13 [58] ; 4 ィC - - 0,3 2. [59]Light Sources, Inc 16 30

31 13[60]. - -5) ,,,, 10 ィC [62]

32 [63][64], ィC )., [65] - [66]. - 32

33 13, [67] [68] [69], ( -8). 33

34 ), ) - [70] [71] [72, 73].,,, 34

35 13 [74] ) ィC ). [15].. (-11). 35

36 13-2 ) ィC.. ィC - 36

37 13 ィC [53,75-82]. 1.2.,, ィC [84] [85], 37

38 13 DNS) - 1 [86]: u i ィC t ィC x i ィC ィC 3 ; p ィC ィC g ィC 2. [87] Tflops/s. [88] DNS [89] RANS). LES) 1 38

39 13 - [89]: ィC - [89]: u i ィC t ィC x i ィC ィC 3 ; p ィC ィC g ィC 2. LES LES-DNS [90] DNS[88]. (RANS) 39

40 13 [91]: ィC - u i ィC t ィC x i ィC ィC 3 ; p ィC ィC g ィC 2., [92], 40

41 13 ィC ィC. k [91]: ; ; ; ; [91]. [91]. 41

42 13 ; ; ; ;,,,, CFD) [91]. (SST) k- k- [93, 94]. k- k-k. k- k- F 1 k- k- (1-F 1 ) F 1 [94]: 42

43 13 (RANS). DNS LES [95] i- [96]: i ィC i ィC D i ィC 43

44 13 D t [97]: [96]: d 1 ィC ィC r ィC - F j ィC

45 % % ,5 ィC ィC 20 1 ィC ィC ィC 0,4 0,1 ィC 0, ィC ィC ィC ィC 45

46 13 ィC 3, , ; 46

47 13 2. :, ;

48 132.,, ) ( 2 ) [98]

49 13 [98] 278 t - S - L - Q- 3 [49] Technologies, Inc, [99].,, 49

50 13-1. : (DO, k- ィC 2.2., DNS 50

51 13 [90].,, RANS ィC [100] LES ィC [101]. [101] LES ィC (-2). RANS.,, RANS. RANS 51

52 13-4 k-k-, k- k-, k- 50- [91], k-., -3 ( [102]). 52

53 13 53

54 13, k ィC 3 ィC ィC ィC ANSYS v 54

55 13 [101] [100], k- CFX-Mesh No Slip, [103] ANSYS CFX ィC Streamline ィC ), Time on Streamline [103]) ), -9-55

56 ). 56

57 ,, 57

58 ,, [104] [105] U 0 C, L, R 0 d l p 0 ) U 0. R p U p., L. R 0. U l U r 58

59 13 : : ; ; [106] [107]: - 59

60 13 [108] ): ィC ) [108]. [104] 60

61 13 ィC [104] : ィC ィC - ィC ィC [105] ィC 20 (2-15) 61

62 13 2 0,, ,9 10 3/ exp ィC 3 ; ィC ィC 1 Xe 0 12, 6 (11594) 23 1,38 10 ィC 1 (1 ) ィC ィC 16 3, (1 ) 1 exp ィC j- ィC j- 0 ). 0 62

63 13 -: 1/ , / ,9 10 exp ィC ィC ( ) (1 ) [109]: 63

64 137,55 10 (1 ) ィC [110] -[111]: ィC Z ィC ィC ; ィC ィC ィC - ィC [105] - -- [112]: (2-28) 64

65 13 ィC [104]; ィC [112]) [109]: , , exp ィC 0ィC 300.,, 65

66 , 0.57, , ( 190) ( ) [104]: ,9 10 ' 0,9 1 exp( ) 5 7 1,44 10 exp 1 : 15 11,9 10 ' 0,9 1 exp( ) ,44 10 exp , ' 0,9 1 exp( ) ,44 10 exp 1 ィC 66

67 ln 1000 ( ) ,, 5% [100] 67

68 ). ィC ィC,, 68

69 13 (2-34) -,, ; -,, : [113]: 69

70 13 ィC, ィC ィC ィC ィC. : ィC, [113].,. [114],,,, [113]: 70

71 13 -,, ィC ィC, [113] [115]:, 2.6.,, 71

72 13., ィC, ィC,, (. 2.4, 5) -,, [101] [100], - 72

73 13. c ( ). c , 73

74 13,, [49] [100]. [114]., 74

75 13, ,, -14,,,, 75

76 13. ) : -1 ), 2 2 ),

77 13 77

78 13-35%

79 13 ( -23). 35% 2.8.,... 79

80 PURITEC

81 13-2 ; 81

82 13 3 ; V8 G1);, ィC ィC,, 3 82

83 13,, ィC ィC,

84 ( -, 8,6-10,0. 84

85 13 Fe(III) Ti(IV) ,,

86 13 -ィC 0,5 (0, ィC - ィC ィC ィC ;,

87 ,,, - Osram PURITEC HNS 15W l NaOH. [116] [117], 87

88 13, [76] - [117] - Bi(NO 3 ) 3 *5H 2 O

89 13 0 ィC ィC t ィC k ィC ln(c 0 /C) ィCt. 89

90 13 90

91 ,0281-0, ,0026-0, ,0071 0,0211 0,0144 0, ,0002-0, ,0019 0,0274 0,0041 0,

92 13 ィC t ,72 (7,1) 0,66 (6,5) 0,82 (8,1) 0,92 (9,1) 0,88 1,11 (8,7) (11,0) t, ,16 (1,55) 0,20 (1,96) 0,24 (2,4) 0,22 (2,2) 0,31 (3,1) 0,42 (4,1) 92

93 ) - 5 [118, 119] 93

94 ィC ESI). LabSolutions LCMS Ver NIST MS Search 2.0f, MassBank service METLIN Metabolite Search ), (1 ィC ) -ィC -8)

95 13, ィC -, - - NaNO NaNO ,2`,2``- - - [31]. 95

96 [120] NaNO 3 ィC

97 13 1 NaNO : - 2 ), N- S NaNO 3 97

98 NaNO 3 ( 0,6 0,9 1,2 1,5 1,7 1,8 1,9 2 2,1 2,2 NaNO 3 ( 1,5 2,6 3,5 4,3 4,9 5,5 6,1 6,9 7,5 7,9 98

99 13 7 ィC -2, 0,4; 0,08-7) ィC ) ィC ) ィC

100 13 100

101

102 ィC 3 ) , ィC

103 % ,9 29,2 28,4 24,7 35,4 26,9 28,6 39,7 35,6 60,0, IDA,, 103

104 ,, [121] : 6 104

105 , 105

106 ( )

107 13 107

108 ,6). m/z 173,5 [EDTA- 4H+Co(II)]2, / m/z 346,9 [EDTA- 4H+Co(III)], / m/z 347,9 [EDTA- 3H+Co(II)], / O 3 2,63 7,09 2,98 O 3 1,46 7,13 1,84 O 3 0,76 5,50 1,24 O 3 0,45 4,10 0,8 O 3 0,24 2,10 0,4 O 3 0,07 1,00 0,1 UV/ O 3 0,63 8,24 1,01 UV/ O 3 0,27 4,10 0,23 UV/ O 3 0,08 0,87 0,05 UV/ O 3 0,02 0,03 0,

109 13,

110 13 - -, 9,5- Na + ィC 6,4; K + ィC 3,9; Mg 2+ ィC 14,0; Ca 2+ ィC 50,0; Cl - ィC 5,7; SO 2-4 ィC 35,0; HCO - 3 ィC 192; ), - Fe(III) Ti(IV)

111 , NaNO 3, 1 7, , ,

112 ィC 3,8--0,6--10,2-10,4. -(1,6-2,0) チ104, 134 Cs- (1,0-4,3) チ10 3, 60 Co-(1,4-3,8) チ (2,1-3,5) チ Cs, 134 ( 10%). 112

113 Cs 60 Co I 50 2,2 II >190 1,5 I + II >9450 3,3 I 14 2,6 II >570 1,6 I + II >7900 4,3 I 11 2,6 II >695 1,6 I + II >7900 4,2 I 14 2,6 II >720 1,9 I + II >9900 5,0 I 12 2,0 II 202 1,4 I + II ,9 I 14 1,7 II >695 1,4 I + II >9900 2,3 113

114 (

115 ィC -; - - ; 115

116

117 ィC ィC ィC ィC ィC タ (200 ュ

118 13 - Fe(IIIAl(III). 2 ィC ィC 120 ィC ィC - [122] ア

119 em

120 13 em em [123] - Al(III) ィC -Fe(III). Fe(III 120

121 13-32, ィC 8,0. - NaOH 121

122 13[122] -33 ィC Al 2 (OH) 5 Cl -33 Fe(III). Fe (III 122

123 13,, ィC ィC = 7,0, [HemFe(III)] = 0,5, -33). ィC ィC W ィC ィC,, 1,17%. 0-0 ィC - NaOH 123

124 ィC,, Fe(III),, 124

125 [53, 106] CO 2 H 2 O - ィC 125

126 13(3-10) RH ィC ィC, ィC e 3 ィC ィC

127 em ,

128 13 ィC ) 3-128

129 = ,, ィC 8,0; ィC ィC

130 , 60., 5 130

131 V V 3 V 3 V 3 ), - - Fe (III ィC FeCl 3 *6H 2 O V 3 - ィC ィC 8,0 - ィC

132 13V = , 11 (V 3 0 ィC 3 V (10%) ィC 132

133 V ィC 3- V ィC Fe (III) V 11- V V ィC ph 6- V 13 ィC - 20,21 ィC ィC 3 133

134 , -, 190-,

135 13 135

136

137 ) %, - 137

138 13-8 ィC

139 // Seliverstov A.F., Lagunova Y.O., and Ershov B.G. Recovery of Radioactive Cobalt from Aqueous EDTA Solutions Using Concentrated Ozone // 139

140 13Radiochemistry Vol. 51. No. 3. pp Garnov A.Y., Gogolev A.V., and Shilov V.P. Catalytic Decomposition of Organic Anions in Alkaline Radioactive Waste: 1. EDTA Oxidation // Radiochemistry Vol. 44. No. 5. pp Venkatadri R., Peters R.W. Chemical Oxidation Technologies: Ultraviolet Light/Hydrogen Peroxide, Fenton's Reagent, and Titanium Dioxide-Assisted Photocatalysis // Hazardous Waste & Hazardous Materials Vol. 10. No. 2. pp Seliverstov A.F., Ershov B.G., and Kamrukov A.S. Oxidative Degradation of EDTA in Aqueous Solutions under UV Irradiation // Radiochemistry Vol. 50. No. 1. pp

141 Hoigne J. In Progress Technologies for water treatment. Ed. Plenum. Press, Masschelein W.J. Processes unitaixes du treatmeut de l esu potable. Ed. CEBEIOC. Hiege., Wang J., Wang X., and Li G. Degradation of EDTA in aqueous solution by using ozonolysis and ozonolysis combined with sonolysis // Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009, V.176, P Vol pp

142 1329. Appaw C., Adewuyi Y.G. Destruction of carbon disulfide in aqueous solutions by sonochemical oxidation // J. Hazard. Mater No. 90. pp. 237ィC William H.G., Joon-Wun Kang, and Douglas H.C. The chemistry of water treatment processes involving Ozone, Hydrogen Peroxide and ultraviolet radiation. // Ozone science & engineering Vol. 9. pp Ku Y., Wang L., and Shen Y. Decomposition of EDTA in aqueous solution by UV/H2O2 process // J. Hazard. Mater Vol. 60. pp Avramenko V.A., Zheleznov V.V., and Kaplun E.V. Sorption-reagent method in liquid radioactive waste management // : Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXV. Boston Avramenko V., Mayorov V., and Marinin D. Macroporous catalysts for hydrothermal oxidation of metallorganic complexes at liquid radioactive waste treatment // : Proceedings of the International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation, ICEM. "ASME th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management ICEM2010" Braehler G., Rieck R., and Avramenko V.A. Nuclide separation by hydrothermal treatment and ion exchange: a highly effective method for treatment of liquid effluents // : Proceedings of the International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental 142

143 13Remediation, ICEM. "ASME th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, ICEM 2011" Block SS, editor. Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp. 40. ISO Process for Determining Solar Irradiances Novikov D.O., Lagunova Y.O., and Kamrukov A.S. Photo-oxidative degradation of oxalate ions with concentrated ozone using high-intensity pulsed continuum UV radiation // High Energy Chemistry Vol. 48. No. 6. pp Beltran F.J. Ozone Reaction Kinetics for Water and Wastewater Systems. CRC Press, pp / 44. Rekab K., Lepeytre C., and Dunanda M. H2O2 and/or photocatalysis under UV-C irradiation for the removal of EDTA, a chelating agent present in nuclear waste waters // Applied Catalysis A: General Vol pp Seshadri H., Sinha P.K. Efficient decomposition of liquid waste containing EDTA by advanced oxidation nanotechnology // J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem Vol pp Rekab K., Lepeytre C., Goettmann F., and Dunand M. Degradation of a 143

144 13cobalt(II)ィCEDTA complex by photocatalysis and H2O2/UV-C. Application to nuclear wastes containing 60Co // J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem Janssens I., Tanghe T., and Verstraete W., "Micropollutants: A bottleneck in sustainable wastewater treatment," // Water Science and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 10, pp Worthington, "Organic Micropollutants in the Aqueous Environment," // Studies in Environmental Science, Vol. 29, pp. 235ィC Wennmalm, Gunnarsson, "Public Health Care Management of Water Pollution with Pharmaceuticals: Environmental Classification and Analysis of Pharmaceutical Residues in Sewage Water," // Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science, Vol. 39, No. 5, pp Insa, Petrovic, and Barcelィョ, "Occurrence and spatial distribution of EDCs and related compounds in waters and sediments of Iberian rivers," // Science of The Total Environment, Vol , pp Baranda A., Fundazuri O., and Martィェnez I., "Photodegradation of several triazidic and organophosphorus pesticides in water by pulsed light technology," // Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Vol. 286, pp

145 1355. Kinne M., Poraj-Kobielska M., and Ralph S.A., "Oxidative cleavage of diverse ethers by an extracellular fungal peroxygenase," // The Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 284, pp ィC Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Proposition 65 List of Chemicals. California: OEHHA, Vescovia, Colemanb H.M., and Amala, "The effect of ph on UV-based advanced oxidation technologies ィC 1,4-Dioxane degradation," // Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 182, No. 1-3, pp Koutchma T. Preservation and Shelf Life Extension UV Applications for Fluid Foods. Academic Press, pp. 59. Schalk S., Volker A., and Erich A. UV-Lamps for Disinfection and Advanced Oxidation - Lamp Types, Technologies and Applications. Heraeus Noblelight GmbH, Light Sources, Inc Liua X.L., Wua F., and Denga N.S. Photodegradation of 17-ethynylestradiol in aqueous solution exposed to a high-pressure mercury lamp (250 W) // Environmental Pollution Vol No. 3. pp Jin S., Sharpless C., and Linden K. Aging evaluation of medium-pressure mercury lamps under typical operating conditions for drinking water disinfection applications // Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, Disinfection ェ

146 1366. Kogelschatz U. Silent-discharge driven excimer UV sources and their applications // J. Appl. Surface Science No. 54. pp Izyumov S.V., Chabak A.F., and Shchekotov E.Y. Optimization of Integrated Advanced VUV/UV/O3/H2O2 Destruction of Organic Matter and Degasification of Dissolved Oxygen in Industrial Condensate Water // "The 19th International Conference on Advanced Oxidation Technologies for Treatment of Water, Air and Soil". San Diego Charter C. Master degree thesis: "UV-LED irradiation technology for pointof-use water desinfection in developing communities". Colorado pp. 72. Korovina E., Selishcheva D., and Besova A. UV-LED TiO2 photocatalytic oxidation of acetone vapor: Effect of high frequency controlled periodic illumination // Applied Catalysis B: Environmental Vol pp Mohammadhossein R., Mostafa F. Kinetic study for photocatalytic degradation of Direct Red 23 in UVィCLED/nano-TiO2/S2O82? process: Dependence of degradation kinetic on operational parameters // Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Vol. 20. No. 5. pp

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148 Vartanian GM, editor. Ultraviolet Disinfection Guidelines for Drinking Water and Water Reuse. 3rd ed. Fountain Valley, CA: National Water Research Institute, pp Menter. Methoden, Moglichkeiten, Grenzen numerischer Stromungsberechnungen. Kurzlehrgang NUMET 2002: Numerishe Methoden zur Berechnung von Stromungs- und Warmeiibertragungs-problemen. Erlangen pp. 88. Spalart P.R., "Strategies for turbulence modeling and simulation," // Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, Vol. 21, pp Wilcox D. Turbulence Modeling for CFD. 2nd ed. Anaheim: DCW Industries, 148

149 pp. 92. Boussinesq J., "Theorie de l ッ Ecoulemen Tourbillant.," // Mem. Presentes par Divers Savants Acad. Sci. Inst. Fr., Vol. 23, pp Menter F.R. Zonal Two Equation k- Turbulence Models for Aerodynamic Flows // AIAA Paper pp Menter F.R., "Two-Equation Eddy-Viscosity Turbulence Models for Engineering Applications," // AIAA Journal, Vol. 32, No. 8, pp / Ho C., Khalsa S., Wright H., and Wicklein E. Computational Fluid Dynamics Based Models for Assessing UV Reactor Design and Installation. Water Research Foundation, pp Wols B.A. CFD in drinking water treatment. Gildeprint drukkerijen, pp ]. URL: habrahabr.ru/company/intel/blog/ 103. Ansys corp. Manual ANSYS CFX, Release

150 pp Goncz J.H., "Resistivity of Xenon Plasma," // Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 36, No. 3, Jan pp Markiewicz J.P., Emmett L., "Design of Flashlamp Driving Circuits," // IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 2, No. 11, Dec pp M.F. M. Radiative Heat Transfer. 2nd ed. San Diego: Academic Press, pp COMSOL. Heat Transfer Module User's Guide pp Fiveland W., "The Selection of Discrete Ordinate Quadrature Sets for Anisotropic Scattering," // Fundamentals of Radiation Transfer, Vol. 160, pp

151 S02rensen M., Frimmel F.H., "Photochemical degradation of hydrophilic xenobiotics in the UV/H 2 O 2 process: Influence of nitrate on the degradation rate of EDTA, 2-amino-1-naphthalenesulfonate, diphenyl-4-sulfonate and -diaminostilbene--disulfonate," // Water Research, Vol. 31, No. 11. pp Jiraroja, Unoba F., and Hagege A., "Degradation of PbィCEDTA complex by a H2O2/UV process.," // Water Research, Vol. 40, pp Chen Z., Sun Q., Xi, and Owens G., "Speciation of metalィcedta complexes by flow injection analysis with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and ion chromatography with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.," // J. Sep. Sci., Vol. 31, pp ィC

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