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1 DOI: / / (Cone Penetration Test V ) : : 64

2 GG Boldyrev GA Novichkov Penza State University of Architecture and Construction Penza Russian Federation TESTS OF SOIL BY METHOD OF BORING SOUNDING The paper describes a drilling test (DT) method for disperse frozen soils and rocks and for delineating soil strata profiles along with their thickness strength and deformation parameters DT applies to frozen soils and rocks where the wellknown CPT is not applicable DT applicability is evidently broader than that of CPT because beside gravely rocky and frozen soils tests it enables direct measurement of soil Young modulus and shear resistance that makes all correlation equations unnecessary Adequate correlation equations enable determination of other soil parameters similarly to CPT DT ensures measurements of drilling parameters: torque drilling string push and lift forces weight of soil on flanges rotation speed drilling depth auger vertical deviation Drilling is possible with the help of solid or hollow augers The method enables rotary core drilling with hollow auger either to sample soil for laboratory tests to find correlations between in situ and laboratory tests Penetration and sampling procedures make reference sample drilling unnecessary A wireless data acquisition system installed on standard drilling rigs measures drilling parameters Drilling parameters yield mechanical power and specific energy data to investigate natural deposits and to evaluate soil strength and deformation parameters Keywords: auger drilling drilling parameters control torque axial load rotation speed tip resistance data acquisition system 1 () [1 V10] 1 : q c f s u 1 u 2 u 3 1 V q c f s u 65

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5 ( 3) 1 % P 0 V V50 10 / 0 V50 10 / /c 0 V V V : V ; V 1 ASTM D 6151 Standard Practice for Using HollowStem Augers for Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Sampling 68

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13 1 V 2013 V / // V 2013 V 14 V 28 V46 3 V : 2010 V Lunne T Robertson PK Powell JJM Cone penetration testing in geotechnical practice Blackie Academic ChapmanHall Publishers UK; available from EF Spon Routledge Pub V New York 1997 V 312 p 5 Lunne T Yang S Schnaid F Session Report 2: Interpretation // 3rd International Symposium on Cone Penetration Testing V Las Vegas Nevada USA 2014 V 145 V164 6 Massarsch KR Cone Penetration Testing V A Historic Perspective // 3rd International Symposium on Cone Penetration Testing V Las Vegas Nevada USA 2014 V 97 V134 7 Robertson PK Cabal KL Guide to Cone Penetration Testing for Geotechnical Engineering V 2010 V 138 p 8 Robertson PK Cabal KL Estimating Soil unit weight from CPT // 2nd International Symposium on Cone Penetration testing (CPT ヲ10) V Vol 2 V Huntington Beach California: Omnipress V 2010 V 169 V176 9 Schnaid F In situ testing in geomechanics V Taylor & Francis Group 2009 V 330 p 10 // V 2014 V 1 V 7 V15 11 / // V 2012 V 12 V 38 V43 12 Cardu M Oreste P Pettinau D and Guidarelli D Automatic measurement of drilling parameters to evaluate the mechanical properties of soils // American Journal of Applied Sciences V 2013 V 10 (7) V 654 V663 76

14 13 Teale R 1965 The concept of specific energy in rock drilling// Int J Rock Mech Min Sci Geomech V 1965 V No 2 V 57 V73 14 Bevilacqua M Ciarapica FE Marchetti B Acquisition Processing and Evaluation of Down Hole Data for Monitoring Efficiency of Drilling Processes // Journal of Petroleum Science Research (JPSR) V 2013 V Vol 2 iss 2 V 49 V56 References 1 Boldyrev GG Polevye metody ispytanii gruntov [Field methods of soil testing] Moscow p 2 Boldyrev GG Mel'nikov AV Merkul'ev EV Novichkov GA Sravnenie metodov laboratornykh i polevykh ispytanii gruntov [Comparison of methods of laboratory and field testing of soils] Inzhenernye izyskaniia 2013 no 14 pp Ryzhkov IB Isaev ON Staticheskoe zondirovanie gruntov [Static probing of soils] Moscow: Assotsiatsiia stroitel'nykh vuzov p 4 Lunne T Robertson PK Powell JJM Cone penetration testing in geotechnical practice Blackie Academic ChapmanHall Publishers UK; available from EF Spon Routledge Pub New York p 5 Lunne T Yang S Schnaid F Session Report 2: Interpretation 3rd International Symposium on Cone Penetration Testing Las Vegas Nevada USA 2014 pp Massarsch KR Cone Penetration Testing V A Historic Perspective 3rd International Symposium on Cone Penetration Testing Las Vegas Nevada USA 2014 pp Robertson PK Cabal KL Guide to Cone Penetration Testing for Geotechnical Engineering p 8 Robertson PK Cabal KL Estimating Soil unit weight from CPT 2nd International Symposium on Cone Penetration testing (CPT ヲ10) Huntington Beach California: Omnipress 2010 vol 2 pp Schnaid F In situ testing in geomechanics Taylor & Francis Group p 10 Ponomarev B Bezgodov MA Nesushchaia sposobnost' zabivnykh svai v slabykh vodonasyshchennykh gruntakh s uchetom faktora vremeni [The bearing capacity of piles in soft watersaturated clayey soils considering the time factor] Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta Stroitel ヲstvo i arkhitektura 2014 no 1 pp

15 11 Boldyrev GG Kal'bergenov RG Kushnir LG Novichkov GA Burovoe zondirovanie gruntov [Drilling sensing of soils] Inzhenernye izyskaniia 2012 no 12 pp Cardu M Oreste P Pettinau D and Guidarelli D Automatic measurement of drilling parameters to evaluate the mechanical properties of soils American Journal of Applied Sciences 2013 no 10 (7) pp Teale R The concept of specific energy in rock drilling Int J Rock Mech Min Sci Geomech Abstracts 1965 no 2 pp Bevilacqua M Ciarapica FE Marchetti B Acquisition Processing and Evaluation of Down Hole Data for Monitoring Efficiency of Drilling Processes Journal of Petroleum Science Research (JPSR) 2013 vol 2 iss 2 pp ( ) V ( ( ) V ( About the authors Gennadii G Boldyrev (Penza Russian Federation) V Doctor of Technics Professor Departament of Civil Constructions Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (28 Titova st Penza Russian Federation Gennadii A Novichkov (Penza Russian Federation) V Postgraduate student Departament of Civil Constructions Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (28 Titova st Penza Russian Federation 78

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