JAPANESE-ENGLISH 和英編

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1 JAPANESE-ENGLISH

2 Arnold-Chiari s malformation RS Respiratory syncytial virus IgA IgA nephropathy IROS ipsilateral routing of signalstypehearing aid IROStype hearing aid Auerbach s plexus subfamily achalasia subacute necrotizing lymphadenitis subacute sclerosing panencephalitis subacute thyroiditis fetor malodor malignant external otitis necrotizing external otitis myoepithelial carcinoma malignant myoepithelioma malignant melanoma malignant mixed tumor malignant fibrous histiocytoma malignant mesothelioma cancer malignancy classicalmalignant granuloma malignant paroxysmal positional vertigo malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor malignant lymphoma stepping test aspartic protease aspirin sensitivity aspirin-induced asthma aspirin-intolerant asthma Asperger syndrome Asperger disorder Aspergillus aspergillosis acetylcholine head shaking nystagmus Adam s apple laryngeal prominence barotrauma

3 Usher syndrome pressed attack compression cyanosis adenoids pharyngeal tonsil adenoidal face adenoidectomy adenotomy adenoid vegetation adenoid hypertrophy Adenovirus Adeno-associated virus vector atelectasis atopic cough atopic dermatitis atopic background atopic diathesis admittance adrenergic nerve adrenergic receptor adrenoceptor anaphylaxis analog-to-digital conversion AD aphtha aphthous stomatitis stapes stapes mobilization stapedius muscle infrastapedial palsy stapediusmuscletendon nerve to stapedius stapedial tinnitus stapedial reflex stapedius reflex, acousticmiddle earreflex stapes surgery stapedial nerve anterior limb of stapes crus anterius stapedis footplate of stapes small fenestra stapedectomy stapedotomy stapedectomy Apert syndrome acrocephalosyndcatyly apoptosis amyloidosis

4 B amphotericin B amebic dysentery amebiasis, amebic colitis arachidonic acid Alinamin test argon plasma coagulation Alternaria Alport syndrome dumbbell-shaped tumor Alexander s law allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis allergic conjunctivitis allergic granulomatosis Churg-Strauss syndrome allergic rhinitis allergic salute allergic sinusitis allergic fungal sinusitis mantle zone dark cell undershoot stable disease no change saddle nose dark zone nasality dyskeratosis gastric tube gastric roll feeding tube stomach tube, nasogastic tube breath holding voluntary apnea supraglottic swallow threshold shift dysosmia olfactory disorders dysplasia heterophile antibody test Paul Bunnell test, Hanganatziu-

5 Deicher reaction persistent stapedial artery maintenance chemotherapy atrophic rhinitis ozena dry nose gastroesophagitis gastroesophageal reflux esophageal reflux gastroesophageal reflux disease gastroesophageal vestibule esophagogastric vestibule gastroesophageal hernia heterotopic gastric mucosa ectopic thyroid ectopic goiter gastrolavage phase phase-lock phase-locking phase difference phase spectral analysis phase velocity single nucleotide polymorphism type allergy strawberry mark primary auditory area primary auditory cortex primary pulmonary lobule primary case untreated case primary follicule confusion in phoneme perception tidal volume transientcerebralischemic attack temporary threshold shift nitric oxide nitric oxide synthase monochorditis over the counter drugs fundoplication NissenNissen s operation genotype gene therapy gene disruption

6 hereditary hemorrhagic teleangiectasia Osler disease hereditary cerebellar ataxia hereditary hearing loss genetical background lightning eye movement inositol trisphosphate snoring stertor immittance immittance audiometer ear defender ear protector, hearing protector earphone earmold irritable labyrinth floating labyrinth shadow hearing cross hearing lacuna crypt lacunar tonsillitis globus sensation, globus pharyngeus, pharyngolaryngeal discomfort, lump sensation laryngopharyngeal reflux disease gastroesophageal reflux disease total laryngopharyngectomy with cervical esophagectomy total laryngopharyngoesophagectomy retropharyngeal abscess dominant summating potential interferon interleukin Interleukin-receptor alpha chain IL-Rα pharyngeal paresthesia pharyngeal discomfort pharyngo-gastrostomy pharyngitis pharyngeal recess Rosenmüller fossa pharyngeal clearance pharyngoconjunctival fever posterior pharyngeal wall

7 retropharyngeal space retropharyngeal lymph node retropharyngeal nodes pharyngeal diphtheria pharyngeal constricter muscle pharyngeal vein hypopharyngeal diverticulum pharyngoesophageal diverticulum pharyngoesophagoplasty pharyngoesophageal cushions pharyngoesophageal pads pharyngeal phase second phase of swallowing lateral pharyngotomy lateral band lateral pharyngeal band pharyngeal pain sore throat pharyngeal transit time pharyngeal pouch pharyngeal bursa pharyngeal syphilis pharyngocutaneous fistula pharyngeal flap pharyngeal tonsil adenoids pharyngeal fricative premature spillage retropharyngeal abscess nosocomial infection impedance impedance audiometer impedance audiometry impedance matching informed consent influenza Influenza virus Haemophilus influenzae impletol test masked mastoiditis latent mastoiditis

8 Willis paracusis virus viral labyrinthitis Wildervanck syndrome Weber test Weber Weber gland Wegener granulomatosis Paragonimus westermani Werdnig-Hoffmann disease Werner syndrome Wernicke aphasia sensory aphasia Wernicke area Voit s nerve Waters view,waters method occipitomental view circumlocution rabbit syndrome space motion sickness Woodman s operation beat umami programming mapping motor aphasia Broca aphasia dysarthria motor speech disorder motor speech disorder dysarthria aerosol particle aerosol therapy permanent tracheal stoma permanent tracheostoma AIDS-related complex permanent threshold shift

9 H H-type tracheoesophageal fistula H-type fistula H heavy chain Ejnell s operation A Hepatitis A virus ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone producing tumor ADH antiduretic hormone producing tumor eotaxin Echovirus necrotizing angitis necrotic labyrinthitis necrotizing labyrinthitis S vascular S ring S sigmoid sinus SPAP SPAP ratio gangrene gangrenous stomatitis X X-ray mucous membrane function test FFT FFT analyzer Fc ε Fc ε receptor IgE Epstein-Barr virus EB EBV-determined nuclear antigen Ebner gland Ebola virus M membrane cell M M cell, microfold MCL most comfortable loudness level test erythropoietin L light chain distant metastasis far sound field swallowing deglutition swallowing pressure aspiration after swallow aspiration before swallow aspiration during swallow surgery for improving function of swallowing rehabilitative surgery for aspiration

10 feeding training swallowing training dysphagia aglutition swallowing disorder swallow syncope aspiration pneumonia deglutition apnea videofluorographic examination of swallow first stage of swallowing first phase of swallowing oral phase third stage of swallowing third phase of swallowing esophageal phase second stage of swallowing second phase of swallowing pharyngeal phase swallowing center pain on swallowing odynophagia fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing deglutition reflex swallowing reflex pharyngeal delay time aglutition, aphagia dysphagia Engelmann disease Enterovirus endothelin- Hennebert s sign pseudofistula sign, pseudofisutula symptom, fistula sign oat cell carcinoma discus-thrower position phrenicomediastinal recess recessus phrenicomediastinalis phrenic nerve diaphragmatic tumor epiphrenic diverticulum diaphragmatic hiatus transverse facial cleft transverse laryngeal muscle arytenoid muscle transverse fracture Staphylococcus aureus sulcus anthelicis transversus

11 response rhabdomyoma rhabdomyosarcoma falciform crest transverse crest audiogram audiometer audiology auditory neuropathy auditory nerve disease overshoot over masking Oort s anastomosis vestibulocochlear anastomosis ocular flutter flutterlike oscillation ocular bobbing octave octave band analyzer pushing exercise Osler disease hereditary hemorrhagic teleangiectasia switch on activation submental nodes genioglossus muscle geniohyoid muscle noisiness loudness equal-loudness contour difference limen for loudness loudness level harmonic series of sound sound wave velocity pitch difference limen for pitch relative difference limen for frequency sound intensity intensity difference limen test IDL sound energy flux density level sound intensity level difference limen for duration difference limen for intensity intensity difference liemen test

12 intensity difference limen test DL difference liemen for intensity test sound intensity level Onodi cell sphenoethomidal cell opioid opsoclonus omega-shaped epiglottis weighted sound pressure level sound level olivo-cochlear bundle olivopontocerebellar atrophy folded ear sound pressure sound pressure spectrum level sound pressure transformation sound pressure level musical scale acoustic immittance sound intensity level soud energy flux density level acoustic impedance sound energy flux density sound power density, sound intensity acoustic trauma acoustics acoustic coupler phonophobia acoustic compliance sonotubometry sound susceptibility acoustic oscillation acoustic vibration, sound acoustic stiffness sound spectrum acoustic resistance sound power density sound energy flux density acoustic rhinometry acoustic filter acoustic analysis sound analyzer

13 sound protection effect acoustic reactance auditory localization tuning fork tuning fork tests sound field voice visible speech apparatus sound spectrograph vocal organ phonatory organ, phonic organ phonosurgery vocal abuse voice reconstruction voice disorder voice signal voice tremor vocal fremitus phonasthenia voice therapy loudness of voice pitch of voice vocal rehabilitation threshold of speech intelligibility syllable intelligibility syllable articulation phoneme musical interval caloric nystagmus caloric test thermic aerosols generator curtain sign Carhart s notch pleurotomy thoracotomy thoracolaparotomy transthoracoabdominal esophagectomy rib spreader external jugular vein external carotid artery

14 external carotid artery trismus restricted mouth opening external thyroarytenoid muscle extrinsic laryngeal muscle external respiration divergence nystagmus external ear porus acusticus externus opencanalearmold external auditory canal external auditory meatus, external canal, external ear canal, external acoustic meatus otitis externa external otitis cancer of external auditory canal aural stenosis meatal stenosis meatoplasty canal wall down tympanoplasty open method tympanoplasty intact canal wall tympanoplasty closed method tympanoplasty, canal wall up tympanoplasty canal reconstruction scutumplasty, open then closed method eczematous external otitis eczema of auditory meatus fungal external otitis otomycosis external auditory canal cholesteatoma cholesteatoma of external auditory canal occulusion effect aural atresia meatal atresia external beam radiation traumatopnea traumatic septal deviation extrinsic redundancy diffraction extrinsic muscle of tongue rotatory nystagmus cough replex lateral retropharyngeal lymph node Rouviere s node lateral olfactory tract nasal lateral-posterior artery lateral vestibulothalamic tract lateral vestibulospinal tract

15 lateral segment lateral mallear ligament lateral basal segment lateral semicircular canal horizontal semicircular canal lateral rhinotomy lateral nasal process upper lateral cartilage lateral pterygoid muscle outer spinal bundle lateral cricoarytenoid muscle lateral laryngeal muscle abductory position, lateral position outer pillar cell most comfortable loudness leve rotatory test post-rotatory nystagmus rotation-advancement method Millard rotatory vertigo per-rotatory nystagmus inferior cranial nerve palsy external nose anteriornare externalnostril edge of anterior nare atresia of anterior nare external nasal pyramid hypernasality open nasality, hyperrhinolalia, rhinolalia aperta exoparasite recovery nystagmus convalescent carrier speed quotient open period open phase open quotient hyperrhinolalia rhinolalia aperta hyperrhinolalia tectorial membrane cavernous hemangioma cavernous sinus cavernous sinus thrombosis

16 outer hair cell outer spinal sulcus perilymph perilymph gusher perilymphatic gusher perilymphatic duct cochlear canaliculus, ductus perilymphaticus, cochlear aqueduct perilymphatic space perilymphatic labyrinth perilymph leak perilymphatic leak, labyrinthine window rupture perilymphatic fistula perilymph fistula, labyrinthine window fistula perilymph oozer hypopharynx laryngopharynx hypopharyngeal carcinoma hypopharyngeal cancer inferior constrictor muscle inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle partial hypopharyngectomy Cowden disese lower tone limit inferior cochlear vein hyperkeratosis epithelial hyperplasia mandibular fossa mandibulofacial dysostosis retromandibular vein retrognathia subtotal mandibulectomy mandibular dysostosis lateral mandibulotomy segmental mandibulotomy mandibular swing approach midline mandibulotomy marginal mandibulotomy chemosurgery chemical esophagitis evidence-based medicine chemical labyrinthectomy chemical mediator hemimandibulectomy concurrent chemoradiotherapy concomitant chemoradiotherapy

17 chemoradiotherapy chemoprevention torus mandibularis chemotherapy inferior orbital fissure hyperventilation inferior eyelid edge of inferior eyelid downbeat nystagmus spontaneous downbeat nystagmus inferior lobar bronchus lower airway cochlea apical turn fenestration of cochlea ossification of cochlea cochlear duct, ductus cochlearis cochlear canal scala media stria vascularis ductus cochlearis cochlear duct fistula cochlear malformation cochleosaccular degeneration helicotrema modiolus spiral modiolar vein spiral modiolar artery cochlear canaliculus perilymphatic duct, cochlear aqueduct cochlear nerve cochlear neuritis cochlear nucleus habenula perforata auditory nerve disease auditory neuropathy ventral cochlea nucleus ventral part of cochlear nucleus cochlear window round window fossula of round window round window niche basal turn

18 cochlear aqueduct cochlear canaliculusperilymphatic duct cochleosacculotomy intracochlear shunt cochlear microphonics microphonic potential in cochlea cochlear hair cell hyperfunctional dysphonia hyperfunctional voice disorder nucleus nuclear medicine study nuclear scanning keratosis submandibular space infranuclear facial paralysis infranuclear paralysis submandibular gland submandibular duct Wharton Wharton s duct submandibular salivary flow test submandibular nodes premaxilla internuclear ophthalmoplegia medial longitudinal fasciculus syndrome temporomandibular joint maxillofacial fracture gnathostomiasis diffuse sound field apneic oxygenation diffusion respiration nuclear magnet resonance learning disorder supranuclear palsy mylohyoid muscle extended radical neck dissection extended total maxillectomy extended supraglottic laryngectomy extended frontolateral laryngectomy extended supralabyrinthine approach expectoration expandable metallic stent internal maxillary artery intranuclear inclusion body digastric muscle

19 septal wall inferior thyroid artery thrush inferior laryngeal nerve recurrentlaryngeal nerve inferior laryngeal artery hyperpnea hypotympanum hypotympanotomy inferior tympanic artery misdirection hamartoma ossifying fibroma lower gingiva summating potential frequency-weighted unmodulated random noise inferior esophageal sphincter inferior ganglion inferior petrosal sinus gas gangrene clostridium infection caspase falsevocalcord ventricular band false cord phonation ventricular phonation pseudofistula symptom Hennebert s sign common coldsyndrome inferior lingular segment inferior vestibular nerve familial amyloid polyneuropathy accelerated hyperfractionated radiation acceleration level vibratory acceleration level catalase catarrhal tonsillitis audible sound audio frequency audible frequency range auditory sensation area hemoptysis infratrochlear nerve

20 supratrochlear nerve sliding esophageal hiatal hernia smooth pursuit smooth pursuit eye movement action potential, compoundnerveaction potential, wholenerve action potential B nuclear factor κb cupped ear death of complication composite resection sphincteric function sphincter electrocochleography electrocochleogram transient distortion inferior internal jugular node purulent labyrinthitis pyogenic granuloma Streptococcus pyogenes A β crust formation crusting inferior turbinate turbinectomy extensive turbinectomy inferior meatus hypersensitivity hypersensitivity pneumonitis hyperesthetic non-infectious rhinitis capsaicin viral capsid antigen capsid lower esophageal sphincter hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter Kaplan-Meier s method pollen pollinosis spore Kaposi s sarcoma ranula hypersomnia glass slide test microscopic slide precipitation test

21 California encephalitis virus cauliflower ear granulocytopenia neutropenia granulocyte-colony stimulating factor granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor granular cell tumor Garcin syndrome calcitonin gene-related peptide Kartagener syndrome Primary cilia dyskinesia carcinoid tumor Kallmann syndrome Galen anastomosis calorigram oncogene sensorineural hearing loss orbit orbital fossa orbital margin infraorbital canal infraorbital nerve inferior orbital wall fractures blowout fracture infraorbital ethmoidal cell Haller s cell hypertelorism orbital pseudotumor orbito-zygomatic approach canthoplasty neural conflict theory sensory cell sensory aphasia Wernicke aphasia sensory epithelium angular vein angular artery sensory hair sensation level supraorbital cell apex of orbit, orbital apex lateral orbital wall orbital injury

22 orbital complication, intraorbital complications medial orbital wall medial orbital wall fractures orbital exenteration orbital abscess orbital plate lamina papyracea orbital cellulitis tumor-associated antigen pneumatization eyeball eyeballs athetosis eye movement ocular mobility movement enophthalmos ocular tilt reaction exophthalmos proptosis ocular counter-rolling ocular deviation ophthalmoplegia ocular muscle palsy front routing of signalstypehearing aid FROS FROStypehearing aid intermittent oro-esophageal tube feeding intermittent positive pressure ventilation controlled mechanical ventilation eyelid lid loading blepharoptosis ptosis blepharospasm-oromandibular dystonia blepharospasm-oromandibular dystonia blepharospasm eyelid swelling palpebral incision preseptal cellulitis sensitization stem cell Candida candidiasis interstitial disease interference

23 coronal incision coronal section ophthalmic vein hepatoesophageal ligament ligamentum hepatoesophageum bradypnea slowly progressive aphasia slow phase nystagmus ophthalmic nerve directional preponderance dry cough stertorous respiration stertorous breathing inertial impaction cancer pain indirect therapy indirect fluorescent antibody technique indirect laryngoscopy photofluorography fluorography indirect hemagglutination indirect pathogen condylar process rheumatoid arthritis black out infectious disease dry nose rhinitis sicca ozena clonic eye movement eye pain ophthalmic artery tumor-specific antigen common cold Kanpo formulation γ γ globulin sweet taste facial myokymia facial spasm facio-scapulo-humeral muscular dystrophy facial contracture facial bones

24 facial fracture facial vein facial nerve facial recess marginal mandibular branch facial nucleus facial canal Fallopian canal cross-face facial nerve anastomosis cross-facial nerve graft facial-trigeminal nerve anastomosis facial neuroma facial nerve sheath facial palsy facial nerve paralysis midfacial degloving midfacial fractures facial artery regional system facial edema facial cleft mutism petrous portion suppressor gene caseous necrosis nest caseous sinusitis caseous material cold agglutination cold rhinitis skier s nose palliative care pressure trauma paradoxical respiration paradoxical nasal obstruction Kiesselbach s plexus Little s area keel infecting organism memory cell memory clone

25 mechanical ventilation mechanoelectrical transduction electromechanical transduction nucleus ambiguus normalized noise energy trachea windpipe, air tube tracheitis trachitis tracheal fenestration tracheal ulceration tracheotomy tube tracheotomy cannula, tracheal tube tracheal bronchus tracheobronchial dyskinesia tracheobronchitis tracheobronchoscope tracheobronchoscopy tracheobronchomegaly Mounier-Kühn syndrome lung bud tracheobronchial diverticulum tracheobronchial nodes tracheoaerocele tracheoscope tracheoscopy tracheostenosis trachealis muscle tracheal diverticulum tracheoplasty tracheal tug tracheostoma tracheopathia osteoplastica tracheloclavicular muscle bronchitis laryngotracheal diverticulum bronchial bud bronchodilatation bronchiectasis bronchiectasia bronchodilator atelectatic rale stem bronchus bronchoscope bronchopleural fistula bronchospasm endobronchial tuberculosis bronchogenic carcinoma

26 peribronchitis bronchomediastinal trunk truncus bronchiomediastinalis bronchoconstriction bronchovesicular respiration bronchoesophagoscope bronchomycosis bronchial asthma bronchogram bronchography bronchostomy bronchomalacia mucosa of bronchi tunica mucosa bronchiorum bronchopulmonary aspergillosis bronchopneumonic aspergillosis pulmonary aspergillosis bronchopulmonary dysplasia bronchial pneumonia bronchopneumonia bronchopulmonary segment Bordetella bronchiseptica bronchopulmonary sequestration bronchoalveolar lavage bronchopulmonary lymph nodes glandulae bronchiales hilar lymph nodes bronchofiberscope tracheorrhagia bronchoesophagology tracheoesophageal sulcus tracheoesophageal shunt TE tracheoesophageal speech tracheoesophgeal diversion tracheoesophageal anastomosis, Lindeman s surgery laryngotracheal separation tracheoesophageal fistula bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue bronchorrhea endotracheal stylet tracheo[s]tomy tracheotomy hook tracheotome

27 tracheal wall stripe pretracheal fascia pretracheal node gapeworm tracheal tube endotracheal tube,intratracheal tube bronchophony tracheophony tracheophonesis trachealgia endotracheal anesthesia intratracheal anesthesia inhalation anesthesia tracheal cartilage tracheomalacia tracheal mucosa tracheomegaly carina carina of trachea carina tracheae paratracheal nodes membranous portion annular ligament of trachea ligamenta annularia trachealia tracheoschisis pneumothorax teratoma teratogenic cyst dysphagia lusoria danger space sign-significate relation orthopneic position orthopnea position voice simulator artificial voice mouth simulator artificial mouth ear simulator artificial ear simulated ethymotic gain simulated insertion gain organic dysphonia organic voice disorder dysglossia organic articulation disorders mastoid simulator artificial mastoid dilution method MIC MIC test pneumomediastinum reference sound pressure reference speech recognition threshold level basic frequency response

28 normalized hearing level nhl reference test gain azygos vein azygoesophageal recess manikin unoccluded ear gain simulated open ear gain vocal attack attack of voice pseudobulbar palsy pseudobulbar paralysis palsy supranuclear paralysis pseudomedian cleft total length of locus seasonal allergic rhinitis breathy attack breathiness breathy hoarseness contingent negative variation treated case stuttering basal cell basal cell carcinoma basal cell adenoma basal cell adenocarcinoma basilar membrane basal membrane air conduction airway respiratory tract air bone gap airway resistance respiratory papillomatosis mucus pituita airway pattern secretion intention tremor incudostapedial joint incudostapedial articulation incus anvil incudomalleal joint incudomalleal articulation functional dysphagia functional voice disorder functional dysphonia dyslalia functional articulation disorders functional aphonia

29 functional hearing loss functional deafness psychogenic hearing loss, pseudohypacusis functional dysphonia functional voice disorder functional dyspnea functional residual capacity functional residual air functional magnetic resonance imaging pneumatocele pneumosinus dilatans basal lamella fundamental fundamental tone fundamental period fundamental frequency pseudomembrane Kimura disease eosinophilic granuloma of soft tissue reversed passive hemagglutination reverse transcriptase inverted Marcus Gunn phenomenon stump pressure reflux esophagitis antireflux operation retrodromically evoked facial nerve electromyography aspiration cytology fine needle aspiration sound absorption subarcuate artery olfaction hyperosmia phantosmia olfactory hallucination olfactometry hyposmia parosmia dysosmia smell identification test olfactory receptor anosmia olfactory tract conduction olfactory field inspiration time olfactory dendrite

30 inspiratory obstruction inspiratory stridor air cleaning olfactory bulb saccule, sacculus saccular macula, macula sacculi retromolar trigone retromolar area retrobulbar neuritis retrobulbar optic neuritis salvage surgery olfactory cell molar olfactory filament fila olfactoria absorption loss db output sound pressure level for an input sound pressure level of db subarcuate fossa olfactory epithelium olfactory epithelial disorder olfactory vesicle arcuate eminence olfactory nerve olfactory neuroblastoma esthesioneuroblastoma acute necrotizing gingivitis acute epiglottitis acute laryngotracheobronchitis viral croup subglottic laryngitis acute respiratory failure acute subglottic laryngitis croup, acute laryngotracheobronchitis bulbar spinal myoatrophy Kennedy Kennedy disease olfactory gland Bowman gland of Bowman rapid eye movement rapid plasma reagin test RPR RPR test quick phase trematode electro-olfactogram inhaled antigens bulbar palsy bulbar paralysis olfactory cilium olfactory blindness

31 olfactory cleft olfactory fissure Küttner s tumor chronic sclerosing sialadenitis of submandibular gland border cell thorax inferior thoracic aperture thoracocyllosis stenothorax thoracostenosis thoracoplasty thoracic compliance chest index thoracic index transthoracotomy thoracic outlet syndrome thoracic goiter thoracic cage thoracic cavity thoracoscope thoracoscopy video-assisted thoracic surgery thoracoscopic surgery pleural calculus pleurolith thoracentesis pleuracentesis, pleurocentesis thoracostomy tube pleural pressure sternum zygomatic bone zygomatic fossa substernal goiter zygomatic arch retrosternal space sternothyroid muscle retrosternal hernia median sternotomy sternotomy sternohyoid muscle sternotrypesis sternal puncture presternal region sternalgia sternodynia zygomatic approach episternum manubrium of sternum sternocleidomastoid muscle

32 deltopectoral flap costal respiration thoracic respiration hemagglutination resonance resonance frequency pleural effusion chest voice modal voice chest register forced respiration thymus thymus gland thymitis hyperthymism hyperthymization thymoma Hassall s concentric corpuscle thymic corpuscle Hassall s body lobule of thymus lobuli thymi thymectomy thymic agenesis immunodeficiency with hypoparathyroidism thymic alymphoplasia thymic lymphopoietic factor common cavity genus specific antigen synergia synergic movement asynergia intensity modulated radiotherapy buccal mucosa lower intra-thoracic esophagus stethomyositis stethoparalysis angor pectoris swelling of buccal region upper intra-thoracic esophagus thoracic esophagectomy thoracostomy stetharteritis middle intra-thoracic esohagus thoracalgia thoracodynia capsule pleuroclysis

33 pleural friction rub thoracoschisis sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis spine spina end-position nystagmus topical steroids intra-arterial chemotherapy intraarterial infusion therapy macrostomia macroglossia megaesophagus Guillain-Barré syndrome Killian s triangle Killian s bundle Gillies Gillies method airway interruption method amyotrophic lateral sclerosis near sound field myoplasty muscular tinnitus superinfection hypha musculotubal canal septum canalis musculotubarii mycelial fungus filamentous fungus mycelium myoepithelial cell myoepithelioma near-infrared spectroscopy myoelastic-aerodynamic theory tonic neck reflex tonic labyrinthine reflex hypotonia pars tensa pars tensa cholesteatoma color electromyographic topography coronoid process muscle sling virulence

34 Guanarito virus dry swallow Chvostek sign hacking sinodural cell space orientation aerophagia aerophagy air infection aerodynamic examination Kugelberg-Welander disease jejunal interposition square wave jerks sneeze sneezing Kussmaul respiration Kussmaul- Kien respiration cuticular plate oral breathing mouth breathing pursed lips breathing refraction Kveim test cupula subcupular space subcupular meshwork cupulolithiasis cupulogram cupulometry Klinefelter syndrome XXY XXY syndrome Claudius cell Gradenigo syndrome Cladosporium Chlamydia glycocalyx glycerol test click Klippel-Feil syndrome

35 crib-o-gram Cryptococcus cryptococcosis Crimea-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Crouzon disease croup viral croup, acute laryngotracheobronchitis GRBAS scale car sickness nutcracker esophagus Graybiel s criteria Glatzel rhinometer CREST syndrome Crohn disease Clostridium difficile group velocity transverse cervical artery transcanal approach transmeatal approach, endomeatal approach transcanal labyrinthectomy crista galli transbronchial lung biopsy transthoracic esophagectomy empiric therapy fluorescence allergosorbent test oral infection fluorescent antibody technique immunofluorescence technique oral administration mouth administration, sublingual administration fluorescent treponemal antibody peroral endoscopy caroticotympanic canaliculus diverticulitis plasmacytoma

36 diverticulectomy diverticulopexy tonic eye movement transantral ethmoidectomy permaxillary ethmoidectomy transantral method styloid process, processus styloideus jugular fossa fossa jugularis jugular bulb glomus jugulare paraganglioma jugular thrombosis jugular thrombophlebitis transesophageal echocardiography cervical vertigo transhyoid pharyngotomy middle fossa approach middle cranial fossa approach osteophyte of cervical spine cervical sinus transcranial magnetic bistimulation carticotympanic artery carotid sheath stylopharyngeal muscle retrostyloid compartment styloglossal muscle stylohyoid muscle prestyloid compartment stylomastoid foramen transcortical labyrinthectomy transmastoid approach nasal continuous positive airway pressure continuous positive airway pressure via the nasal route percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy intranasal drug delivery intranasal immunotherapy local immunotherapy neck dissection modified radical neck dissection cervical esophagus cervical esophagectomy midline cervical node chin down neck protrusion

37 cervical tag cervical wattle cervical nodes hen-cluck stertor translabyrinthine approach transhiatal esophagectomy spasm spasmodic croup spasmodic dysphonia spastic dysphonia endoscopic surgery A toxic shock-like syndrome blood-labyrinth barrier tuberculosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis tuberculous otitis media tuberculous lymphadenitis vasomotor rhinitis idiopathic rhinitis vasodilation vasodilatation angioectatic polyp vasodilator vascular malformation vascular cell adhesion molecule- vasoactive intestinal polypeptide hemangioma decongestants, vasoconstrictor decongestant drug stria vascularis intermediate cell of stria vascularis intercellular space of stria vascularis vasocompression syndrome blood vessel invasion vascular invasion vascular tinnitus angiofibroma angiosarcoma vasovagal reflex vascular ring vasospasm combination tone ductus reuniens connective tissue type mast cell hematogenic labyrinthitis hematoma

38 cuneiform cartilage platelet activating factor serotype HSVIgG serum anti-hsvigg antibody bloody rhinorrhea sanguineous nasal discharge erythema nodosum polyarteritis nodosa thrombosinusitis hemosputum area under the curve belching chemosis conjunctival chemosis balloon Matas test blood boil bleeding polyp exotoxin chemical mediator receptor antagonist chemical mediator release inhibitor chemokine traction diverticulum peri-palpebral incision anaerobe anaerobic respiration anaerobic culture circumscribed labyrinthitis language speech suprascapular artery omohyoid muscle supraomohyoid neck dissection healthy carrier postlinguistic deafness prelinguistic deafness perilinguistic deafness postlingual deaf prelingual deaf perilingual deaf language disorder speech disorder speech therapist speech language pathologist linguistic competence

39 delayed language development, language retardation delayed speech, retarded speech development speech range canine canine fossa archicerebellum vestibulocerebellum suspension laryngoscope direct laryngoscope attenuation band protozoa auditory hallucination croupy cough primary amebic meningoencephalitis primary carcinoma of esophagus primary cilliary dyskinesia immotile cilia syndrome primary effusion lymphoma primary lesion recurvate lamella death of cancer amnestic aphasia simple aphasia core mold A antistreptococcal polysaccharide anti-allergic medicine anti-allergic drug hyperbaric oxygen therapy high-pass filter bucco-pharyngeal membrane basophilic cell basophil articulation articulatory organs articulation disorder disorders of articulation palate palatopharyngeal arch posterior palatine arch palatopharyngeal muscle palatalized articulation palatine arch pillar

40 palatine nerves uvula uvulo-palato-pharyngoplasty palatoglossal arch anterior palatine arch palatoglossal muscle perforation of palate palatine tonsil tonsillectomy palatal elevator muscle M. levator veli palatini palatal tensor muscle M. tensor veli palatini eminentia concha torus palatinus cleft palate promontory angular cheilitis subiculum promontorii ponticulus promontorii promontorystimulationtest posterior hypotympanotomy posterior tympanotomy posterior inferior cerebellar artery sclerosing therapy testis orchis, testicle oral-facial-digital syndrome after-nystagmus sympathetic trunk sympathetic stimulant sympathetic labyrinthitis anti-cancer drug hard attack posterior incudal ligament posterior laryngeal muscle posterior cricoarytenoid muscle masseter masseter muscle antimicrobial drug antibacterial drug sensitivity test susceptibility test, resistance test oral allergy syndrome oropharyngeal candidiasis oral cancer

41 oral candidiasis, thrush oral care aerootitis airplane otitis media oral tongue mobile tongue vestibule of mouth, oral vestibule oral phase first phase of swallowing oral transit time oral floor floor of mouth inflammation of mouth floor oral papillomatosis oral hairy leukoplakia posteriorcervicaltriangle antigen allergen avoidance antigen presenting cell IgE antigen-specific IgE IgEallergenspecific IgE allergen specific immunotherapy allergen specific hyposensitization collagen disease, collagenosis antigenic shift antigenic drift hard palate posterior palatine arch palatopharyngeal arch cytoplastic anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody posterior tympanum posterior tympanotomy posterior tympanic isthmus posterior tympanic artery anti-cholinergic drug, anticholinergics crossed aphasia cross hearing shadow hearing antioxidant eosinophil eosinophil peroxidase eosinophil cationic protein eosinophilic inflammation eosinophilia non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilia eosinophil protein X

42 eosinophil-derived neurotoxin eosinophilic granule postauricular response posterior auricular vein posterior auricular artery posterior ethmoidal nerve posterior ethmoidal sinus posterior ethmoidal artery bad breath ozostomia, halitosis posterior mediastinum posterior mediastinal artery posterior mediastinal node, posterior mediastinal lymph node retrotracheal mediastinal node thyropharyngeal muscle thyrocervical trunk thyroepiglottic muscle thyroepiglottic ligament thyrohyoid muscle thyrohyoid membrane subtotal thyroid lobectomy thyroid stimulating hormone thyrotropin releasing hormone total thyroid lobectomy, total thyroidectomy thyroid artery thyroid function test thyroid lobectomy uncinate process thyroid cartilage inferior cornu of thyroid cartilage medialization thyroplasty thyroplasty type I laryngeal prominence Adam s apple superior cornu of thyroid cartilage thyrohyoidopexy lateral thyrolaminectomy thyroarytenoid muscle internal laryngeal muscle posterior segment lip herpes labialis cleft lip

43 IgE Fc ε receptor Fc ε I antistreptokinase O antistreptolysin O synthetic speech hard chancre rigid esophageal scope rigidtypetelescope postantibiotic effect posterior vestibular vein posterior vestibular artery photodynamic therapy nucleoprotein high-speed cinematography high-speed imaging high-speed digital imaging high-speed video imaging fast Fourier transform enzyme linked immunosorbent assay enzyme immunoassay antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity neutropenia granulocytopenia harmonic distortion posterior mallear fold antideoxyribonuclease B B photo-electrical glottogram photo-electric glottogram acquired pendular nystagmus acquired immunodeficiency syndrome larynx near-total laryngectomy subtotal laryngectomy laryngeal allergy laryngeal dysplasia epithelial hyperplasia of larynx, laryngeal hyperkeratosis, white lesion of larynx laryngitis laryngeal web laryngeal diaphragm occipitomental view Waters view

44 laryngeal sound source primary tone, laryngeal sound larynx preservation organ preservation occipital condyle epiglottis epiglottitis suboccipital approach petiole of epiglottis vallecula laryngeal trauma epiglottectomy preepiglottic space external laryngeal trauma epiglottic cartilage epiglottic cyst vallecular cyst laryngeal hyperkeratosis epithelial hyperplasia of larynx, laryngeal dysplasia, white lesion of larynx aspiration during laryngeal descent, aspiration during laryngeal downward movement laryngeal depressors laryngeal cancercarcinoma laryngotracheoplasty laryngotracheal separation tracheoesophageal diversion laryngotracheal cleft laryngocele laryngeal stenosis laryngeal elevation laryngeal suspension aspiration during laryngeal elavation, aspiration during laryngeal upward movement laryngeal elevators laryngeal suspension laryngeal elevation delay time laryngoplasty laryngeal spasm laryngospasm laryngeal sound glottal sound, primary tone laryngeal sound source

45 laryngeal efficiency laryngeal noise ventricle ventricular cavity laryngeal deviation epithelial hyperplasia of larynx laryngeal dysplasia, laryngeal hyperkeratosis, white lesion of larynx laryngeal mycosis laryngeal penetration vertical partial laryngectomy horizontal partial laryngectomy laryngeal stroboscope laryngostroboscope laryngeal stridor laryngeal thyrotomy laryngofissure, midline thyrotomy laryngofissure midline thyrotomy, laryngeal thyrotomy cordectomy via laryngofissure cordectomy via thyrotomy total laryngectomy Caldwell method direct laryngoscopic exposure direct visualization of larynx occipital artery internal laryngeal trauma endolaryngeal injury laryngomalacia laryngeal granuloma epilarynx laryngeal papillomatosis juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis laryngeal saccular cyst laryngeal cyst, saccular cyst white lesion of larynx epithelial hyperplasia of larynx, laryngeal dysplasia, laryngeal hyperkeratosis laryngeal reflex hemilaryngectomy microscopic laryngeal surgery laryngeal microsurgery laryngo-videostroboscopy

46 laryngo-videostroboscope laryngocutaneous fistula partial laryngectomy laryngeal atresia laryngeal closure laryngeal paralysis vocal cord paralysis laryngeal cleft xerostomia intraoral resection latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap posterior basal segment posterior semicircular canal posterior semicircular canal occlusion posterior semicircular canal plugging pervasive development disorder antihyaluronidase posterior rhinoscopy choana choanal polyp antrochoanal polyp choanal atresia posterior nasal neurectomy anti-histamines histamine receptor antagonist posterior fontanelle posterior pack posterior tamponade bucconasal membrane postnasal drip posterior nasal drip miner s nystagmus posterior group of paranasal sinuses posterior ethmoidal cells posterior glottic stenosis posterior glottic adhesion lateral wall of posterior glottis posterior glottic adhesion posterior glottic stenosis CT high resolution computed tomography anti-smooth muscle antibody posterior ampullary nerve ampullopetal flow

47 posterior rhinomanometry yeast-like fungus yeast dura mater anti-mitochondorial antibody retrolabyrinthine vestibular disorder retrocochlear deafness retrolabyrinthine deafness, retrocochlear hearing loss central deafness retrosigmoid approach post capillary venule high endothelial venule constricted ear lop ear HBs hepatitis B immune globlin alternating current-direct current ratio ACDC ACDC ratio posterior cricoarytenoid muscle posterior laryngeal muscle posterior commissure commissural inhibition vocalization voice production phonation, pronunciation misdeglutition aspiration, misswallowing preventive surgery against aspiration surgery for preventing aspiration Cogan syndrome Caldwell view occipitofrontal view Caldwell-Luc operation speech audiometry hearing level of speech speech discrimination test intelligibility test maximum discrimination score speech recognition threshold speech recognition threshold level speech level expiration time positive end-expiratory pressure

48 expiratory dyspnea expiratory stridor breath, respiration breathing, pneusis spirograph breath sound respiratory sound respirator inhaler, ventilator respiratory apparatus respiratory system respiratory primordium respiratory dead space respiratory airway respiratory insufficiency respiratory pause spirogram pneumogram pneumotachograph respiratory coefficient respiratory quotient breath support respiratory support dyspnea cytochrome system respiratory chain respiratory bronchiole respiratory murmur respiratory pigment respiratory quotient respiratory epithelium respiration rate respiratory acidosis carbon dioxide acidosis respiratory alkalosis respiratory olfactory disorder respiratory hippus respiratory arrhythmia respiratory metabolism respiratory center hypopnea oligopnea respiratory mucosa respiratoy frequency respiratory pulse respirable aerosols respiratory inhibitor vocal velocity index airflow rate word-meaning deafness

49 Coxsackie virus word-form deafness Cockayne syndrome infrachordal palsy chorda tympani chorda tympnani nerve fixation nystagmus tympanic cavity tympanum tympanostapedial syndesmosis scala tympani tegmen tympani tympanotomy extracochlear recording tympanic diaphragm glomus tympanicum tympanic isthmus tympanoplasty revision tympanoplasty second look operation tympanosclerosis tympanic vein tympanic nerve tympanic canaliculus tympanic plexus tympanomeningeal hiatus Hyrtl Hyrtl s fissure ventilation tube tympanic sinus tympanomastoid fissure tympanic mucosa tympanic part pars tympanica annulus tympanicus tympanosquamous fissure Costen syndrome hay fever pollinosis nucleus of solitary tract palliative radiation imperfectance of bone formation osteogenesis imperfecta bone anchored hearing aid osteoma bone conduction bone-conduction vibrator

50 bone putty subperiosteal hematoma subperiosteal abscess bony labyrinth osseous labyrinth osseous spiral lamina speech chain Dermatophagoides farinae connexin sodium succinate corticosteroids γ cobalt gamma-ray, cobalt γ-ray Koplik spots tailored medicine tympanic membrane eardrum tympanic membrane atelectasis myringitis transtympanic ventilation tube myringoplasty tympanic sulcus atelectatic ear adhesive otitis media, chronic adhesive otitis myringotomy paracentesis tympanic notch Rivini notch tympanic membrane perforation tensor tympani muscle semicanalis musculi tensoris tympani tensor tympanic fold communication disorder gumma proper cochlear artery intrinsic muscle of tongue nasal cavity anti-laminin antibody Coriolis stimulation Corynebacterium Corynebacterium spp. cholinergic organ of Corti spiral organ tunnel of Corti Goltz syndrome Goldenhar syndrome

51 Cornelia de Lange syndrome columella cholesterol granuloma cholesterol granulomatous cyst cholesterol cyst word deafness, word-sound deafness aspiration during laryngeal movement combined olfactory disorder mixed conductive-sensorineural hearing loss mixed hearing loss mixed modulation definitive radiation radical resection curative resection radical neck dissection condenser microphone electrostatic microphone computed tomography inter-modulation distortion surfer s ear surfactant protein saber-sheath trachea reactivation teratogenesis recurring utterance branchial arch bacterium bacillo, bacillus, germ, microbe bacterial labyrinthitis cyclic adenosine, -monophosphate branchial cyst, branchial cleft cyst lateral cervical cyst reconstructive surgery branchial cleft anomaly branchial cleft, branchial groove re-emerging infectious disease ultimobranchial body

52 rebreathing technique rebreathing anesthesia branchio-oto-renal dysplasia, branchio-oto-renal syndrome BOR minimum audible pressure minimum audible field minimum audible angle minimum bactericidal concentration minimum inhibitory concentration supreme turbinate supreme meatus branchiogenic carcinoma full-on acoustic gain forced expiratory volume maximum phonation time best frequency characteristic frequency cytokine Cytomegalovirus recrudescence recurrence, relapse relapsing polychondritis Savary-Miller classification very late activation antigen junctional complex intercellular adhesion molecule - cytoplasmic-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody cytoplasmic membrane cell cycle cell wall cytopathic effect cell membrane subsurface cisterna branchial membrane branchial cleft fistula sound spectrograph visible speech apparatus sound level weighted sound pressure level

53 sound level meter goblet cell occupational therapist scattering subclavian artery subclavian steal syndrome supraclavicular node facies articularis sternalis claviculae whisper hoarseness hoarse voice grade of hoarseness acne rosacea feigning malingering, simulationof hearing noise parakeratosis saccharine test sterilization weed Sabia virus P substance P image subtraction method subharmonic thalidomide embryopathy thalidemide toxicity psammomatous calcification sarcoidosis triangular fossa fossa triangularis eminentia fossae triangularis triangular fold, plica triangularis tripod fracture reverberation reverberation time reverberation room residual volume residual air residual capacity trigeminal nerve trigeminal impression trigemino-facial reflex trigemino-thalamic tract trigeminal neuroma trigeminal neuralgia

54 three-component analysis three dimensional analysis triple combination therapy transient flora residual hearing calculated loudness level Santorini fissure fissure of Santorini sour taste three-field lymphnode dissection CT CT sialography sialoscintigraphy GATA GATA-binding protein CXC CXC chemokine C Hepatitis C virus c c dip CC CC-chemokine short increment sensitivity index test SISI SISI test see-saw nystagmus G G-protein-coupled receptor CD CD-ligand C maximum comfortable levelin cochlear implant,clevelin cochlear implant consonant cause of death consonant articulation consonant intelligibility optokinetic nystagmus optokinetic nystagmus test inversion of optokinetic nystagmus optokinetic adaptation limit optokinetic nystagmus pattern optokinetic nystagmus pattern test optokinetic pattern test, OKP test optokinetic afternystagmus optokinetic reflex Sjögren syndrome jet nebulizer compressed air nebulizer

55 Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome Schellong test otogenic facial paralysis salty taste otoacoustic emission auditory pit otic pit auricle pinna transverse auricular muscle auricular deformity auricular muscle otoplasty reconstruction of auricle auricular hematoma otohematoma oblique auricular muscle elevated pinna extrinsic ligament pyramidalis auriculae muscle regio auricularis auricular fissure visual-vestibular interaction visual analogue scale subjective tinnitus visual feedback parotid gland extended total parotidectomy parotid duct Stensen s duct total parotidectomy superficial lobe superficial parotidectomy parotidectomy partial parotidectomy auditory tube, Eustachian tube salpingopharyngeus muscle pharyngeal orifice of Eustachian tube tubal orifice patulous Eustachian tube syndrome tubal function tubal dysfunction tubo-tympano-aerodynamic graphy tympanic opening of Eustachian tube

56 interdental cell supratubal recess tubal mucosa semicanalis tubarius pars flaccida Shrapnell membrane pars flaccida cholesteatoma time-average sound pressure level equivalent continuous sound pressure level time-average sound level equivalent continuous sound level tubal tonsil temporal difference limen orbito-meatal plane torus tubarius self-recording audiometer Békésy audiometer magnetic resonance imaging magnetic stimulated evoked electromyography matrical tuberculosis axial section axotomy axonotmesis cyclooxygenase envelopeof stimulus tone interstimulus interval irritative nystagmus stimulation index irritant rhinitis stimulus frequency test swallow exploratory tympanotomy cerumen ear wax concha auriculae cavity of concha cavum conchae cymba conchae otopalatodigital syndrome otosclerosis otospongiosis ceruminous gland impacted cerumen ear wax plugging

57 modal voice chest voice ethmoid bone lamina papyracea orbital plate, orbital plate of the ethmoid ethmoidal cribriform plate ethmomaxillary plate ethmoidomaxillary plate perpendicular plate of ethmoid bone ethmoidalsinus ethmoid cancer ethmoidal artery ethmoidal cyst ethmoidal bulla bullar recess ethmoidal cells ethmoidal sinus ethmoiditis ethmoidal infundibulum autoimmune disease autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss steroid responsive sensorineural hearing loss autoimmune labyrinthitis spontaneous intermittent mandatory ventilation radicular cyst periodontal cyst periodontitis past-positioning test supporting cell tragus periodontal disease tragicus muscle lamina tragi dentatorubral and pallidoluysian atrophy event-related potential filamentous fungus auditory ossicle ossicular malformation acoustic reflex acoustic middle ear reflex stapedius reflex, stapedial reflex ossiculoplasty ossicular fixation

58 dislocation of ossicles ossicular discontinuity thalamic astasia sagittal section cochleariform process optic canal optic canal eminence ear lobe lobule of auricle cleft lobule coloboma lobuli cysteinyl leukotriene dystonia Sistrunk operation Sistrunk procedure auropalpebral reflex cochleopalpebral reflex autophony odontogenic maxillary sinusitis maxillary sinusitis of dental origin visually evoked potential visually evoked response visually evoked response visually evoked potential visual suppression visual suppression test otolith statoconia, otoconia otolithic organ otolithic membrane otofuruncle natural ostium widening of ostiomeatal complex alveolar process alveolar pyorrhea continuous positive pressure ventilation continuous positive airway pressure herpes zoster oticus community-acquired infection earache otalgia disease-specific survival cause-specific survival anarthria effective perceived noise level aphasia function ethymotic gain functional insertion gain, real-ear

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