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1

2 Summary

3 Itiswell-knownthatpeopleare infected with malariavia mosquitos called Anopheles spp. The present paper describes the distribution of malaria on earth, historyofthedisease, biology, lifecycle, syndrome, preventionandtreatment. To beginwith, thesewereshowninthispaper. Basedonthepresentstudies, infectionofpeoplewiththemalariaresponsible fortheenormoussocialandeconomicdisadvantagesinjapanwasmadeclearwith theactiontobetakenforthepreventionproposed. Wehavetobecareful, takingthefollowingaction. Asthefirstprevention, wehavetoavoidthebitesbymosquitos. Second, earlierdiagnosesincludingthe identificationofthespeciesofthemalarialparasite s andtheearlierappropriate treatment are essential. And third, when the patients are administered antimalarial drugs, careshouldbetakensothattheymightbepreventedfromtherelapseand recrudescenceofthemalariabasedonthemostappropriatetreatment. WHO

4

5 SanitaryZoologyand Entomology

6 Parasites parasitic protozoa parasiticprotozoa Plasmodiumknowlesi species Plasmodiumvivax

7 Plasmodiummalariae Plasmodiumfalciparum Plasmodiumovale Plasmodiumknowlesi O

8 Anopheles spp Anopheles sinensis

9 ph ph

10 Plasmodiumberghei mal-aria Anophelesspp

11 Laveran Ross DDT Müller DDT Malaria EradicationPlan Project ProgramDDT DDT DDT SilentSpringDDT DDT SilentSpring DDT

12 P.vivax P.falciparum domesticmalaria

13 P.vivax AD

14

15 AD

16

17

18 WarMedicine

19 lowtechnology

20

21 mg quinine sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine mefloquine

22 chloroquine primaquine qinghaosu Artemisiaannua Artemether g g atovaquone/proguanilhydrochloride DNA

23

24 Plasmodium vivax Plasmodium falciparum Plasmodium ovale Plasmodium malariae

25

26 domesticmalaria

27 NEW P Faust, E.C. et al.: Craig & Faust s Clinical Parasitology th ed.lea & Febiger Philadelphia Cheng, T.C.: GeneralParasitology, AcademicPress NewYork,SanFrancisco,London Suzuki, M. organizer :Economic loss caused by parasitic diseases, Mombusho Grant Meeting, December th attoranomonpastral Janjaroen, W.S.:EconomiclosscausedbyparasiticdiseasesinThailand

28 NewFoodIndustry NewFoodIndustry NewFoodIndustry NewFoodIndustry Metagonimus spp. New Food Industry NewFoodIndustry NewFoodIndustry NewFoodIndustry New Food Industry NewFoodIndustry Spirurina sp NewFoodIndustry

29 NewFoodIndustry NewFoodIndustry Vol. No. Ethel Tiersky and Martin Tiersky: The Language of Medicine in English, Prentice Hall Regents, EnglewoodCliffs, NewJersey Parasite-Plasmodiumknowlesi, ParaSitesProjectWinter K.J.Lee, C.B.Kim, B.J.Choi, K.H.ParkandJ.K.Park:Analysisofvivaxmalariacasesin Gangwon-do Province, Koreaintheyear, KoreanJournalofParasitology,

DNA

DNA 1 1 1. 1 2. 2 3. 2 4. 2 2 1. 2 4 5 7 2. 7 3. DNA 8 4. 10 13 Plasmodium (P. falciparum) (P. vivax) (P. malariae) P. ovale 4 40% 200 7 40 48 72 1. - 1 - 2. DNA 3 3. 1) 2) 3) 4) 4. 1 1) - 2 - 2) EDTA 1) 1

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