技術研究所 研究所報 No.80

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1 Calculating Temperatures in Concrete Elements Exposed to Fire by Hideto Saito and Takeshi Morita Abstract Six concrete-filled steel tube column specimens without fire protection measures were subjected to fire test for three hours using the fire temperature time curve prescribed in ISO 834. The specimens were circular sections with diameters of 300, 400 and 500 mm, and rectangular sections with side lengths of 300, 400 and 500 mm. During fire test, the temperatures inside the specimens were accurately measured. The test results were used to investigate thermal properties and were applied to numerical simulation of temperatures. The calculated temperatures agreed well with the measured temperatures when the Eurocode 4 s recommended values for thermal conductivity and specific heat of concrete were multiplied by 0.8 and 1.2, respectively. These corrected thermal properties for concrete were validated by a numerical simulation of the temperatures in building elements exposed to an ISO 834 test fire. The building elements used in this test consisted of unprotected steel tube columns filled with concrete of various strengths, and T-shaped composite girders. The method also proved valid for calculating temperatures in tunnel fires, as shown by numerical simulations using reinforced concrete segments made with AFR (Advanced Fire Resistant) concrete in a RABT fire.

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