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1 ネGネ^ネbネdネjネZネZネW ネC ヌ Oleg A Timofeev THE CONCEPTS POWER ヲ AND FORCE ヲ IN MODERN THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS V ( ); Mr Oleg A Timofeev V PhD in History Senior Researcher at the Center of Geopolitical Studies of the Amur State University (Blagoveschensk) city of Blagoveschensk 21 Ignatyev Highway - (power) - Summary The article considers the most popular definitions of the concepts of power and force in the modern international relations theory The author studies the approach of US UK and Chinese scholars to the problem of display of force and power on the international level : Key words: power force soft power hard power smart power influence ower ( ) V ower (force) - - V - 27 ネAネUネhネZネfネ^ネUネa ネeネdネgネhネiネeネ^ネa

2 () - (power) R (the response unit) (the controlling unit) [9 407] R (voluntarily comply) ( 1) [6; 13] (- ) - (to act in concert) [4 143] ( ) - - : - - V - - (state-society liberalism ) V : 1) - (risk-averse) [11 516] - ( ) - [8] 28

3 ネGネ^ネbネdネjネZネZネW ネC ヌ 2) ; [11 518] 3) - [11 520] V [5 6] : ; : (hard) CINC (Composite Index of National Capability) CINC : 1) TPR = total population ratio ( 1) ( ); 2) UPR = urban population ratio ( ); 3) ISR = iron and steel production ratio ( ); 4) ECR = energy consumption ratio ( ); 5) MPR = military personnel ratio ( ); 6) MER = military expenditure ratio ( ) [14] (soft) - 29

4 [2 30] - (Kevin Sweeney) 1995 (Composite of Hard and Soft Power) CINC - (c 2) [7 694] 2 (smart power) [12 67] soft power ( ) V V [1 137] : - ( - - ) 30

5 ネGネ^ネbネdネjネZネZネW ネC ヌ ( V -- ) ( ) ; ( 2); 11 ) - power : [ ] power () () () ( ) () ( ) - ( ) : - () - : - ( 3) [ ] 2008 ( 3) 2010 ( 4) - ( 4) [10 493] ( 5) V - (power) V : - ( 6) 31

6 3 4 32

7 ネGネ^ネbネdネjネZネZネW ネC ヌ 1 ( ) / V 2005 V : / V 2006 V 221 c 3 / V 2002 V Arendt Hannah Crises of the Republic New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich 1972 V 252 p 5 Barnett Jon etc Global Environmental Change and Human Security: An Introduction // Global Environmental Change and Human Security / ed by Richard A Matthew Jon Barnett Bryan McDonald and Karen L O'Brien Cambridge: MIT Press 2010 V P Burton John W World Society Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1972 V 196 p 7 Chan Steve Is There a Power Transition between the US and China? The Different Faces of National Power // Asian Survey Vol45 No5 (September-October 2005) V P Coleman James Foundations of Social Theory Cambridge: Harvard University Press 1990 V 1014 p 9 Dahl Robert Power // International Encyclopedia of the Social Science New York: Free Press 1968 V delisle Jacques Soft Power in a Hard Place: China Taiwan Cross-Strait Relations and US Policy // Orbis Vol54 No4 (Fall 2010) V P Moravcsik Andrew Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics // International Organization Vol51 No4 (Autumn 1997) V P Nye Joseph Recovering American Leadership // Survival Vol50 No1 (February-March 2008) V P Shaw Martin Global Society and International Relations: Sociological Concepts and Political Perspectives Cambridge: Polity Press 1994 V 197 p 14 Singer J David etc Capability Distribution Uncertainty and Major Power War // Peace War and Numbers / ed by Bruce M Russett Beverly Hills: Sage 1972 V P ( ) V 2008 V 251 c 1 Ratio V 2 Institute of International Education Open Doors Report 2010 November V : 3 Pang Zhongying The Beijing Olympics and China ヲs Soft Power The Brookings Institution Report September V : emc=lm&m=218221&l=6&v= Yang Jiemian China ヲs Expo Diplomacy: Experience and Innovation Shanghai Institutes for International Studies Report February V : zhuanti_view_enaspx?id= Lieberthal K China as a Global Player // China and the World Economy Workshop The Atlantic Council Conference Summary December V : wwwacusorg/docs/ China_World_Economy_Workshoppdf V - : 33

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