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1 Special Issue CFRP Development Status of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics Nobuhiko SHIMIZU Automotive Center, Toray Industries, Inc., 9-1 Oe-cho, Minato-ku, Nagoya, Aichi Received May 25, 2010 Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) is an advanced light-weight material that is being adopted by not only for sports and aircraft use but also for automotive use. Cost reduction is the most important issue to extend its automotive use. We explain the recent development status of CFRP. The new molding, processing, and recycling methods for cost reduction are completely developed, the CFRP market will expanded. Key Words: Carbon fiber, CFRP, Weight reduction, CO 2 emissions, Automotive CO 2 Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic: CFRP /3 3 7 GPa GPa 25 5 Fig CFRP PAN PITCH μm Fig. 1 Fig. 1 Tensile modulus vs. tensile strength of carbon fiber CFRP 603

2 Selected for primary structure of Airbus A380 Recession of aircraft industry September 11 Fig. 2 Trends in world s carbon fiber market. CFRP CFRP Fig. 3 / Glass Fiber Reinforced plastic: GFRP CFRP GFRP 0/90 CFRP Table CFRP Fig. 3 Composition of CFRP. Table 1 Material properties. CFRP CFRP CFRP

3 Special Issue 50 % CFRP 20 % F1 = CFRP F1 CFRP Fig. 4 1 / CNG / CHG X X CT 4 CFRP CO 2 PAN PITCH CO 2 CFRP CO FF 9.8 km/ km CO 2 CO 2 Fig. 5 CO 2 12 % 4 % 83 % 1 % CO 2 CFRP Fig. 6 CFRP CFRP 17 % 170 kg 400 kg 30 % CFRP 10 km CO 2 Fig. 7 Fig. 4 Automotive use of CFRP. Fig. 5 CO 2 emission from automobile. 1 URL: CFRP 605

4 Fig. 6 Weight reduction of automobile. Fig. 7 CO 2 emission (Conventional car vs. CFRP car). CO 2 CFRP CO CFRP 30 % % 2,100 CO 2 CFRP 1,2 2 FRP Fig. 8 Recycle method of CFRP. NEDO Fig. 8 CFRP CFRP CFRP 3 CFRP CFRP CFRP CFRP 2 URL: 3 NEDO URL:

5 Special Issue CFRP NEDO 3 RTM Resin Transfer Molding Fig. 9 RTM / NEDO 4 PP PPS CFRP / PPS /PP CFRP Fig mm 1 5 RTM CFRP CFRP CFRP CFRP CFRP Fig. 9 Short cycle RTM process. Fig. 10 Positioning of CFRP molding methods. 4 NEDO URL: CFRP 607

6 / / 6 CFRP CFRP CO 2 CFRP 1 K. Yamaguchi, J. Takahashi, Y. Matsuhisa, M. Yamauchi, and K. Sato: Proc. 11th Japanese-European Symposium on Composite Materials (2008) CD-ROM. 2 K. Yamaguchi, N. Shimizu, and T. Shinoda: Proc. 1st Automotive composite conference (2009) CD-ROM. 3 K. Yamaguchi and A. Kitano: J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Japan 57 (2008) p K. Mitani: H18 Seni Ginjutsu Kenshukai, Proc. (2006) CD-ROM. 5 K. Shibata: Eng. Mat. 54 (2006) p J. Takahashi, N. Matsutsuka, T. Okazumi, K. Uzawa, I. Ohsawa, K. Yamaguchi, and A. Kitano: Proc. 16th ICCM, CD-ROM Kyoto (2007) CD-ROM. 7 The Japan Carbon Fiber Manufacturers Association: Reinforced Plastics 52 (2006) T. Shinoda, A. Kitano, and K. Yoshioka: Proc. JSMS COMPOS- ITE-30 (2001) p K. Ogi, T. Shinoda, and M. Mizui: Proc. JSMS COMPOSITE-32 (2003) p J. Takahashi: Reinforced Plastic 52 (2005) K. Ogi, T. Nishikawa, Y. Okano, and T. Taketa: Proc Conf. Japan Soc. Composite Mat., p J. Takahashi, K. Uzawa, I. Ohsawa, N. Matsutsuka, A. Kitano, and K. Nagata: Proc. the 12th US-Japan Conf. Composite Mat. (2006-9) p J. Takahashi, K. Uzawa, I. Osawa, A. Kitano K. Yamaguchi, and K. Usui: J. Soc. of Automotive Eng. Japan 61 (2007) J. Takahashi, K. Uzawa, I. Ohsawa, A. Kitano, K. Yamaguchi, and K. Usui: J. the Japan Soc. Composite Mat., 33 (2007) M. Yamasaki, I. Taketa, K. Yamaguchi, E. Wadahara, T. Kamae, S. Iwasawa, T. Sekido, and A. Kitano: 16th ICCM (2007). 16 K. Yamaguchi: 8th-Annual SPE Automotive Composites Conference & Exhibition (ACCE) (2008) CD-ROM. 17 A. Kitano and E. Wadahara: Proc. the 6th Asia-Australasian Conf. Composite Mat. (ACCM-6) (2008) CD-ROM. 18 M. Yamasaki and A. Kitano: The 11th US-Japan Conf. Composite Mat. (at Yamagata, Japan) (2004) CD-ROM. 19 T. Kamae, G. Tanaka, and H. Osedo: 2nd JSME/ASME International Conf. Mat. and Process (2005) CD-ROM. 20 I. Taketa, A. Kitano, and M. Yamasaki: 9th Japan International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (2005) CD-ROM. 21 M. Yamasaki, A. Kitano, and I. Taketa: 9th Japan International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (2005) CD-ROM. 22 M. Yamasaki, S. Iwasawa, T. Sekido, and A. Kitano: 12th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials (2006) p T. Kamae, G. Tanaka, and H. Osedo: 12th US-Japan Conference on Composite Materials (2006) p

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