第2章 ブラジルの雇用と社会政策

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1 1990 individual labor law collective labor law

2

3 A Bronstein 1997 Cook 2002 Madrid 2003 M Murillo2005 Murillo & Schrank2005 partisan policymaking

4 labor-link union-friendly

5 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (1998-) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (2003-) ( ) ( ) (2003-) ( ) ( ) (2001-) ( ) ( ) ( ) (1996-) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 11 6 Murillo 2005, p.443 (Table 1) regulatory (deregulatory) (deregulatory) (deregulatory) Murillo2005

6 PJ AD Concertaciòn

7

8 1988 Consolidação das Leis do Trabalho CLT

9 CLT: % PIS- PASEP FGTS 10% GDP % 50% % FGTS ( ) 5 FGTS 25 ( )

10 CLT CLT encargos sociais 1999 CLT FGTS SENAI SESI Pastore2005 DIEESE 1 FGTS 30.8 DIEESE 2001

11 % 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

12 CLT M

13 4 5

14 PLR PLR CLT

15 Bronstein

16

17 PLR DIEESE Pochmann2005 pulverizaçao Cardoso 2002pp.293Figure 1

18 CLT 1990

19 8 9

20 9 CUTFS 10

21 CLT 5483 CLT CLT CLT 2004 CLT

22 1990 L % 74.9% 6.2% 10% IPEA

23 7% 13.9% 5% 8.2%

24 FGTS

25 empregados sem carteira assinada trabalhadores por conta própia IBGE Mercado de Trabalho IPEA1998

26 10 Pochmann & Moretto FS PSDB

27 FS PT CUT 2003 PT CUT CUT FS CUT

28 % /03 6/03 9/03 12/03 3/04 6/04 9/04 12/04 3/05 6/05 9/05 12/ Vol.40 No.8pp No.105pp G

29 8 pp.1233 Bronstein, Arturo S.1997 Labour Law Reform in Latin America: Between State Protection and Flexibility, International Labour Review, Vol. 136, No. 1, pp Cook, Maria Lorena2002 Labor reform and dual transitions in Brazil and the Southern Cone, Latin American Politics and Society, Vol.44, No.1, pp Cardoso, Adalberto Moreira 2002 Neoliberalism, Unions, and Socio-Economic Insecurity in Brazil, LABOUR, Capital and Society, Vol.35, No.2. Lora, Eduardo2001"Structural Reforms in Latin America: What has been Reformed and How to Measure it," Research Department Working Paper 466, Inter-American Development Bank. Lora, Eduardo & Ugo Panizza2002"Structural Reforms in Latin America Under Scrutiny," prepared for the Seminar "Reforming Reforms". Madrid, Raul L2003 Labouring against Neoliberalism: Unions and Patterns of Reform in Latin America, Journal of Latin American Studies, No. 35, pp Murillo, Maria Victoria2005"Partisanship amidst Convergence: The Politics of Labor Reform in Latin America," Comparative Politics, Vol.37, No.4, pp Murillo, Maria Victoria & Schrank, Anrrew2005 With a Little Help from My Friends: Partisan Politics, Transnational Alliances, and

30 Labor Rights in Latin America, Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 38, No.8, pp DIEESE Anuário dos Trabalhadores , São Paulo: DIEESE. DIEESE2001A Situação do Trabalho no Brasil, São Paulo: DIEESE. DIEESE2005Anuário dos Trabalhadore 2005, São Paulo: DIEESE. IBGE2003Sindicatos: Indicadores Sociais 2001,Rio de Janeiro: IBGE. IPEA2005Radar Social, Brasilia: IPEA. IPEA Mercado de Trabalho - Conjuntura e Análise, Brasilia: IPEA. José Dari Krein2001 A Reforma Trabalhista de FHC :Efetividade e Consequencias, Campinas: CESI / TUNICAMP. José Pastore2005A Modernização das Instituições do Trabalho, São Paulo: Editoria LTDA. Marcio Pochmann2005 Desafios atuais do Sindicalismo brasileiro, Enrique de la Garza Toledo (ed.) Sindicatos y nuevos movimientos sociales en Améica Latina, Buenos Aires: CLACSO. Márcio Pochmann & Amilton Moretto2002 Reforma Trabalhista: a experiencia internacional e o caso brasileiro, Adalberto Moreira Cardoso et al, Sindicalismo e Relações Trabalhistas, Rio de Janeiro: Fundação Konrad Adenauer. Enrique de la Garza Toledo (ed.)2005sindicatos y nuevos movimientos sociales en Améica Latina, Buenos Aires: CLACSO.

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