Hakusan Review of Anthropology Vol.13. March,2010 Research Data A Preliminary Spatial Data on the Distribution of the Sama-Bajau Population in lnsular

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Hakusan Review of Anthropology Vol.13. March,2010 Research Data A Preliminary Spatial Data on the Distribution of the Sama-Bajau Population in lnsular"

Transcription

1

2 Hakusan Review of Anthropology Vol.13. March,2010 Research Data A Preliminary Spatial Data on the Distribution of the Sama-Bajau Population in lnsular Southeast Asia NAGATSU Kazufumi* The Sama Bajau const 三 tute one of the most distinctive maritime fblks 量 n Insular Southeast Asia. They are dispersed widely over Southeast Asian islands, including the Sulu archipelago of the southern Philippines, the coasts of Sabah in Malaysia, and eastern Indonesia. With an approximate population of 1,100,000, many of the Sama Bajau live along coasts and on islands, and their livelihood is based on activities such as fishing, cultivation of coconut palms, and marine trade. Until the mid twentieth century some groups of the Sama-Bajau lived on the boats and were known as sea nomads in European literatures due to their lifbstyles. The population of the Sama Bajau is widely scattered in the vast aquatic zone in Southeast Asia. As their primary place of origin or the centre of their population is ambiguous, scholars have long discussed the population flow and distribution of the Sama Bajau in an attempt to seek their historical origins. Research on the origins of the Sama-Bajau first appeared in historical geographer D. E. Sopher s pioneering work, The Sea lc)mads Sopher 1977(1965)L Sopher examined the cultural characteristics and geographical distribution of all of the boat-dwelling groups in Southeast Asia, including the Sama Bajau. Based on his analysis, he advanced a hypothesis that these boat dwellers originated in the Riau Lingga archipelago off the southeast end of the Malay Peninsula. According to his hypothesis, the Sama-Bajau gradually migrated away from Riau Lingga, from the f()urteenth to the seventeenth centuries, travelling via the western coast of Borneo, and dispersing among the Sulu islands and along the coasts of Sulawesi[Sopher 1977(1965): ]. A.K. Pallesen s linguistic study[pallesen 1985: and H. A. Nimmo s ethnography[nimmo 1968:42 50 both on the Sama Bajau in Sulu archipelago, however, disputed Sopher s hypothesis, and suggested that the Sama-Bajau belonged to a language group that was different from those of the other boat dwellers. Further, these studies concluded that the Sama-Bajau originated in the south western part of Mindanao, the 53

3 Hakusan Review of Anthropology Vol.13. March,2010 Philippines, and after the 10th century, spread southwards and to the eastern part of Insular Southeast Asia. Pallesen s and Nimmo s works are based on the then latest data gained through their long term fieldworks. Therefbre, their postulation that posits the south-western part of Mindanao as the Sama Bajau s original place is seemingly more convincing than the Sopher s assumption(see also Sather[1997D. The historical interactions among the Sama Balau, the traditional Southeast Asian port polities, and the colonial powers have also been examined in the historians works on the Manguindanao Sultanate, the Brunei Sultanate, and the Sulu Sultanate that flourished in Insular Southeast Asia until the beginning of the 19th century. These studies fbcused on the population movements of the Sama Bajau, including their voyages in search fbr maritime trading resources, such as trepang or shark s fin, fbr export to China, the securing of entrepots free from colonial interfbrence, and constructing bases f()r piracy[e.g. Warren 1981;Laarhoven Meanwhile, it is in my understanding less significant to seek their true origin from the historical essentialists viewpoint, as the Sama Bajau and the neighboring communities are supposed to have constantly converted the 輌 r ethnic identi 丘 cation from non-sama Bajau into Sama Bajau, or vice versa. By commenting critically on the conventional view of the historians of the insular Southeast Asia who were inclined to regard the ethnicity as a fixed premise, J. Warren maintained that Sulu populations including the Balangingi Samal, a Sama Bajau subgroup, are composed of captives with varied ethnic attributes and their descendants. The captives were brought to the Sulu archipelago by the p 丘 rates which the Sulu aristccrats organized from the late eighteenth century through the nineteenth century[warren 1981:255. The flexible fbrmation of ethnicity is still evident among the Sama Bajau and the other maritime populations as shown in the latest ethnographic surveys in the islands adjacellt to Sulawesi, Indonesia [Nagatsu 2009a,2009b. Nevertheless, it dose not necessar 輌 ly deny the importance of tracing the distributions, flows and networks of the Sama Bajau. Rather, it 三 s essential to examine dynamics of their population in order to reconstruct social histories of maritime Southeast Asia in the eras of modern state as well as of recent globalization. Such social dynamics as the maritime fblks have typically shown are embedded as an essential component in this maritime world. 54

4 Nagatsu:A Preliminary Spatial Data on the Distribution of the Sama-Bajau Population The purpose of this paper is to list the revised version of basic spatial data regarding the distribution of the Sama-Bajau which 1 published in 2005[Nagatsu 2005]fbr the sake of the future reconstruction of the history of population movements of the Sama Bajau. The data are based on the censuses as of 2000 of the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia and my fieldworks conducted from 1995 through Bibliographical information of the census used in this paper are as follows: [The Philippines National Statistics Office, Republic of the Philippines Census 2000, Popu.lation and. 研 ω 鋤 8α~araeteristies(CD-ROM). Manila:Nat 輌 onal Statistics Of 丘 ce, Republic of the Philippines(as of each province). [Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia Population and 品 αs1 η8 Census Of /lfala 夕 sia,2000: Po ρulation Distヱゴβutic)η by Lc)ca1/1 uthorj ty Area and ldukinロs. Kuala 玩 mpur:department of Statistics, Malaysia. [Indonesial The author s research on the digitized census 2000, Republic of Indonesia conducted at Badan Pusat Statistik(Central Bureau of Statistics), Republik Indonesia(J1. Dr. Sutomo 6 8, Jakarta)in As mentioned above, there is an accumulation of studies on the population flow of the Sama Bajau. However, the studies have so far paid little attention to the Sama Bajau in Indonesian Archipelago. We cannot examine the maritime movements of the Sama Bajau without referring to those of the Sama-Bajau in Indonesian Archipelago. Therefbre, this paper focuses on the distribution of the Sama-Bajau population in lndonesia. The data in this paper.includes 1)amap showing the distribution of the Sama Bajau in the PhilipPines, Sabah, Malaysia, and Indonesia(Data 1), and 2)Inaps showing the main Sama Bajau villages(desa)in and around Sulawesi, Indonesia(Data 2 and Data 3). 55

5 Hakusan Review of Anthropology Vol.13. March,2010 REFERENCES 1 aarhoven R. 1990Lords of the Great River:The Magindanao Port and Polity during the 17th Century. In The Southeast/lsian Pb]rt a 刀 乃万 ζ 叱 Rise 8 刀 Oemise, edited by Kathirithamby-Wells, J. and J. Villers, pp , Singapore:Singapore University Press. Nagatsu K. 2005The Sama Bajau in and around Sulawesi:Basic Data on Their Population and Ditribution of the Villages. In Fina lesea.reh Reρort of(]ra 刀 t in Aj d Pro1+ect for Scientiffc 脇 sθθ 励 ωr~ a tural Resource Managem ent and SOCib eeonomie Transformation under the Decθ 刀 tralization in lndonθsj, 7b 昭 m2su7a wesj /lrea Studies, π , edited by Tanaka K., pp , Kyoto:Center fbr Integrated Area Studies, Kyoto University.(in Japanese) 2009a Linguistic I.ocus at the Periphery:Dynamic of L anguage Use among the Sama in Malaysia and Indonesia. In lndonθsia as a Mu lti 1 加 gtiistic Soeiety, edited by Moriyama M. and Shiohara A., pp , Tokyo:Mekong.(in Japanese) 2009b Maritime Folks in Insular Southeast Asia:AGenealogy of Population Movement and Maritime Networks. In Southeast.4sj aこワblume III o.!thθ.4sakura Lecture on brld Geography, edited by Fujimaki M. and Noma H., pp , Tokyo: Asakura Syoten.(in Japanese) Nimmo, H. A. 1968Reflections on Bajau History. Ph 吻 μine Studies 16(4): Pallesen, A. K ulture Co 励 act and Language Con vergenee. Manila:Linguistic Society of the Philippines. Sather, C, 1997 The.Baiau. 乙 a ut:/ldaptation, 疏ぷtory, and Fa te in a Mari 亙 mθ Fishing Socieξタof South eastern Sabah. Kuala Lumpur:Ox 丘 )rd University Press. Sopher, D. E. 1977(1965) The Seaハ1()mads /1 Study of the/lfatプカ 1 刀 θboat Peoρ e OfSoutheast Asi. ~ Singapore:National Museum of Singapore.(Reprinted in 1977 with Postscript) 56

6 Nagatsu:A Preliminary Spatial Data on the Distribution of the Sama-Bajau Population Warren, J. F The SuノαZone :The 伽 amics Of External Trade, Sla very and Ethnicj ty in the Transformati oηofa Southeast Asian/lfalゴtime Sta te. Singapore: Singapore University Press. 57

7 Hakusan Review of Anthropology Vol.13. March,2010 時砺呂o匂5日目 蔀ヒ匂 亘 旦毛 5=3d ヨ呂当唱旨.亘自8晶 dど 08N aロ8匂 一量ξ自冨晶のヨ ( 栖 Co o 巴 昆且塁Σ毛.肩艮碧Σε(ロ苫凛9 時(スぬ. 日合=ヨアール日ε8ロ穗 ら訟8亘a 骨OO自 c 旦コαoムコo言ローoE閃ωΦエ=o 昼に董O 5口O 68鞍 ρ宕 諺 蓄きぺ葵芦ボ一可. * N 苔 マまトマパ* い,Oま,N*訟2*N頃ひま苫Nポ一晶ひボ訟θ萎.一ボ右守. ま 吟,Oま一一.一*ト N苔 o めまo.O Oポ試一零一晒θ芸8,一まN.O, 守.マトnまつ.28一ぐ畠ト一可 否口自門.口吟N一か.彗一旨.マ竺菖N ひ竺 i.θ自寸一マ. 一め8 右袋O 可柏 一吟司 $ま可治トまn 内一 7ト. 嵩$. =一トS 葛 嵩 に可彗まへ吟ト 吟. OC.=嵩さ #.=P一.竺ま.一2S =ト竺.20旨.ご 訟. 9. 苦ひ ト一m2一8マ 一 吟.2Oハ ーセント.2叉否.一一ぱ.栖ト台.吟.マΣ2.N日 ゴ Oコ曽官Σ旨嵩ヌ曳ヨΣO 頃 皇員6 一ヨρ5Σ52 X一 量R6凸葺一一〇 ヨ 98一8自{ 国5皇 旨臨 巴日} 占肋 宴菖 { 目吻δ9 白 88888s 竺 =rn12s:eetrnnr.倉ヨβ.ε旦9 (心6 }3 毒ヨ 設き 口亘5の 董笛 oき苔n.吟*=,一n*一n,o 晒ヌマN,ONヌ ロ.a*吟 ぬ*Nマ.一XOo 法董.竺苔ひ.=*ぬ.三苔匂,巴* O,O 9.2 差一. ヌ鵠.NS 2 苫,吟 8.Oト一ト晒.#2qo O一aO.右竺 ゥ 求 B. メ..θト2.旨スn.卜苫3--ピ 一葛. oめn苫.鵠o苫.20台 o.o竺n一 謬 爲.ぱ零一.ヌ N2ト.ぬΣ一=.三ま唱.一右 一〇.ママ司O一.O 頃.一 江ひ.トN可3.ら ケ.一S. 所一Rm2いN..8可ト寒 ±O一 o.=まn.沿マ8.吉ト吟.s ま. 叉2.一(ト舗.一皇首目m2 ヨδ コg工 5 ヨ一 ロ罫妻 詞Σ50M3昼竃目6凸ヨ日ヨ ヨ一〇国ヨo コヨ39蔓り a目6 嵐6輪3蓑; 白 8 菖 88s88 ヨ = 窪ご三 : 雲 : 竺 ± 員巳 きε8ヨ目3自口{ 貢埠旦暑菖董.購落 蔓譲 曇9右差藷苔θ.Oポト晒 いξO( 2一〇ポ柏マ.Oま8,0 一,一*苫,一ボ一マ.口まま,日*n因,θま雲.NSぬ.内 ひ.O θ 町 一2一旨.繋 一一怐 D ハ卜N禽.象晒W 曽.門ひ否.一〇.一 N.從吟.需 =マ.恰ト9 一.ヌ2ゑ.8n3ト.2ま 一2 錯.OOめゴ一司吟 一〇ト 竺切.コO貸竺白.b.陰一2鶏.自ま芸Oト2.2宝ヨ邑口O ピ 否一817 N一5 ま =ヨ522日胡一占9 占台(35Z一δ9 }8昌8富O葺 09竺占葺8 そ昌{Sヨ冨面菖5 召 宕雪昏δ9 薗ヨ萌 2一〇,苫-苫.苫冨旦訂 冶 頃曾口85ξ3 00]一江食一 一まぎ窪繕萎芝蕊二墓蓑蓑芸至蔓べ義茎茎{皇8(藁藷墓旦口Φ O 三で芦嘩ゴ.^〆 ー.\ \ヂM. \. ノ e肚グ.ピぷ. 轟 W 藁 ろ冥. 茶I亘,Wビ ピ ζ\ρ/ーご彦 一静 蓼 寸 P L.t o L けンも1象 ゴ凶己5司ΣニエVミパ= 鴻8しばロいキロ 藷叫ザび奏鞠ソ レ 4 8.Nへ <〆一キロ,川!3苫 江8 8.一NN竃 }.ノセンチ影リットル撲荷川 痴 ^ ネ- k 菖 ーμビ才 〆 1 ヘパ ( ノ <!1 s wl gvr 8吟O.頃 O<z Σ. ク..ゴダリ〆トン(〆一/罐.濯ぎーン ド.ア/.9 誉輻戸ご一 ジ愚rエニくヂ聾威鷲繊 こ. 4 一 一 - 2 二\ ご田 5畠石s=句Z一〇 v8.ひ,.ぬ繍麟 マ, 司山 ー 竺冨三合匹タノ/ 冒=<国く吟,僅ω亙閃Σ 3醒.,..象,.自.,.竺 O田O当ω巴五 =三江2 1 旦3悌!博塗難 智iω評 88一 蕊さも白r ぺ,s.8 O 一一〆 t鴫 諱 D ( 一 m \ /OO<dα一=O芝 ω 58

8 }ぜ Nagatsu:APreliminary Spatial Data on the Distribution of the Sama-Bajau Population Derewen CluSter(3 1) Laut(]elebes 轟 Toli-Toti Manado Cluster(3,4) Cluster(3.3} P.KAL mm T ぷ. o誇 ξ reluk Laut Malu た u romini 8白Pa8ir-P.Laut P.SUtaWESI Bang98i. Salabangka Cluster (3.6) Laut Timor! のKangean- Nas C us 佃 r(3.8} Clust r(3.2) SapeBonerate 青ス Cluster(3.9) 9ρ Muna B t n Cl V The Same Baiau Pepulati n Laut Flores. / Se 辿 Ab5 Data 2 Distribution of the Sama-Bajau Villages in lndonesia,2000 *The map shows administrative villages(desa)with more than 50 souls ofthe Sama-Bajau Population Source:Research on the digitized census 2000, republic of lndonesia at BPS, Jakata and the author s 6eldworks 丘 om 1995 to

9 r.17hakusan Review of Anthropology VoL 13. March,2010 Data 3 Detailed Map on the Distribution of the Sama Bajau Villages(Map ) The following maps show the distribution of Villages where the population of 血 e Sama-Bajau is more than 50.The village names are listed within each map. The figures ill parcmtheses designate the population of the Sama-Bajau. 血胞 B cm 曙 i i Tcrljung Redeb 1 ハ ral (1.404) 2T 典 e 103} 3 MitUat Munte(275) 4M 血禽覇阻 (514) 5K 血 t s6 Kep. Derawan 膨一 1Mtn8kkU pedi(169) 2T 両 u mg B 蜘 (910 3T 吐km迦 (171) 4 Tanjuns Redib(241} 6 ハ吻四km (1,17 り 7TehU Alωu(497) 8Teh 止 H 江叫四直 (501) 9P 卿 8-P 町題 8(429) 10B 口 (773) 11T 血 y 囮 (116) 12Tcmb 吻 (101} 13B 知 P 砿 ih(238) 14Ter}jurLg P 叫翼賦 (314) 15Pant 6 Ha ロ Ψ 槍 n(650) 16Bid 峡 Ei 由止 (253} 17s 鍋血随 (66) Map 3.1. The Sa la-bajau Villages in Derawan Cluster Selat Makassar Btje( } 6 Rsp Rsp(354) 7B 昌 io 109) 8P (84) 9S 閣鳩 (74) 10T 田皿 b k(372) llt 別cm 8e 関 m(3s9) Laut Celebes 瀞 P.S kmmg t3 θn Teluk To mm 4 キロ 2.1 一 P 叩 km 二 / so 99 稻 葺 霞翻 500-wa P ecoo Po 綱kmニコ釦 妙懸口 14 柳蘭翻蜘 鋤 1 姻 1 朔 mm 6 mm Map 3.3. The Sa 皿 a Bajau Villages 血 Tol 輌一 Toli Cluster 〆び2亀 ら. SULAWESI UTARA Map 3.4. The Sama Bajau Villages in Manado Cluster 1Ecm佃mgBaru(69) 2Boロ包mgKu 蜻 (112) 3 Sehmbins(51} 4 AnUi Lango(464) 5 n 迦鴫 (264) 6Pcm鳴 m(236) 7M mg9 紅 Bcm (220) 8BsbUlu Leut(134) 9Mu 皿 Ad 翻冶 (450) 10Pa 酋 M 息 ymg (992) 11 ハ鳩由昭 (1,052) 2M 拍 P 抽レ ( し 428) 頗頃mg K m2 10(693} 14T 画皿 gam(537) r5r mpsoengtl(479) 160 mm 8B 蜘 1 km (69) 17R 皿聯 {u1(331) 1 瓦 噌培 3.060) 19S 但皿 y P(374) 20-u 切函皇 6 ま血 fied. (174) / / Kab Pasir 10 } 曇}\P ノノ 1 KALmmAN mml._. R / v. \ / 己 k, 言 liぺ 6 7 B 副 iゆ 陣 n ぷ 9 吉 / i4 ぐで1. ) /) KAL mm TAN SELATAN. ノ,J /. ぐ s Q 〆.\ ノ 〆SULAWESI TENGAH. ~ 11 ゲ ぞ Map 3.2. The Sama-Bajau Villages in { 1rbevsiOfe(1,801) 2 oncwula(216) 3 Lcrnito(332) 4 Bajo(794) 5Tumbutsvv 旦 (259) 6K 831) 7T ol 畠 270) 8K 卿 (5η 9T (126) 10 Pulsu Erwn 492) 11KsbalUtan(381) 12Ti 島 ap 鋼 (53) -IS Mhlenge(1,527) 2 Pasir-P. Laut Cluster 1 3 cm箸ばtelulc Tornini 6 心5 Samerinde ノ ダL 一卯 E 口 10( 4 卯ズ一庸藁知 tw 1cm }-IM mm一 m km GORONTALO, 4 \ P 叩埠km亡コ so- 匿翻 躍田 500 蜘 mm 蜘 -k ロ肝 o N o 1 Kep. Togian Map 3.5. The Sama-Bajau Villages in Togian Cluster 60

10 .. 浪 : づ :.::: ゴ. Nagatsu:APreliminary Spatial Data on the Distribution of the Sama-Bajau Population /TelUk Tomini SULAWESI TENGAH 馨 三 惰8 t プ. TelUk s5 ;: Tewori Is.. 19 ビ 71 嘉 ~1 ノ,s 31 e 緒 )9 33 Kep. Banggti ; も 撒43 Teluk $ る 4sk 鱒 Popuetion [::1}so- Maluku 47, D こ フ 厄 loo 499 騰 500 mo 菌 1 cmい IYP9 mm 蜘 鉛 10 1 丁卿鳴 103} 2Ld ( 側 ) 3Ud め 鰺 (60} 4TCtc B(544) 5B 9(92) 6Bu 喚 S 笛 u(285) 71u 血mg (51) 8 喧 β 姻 (3.560) 9SaUpi(82} 10Toロ也燗 10) 11Lomb8(154) 12BOt abob 巳 kol(135 13kyutanyo(74) 14Boyou 214) 1 tuartng ロ) 16salw 口 (562) 17R 息 ta(310) 18L 由 mg岨 (77} 19L 凹ロ由 i-lumbis(76) 20MontOp(333) 21Bong9 凹旧口 (891) 22Sdkm 00) 23P 蜘mg一 P 目屯mg(80} 24T{(183) 25 舳血 (103) 2 肋 nd 幽阻宮 (2.547) 27Tob14(647) 28P km ni(57) 29T 泌 8 mgkmmg ( ヌ ) 30 陣 ( 醐 ) 31 砒口 (274) 32Kalup pi(1. }79) 33BoOG B n 患 (116) 34 km (474} 3S7 己創邊加 頃 (1.064) 36PopUi(269) 37MOtteomg9Ui(306) 38Tolokibit(93) 39{(751} 40L 血 b 止 o(52) 41TogomgSq 匿吐 (237) 42Toropot(850) 43 恥km9(126) 偶 P 血 Bcbe(165) 45ThロP 創凹 (108) 46km (536) 47S 皿 t(370) 4 唱 Tamhile(61) 49 品 bba 螂 (763) 50Umm (127) S1 Tirv mg ean Baw 曲 159} 52Uew 勾 o(458) 53~inubc(131) 54G 姐 d 直 G 頑 (278) 55Bg 巳 14(373) 56L 直 (64) 57F 由 口 (102) 58Be 砧 Bd 上 (95) 59T mg o 白 (105) 60 丁創血 Obo(85) 61Pulau Bap (262} 6214 輪 (135) 63P 脳 hb 凪 G(248) 64B 凹 囮巴kg (17η 65Lokon 止頑 o(200) 66P8hl(211) 6?Ka 08 ロ 9(145) 68Bungins kla(105) 69 斑 Ja 司 (73} 70S{(50) 71Po1 蝋 i(207) 72hlau )n 皐 (847) 73s 伽 (1377) 74LeLrm(88} 75km (228) 76{(393) 77Pulau Ti 即 (623} 78-(981) 79km脚 (332) 80P 幽 Da 剋 (132) 81L 頂唱胸(101) Map 3.6. The Sama Bajau Villages i1 Banggai Salabangka Cluster TelUl Bone SULAWESI TENGGARA 診 箕苦 3s -tw 31,.b. 37 3P Kendeti 45 舗 < 4142 イ蕊ぐプ 31T ぬ 113) 32 WEtumbtht(m) 33 鞠 (183) 34T P 田喀 8βy 巳 (124) 35MmdiWh(153) 36Mo{(125) 37 km b 吋 o(723) 3S K 月回綱 bun8 冶 (573) 39{(193) 40B 司 o indnh(536) 41Mekv(739) 42BekOd(445) 43S 軸 (906) 偶 Kessiinnpc(75} 45tfPtL pul 凹 (201) 46L 叩 Ulu(186) 47P 印鳩 b 直 (284) 48L B 碑埴 ( ) 70P-(353 71M 皐 9 血 (916) 72Bth6ko(γ72) 73Klwi 任 Wit6 56) 747ひ隼 (1,146) 75Pe8ikutS(331) 76kmbo(208) 77L 血鞘 (142) 噛惰 L 脚 (IJS3) 79L-ltonpt(48e) Popu6 髄 o 二 o 一勢 膓 100 一靭霞墓 500 甥 1 mm一 co 6 cm ioo km 18 / Laut Flores A 26Si 劇 ( 糾 2) Map 3.7. The Sama-Bajau Villages in Muna Buton Cluster 61

11 . で kmhakusan ReView of Anthropology Vol.13. March,2010 = 叉 75 1c 8 P.Bali Kep. km ge 皿 JAWAT mm imt Flores PopaebOn 一 tttt. -ti a 墜 soo 姻一 1999 rm mm一km too NUSA TENOGARA BARAT 治, ミリハ ール. Meta a nφ L19 14 Sh,ft is \ \.. ノご 11ぐ 17. 弩 18 雪 Laut Flores 圏pP.Selayar K 叩.Bonerate. -V.>12 0 P.Sumbawa NUSA TENGGARA T 皿 MUR Map 3.8. The Sama Bajau Villages in Ka ロ ge 凹 Alas Cluster Map 3.9. The Sama-Bajau Villages in Sape Bonerate Cluster M8p 3.8. Map 3.9, Map NJSA TENGGARA TIMUR Laut Sawu メ P.Roti グlh. / EeSt T}mor 1 仙鋤 (1 s2s) 1IlijePtil-( 鍋 ) 1Ren r j (160) 2 緬km 5 526) 2km1 (155) 2K ぬ (172) 3- 白ガ(1.165) 3 触ハ頒苗 (1.623) 3W 頭mg (686) 4 q 萄噂喧 t β 口 (1 042) 4L B 旬 o(394) 4 脳一 (IJS6) 5Sakets(61D 5 Talel 514Sari(88) 6S ユ弧 (1β83) Gurun Tdo(152) 6P 巳 7 皿皿 (852) 7S14 mg (822) 6T 司 urrg Boleng(90) 7 Lσw 晒 d kg (112) 8 豹勧 9 ヒ司 互上 鳴 ( 196) 7E 蜘 Ti8 巳 (533) 8 S 匂 gu(771) 9 Lalr 山 an LornbOk(55) 8kmL 凹 do(s7) 9W 刈 mg ( 0 刀 1 豹 Lw(2519) 9N{ %) 10BtL trins(62} 11 掴頭 {(2 63η 10TidtK,(pa) 11κ 迦 (461) 12Sロ畠 y 凹 (781) HT 皿 b 凹頃 839) 12S (931) 13L 舳 ロBurv 皿 8(155) 12K 胞皿コp8(424) 13U 畑阻 06} 14{M 叩垣 ( 柳 } 14L[mdalusi(319) 15M 翻 8b(73) 15T 皿騨mm旧 (13の 16L 血 unl r 298) ) 川 m(85) 1STclrkS 已 10mg (K 7) Map The Sama Bajau Villages in Maumere-Roti Cluster 62

Corrections of the Results of Airborne Monitoring Surveys by MEXT and Ibaraki Prefecture

Corrections of the Results of Airborne Monitoring Surveys by MEXT and Ibaraki Prefecture August 31, 2011 Corrections of the Results of Airborne Monitoring Surveys by MEXT and Ibaraki Prefecture The results of airborne monitoring survey by MEXT and Ibaraki prefecture released on August 30 contained

More information

Transformation and Various Aspects of Community Popular Education in Tokyo in Meiji Era Takeo Matsuda The purpose of this paper is to examine the variety and transformation of community popular education

More information

R R S K K S K S K S K S K S Study of Samuhara Belief : Transformation from Protection against Injuries to Protection against Bullets WATANABE Kazuhiro Samuhara, which is a group of letters like unfamiliar

More information

<82E682B15F96702E696E6464>

<82E682B15F96702E696E6464> A Study on The Space Composition of Traditional Houses and Village of Okinawa Island PARK Chanpil This paper is the investigation for village and traditional houses in Okinawa Island. The purpose of this

More information

.

. Far East . the Orient Magi ex oriente lux orientation the Occident Vladivostok Justo Potalaka DalaiLama Society of Jesus padre, Western learning TOMO Topography of Goto and Nagasaki on Intercultural

More information

01_梅村佳代_紀要_2007最終

01_梅村佳代_紀要_2007最終 Bull. Nara Univ. Educ., Vol., No. (Cult. & Soc.), An Historical Study of Education in the Tajima Province, from the Late Early-Modern Times until the Early Meiji Era UMEMURA Kayo (Department of School

More information

*.E....... 139--161 (..).R

*.E....... 139--161 (..).R A Preliminary Study of Internationalization at the Local Level: The Case of Aikawa Town in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan FUKUSHIMA Tomoko and FUJISHIRO Masahito In recent years, as foreign residents increase

More information

Microsoft Word - ??? ????????? ????? 2013.docx

Microsoft Word - ??? ????????? ????? 2013.docx @ィーィェィケィャi@@ @@pbィ 050605a05@07ィ 050605a@070200 pbィ 050605a05@07ィ 050605a@070200@ィーィィu05@0208 1215181418 12 1216121419 171210 1918181811 19181719101411 1513 191815181611 19181319101411 18121819191418 1919151811

More information

\ (1963): Recent Trends of Urban Geography in Japan A, A, A, G, 53 93^ 102 Yamaga S, & Y, Masai (1966) : Japanese Urban Geography-General View Japanese Geography 1966; Spec, Publ, No,1 Ass, Jap, Geogrs,

More information

先端社会研究所紀要 第9号☆/2.島村

先端社会研究所紀要 第9号☆/2.島村 Kwansei Gakuin University Rep Title Author(s) Citation 熊 本 河 原 町 国 際 繊 維 街 の 社 会 史 : 闇 市 から 問 屋 街 そしてア ートの 街 へ Shimamura, Takanori, 島 村, 恭 則 関 西 学 院 大 学 先 端 社 会 研 究 所 紀 要 = Annual review of advanced social

More information

18巻2号_09孫さま03p.indd

18巻2号_09孫さま03p.indd 18 2011 75 55 Ethnic Group nation Ethnic Group Ethnic Group 20 76 13 3 1949 21 J.A. 1949 1949 1957 1958 1963 77 1964 1977 1978 1990 80 11 3 20 1949 10 1 55, 1949 53 1982 4 119, 122 10 78 1952 16 21 33

More information

{.w._.p7_.....\.. (Page 6)

{.w._.p7_.....\.. (Page 6) 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 8000 75007000 4 2 1493 1 15 26 5 6 2 3 5 7 17 8 1614 4 9 7000 2 5 1 1542 10 11 1592 12 1614 1596 1614 13 15691615 16 16 14 15 6 2 16 1697 17 7 1811 18 19 20 1820 21 1697 22 1 8 23 3 100

More information

Kyushu Communication Studies 第2号

Kyushu Communication Studies 第2号 Kyushu Communication Studies. 2004. 2:1-11 2004 How College Students Use and Perceive Pictographs in Cell Phone E-mail Messages IGARASHI Noriko (Niigata University of Health and Welfare) ITOI Emi (Bunkyo

More information

_念3)医療2009_夏.indd

_念3)医療2009_夏.indd Evaluation of the Social Benefits of the Regional Medical System Based on Land Price Information -A Hedonic Valuation of the Sense of Relief Provided by Health Care Facilities- Takuma Sugahara Ph.D. Abstract

More information

A Cluster Analysis of the Fishery Households' Strategies of Subsistence in Prewar Japan: Nii Village on the Tango Peninsula IMAZATO Satoshi This paper discusses the historical changes in multiple livelihoods

More information

WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL

WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL 27 200 WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL NO. 1 (2013. 10) WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL 28 199 29 198 WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL 30 197 31 196 WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL 32 195 1 3 12 6 23 No 1 3 0 13 3 4 3 2 7 0 5 1 6 6 3 12 0 47 23 12

More information

202

202 201 Presenteeism 202 203 204 Table 1. Name Elements of Work Productivity Targeted Populations Measurement items of Presenteeism (Number of Items) Reliability Validity α α 205 α ä 206 Table 2. Factors of

More information

„h‹¤.05.07

„h‹¤.05.07 Japanese Civilian Control in the Cold War Era Takeo MIYAMOTO In European and American democratic countries, the predominance of politics over military, i.e. civilian control, has been assumed as an axiom.

More information

”Лï−wŁfl‰IŠv‚æ89“ƒ/‚qfic“NŸH

”Лï−wŁfl‰IŠv‚æ89“ƒ/‚qfic“NŸH March Servio P KURATA YASUMICHI, A Consideration on Change of Welfare Institutions for the Aged through the History of Japan JAPAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SERVICES, MAY, NUMBERJAPANESE SOCIETY FOR THE STUDY

More information

Core Ethics Vol. : - : : : -

Core Ethics Vol. : - : : : - Core Ethics Vol... : : : DC Core Ethics Vol. : - : : : - ............ Core Ethics Vol. : : : : :...... : Core Ethics Vol. : .. : : : : Core Ethics Vol. http:// www.psy-jinken-osaka.org/?page_id= : - -

More information

176 --Abstract-- Ohokimi (*~) and Ohokisaki (*10) The Ti ties of a King and Queen in Ancient Japan YOSHIMURA Takehiko The title of a monarch in japan

176 --Abstract-- Ohokimi (*~) and Ohokisaki (*10) The Ti ties of a King and Queen in Ancient Japan YOSHIMURA Takehiko The title of a monarch in japan B*~~~~ ~~~~t ~*~.*~J ~ 1'f m: J i 176 --Abstract-- Ohokimi (*~) and Ohokisaki (*10) The Ti ties of a King and Queen in Ancient Japan YOSHIMURA Takehiko The title of a monarch in japan since ancient times

More information

<82E682B15F8FBC88E48D828BB42E696E6464>

<82E682B15F8FBC88E48D828BB42E696E6464> See Boundary space and human consciousness from holy place and monster s distribution MATSUI Koichi TAKAHASHI Seiichi Amami Oshima has created own unique culture, which is based on Ryukyu culture and also

More information

<3030895F909D96EC2091E633358D862E696E6462>

<3030895F909D96EC2091E633358D862E696E6462> The two Gendainagonke Utaawase in Ruijuu Utaawase: Photographic Reproduction and Reprinting Hironobu Hibino Abstract "Chouryakuninen-Kugatsu-Jusannichi Gendainagonke Utaawase" and "Chouryakuninen-Fuyu

More information

総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015)

総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 栄 元 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 45 ..... 46 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 栄 租借地都市大連における 満洲日日新聞 の役割に関する一考察 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 47 48 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015) 栄 租借地都市大連における 満洲日日新聞 の役割に関する一考察 総研大文化科学研究第 11 号 (2015)

More information

1..FEM FEM 3. 4.

1..FEM FEM 3. 4. 008 stress behavior at the joint of stringer to cross beam of the steel railway bridge 1115117 1..FEM FEM 3. 4. ABSTRACT 1. BackgroundPurpose The occurrence of fatigue crack is reported in the joint of

More information

01_舘野.indd

01_舘野.indd 論 文 Hospitality in the Tourism Industry: Present Conditions and Problems Kazuko TATENO and Ryozo MATSUMOTO Abstract The meaning and usage of hospitality varies according to different fields of study and

More information

<33318FBC89598E81332E696E6464>

<33318FBC89598E81332E696E6464> The Chinese Books Printed at Japan were transported by Chinese Ships during Edo Era: The Works included in the Zhibuzuzhai Congshu MATSUURA Akira The exchanges between Japan and China in the Edo period

More information

昭和恐慌期における長野県下農業・農村と産業組合の展開過程

昭和恐慌期における長野県下農業・農村と産業組合の展開過程 No. 3, 169-180 (2002) The Family in Modern Japan: its Past, Present and Future An Essay at Restoring Love as the Basis of Family Ties YAMANE Naoko Nihon University, Graduate School of Social and Cultural

More information

\615L\625\761\621\745\615\750\617\743\623\6075\614\616\615\606.PS

\615L\625\761\621\745\615\750\617\743\623\6075\614\616\615\606.PS osakikamijima HIGH SCHOOL REPORT Hello everyone! I hope you are enjoying spring and all of the fun activities that come with warmer weather! Similar to Judy, my time here on Osakikamijima is

More information

〈論文〉近代日本の社会事業雑誌 : 『教誨叢書』

〈論文〉近代日本の社会事業雑誌 : 『教誨叢書』 Kwansei Gakuin University Rep Title 論 文 近 代 日 本 の 社 会 事 業 雑 誌 : 教 誨 叢 書 Author(s) Citation Murota, Yasuo, 室 田, 保 夫 関 西 学 院 大 学 人 権 研 究 = Kwansei Gakuin Universi rights studies, 15: 1-17 Issue Date 2011-03-31

More information

-March N ~......... : National Statistical Office,n.d., Population & Housing Census Whole Kingdom National Statistical Office,, Population & Housing C

-March N ~......... : National Statistical Office,n.d., Population & Housing Census Whole Kingdom National Statistical Office,, Population & Housing C joint family : -March N ~......... : National Statistical Office,n.d., Population & Housing Census Whole Kingdom National Statistical Office,, Population & Housing Census Whole Kingdom National Statistical

More information

041-057_’¼Œì

041-057_’¼Œì 542012 4157 Nishino Toshiaki The purpose of this paper is to analyze the present conditions of the mountain villages of Japan in the early 21 st century. The revolution of fuel sources from a predominance

More information

1-08-32-張麗山_脚注.indd

1-08-32-張麗山_脚注.indd Sarutahiko: the God of the Boundary ZHANG Lishan Sarutahiko is well known god from Japanese mythology. An indication of his popularity with the populace can be seen in the more than ten other names the

More information

OJT Planned Happenstance

OJT Planned Happenstance OJT Planned Happenstance G H J K L M N O P Q R . %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. %. .... Q ......... . Planned Happenstance.. pp.- VOL.,NO. pp., Current Status of Ritsumeikan Employees

More information

An Aspect of Development in Clothing Education in Japan (Part 2) The Method of Teaching Sewing in the Meiji Era ( 2 ) Tetsuko HIGUCHI 1. Following Part 1, here I have analyzed and discussed some characteristic

More information

lagged behind social progress. During the wartime Chonaikai did cooperate with military activities. But it was not Chonaikai alone that cooperated. Al

lagged behind social progress. During the wartime Chonaikai did cooperate with military activities. But it was not Chonaikai alone that cooperated. Al The Development of Chonaikai in Tokyo before The Last War Hachiro Nakamura The urban neighborhood association in Japan called Chonaikai has been more often than not criticized by many social scientists.

More information

0701073‐立命‐社会システム15号/15‐9-招待-横井

0701073‐立命‐社会システム15号/15‐9-招待-横井 E-mailxiangzhijp@yahoo.co.jp p p Understanding of Asia by Students of Commercial College under the Old System ACaseStudyofTaihoku Commercial College Kaori Yokoi Abstract Using the Taihoku

More information

ABSTRACT The Social Function of Boys' Secondary Schools in Modern Japan: From the Perspectives of Repeating and Withdrawal TERASAKI, Satomi (Graduate School, Ochanomizu University) 1-4-29-13-212, Miyamaedaira,

More information

II

II No. 19 January 19 2013 19 Regionalism at the 19 th National Assembly Elections Focusing on the Yeongnam and Honam Region Yasurou Mori As the biggest issue of contemporary politics at South Korea, there

More information

‚æ4“ƒ.ren

‚æ4“ƒ.ren 69 1 1 13 14 70 2 3 1972 4 5 1992 6 7 1980 100 1997 71 226 2100 8 100 50 9 21 21 21 21 10 11 2 1968 12 13 72 1980 14 15 16 17 73 18 18 20 5 2002 12 9 19 1964 1980 20 21 22 74 23 100 10 10 100 101 1 101

More information

3 4 5 6 7 8 52 52 10 11 07

3 4 5 6 7 8 52 52 10 11 07 1953 1 6 3 4 5 6 7 8 6 1 2 6 2 51 52 52 6 2 8 9 12 3 52 2 6 1951 52 06 3 4 5 6 7 8 52 52 10 11 07 6 691 2 3 5 5 3 3 4 4 6 2 3 52 5 50 4 1951 11 52 9 4 B41 1 32 15 320 6 52 660 08 1952 6 15 1952 9 15 1951

More information

05[ ]櫻井・小川(責)岩.indd

05[ ]櫻井・小川(責)岩.indd J-POP The Use of Song in Foreign Language Education for Intercultural Understanding: An Attempt to Employ a J-POP Covered in Foreign Languages SAKURAI Takuya and OGAWA Yoshiyuki This paper attempts to

More information

Housing Purchase by Single Women in Tokyo Yoshilehl YUI* Recently some single women purchase their houses and the number of houses owned by single women are increasing in Tokyo. And their housing demands

More information

29 28 39 1936 Acquiring technique and forming character in physical education after 1936 Analysis of articles of Kenji Shinozaki FUJIKAWA Kazutoshi The United Graduate School of Education Tokyo Gakugei

More information

The social image of Muay Thai in Thailand Hishida yoshifumi Abstract Muay Thai is a martial art which is a root of Japanese Kick Boxing and K-1. It has become a famous sport among Thai as a martial art.

More information

:. SPSS

:. SPSS Title 被 服 製 作 に 関 する 知 識 と 技 能 の 実 態 : 帰 国 生 と 一 般 生 と の 比 較 ( fulltext ) Author(s) 山 崎, 真 澄 ; 池 﨑, 喜 美 惠 Citation 東 京 学 芸 大 学 紀 要. 総 合 教 育 科 学 系, 64(2): 175-182 Issue Date 2013-02-28 URL http://hdl.handle.net/2309/132633

More information

西川町広報誌NETWORKにしかわ2011年1月号

西川町広報誌NETWORKにしかわ2011年1月号 NETWORK 2011 1 No.657 平 成 四 年 四 の 開 校 に 向 け て 家 庭 教 育 を 考 え よ う! Every year around the winter holiday the Japanese custom of cleaning out your office space is performed. Everyone gets together and cleans

More information

16_.....E...._.I.v2006

16_.....E...._.I.v2006 55 1 18 Bull. Nara Univ. Educ., Vol. 55, No.1 (Cult. & Soc.), 2006 165 2002 * 18 Collaboration Between a School Athletic Club and a Community Sports Club A Case Study of SOLESTRELLA NARA 2002 Rie TAKAMURA

More information

【教】⑮長島真人先生【本文】/【教】⑮長島真人先生【本文】

【教】⑮長島真人先生【本文】/【教】⑮長島真人先生【本文】 CD CD CD CD CD pp pp pp p p p p p pp PP p pp pp pp p Characteristics and Potentialities of the School Song Ware Wa Uminoko : Based on an Analysis and an Interpretation of the Song as a Music Teaching

More information

Core Ethics Vol.

Core Ethics Vol. Core Ethics Vol. Core Ethics Vol. . % % % Core Ethics Vol. %, Core Ethics Vol. % % % -. %. Core Ethics Vol. a b : Core Ethics Vol. pp... pp.. pp... pp. pp.. pp...pp.... pp. pp. pp.. pp.. Vol.. pp... pp..

More information

NIES ASEAN4.. NIES.....EU.. ASEAN4 NIES

NIES ASEAN4.. NIES.....EU.. ASEAN4 NIES NIES ASEAN4.. NIES.....EU.. ASEAN4 NIES NIES ASEAN4 EU NIES ASEAN4 EU On-line UN Comtrade Database NIES NIES.AEAN4..EU.NIESASEAN4 NIES NIES ASEAN4. EU NIES ASEAN4. TPS: Toyota Production System.... Dunning

More information

Title Author(s) Kobe University Repository : Kernel イギリスのエリート教育の動向 : 変わりゆくパッブリック スクール (The Recent trends in the Studies on the Elites in United Kingdom) 山内, 乾史 Citation 大學教育研究,08:51-61 Issue date 2000-03

More information

...v.q.....r .C

...v.q.....r          .C March Cooper Medical College Sacrament Webster March March March March Kuakini Medical Center Young Men s Buddhist Association YMCA March March March March Eriko Yamamoto, THE EVOLUTION OF AN ETHNIC

More information

43 38 2000 6 1980 2004 8 24 2 8 26 9 2

43 38 2000 6 1980 2004 8 24 2 8 26 9 2 No.6, 42-53 (2005) One peculiar aspect of the military in North Korea MIYATA Atsushi Nihon University, Graduate school of Social and Cultural Studies North Korea is well-known for having one of the largest

More information

109 Summary The purpose of this paper is to make clear two points. The first one is the history of understandings of the environmental benefits from agriculture in Japan. In 1971 the first comment on the

More information

Title 近江湖北の神事をめぐる心理臨床学的研究 Author(s) 井上, 明美 Citation 京都大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (2009), 55: 267-279 Issue Date 2009-03-31 URL http://hdl.handle.net/2433/72722 Right Type Departmental Bulletin Paper Textversion publisher

More information

untitled

untitled SATO Kentaro Milk and its by-products are naturally nutritious food, and people in ancient Japan enjoyed tasting them as foods, drinks, or medicines. On the other hand, milk and its by-products were closely

More information

2 56

2 56 30 2006 pp. 55 67 1 Received October 31, 2006 Xu Weiwas an artist who was famous as a painter and a calligrapher and a drama writer in late Ming dynasty. But it is not known that he leaves poetry as a

More information

16−ª1“ƒ-07‘¬ŠÑ

16−ª1“ƒ-07‘¬ŠÑ The purpose of this study is to clarify a process that Awa dance developed into tourist resources and the factors that it spread out in all over Japan. Consideration was made with the memory magazines,

More information

yamaguchi

yamaguchi Sea Nomads and their Boat Dwelling in Eastern Asia ASAKAWA Shigeo Abstract The tradition of boat dwelling is widely distributed around the sea-shores and big rivers in Eastern and South-east Asia. In the

More information

The Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2003, Vol. 42, No. 2, 146-165 Discoursive Strategy for the Commitment to Adoption with Infants Who Had Been Reared at Residential

More information

<8ED089EF8B49977634342D312D30914F95742E696E6464>

<8ED089EF8B49977634342D312D30914F95742E696E6464> The Treatments in the Institutions Regarded As Inappropriate by Certified Student Social Workers and Their Coping Behavior: Survey and Analysis Nobuko SAKATA (1) 15 13 (2) 47 16 (3) 53 44-1 2006 17 1810

More information

[Abstactl Tennoh (Emperor), Courtiers, and Warriors MURAI Yasuhiko Tennoh (Emperor), courtiers, and the warriors have formed the ruling class of the Japanese society over a long history. In ancient history

More information

05_藤田先生_責

05_藤田先生_責 This report shows innovation of competency of our faculty of social welfare. The aim of evaluation competency is improvement in the Social welfare education effects, by understanding of studentʼs development

More information

Time of Arrival of Shogi Japanese Chessin Japan: Response to Koichi Masukawa s Criticism Yoshinori KIMURA This writing is a response to Koichi Masukawa s criticism of my assertion regarding the time of

More information

untitled

untitled The Joint Class between Japanese Learners and Japanese Students What we can see from the Comments Akemi YASUI Abstract The purpose of this paper is to report the results of the joint class between 20 intermediate-advanced

More information

A Study on Life-Table based on the Death Rate from a Specific Disease by Fumio Nakamura, M. D. Department of Hygiene Okayama University Medical School (Director: Professor Masahiko O. D., M. P. H.) In

More information

生研ニュースNo.132

生研ニュースNo.132 No.132 2011.10 REPORTS TOPICS Last year, the Public Relations Committee, General Affairs Section and Professor Tomoki Machida created the IIS introduction video in Japanese. As per the request from Director

More information

39-3/2.論説:藤井・戸前・山本・井上

39-3/2.論説:藤井・戸前・山本・井上 Porter a b!! a b JIS cm cm OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM NTT OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM OEM a b VolNo Porter, M. E. (1990a) The Competitive Advantage of Nations

More information

Dayan & Katz NHK CS TV FIFA ITC ISL ISL ISL

Dayan & Katz NHK CS TV FIFA ITC ISL ISL ISL FIFA FIFA, representation Dayan & Katz NHK CS TV FIFA ITC ISL ISL ISL W NHK NHK JC Japan Consortium BS TV JC NHK JC NHK NHK NHK NHK NHK NHK NHK NHK NHK CS TV ch ch Ch. Ch. Ch. Ch. Ch. Ch. Ch. Ch. Ch. Ch.

More information

【人】⑦立岡裕士先生【本文】/【人】⑦立岡裕士先生【本文】

【人】⑦立岡裕士先生【本文】/【人】⑦立岡裕士先生【本文】 pp pp A B C C C B p C cm) p p pp pp pp p Maps as addition to newspapers in modern Japan TATUOKA Yuuzi (keywords : journalistic cartography, newspaper addition, modern Japan) Abstract : In the first

More information

untitled

untitled A Consideration on Studies of English Literature in Japan This paper attempts to formulate the significance of English literary studies in present-day Japan, and to carve out new horizons of them. First,

More information

<96DA8E9F82D982A95F944E95F1906C8AD489C88A775F33332E696E6464>

<96DA8E9F82D982A95F944E95F1906C8AD489C88A775F33332E696E6464> 33 27-42 2012 27 4 4 4 1 4 4 4 4 1993:6 1910 1920 1993 1) 28 1987; 2004 2000; 2001 1997; 2000Heath and Cleaver 2003; 2008; 2009a DINKS 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

More information

Table 1 Utilization of Data for River Water Table 2 Utilization of Data for Groundwater Quality Analysis5,6,9,10,13,14) Quality Analysis5-13) Fig. 1 G

Table 1 Utilization of Data for River Water Table 2 Utilization of Data for Groundwater Quality Analysis5,6,9,10,13,14) Quality Analysis5-13) Fig. 1 G Key Words: river water quality, groundwater quality, manpower development, sewerage Table 1 Utilization of Data for River Water Table 2 Utilization of Data for Groundwater Quality Analysis5,6,9,10,13,14)

More information

百人一首かるた選手の競技時の脳の情報処理に関する研究

百人一首かるた選手の競技時の脳の情報処理に関する研究 Mem. Faculty. B. O. S. T. Kinki University No. 24 : 33 43 (2009) 33 34 Memoirs of The Faculty of B. O. S. T. of Kinki University No. 24 (2009) になる 音 の 先 頭 ゆら 平 均 30~ 羽 田 後 に 取 り 札 を 認 識 していることを 見 出 した0

More information

15 2002 42 3 5) 6) 2 (1855) 10 (1921) 7) 1 42 9 5 43 5 13 2 4 1 5 2 5 II 8) 75 9) 75 75 1 5 42 9 19 23 6 42 10 18 21 7 42 11 23 27 8 42 12 18 19 9 43

15 2002 42 3 5) 6) 2 (1855) 10 (1921) 7) 1 42 9 5 43 5 13 2 4 1 5 2 5 II 8) 75 9) 75 75 1 5 42 9 19 23 6 42 10 18 21 7 42 11 23 27 8 42 12 18 19 9 43 1) I IV I II III 19 (1944) 2) IV I II III 3) I II II II 42 I II 42 (1909) 44 (1911) 4) 42 (1909)5 41 15 2002 42 3 5) 6) 2 (1855) 10 (1921) 7) 1 42 9 5 43 5 13 2 4 1 5 2 5 II 8) 75 9) 75 75 1 5 42 9 19

More information

October p. GNP China Research Centre on Ageing, p. October ADL T T T T October H R C R D T S T S S S October DK S S S S H H Y Y Y Y Y R S DK R R R R R R R K SARS K K R LDK R K October R K Y S S S S S S

More information

OHTA Motoko SummaryThe purpose of this paper is to review "KEISEIKAN-DIARY()", which is possessed in Tanaka Library of Aizutakada-machi, Oonuma-gun, Fukushima Prefecture. The author of this diary is Tanaka

More information

WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL 1Q84 book1 book3 2009 10 770 2013 4 1 100 2008 35 2011 100 9 2000 2003 200 1.0 2008 2.0 2009 100 One Piece 52 250 1.5 2010 2.5 20

WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL 1Q84 book1 book3 2009 10 770 2013 4 1 100 2008 35 2011 100 9 2000 2003 200 1.0 2008 2.0 2009 100 One Piece 52 250 1.5 2010 2.5 20 WASEDA RILAS JOURNAL NO. 1 (2013. 10) The change in the subculture, literature and mentality of the youth in East Asian cities Manga, animation, light novel, cosplay and Murakami Haruki Takumasa SENNO

More information

225 ON THE PRUSSIAN PEOPLE EDUCATION ON THE MATURE STAGE OF ABSOLUTISM Shoji Department of Education, Nara University of Education, Nara, Japan Ishii In order to observe the preceding conditions for the

More information

評論・社会科学 98号(P)☆/1.鰺坂

評論・社会科学 98号(P)☆/1.鰺坂 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 3 3 1 3 2 3 3 4 4 1 4 2 4 3 5 2011 5 17 2011 10 19 1 1 1 2011 2010 2008 α 100 125 230 1 2 2 2 1 2008 92 1 2 3 93 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1992, p.40 1960 1992, p.40 3 2008, p.32 3 3 1 4 4 3 2

More information

Title 出 産 に 関 わる 里 帰 りと 養 育 性 形 成 Author(s) 小 林, 由 希 子 ; 陳, 省 仁 Citation 北 海 道 大 学 大 学 院 教 育 学 研 究 院 紀 要, 106: 119-134 Issue Date 2008-12-18 DOI 10.14943/b.edu.106.119 Doc URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/2115/35078

More information

136 16 1 3 2009 1 10 11 33,088 14 29,939 16 28,914 19 26,964 11 33.9 14 30.0 16 30.4 19 30.2 1 11 71.1 19 66.1 1 11 42.4 19 40 2 18 12 12 18

136 16 1 3 2009 1 10 11 33,088 14 29,939 16 28,914 19 26,964 11 33.9 14 30.0 16 30.4 19 30.2 1 11 71.1 19 66.1 1 11 42.4 19 40 2 18 12 12 18 135 K 1 K 200 24 K K 136 16 1 3 2009 1 10 11 33,088 14 29,939 16 28,914 19 26,964 11 33.9 14 30.0 16 30.4 19 30.2 1 11 71.1 19 66.1 1 11 42.4 19 40 2 18 12 12 18 137,, 138 16 10 10 1 18 2 1 2006 17 7 51

More information

The Indirect Support to Faculty Advisers of die Individual Learning Support System for Underachieving Student The Indirect Support to Faculty Advisers of the Individual Learning Support System for Underachieving

More information

W W - W. m - km. km..c - mm. km. ,,. m/, -,, -,/m - -. - - W- kw - -. - / / - - - k rated output powerwww WWW kw kw kw kw k m/w W. m kw W m/ W - m m mw. m m kw kw W. m m W W kw kg kw kg kw kg kw, kg k

More information

untitled

untitled 総 研 大 文 化 科 学 研 究 第 8 号 (2012) 117 ......... : ; : : : : ; : 118 総 研 大 文 化 科 学 研 究 第 8 号 (2012) 堀 田 モノに 執 着 しないという 幻 想, National Statistical Office of Mongolia, 総 研 大 文 化 科 学 研 究 第 8 号 (2012) 119 E A B

More information

A Contrastive Study of Japanese and Korean by Analyzing Mistranslation from Japanese into Korean Yukitoshi YUTANI Japanese, Korean, contrastive study, mistranslation, Japanese-Korean dictionary It is already

More information

12021108_07.indd

12021108_07.indd 雯 A Study of Japanese Time Adverbs Focusing on Adverbs that Express Immediacy Wen - Shun CAIANG Tamkang University of Taiwan This study focuses on adverbs that express immediacy : sugu, sikyuu, tadachini,

More information

1 1.19 5 3 4 1 1.33 6 1930 1 7 8 1932 1 1.37 9 1.8m 10 1920 1930 City Lights 1931 DIE 3 GROSCHEN-OPER G.W. 1931 Blackmail 1929 DVD M M 1931Vampyr 1932

1 1.19 5 3 4 1 1.33 6 1930 1 7 8 1932 1 1.37 9 1.8m 10 1920 1930 City Lights 1931 DIE 3 GROSCHEN-OPER G.W. 1931 Blackmail 1929 DVD M M 1931Vampyr 1932 1930 1 SMPE SMPTE 1 aspect ratio 35mm 4 1 1.33 1 1.37 1932 1 2.35 1950 1960 2 1 1.66 1 1.85 1970 Film Style & Technolog y: History & Analysis early sound aperture 3 1 1.19 4 47 1 1.19 5 3 4 1 1.33 6 1930

More information

000-Tanikawa_Watanabe

000-Tanikawa_Watanabe , 101 117 2010. 2010 4 272010 10 15 Example Records Which Fit in the Classification of Volumes of the Nihongi in the Seventh Century I. Kiyotaka TANIKAWA and Mihoko WATANABE* Abstract The Nihongi is the

More information

1999b Astroarts ver 8 Note about the notion of heaven in Wakoku ancient Japan before acceptance of Chinese astrology belief in heaven and the almanac Hiroshi HOSOI Ancient Japanese accepted the

More information

DOUSHISYA-sports_R12339(高解像度).pdf

DOUSHISYA-sports_R12339(高解像度).pdf Doshisha Journal of Health & Sports Science, 4, 41-50 2012 41 A Case Study of the Comprehensive community sports clubs that People with Disability Participate in. Motoaki Fujita In this study, the interview

More information

8y4...l

8y4...l 3 607 67 1 2 3 20 17 68 4 17 17 16101695 5 6 69 1645 1653 8 3 1663 5 7 70 8 9 10 71 1662 1010 13 11 72 12 13 73 1678 16611722 14250 70 90 14 168071 15 1685 16 74 168980 2 17 18 19 20 21 75 22 4 1658 23

More information

) 2) , , ) 1 2 Q1 / Q2 Q Q4 /// Q5 Q6 3,4 Q7 5, Q8 HP Q9 Q10 13 Q11

) 2) , , ) 1 2 Q1 / Q2 Q Q4 /// Q5 Q6 3,4 Q7 5, Q8 HP Q9 Q10 13 Q11 2009 0612001. 1) 2) 2 2009 3 2009 8, 10 1 3, 12 50 4) 1 2 Q1 / Q2 Q3 910203040 5060708090 Q4 /// Q5 Q6 3,4 Q7 5,6711 123 4 Q8 HP Q9 Q10 13 Q11 , A 5 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 8 5 3 3 4 A C B 1 1 KJ 1 9 1 12 12 15

More information

2 except for a female subordinate in work. Using personal name with SAN/KUN will make the distance with speech partner closer than using titles. Last

2 except for a female subordinate in work. Using personal name with SAN/KUN will make the distance with speech partner closer than using titles. Last 1 北陸大学 紀要 第33号 2009 pp. 173 186 原著論文 バーチャル世界における呼びかけ語の コミュニケーション機能 ポライトネス理論の観点からの考察 劉 艶 The Communication Function of Vocative Terms in Virtual Communication: from the Viewpoint of Politeness Theory Yan

More information

634 (2)

634 (2) No.7, 633-644 (2006) Regime of Information Control and Its Collapse in North Korea MIYATA Atsushi Nihon University, Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies Recently, there are cracks being formed

More information

untitled

untitled Die Religion. In this paper, we inquire into the social meaning of the shifting camp into Yabu and of Leprous Refuge by Keisai AOKI in this camp 1930-1932. AOKI had been gave a missionary order to relief

More information

1 ( 8:12) Eccles. 1:8 2 2

1 ( 8:12) Eccles. 1:8 2 2 1 http://www.hyuki.com/imit/ 1 1 ( 8:12) Eccles. 1:8 2 2 3 He to whom it becomes everything, who traces all things to it and who sees all things in it, may ease his heart and remain at peace with God.

More information

49148

49148 Research in Higher Education - Daigaku Ronshu No.24 (March 1995) 77 A Study of the Process of Establishing the Student Stipend System in the Early Years of the PRC Yutaka Otsuka* This paper aims at explicating

More information

AN ECOLOGICAL STUDY OF A SEASIDE VILLAGE IN THE NORTHERN PART OF THE NOTO PENINSULA (I) Village Life under the Feudal System of the Tokugawa Kokichi SAITO* At many places on the coast of the Noto Peninsula,

More information