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1 IEEJ: US US 11 (NEDO) 1

2 IEEJ: IEA OECD, Coal Information 1993, , Winning Coal Productivity Commission 1998 The Australian Black Coal Industry FOB 1 NSW QLD 2

3 IEEJ: IEAOECD, Coal Information 1996, 1997, 1997, 1998, 1998, 1999 FOB 1996 :US =A :US =A :US =A Productivity Commission 30 * * 1997 The Workplace Relations Act

4 IEEJ: ( ) 1, , , NSW QLD , , , , ,

5 IEEJ: / NMR, Coal Industry Profile, 2000 DME, Queensland Coal Statistics ,

6 IEEJ: FOB / / Bureau of Industry Economics Rail Freight km NSW 5.7 km QLD 4.8 km NSW 25 QLD 2 NEDO 1999 NSW State Rail Authority SRA 1996 SRA QLD 1995 QLD NSW NSW 80km A A 6

7 IEEJ: / IEA/OECD, Coal Information 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1998, 1999 NSW (80Km) 1.4 (1) 1980 BE1370 Marion m m 3 Marion

8 IEEJ: BHP Peak Downs m 3 100m m 3 34 m 3 ( JCOAL Monthly ) (2) Palladian Publication World Coal, (6 ) 31 98/ MIM Newlands 1998 Long-Airdox Electra kW JCOAL

9 IEEJ: (m) m3 BE1260 PH2355M BE1370 Marion BE1570 Marion BE2570 Marion DMR, Coal Industry Profile, , DME, Queensland Coal,

10 IEEJ: % 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Joint Coal Board, Australian Black Coal Statistics,

11 IEEJ: US US AME FOB 23US 45US FOB 2728US /2000 Awaba BrimstoneAvonEndeavourBellambi West NSW 1 / / (96/ 0 96/97 97/98 98/99 99/ /97-98/ /00 96/97 11

12 IEEJ: / Coppabella Foxleigh PCI Bengalla( )1996 Newlands AME FordingLuscarTeck Palladian Publication, World Coal,

13 IEEJ: PeabodyArchKennecottCONSOLRAGAEI 53 (Arch 1999 ) 1989 NSW Caltex Bayswater 55 BP Howick 100 Agip United 30 TOTAL Wambo Glencore / Powercoal 5 5 OakbridgeARCOShell AngloMIMGlencore

14 IEEJ: % 2% 0% 9% 0% 69% 5% 25% 18% 0% 9% 43% NEDO 2000 ShellKEPCO / CRA BHP Oakbridge ARCO Shell / BHP Rio Tinto Anglo MIM Glencore % 18% 10% 6% 5% 5% CRA BHP Oakbridge ARCO Shell 39% 7% 7% 8% 20% 19% BHP Rio Tinto Anglo MIM Glencore 9 DMR, Coal Industry Profile, , DME, Queensland Coal,

15 IEEJ: (2) 10 ARCO BHPMIM Shell Australia (BHP ) ARCO Shell Australia ( ) MIMBHP 20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% -5.0% -10.0% MIM

16 IEEJ: % 10.0% 5.0% BHP 0.0% % 10.0% ARCO 5.0% 0.0% Shell 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% -5.0% -10.0% MIM, Annual Report, , BHP,, ARCO, Annual Report, 1996, Shell Australia, Annual Report, 1997MIM 76 BHP 65 2 ARCOShell Australia 1-12 ARCO 1998 Arch Shell Australia Anglo 16

17 IEEJ: (3) 1) ) / 10 17

18 IEEJ: APERCAsia Pacific Energy Research Center, 1998 APEC , , IEA World Energy Outlook , ,

19 IEEJ: J.Barlow, 5 th APEC Coal Flow Seminar, US 0.5 A A Hunter River

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