Special Address Fifty year History of Biofeedback in Japan Chiaki NISHIMURA CN Medical Research Abstract A summary of 50 year history of biofeedback i

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1 Special Address Fifty year History of Biofeedback in Japan Chiaki NISHIMURA CN Medical Research Abstract A summary of 50 year history of biofeedback in Japan was described decade by decade. Development of biofeedback has been in parallel with that of surrounding technologies including computer, network, and human interface. Faced with such rapid changes in biofeedback, it was also discussed what should be done by the Japanese Society of Biofeedback Research. Key words Biofeedback, history, biomedical measurement, equipment safety, network Address Nishiochiai, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, Japan, CN Medical Research TEL E mail u.ac.jp Received September 17, 2018 Accepted October 11,

2 特別講演 CN 50 キーワード CN TEL E mail u.ac.jp

3 覚器 はじめに HRV heart rate variability 1. バイオフィードバックとは 1 Fig バイオフィードバックの歴史 2 1 Yoga Zen 2 2 Miller 1968 N. E. Miller Miller バイオフィードバック装置生体感呈示部 中枢神経系 ( 意識上 ) 通信部 変換部信号処理部 記録部 ( 意識下 ) 検出部 ( 増幅器 ) 体内活動 Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of biofeedback. 61 3

4 2 Fig Miller Fig. 2 3 Learning of intestinal contraction in a curarized rat. 9 Table. 1 Fig Fm 11 Table 1 Applications of biofeedback. EEG relaxation EMG relaxationrehabilitation ST Raynaud BP HR relaxation GSR EDA relaxation Airway Resistance 62 4

5 バイオフィードバックの歴史と今後 Fig. 3 Fig 年代のバイオフィードバック専用機 10 Biofeedback devices in 1970 s. バイオフィードバック機器のパソコン化 13 Biofeedback devices built in a personal computer. どが試みられている 12 以上のように この時期はバイオフィードバックの応 用が広がった時期であるが それを後押ししたのがバイ オフィードバック装置の進歩であった 当時はパソコン が一般に浸透してきた時でもあり それはバイオフィー ドバック装置にも適用された その結果 バイオフィー ドバック装置は汎用化し 1 台でさまざまな生理指標に 対応できるとともに 豊富な情報提示手法を可能にし た この時期のバイオフィードバック装置の外観は あ たかも当時のパソコンと見分けがつかない Fig. 4 た だし 中には別の道を進む装置もあり むしろデザイン や楽しい使い心地を追求したものがあった Fig. 5 こ れは 現代のバイオフィードバックのトレンドをこの時 Fig. 5 脳波バイオフィードバック装置 BIOPIT 金花舎製/ 当時 Well designed EEG biofeedback device, BIOPIT. 期に暗示していたようで興味深い バイオフィードバック研究 2018 年 45 巻 第 2 号 63 5

6 Fig. 6 Wii Fit Wii Fit manufactured by Nintendo Co. Ltd. in WiiFit Fig. 6 WiiFit AI Artificial Intelligence Apple Apple Watch Fig. 7 Electric Medical Record EMR 64 6

7 Fig. 7 Apple Watch Apple Apple Watch manufactured by Apple Inc. in Electric Health Record HER Personal Health Record PHR バイオフィードバック学会の役割

8 4. 結語 50 付記 引用文献 1 http: modules intro index.php?content_ id=1 2 Miller, N. E., Banuazizi, A Instrumental learning by curarized rats of a specific visceral response, intestinal or cardiac. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 65 1, Kamiya, J Operant control of the EEG alpha rhythm and some of its reported effects on consciousness. In Charles Tart Ed., Altered state of consciousness pp New York John Wiley & Sons. 5 Brown, B. B Recognition of aspects of consciousness through association with EEG alpha activity presented by a light signal, Psychophysiology, 6 4, Benson, H., Shapiro. D., Tursky, B., Schwartz, G Decreased systolic blood pressure through operant conditioning techniques in patients with essential hypertension, Science, 20, SPR Budzynski, T., Stoyva, J., Adler, C Feedback induced muscle relaxation Application to tension headache, Journal of Behavioral Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1, McGrady A The effects of biofeedback assisted relaxation on cell mediated immunity, cortisol, and white blood cell count in healthy adult subjects, Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 5 4, http: modules conference index.php 33th 33th_1.pdf https: ja.wikipedia.org wiki Wii_Fit 15 https: jp watch 16 https: jp singi keizaisaisei miraito shikaigi suishinkaigo2018 health dai3 sankou1.pdf 66 8

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