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1 The Regional Structure of Car Industry in China Yoshiyuki KITAMURA a ,037,865 4,443, ,

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19 Abstract The Regional Structure of Car Industry in China Yoshiyuki KITAMURA Chinese car production increased from 81,065 to 607,445 units, 7.5 times in the years between 1991 and 2000, and 18.0% of the ratio of cars overall increased from 11.4% to 29.4%. It did not go as expected though the Chinese government planned Development of Car Industry through foreign capital and technology and the global strategy of the big enterprise concentration 70% of share by "3 big 3 small and 2 light" in 1980's. The "3 big" are FAW First Automobile, Dongfeng Motor Group and Shanghai Automobile Group. The "3 small" are Beijing Jeep, Tianjin Xiali and Guangzhou Peugeot. The "2 light" are Changan Suzuki and Guizhou Yunque. The car production number in 2003 was limited to 2,149,693 units, and the car industry was diffused into 14 groups, 36 companies and 38 factories. The share of the upper 3 groups FAW, Dongfeng and Shanghai was 72.4%, as was the share of the upper 3 companies Shanghai V.W, FAWVW and Shanghai G.M.limited to 40.8%. In the future, there will be many car factories in the eastern coastal area of the economic development area, and it will specially form a concentration area in the circumference of Shanghai, Beijing-Tianjin and 3 northeastern provinces. The Guangzhou Area will develop soon, as well. Though the military was scheduled to change from munitions to civil industry, a misstep in Dongfeng and the development of the local enterprise of the mid-west was unexpected. Some big central enterprises concentrated the parts industry near their factory, and organized the production of the whole country under central and local government steam. The demand of local government and the institutional use in the economic development area were anticipated in the market as well. However, the local car industry was supplied from some excellent factories located far away. Furthermore, some parts were imported from the main company, because the industry base of local area was weak. Nevertheless, the local car enterprise produced cheap, quality compact cars and other light vehicles meeting the wide market demand and giving it the shocking influence which was resistant to the car market of the whole country. 147

20 I think that the Chinese economy needs to make a point of increased traditional local industry, as well as, making use of foreign capital and technology for continued development. 148

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