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15 Time of Arrival of Shogi Japanese Chessin Japan: Response to Koichi Masukawa s Criticism Yoshinori KIMURA This writing is a response to Koichi Masukawa s criticism of my assertion regarding the time of arrival of the old Shogi game on which modern Shogi issaid to be based. It is generally accepted that Shogi, as well as chess, originates from a game called Caturanga in India. Just when the game was brought to Japan, however, as well as the form the game took at that time, is an on-going debate. I assert that standing-figure pieces such as those used in chess were imported during the 6 th or 7 th century. Masukawa argues against my assertion by stating that pieces printed with Chinese characters were brought to Japan between theend of the 10 th century and the beginning of the 11 th century. In this writing, I will first point out Masukawa s violation of the rule in the discussion of this issue. Secondly, I will challenge theevidence Masukawa utilizes to support his point by giving an accurate analysis and interpretation of related documents and source material. In addition, by clarifying the style of Japanese chess and how it is played, I will refute Masukawa s criticism in an attempt to enhance the validity of my assertion.

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