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1 * 1 *1 R. M. Hare, Little Human Guinea-Pigs? in Essays on Bioethics, Clarendon, 1993, pp [9] [10] 1

2 2 ([21]) B IQ 2.1 J.S. J.S. [2] 2

3 1 2 3 *2 2.2 ([6, 5] *3 ) *2 [30] *3 3

4 * [39, 21] 16 * *4 [8] *5 4

5

6 4 J.S. *6 L. J. *7 4.1 [17] *6 J.S. *7 6

7 * 8*9* [15] [ ] (pp ) 4.3 [35] 4.4 [34] *8 J.S. *9 30 *10 7

8 4.5 * 11 *11 [16] 8

9 * * 13 [34] 1 liberty 2 * [28] *13 9

10 autonomy 3 integrity * 14 J.S. (1) 2 * 15 6 [1] Nicholas Agar. Liberal eugenics. In Kuhse and Singer [19]. [2], J.S.. J.S.., [3] Ruth Chadwick. Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control. Routledge, [4] Elizabeth F. Cooke. Germ-line engineering, freedom, and future generations. Bioethics, Vol. 17, No. 1, [5].., [6] Jonathan Glover. What Sort of People Should There Be? Penguin, [7] Jonathan Glover. Eugenics: Some lessons from the nazi experience. In Harris and Holm [13]. [8] Jonathan Glover. Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century. Yale University Press, [9] R.M...., [10] R. M. Hare. Essays on Bioethics. Clarendon Paperback, *14 *15 Nicholas Agar[1] J. 10

11 [11] John Harris. Clones, Genes, and Immortality: Ethics and the Genetic Revolution. Oxford University Press, [12] John Harris. Is gene therapy a form of eugenics? In Kuhse and Singer [19]. [13] John Harris and Søren Holm, editors. The Future of Human Reproduction: Ethics, Choice, and Regulation. Oxford University Press, [14] Matti Häyry. Philosophical arguments for and against human reproductive cloning. Bioethics, Vol. 7, No. 5-6, [15].., [16].., [17] R.., [18] Phillip Kitcher. The Lives to Come: The Genetic Revolution and Human Possibilities. Simon and Schuster, [19] Kuhse and Singer, editors. Bioethics: An Anthology. Blackwell, [20] Marc Lappé. Ehical issues in manipulationg the human germ line. In Kuhse and Singer [19]. [21].., [22] Benno Müller-Hill. Lessons from a dark and distant past. In Kuhse and Singer [19]. [23] Cindy Mur. Reproductive Technology. Greenhaven Press, [24] Ramez Naam. More Than Human: Embracing the Promise of Biological Enhancement. Broadway Books, [25].., [26] John Robertson. Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies. University of Princeton Press, [27] P. D..., [28] Peter Singer. Human cloning should not be banned. In Cindy Mur, editor, Reproductive Technology. Greenhaven Press, [29]..,., [30].., [31].., Vol. 28, No. 10, [32].., Vol. 29, No. 10, [33].., Vol. 31, No. 9, [34].., Vol. 33, No. 8, [35].., [36].., [37].., [38].., [39]..,

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1.1 (1) (2) (3) (4) (Bentham, 1970, Chap. III) * 6 art of legislation ethics private ethics (Bentham, 1970, Chap. XV) 1.2 (1) (2) *7 (3) (4) (Bentham,

1.1 (1) (2) (3) (4) (Bentham, 1970, Chap. III) * 6 art of legislation ethics private ethics (Bentham, 1970, Chap. XV) 1.2 (1) (2) *7 (3) (4) (Bentham, 2006 11 5 *1 *2 *3 *4 *5 1 1 2 3 eguchi@kyoto-wu.ac.jp *1 J.S. 3 *2 *3 (2001) (2004) *4 (2003) *5 1 1.1 (1) (2) (3) (4) (Bentham, 1970, Chap. III) * 6 art of legislation ethics private ethics (Bentham,

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