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1 /11/ /03/11 * Report on the Field Survey for the Memorial Matters from the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake at Minami-Ashigara City in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan Masayuki TAKEMURA Disaster Mitigation Research Center, Nagoya Univ., Chikusa-ku, Nagoya , Japan Many memorial towers and monuments have been constructed for the heavy toll of life and for the restoration of villages or cities in Southern Kanto districts. Death claimed a toll of about 105,000 totally from the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake. These towers and monuments must be forever witnesses to the tragedy of the earthquake damage and spokesmen for the dying victims dying wish don t repeat such damages. However, most of them have been already forgotten by the citizens. We thought its sacrilege and must use them for the public education of earthquake disaster prevention. This manuscript is a report on the field survey for the memorial matters from the Great Kanto Earthquake at Minami-Ashigara City in Kanagawa Prefecture. Keywords: Memorial Tower, Great Kanto Earthquake, Minami-Ashigara City., 1923,. 2010, [ (2010)]., 2011,, [ (2011)]., [ (2012)] [ (2013a, b)] [ (2014a,b)], [ (2014)]., , ( ),. (2000)., Web , (2012), 6,., (2003) 5.. * : - 1 -

2 2. 4,. 4.,,,,.,,,,.,. (2006),, , (2008). 1 Table 1 Summary of damages for old municipalities in Minami-Ashigara City area.,, 74,. 1 (2002, 2004),. 10%, 6., 7.,, 39, 28,,,,. Fig.1 Map of the survey area in Minami-Ashigara City

3 , 23, , ,,,, 5... (2000), (1) 400m. 2,. (2000) 4, 9,. 1,..,. 2 牌 Fig.2 Giko-Jizo and the mortuary tablet for victims at Sainen-ji Temple in Numata ,,. 16 牌 2. 16,. 1., 牌. (2) 1km 2845.,

4 . 100m.., 7, 3. 3 Fig.3 Memorial tower by the road side at Tsukahara erected for the soul of victims. (2000) 2780 (2000). 4 Fig.4 Memorial tower of the recovery for Tennoin Temple in Tsukada. (3) 1km ,.,

5 19 17,.., (2000). (4) 1.5km ,., 3. 3, , Fig.5 Memorial tower for a killed horse by the earthquake at Tsukahara-Shrine.., 5. (2000) (1) 400.., 6.,.., ,., - 5 -

6 6 Fig.6 Memorial Tower for Hayato Shimoda at Ryufuku-ji Temple in Sekimoto..,.,. 2.,, ,.,,,, ,, , , , (1983),,. (2) 400m 957., ,. 7 Fig.7 Memorial tower for a killed horse by the earthquake at the house of Mr. Komiya in Sekimoto.., ( 7).,. (3),. 100m. 510, 8.,.,., - 6 -

7 .,, 鍳,. 8 Fig.8 Memorial tower of Keitoku Fountain in Iizawa (4). 300m , 薩 9 Fig. 9 Memorial Tower of Kahyo Gate at Sando 3-chome.,,. 1864, 薩.,.,.,,. (5),

8 10 (2011) Fig.10 Map of the area of Saijo-ji Temple (2011).,., 1394., 薩., 薩.., 薩,, 杖,.,, Fig.11 Memorial tower for the recovery of Eight Tengu pictures in front of Sanmen-Daikoku Temple

9 62, 3,. 10, 9, 18 薩 17, , 2, 3, 4,, Fig.12 Stone steps 1 st for Sanmen-Daikoku Temple 摺

10 13 Fig.13 Sanmen-Daikoku Temple and stone steps 3 rd for Okunoin Temple , , ,. (2011), ,,.,, ,,, ,,.,., (2010)., , ,., 55 4.,, Fig.14 Memorial tower of newly constructed Aioi-Bridge in 1925 at Saijo-ji Temple

11 ,., (2011)..,.,,., (1) 1.5km. 78,.. 78., 15. 擢 賭 稗 6,,.,,,. 15 Fig.15 Memorial Tower for Gennosuke Mihashi in Daisho-ji Temple in Takematsu. (2) 1.8km. 74,

12 16 Fig.16 Memorial tower for the recovery from earthquake damages by the road side in Nuda m 撰 鎫 , 18, 1,,..,,.,,

13 ,,, , , , , Fig.17 Memorial Tower for Jitsutaro Ichikawa at Keiden-ji Temple in Nuda. (3) 叉. 300m (56) 9(11)(9) (5) (5) (1)(1) 11 1 撰 2 18 Fig.18 A tomb stone for a victim by the earthquake at Shumei-ji Temple in Nuda. (4) 叉 300m ,

14 .., (1926).. 19 Fig.19 Memorial Tower of Bunmei-Waterway at Fukuzawa Shrine in Nuda. (5),.., 19.,,,,, 逢 僅 撰 辻 ,.,,., ,,, (2015)., ,

15 3-4. (1), Fig.20 Memorial tower for the recovery of Kosaiji Waterway near Ashigara shrine in Karino. 晦 梗 撰 , 撰,,., ,.,. 21 Fig.21 Kosaiji Waterway in present

16 8,. 7, , (2013). 1 6., ,,., ,,.... (2), m, Fig.23 Memorial tower for the recovery of Kawairi Waterway by the road side at Karinohara. 22 Fig.22 The main hall of Ashigara Shrine in Karino, ( 22)., ,,, 1703,, 1780 ),, 1866 梗 堵

17 撰 撰.,.., , (2013),. 1854,,.,.,,., Fig.24 Kitazawa River and Kogetsuin-Temple (3) 726,..,, , [2013 ] ,,, , 迄,., (2013). (4) 726.,.,

18 25 Fig.25 Memorial Tower for the recovery of Kita-Ashigawa Village by the road side in Uchiyama. 皕 梗 撰

19 20, 58, 13,,,,.,,,,,,,.,,.,,,,..,,.,,.. 56, 29., 1..,. 4. (1999), ,,,,.,, , ,,., ,.,,,, 㝢.,,.. 21, ,,.,, ,,., ,.,,.., (1927).,,,, ,,,.,.., 2.,,,,

20 .., , ,,., , , (1989). 辻,.,,.,.,,,,..,,,,, 2 Table 2 Name list of persons concerned to the recovery of Waterways and Villages written on the memorial towers

21 , , ,,,,., ,., 撰.,,,, 3..,, 3.,. 5,,.,,.,,.,,,,, , , , ,..,,.,,,. 5.,..,,,,..,,.,,.,,, 牌.,.. JSPS , 1989,,,

22 3, 1-18., 1999,,, 30, , 2011,, 40pp., 1994,,, 6, 1-12., 2000,,, 38, ,,. hp4?jid=939&cd= &scd=&npg=0, 2003, 80, 112pp., 1978,,, 8, 34pp., 1979,,, 9, 36pp., 1980,,, 10, 72pp., 1982,,, 12, 44pp., 1984,,, 14, 72pp., 1985,,, 15, 74pp., 1988,,, 17, 74pp., 2002, ,, 2 3, , 2004, ( ,, 4 4, , 1983,,, 21, , 1927,,, 147pp., 2013, 1703, 286pp., 1930,, 485pp., les/study/index.php/sekihi/sekihitop.html, 2008,,, 302pp., 2009,,, 209pp., 2011,,, 26, 1-14., 2012,,, 328pp., 2013a,,, 28, 1-17., 2013b,,, No. 10, 2-53., 2014a,,, 29, 1-17., 2014b,,, 29, , 2010,,, 25, ,2014, 1, 25 ( ), 100pp., 2015,, 3., 1926,,, 100, , 2012,,, 篇, 147pp., 2013, ,, 694pp., 2006,, 1056pp

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