有機性産業廃棄物の連続炭化装置の開発

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1 ( ) Development of the apparatus conveyer type which carbonizes continuously organic industrial waste (About the form of blade in conveyer)

2

3 (CO2) % CO2 1

4 (1)

5 2 2-1 (1) 30 1 (2) 10 (2) 1g m 2 2 (3) 2 3 (2) 10 m40m nm (3) 4 (4) (2) 5 (4) % 3

6 6 (4) (4) (4) PH COOH OH PH C=O PH (5) 1 (3) 2~5 m 4

7 % (1) (2) (3) 3 ( ) ( ) (3) 8 (2,3) 915 (2) (1115) 5

8 1 200kg (5) 3 3 ( 2 A (200 ) B C D (200) D E F F F 6

9 F F E B HCl 2-4,, 7

10 8

11 1 2 9

12 3 () ,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 ( ) (NOx,Sox,CO) () (NOx,Sox,CO) 4 10

13 5 6 11

14 7 1 12

15 ( ) 350 ( ) ( ) 850 ( ) ( )

16 ( ) [ ] ( ) [ ] [ ] (700) [ ] [ ( )] [ ] [ ( )] [ ] ( ) [ ] ( ) [ ] ( ) [ ] ( ) [ ] ( 1000 ) [ ] ( 1000 ) [ ] 8 14

17 () 1mH0.5m ( ) 9 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) W2mL2.5mH1.7m W3mL3.7mH1.2m ( ) 500kg/ ( ) ( ) ( ) 1000 ( ) 1525% ( 24 ( ) 1520 ( ) ( ) 10 ( ) 15

18 ( )W1.5mL2.0mH1.5m 16 ( ) 800kg/46 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 30%( 25%) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1.6m ( ) kg/h ( ) ( ) 15mm(max10mm) ( ) 1015% ( ) 2025%( ) ( 15 2 ( ) ( ) 1.6m ( ) kg/h ( ) ( ) 15mm(max10mm) ( ) 1015% ( ) 2025%( ) ( 15 2 ( ) 12 16

19 13 ( ) 865mmH5m ( ) kg/h ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 20% ( ) ( ) 865mmH5m ( ) kg/h ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 20% ( ) ( ) 1.3m 2.0mL6m ( ) 50kg/h ( ) 800 ( ) ( ) ( ) 1015% ( 38 ( ) ( ) 1.3m 2.0mL6m ( ) 50kg/h ( ) 800 ( ) ( ) ( ) 1015% ( 38 ( ) 14 17

20 ( )W12mL5.0mH7.5m5 250mm ( ) 210kg/h ( ) ( ) ( ) 2 ( ) 2025%( ) ( 15 3 ( ) ( )W12mL5.0mH7.5m5 250mm ( ) 210kg/h ( ) ( ) ( ) 2 ( ) 2025%( ) ( 15 3 ( ) ( ) 15 18

21 A B D C 4 12 E F

22 (1) Huggill (6) (7) 17(a) m kg Rt F r F = mg sinθ (1) Rt = mg cosθ (2) 17(b) Rt Rt ( ) RW srw ( s ) µ R + µ R sin β = R cos β t s w mg sinθ µ R cosβ + R s w w w sin β (3) = (4) (3) µ Rt = Rw( cos β µ s sin β ) (5) 20

23 (4) R w mg sinθ sin β + µ cosβ = (6) s (6) (5) (7) ( β φs tan θ = tanφ tan + ) (7) s m r T (1) T = Fr = rmg sinθ [Nm] (8) (2) f = g i () t g () t ρ V o (9) f (%)gi(t)t go(t)t [kg/m 3 ]V [m 3 ] (1) mm 2,000mm ( 30mm) ( 0.4kw) 0 30rpm (NEC ) AD 50Hz 80mm200mm (2) 19(a) 19(d) 19(a) 19(b) 21

24 19(c) Do Di Do/Di=3/2 =3/1 bo/bi=13/12 19(d) 18.5mm605mm6mm mm mm 300mm 4.5mm 3 (3) 3 1 s 20 s W M P (10) W µ s = (10) M + P 3 (mm) () s () 5~7 2~3 0.5~ ~20 10~20 2~ mm (1) 400g 22

25 20 (2) (8) T[Nm] T = Tav T o (11) Tav 20 To (1) (2) A 1 B

26 ( = =0.3441) 44 (%) (%) (3) 1/2 (4) (1)

27 (2) ( ) (1) (2) (3) (4) 25

28 (1) (2) (3) 26

29 (a) (b) (a) 27

30 19(b) 19(c) 19(d) (a) (b) 1 (c) 28

31 20s 1 P M W T [Nm] 20s To T 20 0kg 1kg

32 2(25) 1 1(24) (19(c)) 23 30

33 24 ( 1) 25 ( 2) 26 31

34

35

36

37 34 35

38 4 4-1 (9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16) mm2,000mm 7:3 3 3 () () 6:6:1(1:1) 38:12:5(4:1) %50% 55%45% 3rpm 20rpm 6s 50~ rpm 36

39 (1) ( ) A ( ) B CB (12) C w B B = (12) wa + wb CB CB0 t (13) σ = ( C C ) t 1 n n i= 1 Bi 2 B0 (13) n=5 n=4 0 (14) (14) σ = C ( C ) 0 B0 1 B0 (14) (13) t t p p 37

40 ( ) (15,16) 36 t (15) dσ = φ1σ dt (15) t=0 = 0 (15) (16) σ σ o e 1 φ t = (16) (16) 1 1 (2) ( )wa ( )wb ( )wc CC (17) C w = C C w A + wb + w C (17) (18) (17) () f t 2 ( t t ) 1 m 2 2σ = (18) e 2πσ a tm (19) t m t1c = C1 + t C 2 C 2 + LL + tnc N N (20) σ ( t t ) a CN (19) 1 2 = i m CCi (20) N (18) (21) 38

41 φ2 4t 2 2 ( u c t L) 2 t log 2 t 1 [m 2 /sec] (21) uc L t1 t2 t1 1/2 2 L t1 t2 uc L / t1 (3) 1 2 1/ (1) t120 (16) p 60% 50% 55% 45% 1 p 1 p 1 p 1 p p 41 1 p 39

42 1 60% 55% ( 1:1) %50% (2) (1) 4247 tm (2) tm (3) 2 tm [m 2 ] p 48 2 p 2 40

43 (4) a 60% 50% 55% 45% 2 a 2 a 2 a 2 a / / 2 60% 50% 55% 45% (1) 1 (2) 1 41

44 4-4-2 (1) 2 2 (2) (1) 1 2 (2) 42

45 () L () () 35 log o s t S t 36 43

46 % % 44

47 % % 45

48 % % 46

49 % % 47

50 % % 48

51 % % 49

52 37 60% 38 50% 50

53 39 55% 40 45% 51

54 41 1 p (a) 60% (b) 55% 14 ( 120 ) (a) 60% (b) 50% 15 ( 120 ) 52

55

56 44 50% 45 54

57 % 55

58 48 2 a 56

59 5 2 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 3 4 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 57

60 (6) (7) 4 4 (1) 1 (2) 1 (3) 2 2 (4) (5) 1 2 (6) (2 ) 58

61 (1) (2001) (2) (2000) (3) (2001) (4) (1991) (5) (2002) (6) (1982) pp (7) (1960)pp (8) Vol.14No.8(1977)pp5-10 (9) 24 4 (1960)pp23-29 (10) Vol.5 No.1(1968)pp11-16 (11) Vol.11No.2(1974)pp3-11 (12) Vol.11No.2(1974)pp12-17 (13) V 20 4 (1956)pp14-20 (14) 20 4 (1956)pp6-13 (15) (1980) (16) 24 4 (1960)pp2-8 (17) 25 6 (1961)pp

62 () 60

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