Trans European Networks TENs TENs 90 TENs TEN T 1997 TEN T TEN T CEC, TEN T TEN T 1996TEN T Pan-European Transport

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1 1 SFC EU 1990EU URL , EU EU 121

2 Trans European Networks TENs TENs 90 TENs TEN T 1997 TEN T TEN T CEC, TEN T TEN T 1996TEN T Pan-European Transport Corridors Corridor EU 2 Corridor 3 Corridor X Corridors Corridors TINA EU PHARE EU TEN T TENs Helsinki Corridors 5 1 Corridor 2 Corridor 3 Corridor 4 Corridor 5 Corridor 4 14 CEC CEC 1995 pp TINA 2000 Corridor X

3 6 Corridor 7 Corridor 8 Corridor 9 Corridor 10 Corridor 1990 EU EU EU EU EU EU Lijewski EU Lijewski,

4 ETD ASG 2000 DHL DHL, 2000 EU EU EU TEU TEU TEU Maersk P & O Nedlloyd HHLA POLZUG

5 TINA Corridor km 58 km 690 km 682 km 610 km 604 km 928 km 860 km EU EU TINA Corridor Corridors Cullinane and Toy 11 Corridors Corridors Corridors Corridor 12 Corridor Corridor Corridor Corridor 10 TINA Cullinane and Toy, 1998, p ECMT,

6 Motorway Express road km 14 TINA E20 E65 E30 E A6 E65 No. 944, No E77 No. 15 No. 15 No No Corridor E59 CE C59/1 C59/2 C30/1 E26 - / Corridor decision 63/ km 15 E-road European Agreement on Main International Traffic Arteries AGRE Corridor Corridor Corridor km 100 km km 5000 km

7 Corridor Corridor EU EU 21 1 Commission of the European Communities Directorate-General for Regional Policies, Europe 2000: Outlook for the development of the Communitiy s territory, Luxemburg, Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-General for Regional Policies, Demographic evolution through time in European regions Demeter 2015, Luxemburg, Commission of the European Communities, White Paper on growth, competitiveness, and Employment The challenges and ways forward into the 21st century, COM final, Brussels, 5 December Commission of the European Communities Trans-European networks The Group of Personal Representatives of the Heads of State or Government Report, Luxembourg, TINA Secretariat, TINA final report, Wien, TINA Secretariat., Status of the Pan-European Transport Corridors and Transport Areas, Wien, ECMT, Invest in Transport Infrastructure, ECMT, Transport Infrastructure in ECMT Countries, Concise Statistical Yearbook of Poland, Poland, Johnson, D. and Turner, C., Trans-European Networks The Political Economy of Integrating Europe s Infrastructure, London, Cullinane, K. and Toy, N., Planned road network developments in the Baltic Sea region, Transport Reviews, Vol. 18, No. 1, Alan Smith, The Return to Europe, Studies in Russia and East Europe, EU EU

8 EU 2000 URL 1 TENs EU /ten/en/ten.htm 2 TENs for transport /pol/ten/en/transp.htm 3 Connecting transport networks to third countries transport priority projects 5 TINA Secretariat 6 ECMT EU EU Eurostat

9 EU ECU Eurostat

10 TENs Corridors Rail Networks Road Networks C = PC / P i i i Commission of the European Communities, 1995, pp

11 Trans-European Networks and New Economic Zone in Europe Rotterdam-Berlin-Warsaw-Moscow Route Toshiyuki KAGAWA Professor of policy management at Keio University Hideaki KUROGI Researcher of SFC Research Center at Keio University Tamiko SUEHIRO Master course at graduate school of Keio University Abstract The European commission released programs aiming at developing the Transportation Infrastructure Networks at European level in 1990s. Infrastructure networks have been developed from a viewpoint of domestic supply demand so far. New infrastructure program is linked with the economic trend in Europe. In 1990s, economic tie between EU countries and Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries has been strengthened and at the same time, manufacturing and trade structure in Europe is changing due to the increase of companies' making inroad into the market of CEE countries. Our research focuses on the economic and transportation trend in Europe and examines the relation between infrastructure networks and the development of new economic zone in Europe, by mainly dealing with the case of east-west axis of Rotterdam-Berlin-Warsaw-Moscow. Keywords: International Division of Labor, Combined Transport, Economic Zone in Europe. 131

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