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1 Master's Thesis / 修 士 論 文 映 像 配 信 の 中 断 から 復 旧 までの 時 間 を 短 縮 するネットワーク 再 構 築 手 法 の 改 良 隅 田, 貴 久 三 重 大 学, 三 重 大 学 大 学 院 地 域 イノベーション 学 研 究 科 博 士 前 期 課 程 地 域 イノベーション 学 専 攻

2 23

3 1 1 (P2P) P2P P2P P2P P2P P2P IP ALM ALM ALM ALM join leave failure i

4 Index ii

5 / Peer-to-Peer(P2P) (Application Layer Multicast ALM) IP ALMIP ALM IP IP ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM push pull ALM 1 1 P2P

6 1 (P2P) P2P P2P

7 1.2 P2P P2P Peer-to-Peer Peer P2P P2P 2 2 P2P 1.3 P2P P2P P2P P2P P2P 3

8 1.3.1 P2P P2P P2P P2P 3 3 P2P P2P P2P P2P P2P DHT(Distributed Hash Table ) ( ) 4

9 DHT ID IP 4 ID ID ID ID P2P 4 4 P2P P2P P2P P2P P2P P2P 5 P2P P2P 5

10 戸 ~. 5 P2P 1.4 join 2 IP OSI ALM IP IP OSI 6

11 IP IP ( D ) IP 6 6 IP IP 1 7

12 1.5 ALM ALM IP ALM P2P ALM 7 7 ALM IP P2P IP 8

13 1.5.1 ALM ALM CoopNet[1] Narada[2] ALM 500kbps 500kbps 1 5Mbps 10 ALM 2 ALM Scribe[3] SplitStream[4] ALM 8 8 ALM 9

14 1.5.2 ALM flooding flooding flooding gossip [5] gossip ALM 9 9 ALM Bullet[6] ALM ALM push pull 10

15 flooding gossip pull pull ALM ALM 1.6 join leave failure 3 ALM PeerCast[7] 11

16 1.6.1 join join 11 (Tree-first ) 1 11 join leave leave 12 join leave 12

17 12 leave failure ALM leave 13

18 2 2.1 degree ALM degree degree degree 0 Index 14

19 Index (1) Index (1) C i Index n Index = min(c 0, C 1,, C n 1 ) + 1 Index [8] [8] Index Index 0 Index Index Index

20 ID 2. Index ID Index Index 3. Index

21 1 ID 1 ID 2 ID 3 3 Index 9 9 Index degree degree , degree 1 1 8,

22 15 [8] degree

23 2.5.1 degree degree degree degree 4 9 degree

24

25 3 2.4 [8] 3.4 [8] 3.5 [8] 3.1, 3.2, [8] degree degree degree 0 Index degree Index 17 4,5,6 3 degree degree 9 degree 0 Index 5 degree Index 7,8,9 21

26 [8] degree 1 degree degree 0 Index 22

27 17 8 Index 6 6 degree degree 0 degree 0 Index 9 6 Index 1 6 9, Index Index Index degree 23

28 degree 19 8, 9, degree 1 Index 0 8, 9, 10 degree degree 0 Index 2 9, Index 24

29 4 [8] , 500, 1000 degree 3 degree () = n 1 j=0 E(j) n n E(j) degree 25

30 , 500, , , 2, 3,

31

32

33

34 4.5 [8] degree 0 30

35 [8] Index degree degree [8] [8] ns2[9] PlanetLab[10] 31

36 32

37 [1] V.Padmanabhan, H. Wang, P. Chou, and K. Sripanidkulchai, Distributing streaming media content using cooperative networking, Proceedings of the 12th international workshop on Network and operating systems support for digital audio and video, pp acm New York, NY, USA, [2] Y. Chu, S. Rao, S. Sehan, and H. Zhang, A case for end system multicast, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol.20, no.8, pp , [3] M. Castro, P. Druschel, A. Kermarrec, A. Rowstron, SCRIBE:A large-scale and decentralized applications Vol.20 No.8, Oct [4] M. Castro, P. Druschel, A. Kernarrec, A. Nandi, A. Rowstron, and A. Singh, SplitStream: High-bandwidth Content Distribution in a Cooperative Environment, Proceedings of ACM SOSP 03, New York, USA, Oct [5] A. J. Gancsh, A-M. Kermarrec, and L. Massoulie, Peer-to-Peer membership management for gossip-based protocols, IEEE Transactions on Computers, 52(2), Feb [6] D. kosti, A. Rodriguez, J. Albrecht, and A. Vahdat, Bullet;High Bandwidth Data Dissemination Using an Overlay Mesh, SOSP, Proceedings of ACM SOSP 03, New York, USA, Oct [7] H. Deshhpande, M. Bawa, H. Garcia-Molina, Streaming Live Media over Peers., Technical Report , Stanford University, Mar [8] ALM NS , pp.85-88, [9] ns2 manual/ [10] PlanetLab 33

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( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) NAIST-IS-MT0851074 ALM 2012 3 2 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ALM P2P P2P ALM,,,,, NAIST-IS- MT0851074, 2012 3 2. i Proposal of How to Build Autonomy Type ALM for Simultaneous Viewing Multi Videos Takahiro Nakagawa

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