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14 Transformatiabn of the recipe knowledge on the Childbirth and Child-Rearing Rituals in Uygur Xinjiang China Hkko Sakamoto This paper is an ethnographic report on the childbirth and child-rearing rituals in Uygur Xinjiang China and also includes an analysis of that transformation from a view point of the sociology of knowlege. The childbirth and child-rearing rituals in Uygur culture usually consist of four rituals: the ritual of birth, the ritual of naming, the ritual of cradle, and the ritual of circumcision for boys. The ritual of birth has its origin in traditional folk belief and is disappearing in cities. The ritual of giving children a name has its origin in Islamic doctrine and is held on 7th day after birth. The ritual of the cradle is held on 40th day after birth. People put the baby into a new cradle and pray his healthy developing. The ritual of circumcision for boys is very important Islamic ritual in which 6 or 7 years old boys have a small operation in their genital as Muslim symbol. The findings of this field-research is that the system of the recipe knowledge, i. e. what peple must know to act competently (in accord with expected standards) in routine situations of everyday life, in terms of the holding and performing of these rituals is appears to be changing under the process of modernization and developing of a market economy in China. Those observations bring us to the second point which is that those rituals are changing in its recipe knowledge but are maintained in paractice, especially in Islamic-rooted rituals.

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